Half Title Page.
Preface and Acknowledgments.
Half Title Page.
1: 1 The Land and Its Peoples.
2: 1A Primary Geographic Features.
3: 1B The Peoples and Nations.
4: 1C Indigenous America Today.
5: 2 America before 1500.
6: 2A Theories of Arrival and Paleolithic America.
7: 2B Mexico, Central America, and the Antilles before 1500.
8: 2C South America before 1500.
9: 3 Science, Exploration, and Expansion.
10: 3A Exploration of the Atlantic and the West African Coast.
11: 3B The Four Voyages of Columbus.
12: 3C America: The Name.
13: 3D The First Voyages Around the Globe.
14: 4 The Iberian Conquest of America.
15: 4A From Trading Post to Colonies: The Creation of the Grand Antilles.
16: 4B Toward the Interior: The Aztec Empire and Its Dominion.
17: 4C Toward the Interior: The Spanish Territories in North America.
18: 4D Toward the Interior: The Inca Empire and Its Dominion.
19: 4E Toward the Deep Continental Conquest.
20: 4F Brazil in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.
21: 5 America under Hapsburg Rule.
22: 5A Cities Founded in Hispanic America Before 1600.
23: 5B Hapsburg Territorial and Administrative Organization.
24: 5C Republics of Citizens (Spaniards) and Indians.
25: 5D Slave Centers During the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.
26: 5E The Spanish Flotilla.
27: 5F Exploiting Mining Centers.
28: 5G Intra- and Interregional Circulations in the Americas.
29: 6 America Under Bourbon Rule.
30: 6A The Intendancy System and Other Administrative Reforms.
31: 6B Non-Iberian European Territories in the Caribbean and Central, South, and North America.
32: 6C Universities, Science, and Culture.
33: 6D The Birth of Public Opinion: The Printing Press, Newspapers, and Literary Salons.
34: 7 From Autonomy to Independence.
35: 7A Haiti: The Forgotten Revolution.
36: 7B Mexico and Central America: From the "Grito de Dolores" to Monarchy.
37: 7C War among Creoles and against Spaniards: The Andean Phase.
38: 7D The Southern Cone Independence Process and Brazilian Independence.
39: 8 Latin America in the Nineteenth Century.
40: 8A Mexico and Central America.
41: 8B South America.
42: 8C Export-led Economic Growth: Mid-Century.
43: 8D Liberal Reforms in Latin America.
44: 8E The United States Discovers a Continent.
45: 8F Brazil: Monarchy to the First Republic.
46: 8G The Vestiges of Empire: Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Guyanas.
47: 9 Latin American Economies in the Twentieth Century.
48: 9A From England to the United States: North American Investment through 1929.
49: 9B Modernization in Transportation and Communications.
50: 9C The Impact of the Great Depression of 1929 in Latin America.
51: 9D Mining and Petroleum.
52: 9E Import-Substituting Economic Development.
53: 9F Production by Nation.
54: 9G Public Expenditures in Latin America.
55: 9H Latin American Trade Blocs.
56: 9I North American Trade Blocs.
57: 9J A Deforestation Estimate.
58: 10 Demographics and Population in the Twentieth Century.
59: 10A The Birth of the Major Metropolitan Areas.
60: 10B Population Growth.
61: 10C Growth of Urban Population.
62: 10D Migration Patterns from Latin America to the United States.
63: 10E Migration Patterns from Latin America to Other Countries.
64: 10F Migration Patterns within Latin America.
65: 11 Political, Social, and Cultural Issues.
66: 11A Indigenismo.
67: 11B Populism in Latin America.
68: 11C Armed Forces and Dictatorships.
69: 11D Collapse of Democracy, Birth of Debt.
70: 11E Drug Trafficking and Informal Markets.
71: 11F Education Compared by Country.
72: 11G Nobel Laureates and Other Significant Persons in Culture and Science.
73: 11H Music of Latin America.
74: 12 Revolutionary Movements.
75: 12A The Mexican Revolution.
76: 12B Bolivia and Guatemala: The Early 1950s.
77: 12C Cuba, 1959.
78: 12D Guerrilla Movements: Che and Colombia.
79: 12E The Sandinista Revolution and Central America.
80: 12F New Indigenous Movements: Peru's Sendero Luminoso, Mexico's EZLN, and Brazil's MST.
About the Authors.