Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management: Vol. 12: Strategic Management, 2nd Edition

  • Volume 12
  • John McGee
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1444338099
  • ISBN-13: 9781444338096
  • DDC: 658
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 418 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2006 | Published/Released September 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2006

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management is divided into 12 individual subject volumes and an index. All of the volumes provide clear, concise, expert definitions and explanations of the key concepts in each area. With entries ranging from extended explorations of major topics, to short definitions of key terms, each dictionary volume has been designed to give both the expert and the newcomer a multi-level guide and reference source to the subject.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Activity-Based Costing.
2: Add/Delete Bill of Materials.
3: Advanced Manufacturing Technology.
4: Aesthetics (Product).
5: Aggregate Capacity Management.
6: Analytical Estimating.
7: Anthropometric Data.
8: Automated Guided Vehicles.
9: Balancing Loss.
10: Beer Distribution Game.
11: Benchmarking.
12: Best Practice.
13: Bill of Materials.
14: Blueprinting.
15: Bottlenecks.
16: Bow-Tie and Diamond Perspectives.
17: Breakthrough Improvement.
18: Build-To-Order.
19: Business Excellence Model.
20: Business Process Redesign.
21: Capacity Management.
22: Capacity Strategy.
23: Cell Layout.
24: Cladistics.
25: Closed-Loop MRP.
26: Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment.
27: Competence.
28: Computer-Aided Design.
29: Computer-Integrated Manufacturing.
30: Concurrent Engineering.
31: Condition-Based Maintenance.
32: Content of Operations Strategy.
33: Continuous Improvement.
34: Continuous Replenishment Programs.
35: Cost.
36: Critical Chain.
37: Critical Incident Technique.
38: Crosby.
39: Cross-Docking.
40: Customer Support Operations.
41: Delivery Dependability.
42: Deming.
43: Dependent and Independent Demand.
44: Design.
45: Design Chain.
46: Design for Manufacture.
47: Design–Manufacturing Interface.
48: Division of Labor.
49: Dmaic Cycle.
50: Double-Loop Learning.
51: Dynamic Capabilities.
52: E-Business.
53: Economic Order Quantity.
54: E-Intermediaries.
55: Empowerment.
56: Enterprise Project Management.
57: Enterprise Resources Planning.
58: Ergonomics.
59: Ethics in Operations Management.
60: Extraprise.
61: Fail-Safing.
62: Failure Analysis.
63: Failure in Operations.
64: Failure Measures.
65: Failure Mode and Effect Analysis.
66: Family Bill.
67: Fault Tree Analysis.
68: Feigenbaum.
69: Finite and Infinite Loading.
70: Fit.
71: Fixed Position Layout.
72: Flexibility.
73: Flexible Manufacturing System.
74: Focus.
75: Forecasting Process.
76: Gantt Chart.
77: Generic Manufacturing Strategies.
78: Global Manufacturing Network.
79: Group Working.
80: Guest Engineering.
81: Healthcare Operations.
82: Hierarchy of Operations.
83: High-Involvement Innovation.
84: History of Operations Management.
85: Human-Centered CIM.
86: Implementing Process Technology.
87: Importance–Performance Matrix.
88: Industrial Engineering.
89: Industrial Networks.
90: Innovations in Service Companies.
91: Innovator's Dilemma.
92: Integrated Management Systems.
93: Internal Customer–Supplier Relationships.
94: International Location.
95: International Motor Vehicle Program (IMVP).
96: Inventory Accuracy.
97: Inventory Control Systems.
98: Inventory Management.
99: Inventory Performance Measures.
100: Inventory-Related Costs.
101: Inventory Valuation.
102: Jidoka.
103: JIT and MRP/ERP.
104: JIT Tools and Techniques.
105: Job Design.
106: Job Enlargement.
107: Job Enrichment.
108: Job Rotation.
109: Juran.
110: Just-in-Time.
111: Kanban.
112: Kit Bill.
113: Last Planner.
114: Layout.
115: Lean Production.
116: Learning Curves.
117: Leveled Scheduling.
118: Life-Cycle Effects.
119: Line Balancing.
120: Little's Law.
121: Location.
122: Logistics.
123: Lot Sizing in MRP.
124: Maintenance.
125: Make or Buy.
126: Manufacturing Resources Planning.
127: Manufacturing Strategy.
128: Manufacturing Strategy Process.
129: Manufacturing Systems Engineering.
130: Master Production Schedule.
131: Material Requirements Planning.
132: Materials Management.
133: Method Study.
134: Modular Bill.
135: Multiple Activity Charts.
136: Netting Process in MRP.
137: Network Coordination Mechanisms.
138: Network Techniques.
139: New Product Development Process.
140: Newsvendor Problem.
141: Operational Anorexia.
142: Operations Activities.
143: Operations Management.
144: Operations Objectives.
145: Operations Role.
146: Operations Strategy.
147: Optimized Production Technology.
148: Order Winners and Qualifiers.
149: Organization of Development.
150: Outsourcing.
151: Overall Equipment Effectiveness.
152: P:D Ratios.
153: Pareto Analysis.
154: PDCA Cycle.
155: Performance Measurement.
156: Physical Distribution Management.
157: Planning and Control in Operations.
158: Predetermined Motion Time Systems.
159: Preventive Maintenance.
160: Prince 2.
161: Principles of Motion Economy.
162: Process Layout.
163: Process Mapping.
164: Process Technology.
165: Process Types.
166: Product Architecture.
167: Product Design Process.
168: Product Families.
169: Product Layout.
170: Product Modularity.
171: Product Platforms.
172: Product–Process Matrix.
173: Product–Service Systems.
174: Production Flow Analysis.
175: Productivity.
176: Productivity Ratios.
177: Program Management.
178: Project Control.
179: Project Cost Management and Control.
180: Project Leadership.
181: Project Management.
182: Project Management Bodies of Knowledge.
183: Project Risk Management.
184: Project Stakeholders.
185: Project Trade-Offs.
186: Purchasing.
187: Push and Pull Planning and Control.
188: Quality.
189: Quality Characteristics.
190: Quality Costing.
191: Quality Function Deployment.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Ability.
2: Absenteeism.
3: Accountability.
4: Achievement, Need for.
5: Action Research.
6: Affiliation, Need for.
7: Age.
8: Agency Theory.
9: Altruism.
10: Aptitude.
11: Attitude Theory.
12: Attribution.
13: Authoritarian Personality.
14: Authority.
15: Behavioral Decision Research.
16: Behaviorism.
17: Bias.
18: Boundary Spanning.
19: Bounded Rationality.
20: Brainstorming.
21: Bureaucracy.
22: Burnout.
23: Career.
24: Career Anchor.
25: Career Development.
26: Career Plateau.
27: Career Stage.
28: Career Theory.
29: Ceos.
30: Change, Evaluation.
31: Change, Methods.
32: Charismatic Leadership.
33: Coalition Formation.
34: Cognitive Dissonance.
35: Collaboration.
36: Commitment.
37: Commitment, Escalating.
38: Communication.
39: Communications Technology.
40: Community Ecology.
41: Competency.
42: Complexity Theory.
43: Computer Simulation.
44: Conflict and Conflict Management.
45: Conformity.
46: Congruence.
47: Consensus.
48: Consultancy.
49: Contingency Theory.
50: Continuous Improvement.
51: Contracts.
52: Corporate Boards.
53: Corporate Social Performance.
54: creativity.
55: Crises/Disasters.
56: Critical Theory.
57: Cross-Cultural Research.
58: Culture, National.
59: Decision-Making.
60: Delphi.
61: Deviance.
62: Discrimination.
63: Diversity Management.
64: Double-Loop Learning.
65: Downsizing.
66: Emotion Management.
67: Emotion in Organizations.
68: Emotional Intelligence.
69: Employee Involvement.
70: Empowerment.
71: Enactment.
72: Enterprise Resource Planning.
73: Entrainment.
74: Entrepreneurship.
75: Equity Theory.
76: Error.
77: Errors.
78: Ethnography.
79: Evolutionary Perspectives.
80: Evolutionary Psychology.
81: Exchange Relations.
82: Executive Derailment.
83: Executive Succession.
84: Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation.
85: Family Firms.
86: Feedback.
87: Five Factor Model of Personality.
88: Force Field Analysis.
89: Game Theory.
90: Garbage Can Model.
91: Gatekeepers.
92: Gender.
93: Generalization.
94: Goal Orientation.
95: Goal Setting.
96: Governance.
97: Government and Business.
98: Group Cohesiveness.
99: Group Decision-Making.
100: Group Dynamics.
101: Group Norms.
102: Group Polarization.
103: Group Roles.
104: Groupthink.
105: Halo Effect.
106: Hardiness.
107: Hawthorne Effect.
108: High Reliability Organizations.
109: Human Relations Movement.
110: Identification.
111: Identity, Organizational.
112: Identity, Personal.
113: Ideology.
114: Impression Management.
115: Incentives.
116: Individual Differences.
117: Influence.
118: Innovation.
119: Innovation Diffusion.
120: Institutional Theory.
121: Institutions.
122: Intergroup Relations.
123: Interlocking Boards.
124: Inter-Organizational Relations.
125: Interpersonal Skills.
126: Investor Capitalism.
127: Job Design.
128: Job Deskilling.
129: Job Enrichment.
130: Job Rotation.
131: Job Satisfaction.
132: Justice, Distributive.
133: Justice, Procedural.
134: Knowledge Management.
135: Leadership.
136: Leadership, Contingencies.
137: Learning, Individual.
138: Learning, Organizational.
139: Learning Organization.
140: Levels of Analysis.
141: Line/Staff.
142: Locus of Control.
143: Loose Coupling.
144: Management by Objectives (MBO).
145: Management, Classical Theory.
146: Managerial and Organizational Cognition.
147: Managerial Roles.
148: Matrix Organization.
149: Mechanistic/Organic.
150: Mentoring.
151: Mergers and Acquisitions.
152: Metaphor.
153: Minority Group Influence.
154: Motivation.
155: Motivation and Performance.
156: Negotiation.
157: Network Theory and Analysis.
158: Networking.
159: Nominal Group Technique.
160: Non-Work/Work.
161: Open Systems.
162: Organization Development.
163: Organization Theory.
164: Organizational Change.
165: Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB).
166: Organizational Climate.
167: Organizational Culture.
168: Organizational Decline and Death.
169: Organizational Demography.
170: Organizational Design.
171: Organizational Ecology.
172: Organizational Effectiveness.
173: Organizational Geography.
174: Organizational Neurosis.
175: Organizational Status.
176: Organizational Structure.
177: Outsourcing.
178: Participation.
179: Perception.
180: Performance Appraisal/Performance Management.
181: Persistence.
182: Person–Environment Interaction.
183: Personal Initiative.
184: Personality.
185: Politics.
186: Postmodernism.
187: Power.
188: Power, Need for.
189: Practical Intelligence.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface to the First Edition.
Preface to the Second Edition.
How to Use this Book.
Acknowledgments.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Acquisition Strategy.
2: Activity-Based Costing.
3: Advantage Matrix.
4: Agency Theory.
5: Balanced Scorecard.
6: Barriers to Entry and Exit.
7: Benchmarking.
8: Best Practices.
9: Bidding Tactics.
10: Blind Spots.
11: Branding.
12: Break-Even Analysis.
13: Business Model.
14: Business Process Reengineering.
15: Cartel.
16: Cash Cow.
17: Cash Trap.
18: Chaebol Structure.
19: Cherry Picking.
20: Chinese Family Business.
21: Cinderella Business.
22: Comparative Advantage.
23: Competitive Advantage.
24: Competitive Market Theory.
25: Competitive Position–Market Attractiveness Matrix.
26: Competitive Strategy.
27: Competitor Analysis.
28: Complementary Products.
29: Conglomerate Strategy.
30: Congruence.
31: Cooperative Strategies.
32: Core Business.
33: Core Competences.
34: Corporate Governance.
35: Corporate Reputation.
36: Corporate Strategy.
37: Corporate Styles.
38: Corporate Transformation.
39: Cost Analysis.
40: Critical Mass.
41: Cross-Subsidization.
42: Customer Profitability Matrix.
43: Delayering.
44: Demand Analysis in Practice.
45: Demand Analysis in Theory.
46: Deregulation.
47: Design School.
48: Diversification.
49: Divestment.
50: Divisional Structure.
51: Dog Businesses.
52: Dominant Business Strategy.
53: Downsizing.
54: Economies of Scale.
55: Economies of Scope.
56: Economies of Substitution.
57: Economizing.
58: Efficiency.
59: Elasticity.
60: Electronic Data Interchange.
61: Excess Capacity.
62: Experience and Learning Effects.
63: Externalities.
64: First-Mover Advantage.
65: Fragmented Businesses.
66: Functional Structure.
67: Gap Analysis.
68: Generic Strategies.
69: Global Strategic Advantage.
70: Global Strategies.
71: Globalization.
72: Globalization of Service Industries.
73: Growth Share Matrix.
74: Holding Company Structure.
75: Horizontal Structure.
76: Hot Desking.
77: Industry Structure.
78: Information Goods.
79: International Business.
80: Investment Intensity.
81: Joint Ventures.
82: Just-in-Time.
83: Kaizen.
84: Kanban.
85: Keiretsu Structure.
86: Knowledge-Based View.
87: Leveraged Buyouts.
88: Life-Cycle Strategy.
89: McKinsey 7S Model.
90: Management Fashion.
91: Managing International Organizations.
92: Manufacturing Strategy.
93: Market Share.
94: Market Structure.
95: Markets and Imperfections.
96: Matrix Structure.
97: MBWA (Management by Walking About).
98: Mergers and Acquisitions.
99: Mission.
100: National Competitive Advantage.
101: Network Externalities.
102: Network Industries.
103: Network Industry Strategies.
104: Networks.
105: Non-Financial Performance Indicators.
106: Organization Structure.
107: Organizational Culture.
108: Organizational Learning.
109: Organizational Life Cycle.
110: Outsourcing.
111: Pareto Analysis.
112: PEST Analysis.
113: Portfolio Management.
114: Post-Acquisition Integration.
115: Pricing Strategy.
116: Privatization.
117: Product Market Diversification Matrix.
118: Profit Impact of Market Strategy (PIMS).
119: Question Mark Businesses.
120: Radar Mapping.
121: Reengineering Disadvantages.
122: Regulation.
123: Related Diversification.
124: Replacement Demand.
125: Resource-Based View.
126: Risk.
127: Scenario Planning.
128: Segmentation.
129: Served Market.
130: Service Industry Strategies.
131: Signaling.
132: Single Business Strategy.
133: Soga Shosha.
134: Specialized Businesses.
135: Stakeholder Analysis.
136: Stalemate Businesses.
137: Star Businesses.
138: Strategic Alliances.
139: Strategic Change.
140: Strategic Decision-Making.
141: Strategic Fit.
142: Strategic Groups.
143: Strategic Intent.
144: Strategic Management.
145: Strategic Planning.
146: Strategizing.
147: Strategizing Routines.
148: Strategy.
149: Strategy Content.
150: Strategy Cycle.
151: Strategy-Making.
152: Strategy Process.
153: Structuring Organizations.
154: Substitute Products.
155: Sunk Costs.
156: Sustainability.
157: Sustainable Growth Rate.
158: Switching Costs.
159: SWOT Analysis.
160: Synergy.
161: Target-Based Costing.
162: Tear Down.
163: Technology and Standards in Network Industries.
164: Technology Assessment.
165: Technology Fusion.
166: Time-Based Competition.
167: Total Quality Control.
168: Trade-Offs.
169: Transactions Costs.
170: Turnaround Strategy.
171: Uncertainty.
172: Value-Based Planning.
173: Value-Based Strategy.
174: Value Chain Analysis.
175: Value Creation and Value Analysis.
176: Value Engineering.
177: Venture Capital.
178: Vertical Integration Strategy.
179: Volume Businesses.
180: Vulnerability Analysis.
181: Z-Score.
182: Zaibatsu Structure.
Index.