Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, 2nd Edition

  • Morris J. Bierbrier
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810862506
  • ISBN-13: 9780810862500
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 429 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The great pyramids of Giza, Tutankhamun, the Great Sphinx, Cleopatra, and Ramesses II: the names and achievements of Ancient Egypt are legendary. Situated along the Nile River, the Ancient Egyptian civilization began around 3150 BC and lasted over three millennia until it was conquered by Rome in 31 BC.

The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt expands upon the information presented in the first with a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on Egyptian rulers, bureaucrats, and commoners whose records have survived, as well as ancient society, religion, and gods.

About the Author:
Morris L. Bierbrier was Assistant Keeper in the Department of Egyptian Antiquities, British Museum, London for 25 years before his retirement. He is a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Reader’s Note.
Frontispiece.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abdi–Ashirta (fl. 1350 BC)..
2: Abraham (fl. 590–620)..
3: Abu Mina..
4: Abu Roash..
5: Abu Simbel..
6: Abusir..
7: Abusir Papyri..
8: Abydos..
9: Achaemenes (fl. c. 484–459 BC)..
10: Achillas (fl. 48–49 BC)..
11: Adaima..
12: Afterlife..
13: A-Group..
14: Agriculture..
15: Aha (reigned c. 3080 BC)..
16: Ahhiyawa..
17: Ahhotep (fl. 1570–1540 BC)..
18: Ahmose (fl. 1560–1500 BC)..
19: Ahmose..
20: Ahmose (fl. 1504–1470 BC).
21: Ahmose I (reigned c. 1552–1527 BC)..
22: Ahmose II (reigned 570–526 BC)..
23: Ahmose-Nefertari (fl. 1550–1500 BC)..
24: Ahmose-Sipair (fl. 1520 BC)..
25: Aitakama (fl. 1350–1320 BC)..
26: Akhenaten (reigned c. 1352–1336 BC)..
27: Akhmim..
28: Akoris..
29: Alara (reigned c. 770 BC)..
30: Alasia..
31: Alexander II (IV of Macedon) (reigned 317–310 BC)..
32: Alexander the Great (356–323 BC)..
33: Alexander Helios (b. 40 BC)..
34: Alexandria..
35: Amada..
36: Amara West..
37: Amarna..
38: Amarna Letters..
39: Amarna Period (c. 1352–1327 BC)..
40: Amenemhat..
41: Amenemhat I (reigned c. 1985–1955 BC)..
42: Amenemhat II (reigned c. 1922–1878 BC)..
43: Amenemhat III (reigned c. 1855–1808 BC)..
44: Amenemhat IV (reigned c. 1808–1799 BC)..
45: Amenemhat V (reigned c. 1796–1783 BC)..
46: Amenemhat VI (reigned c. 1788–1785 BC)..
47: Amenemhat VII (reigned 1769–1766 BC)..
48: Amenemnisu (reigned c. 1043–1039 BC)..
49: Amenemope (reigned c. 993–984 BC)..
50: Amenherkhepeshef (fl. 1285–1255 BC)..
51: Amenhotep I (reigned c. 1525–1504 BC)..
52: Amenhotep II (reigned c. 1427–1400 BC)..
53: Amenhotep III (reigned c. 1390–1352 BC)..
54: Amenhotep, Son of Hapu (fl. c. 1390–1360 BC)..
55: Amenirdis..
56: Amenmesse (reigned c. 1202–1199 BC)..
57: Amenmose (fl. 1504–1499 BC)..
58: Ameny Qemau (reigned c. 1793–1783 BC)..
59: Amethyst..
60: Amheida..
61: Ammistamru I (fl. 1360–1340 BC)..
62: Amun..
63: Amurru..
64: Amyrtaeos (reigned 404–399 BC)..
65: Anat..
66: Anedjib (reigned c. 2935 BC)..
67: Anhur..
68: Aniba..
69: Ankhesenamun (fl. 1345–1327 BC)..
70: Ankhesenmeryre I and II (fl. 2305–2270 BC)..
71: Ankhesenpaaten-Tasherit (fl. 1336 BC)..
72: Ankhesenpepy III. (fl. 2230 BC)..
73: Ankhesenpepy IV (fl. 2220 BC)..
74: Ankhnesneferibre (fl. c. 590–525 BC)..
75: Ankhwennefer (reigned c. 199–186 BC)..
76: Anthony (c. 251–356 AD)..
77: Antinoopolis..
78: Antiochus IV (reigned 175–164 BC)..
79: Antonius, Marcus (83–30 BC)..
80: Anubis..
81: Anukis..
82: Apepi (reigned c. 1585–1550 BC)..
83: Aperel (fl. 1370 BC)..
84: Apion..
85: Apis..
86: Arius (c. 270–336 AD)..
87: Armant..
88: Arsames (fl. 423-404 BC)..
89: Arsinoe I (born c. 300 BC)..
90: Arsinoe II (c. 316–270 BC)..
91: Arsinoe III (c. 235–205 BC)..
92: Arsinoe IV (c. 63–41 BC)..
93: Art..
94: Artaxerxes I (reigned 465–423 BC)..
95: Artaxerxes II (c. 453/445–359 BC)..
96: Artaxerxes III (reigned in Egypt 343–338 BC)..
97: Ashayet (fl. 2020 BC)..
98: Askut..
99: Assyria..
100: Astarte..
101: Asyut..
102: Aten..
103: Athanasius (c. 296–373 AD)..
104: Athribis..
105: Atum..
106: Augustus (63 BC–14 AD)..
107: Avaris..
108: Avidius Cassius, Caius (c. 130–175 AD)..
109: Ay (reigned c. 1327–1323 BC)..
110: Ayn Sokha..
111: Aziru (fl. 1350–1320 BC)..
112: Bacchias..
113: Badari, El-..
114: Bagoas (fl. 360–336 BC)..
115: Bahariya Oasis..
116: Bakenkhons (fl. 1300–1220)..
117: Bakenrenef (reigned c. 725–719 BC)..
118: Baketaten (fl. c. 1350 BC)..
119: Balat..
120: Balbilla, Julia (fl. 130 AD)..
121: Ballana..
122: Bastet..
123: Bauefre (fl. 2570 BC)..
124: Bawit..
125: Bay (fl. 1196 BC)..
126: Beit El-Wali..
127: Belzoni, Giovanni Battista (1778–1823)..
128: Beni Hasan..
129: Benjamin (c. 590–661 AD)..
130: Benteshina (fl. 1290–1235 BC)..
131: Berenice I (c. 340–278/7 BC)..
132: Berenice II (c. 273–221 BC)..
133: Berenice IV (c. 78–55 BC)..
134: Berenike..
135: Berlin Egyptian Museum..
136: Bibi Umm Fawakhir..
137: Bintanat (fl. c. 1280–1210 BC)..
138: Book of the Dead..
139: Boston Museum of Fine Arts..
140: Breasted, James Henry(1865–1935)..
141: British Museum..
142: Bronze..
143: Bruce, James (1730–1794)..
144: Bubastis..
145: Buchis..
146: Budge, Sir Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis (1857–1934)..
147: Buhen..
148: Buto..
149: Byblos..
150: Byzantine Period (395–642 AD)..
151: Cairo Egyptian Museum..
152: Cambyses (reigned 525–522 BC)..
153: Canopic Jars..
154: Caracalla (188–217 AD)..
155: Carter, Howard (1874–1939)..
156: Cartouche..
157: Cataract..
158: C-Group..
159: Champollion, Jean-François (1790–1832)..
160: Chronology..
161: Cleomenes (fl. c. 350–322 BC)..
162: Cleopatra I (c. 215–176 BC)..
163: Cleopatra II (c. 185–116 BC)..
164: Cleopatra III (c. 158–101 BC)..
165: Cleopatra IV (d. 113 BC)..
166: Cleopatra V Selene (c. 140/35–69 BC)..
167: Cleopatra VI Tryphaena (d. 57 BC)..
168: Cleopatra VII Philopator (c. 69–30 BC)..
169: Cleopatra Berenice III (d. 80 BC)..
170: Cleopatra Selene (fl. c. 40 Bc–11/7 AD)..
171: Cleopatra Thea (c. 165–121/0 BC)..
172: Cleopatra Tryphaena (d. 112 BC)..
173: Cominius Leugas, Caius (fl. 18 AD)..
174: Contendings of Horus and Seth, The..
175: Copper..
176: Coptic..
177: Coptic Church..
178: Coptic Museum..
179: Coptos..
180: Coregency..
181: Cornelius Gallus, Caius (c. 70–26 BC)..
182: Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus, Publius (d. 129 BC)..
183: Cyrene..
184: Cyril (c. 378–444 AD)..
185: Cyrus (d. 642 AD)..
186: Dahshur..
187: Dakhla Oasis..
188: Darius I (reigned 522–486 BC)..
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Ancient Civilizations and Historical Eras.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Acknowledgments.
Reader’s Note.
Frontispiece.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abdi–Ashirta (fl. 1350 BC)..
2: Abraham (fl. 590–620)..
3: Abu Mina..
4: Abu Roash..
5: Abu Simbel..
6: Abusir..
7: Abusir Papyri..
8: Abydos..
9: Achaemenes (fl. c. 484–459 BC)..
10: Achillas (fl. 48–49 BC)..
11: Adaima..
12: Afterlife..
13: A-Group..
14: Agriculture..
15: Aha (reigned c. 3080 BC)..
16: Ahhiyawa..
17: Ahhotep (fl. 1570–1540 BC)..
18: Ahmose (fl. 1560–1500 BC)..
19: Ahmose..
20: Ahmose (fl. 1504–1470 BC).
21: Ahmose I (reigned c. 1552–1527 BC)..
22: Ahmose II (reigned 570–526 BC)..
23: Ahmose-Nefertari (fl. 1550–1500 BC)..
24: Ahmose-Sipair (fl. 1520 BC)..
25: Aitakama (fl. 1350–1320 BC)..
26: Akhenaten (reigned c. 1352–1336 BC)..
27: Akhmim..
28: Akoris..
29: Alara (reigned c. 770 BC)..
30: Alasia..
31: Alexander II (IV of Macedon) (reigned 317–310 BC)..
32: Alexander the Great (356–323 BC)..
33: Alexander Helios (b. 40 BC)..
34: Alexandria..
35: Amada..
36: Amara West..
37: Amarna..
38: Amarna Letters..
39: Amarna Period (c. 1352–1327 BC)..
40: Amenemhat..
41: Amenemhat I (reigned c. 1985–1955 BC)..
42: Amenemhat II (reigned c. 1922–1878 BC)..
43: Amenemhat III (reigned c. 1855–1808 BC)..
44: Amenemhat IV (reigned c. 1808–1799 BC)..
45: Amenemhat V (reigned c. 1796–1783 BC)..
46: Amenemhat VI (reigned c. 1788–1785 BC)..
47: Amenemhat VII (reigned 1769–1766 BC)..
48: Amenemnisu (reigned c. 1043–1039 BC)..
49: Amenemope (reigned c. 993–984 BC)..
50: Amenherkhepeshef (fl. 1285–1255 BC)..
51: Amenhotep I (reigned c. 1525–1504 BC)..
52: Amenhotep II (reigned c. 1427–1400 BC)..
53: Amenhotep III (reigned c. 1390–1352 BC)..
54: Amenhotep, Son of Hapu (fl. c. 1390–1360 BC)..
55: Amenirdis..
56: Amenmesse (reigned c. 1202–1199 BC)..
57: Amenmose (fl. 1504–1499 BC)..
58: Ameny Qemau (reigned c. 1793–1783 BC)..
59: Amethyst..
60: Amheida..
61: Ammistamru I (fl. 1360–1340 BC)..
62: Amun..
63: Amurru..
64: Amyrtaeos (reigned 404–399 BC)..
65: Anat..
66: Anedjib (reigned c. 2935 BC)..
67: Anhur..
68: Aniba..
69: Ankhesenamun (fl. 1345–1327 BC)..
70: Ankhesenmeryre I and II (fl. 2305–2270 BC)..
71: Ankhesenpaaten-Tasherit (fl. 1336 BC)..
72: Ankhesenpepy III. (fl. 2230 BC)..
73: Ankhesenpepy IV (fl. 2220 BC)..
74: Ankhnesneferibre (fl. c. 590–525 BC)..
75: Ankhwennefer (reigned c. 199–186 BC)..
76: Anthony (c. 251–356 AD)..
77: Antinoopolis..
78: Antiochus IV (reigned 175–164 BC)..
79: Antonius, Marcus (83–30 BC)..
80: Anubis..
81: Anukis..
82: Apepi (reigned c. 1585–1550 BC)..
83: Aperel (fl. 1370 BC)..
84: Apion..
85: Apis..
86: Arius (c. 270–336 AD)..
87: Armant..
88: Arsames (fl. 423-404 BC)..
89: Arsinoe I (born c. 300 BC)..
90: Arsinoe II (c. 316–270 BC)..
91: Arsinoe III (c. 235–205 BC)..
92: Arsinoe IV (c. 63–41 BC)..
93: Art..
94: Artaxerxes I (reigned 465–423 BC)..
95: Artaxerxes II (c. 453/445–359 BC)..
96: Artaxerxes III (reigned in Egypt 343–338 BC)..
97: Ashayet (fl. 2020 BC)..
98: Askut..
99: Assyria..
100: Astarte..
101: Asyut..
102: Aten..
103: Athanasius (c. 296–373 AD)..
104: Athribis..
105: Atum..
106: Augustus (63 BC–14 AD)..
107: Avaris..
108: Avidius Cassius, Caius (c. 130–175 AD)..
109: Ay (reigned c. 1327–1323 BC)..
110: Ayn Sokha..
111: Aziru (fl. 1350–1320 BC)..
112: Bacchias..
113: Badari, El-..
114: Bagoas (fl. 360–336 BC)..
115: Bahariya Oasis..
116: Bakenkhons (fl. 1300–1220)..
117: Bakenrenef (reigned c. 725–719 BC)..
118: Baketaten (fl. c. 1350 BC)..
119: Balat..
120: Balbilla, Julia (fl. 130 AD)..
121: Ballana..
122: Bastet..
123: Bauefre (fl. 2570 BC)..
124: Bawit..
125: Bay (fl. 1196 BC)..
126: Beit El-Wali..
127: Belzoni, Giovanni Battista (1778–1823)..
128: Beni Hasan..
129: Benjamin (c. 590–661 AD)..
130: Benteshina (fl. 1290–1235 BC)..
131: Berenice I (c. 340–278/7 BC)..
132: Berenice II (c. 273–221 BC)..
133: Berenice IV (c. 78–55 BC)..
134: Berenike..
135: Berlin Egyptian Museum..
136: Bibi Umm Fawakhir..
137: Bintanat (fl. c. 1280–1210 BC)..
138: Book of the Dead..
139: Boston Museum of Fine Arts..
140: Breasted, James Henry(1865–1935)..
141: British Museum..
142: Bronze..
143: Bruce, James (1730–1794)..
144: Bubastis..
145: Buchis..
146: Budge, Sir Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis (1857–1934)..
147: Buhen..
148: Buto..
149: Byblos..
150: Byzantine Period (395–642 AD)..
151: Cairo Egyptian Museum..
152: Cambyses (reigned 525–522 BC)..
153: Canopic Jars..
154: Caracalla (188–217 AD)..
155: Carter, Howard (1874–1939)..
156: Cartouche..
157: Cataract..
158: C-Group..
159: Champollion, Jean-François (1790–1832)..
160: Chronology..
161: Cleomenes (fl. c. 350–322 BC)..
162: Cleopatra I (c. 215–176 BC)..
163: Cleopatra II (c. 185–116 BC)..
164: Cleopatra III (c. 158–101 BC)..
165: Cleopatra IV (d. 113 BC)..
166: Cleopatra V Selene (c. 140/35–69 BC)..
167: Cleopatra VI Tryphaena (d. 57 BC)..
168: Cleopatra VII Philopator (c. 69–30 BC)..
169: Cleopatra Berenice III (d. 80 BC)..
170: Cleopatra Selene (fl. c. 40 Bc–11/7 AD)..
171: Cleopatra Thea (c. 165–121/0 BC)..
172: Cleopatra Tryphaena (d. 112 BC)..
173: Cominius Leugas, Caius (fl. 18 AD)..
174: Contendings of Horus and Seth, The..
175: Copper..
176: Coptic..
177: Coptic Church..
178: Coptic Museum..
179: Coptos..
180: Coregency..
181: Cornelius Gallus, Caius (c. 70–26 BC)..
182: Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus, Publius (d. 129 BC)..
183: Cyrene..
184: Cyril (c. 378–444 AD)..
185: Cyrus (d. 642 AD)..
186: Dahshur..
187: Dakhla Oasis..
188: Darius I (reigned 522–486 BC)..