Plants and BioEnergy, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1461493293
  • ISBN-13: 9781461493297
  • DDC: 333.9539
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 289 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released May 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014

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A country's vision for developing renewable and sustainable energy resources is typically propelled by three drivers: security, cost, and environmental impact. The U.S. currently accounts for a quarter of the world's total oil consumption, with domestic demands necessitating a net import of more than 50% of the oil used in this country. At the same time, Brazil, because of its forward thinking on energy strategy, is energy independent. As emerging economies around the world increase their petroleum use by large margins, and as large fractions of that new consumption are necessarily supplied from unstable parts of the world, the inevitable repercussions on petroleum-driven economies will continue to escalate. In addition, there is an unequivocal imperative to take immediate and aggressive measures to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by decreasing fossil fuel consumption and increasing our use of carbon-neutral or carbon-negative fuels as well as improving efficiency of fuel use. Economic growth and development worldwide depend increasingly on secure supplies of reliable, affordable, clean energy. The First Pan-American Congress on Plants and BioEnergy was held in June 2008, in Mérida, Mexico. Sponsored by the American Society of Plant Biologists, it was designed to initiate Pan-American research collaborations in energy biosciences. At that congress, the organizational committee committed to meet biennially, resulting in the 2nd Congress held with the endorsement of ASPB, July 6-10, 2010, in São Paulo, Brazil. Whereas the 1st congress covered a broad range of topics that bioenergy impacted, the second congress focused on the advances in plant biology: the genetic improvement of energy crop plants, their fit into regional environments, and the development of a sustainable energy agriculture.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Economics of Bioenergy.
2: The Prospects of First Generation Ethanol in Developing Countries.
3: Can Energy Policy Drive Sustainable Land Use? Lessons from Biofuels Policy Development Over the Last Decade.
4: Advanced Biofuels: Economic Uncertainties, Policy Options, and Land Use Impacts.
5: Algae Farming and Its Bio-Products.
6: Biomass Biology.
7: Regional Gene Pools for Restoration, Conservation, and Genetic Improvement of Prairie Grasses.
8: Mining Genetic Diversity of Sorghum as a Bioenergy Feedstock.
9: Genetics, Genomics and Crop Modelling: Integrative Approaches to the Improvement of Biomass Willows.
10: Camelina: An Emerging Oilseed Platform for Advanced Biofuels and Bio-Based Materials.
11: Perspectives in Brazil of the Contribution of Palm Trees to Biodiesel Production.
12: Xylan Biosynthesis in Plants, Simply Complex.
13: Towards Redesigning Cellulose Biosynthesis for Improved Bioenergy Feedstocks.
14: Biomass Processing.
15: Developing Novel Enzyme Repertoires for the Efficient Deconstruction of Plant Biomass Tailored for the Bioenergy Industry.
16: Using Natural Plant Cell Wall Degradation Mechanisms to Improve Second Generation Bioethanol.
17: Linking Plant Biology and Pretreatment: Understanding the Structure and Organization of the Plant Cell Wall and Interactions with Cellulosic Biofuel Production.
18: Lignocellulosic Biorefineries: Concepts and Possibilities.
19: Catalytic Dehydration of Lignocellulosic Derived Xylose to Furfural.
20: Catalytic Oxidation of Lignin for the Production of Low Molecular Weight Aromatics.