Encyclopedia of Complexity and Applied Systems Science, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0387304401
  • ISBN-13: 9780387304403
  • DDC: 003
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 10370 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released December 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

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About

Overview

Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science provides an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the concepts of complexity theory together with the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems in all fields of science and engineering. The science and tools of complexity and systems science include theories of self-organization, complex systems, synergetics, dynamical systems, turbulence, catastrophes, instabilities, nonlinearity, stochastic processes, chaos, neural networks, cellular automata, adaptive systems, and genetic algorithms. Examples of near-term problems and major unknowns that can be approached through complexity and systems science include: The structure, history and future of the universe; the biological basis of consciousness; the integration of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics as systems biology; human longevity limits; the limits of computing; sustainability of life on earth; predictability, dynamics and extent of earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, and other natural disasters; the dynamics of turbulent flows; lasers or fluids in physics, microprocessor design; macromolecular assembly in chemistry and biophysics; brain functions in cognitive neuroscience; climate change; ecosystem management; traffic management; and business cycles. All these seemingly quite different kinds of structure formation have a number of important features and underlying structures in common. These deep structural similarities can be exploited to transfer analytical methods and understanding from one field to another. This unique work will extend the influence of complexity and system science to a much wider audience than has been possible to date.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Preface.
Topical Table of Contents.
About the Editor-in-Chief.
Editorial Board Members.
Section Editors.
Contributors.
Peer Reviewers.
How to Access the Articles.
1: Abrupt Climate Change Modeling.
2: Acceleration Mechanisms.
3: Adaptive Visual Servo Control.
4: Additive Cellular Automata.
5: Adomian Decomposition Method Applied to Non-Linear Evolution Equations in Soliton Theory.
6: Agent Based Computational Economics.
7: Agent Based Modeling and Artificial Life.
8: Agent Based Modeling and Computer Languages.
9: Agent Based Modeling, Large Scale Simulations.
10: Agent Based Modeling, Mathematical Formalism for.
11: Agent Based Modeling and Neoclassical Economics: A Critical Perspective.
12: Agent Based Modeling and Simulation.
13: Agent Based Modeling and Simulation, Introduction to.
14: Agent Based Models in Economics and Complexity.
15: Aggregation Operators and Soft Computing.
16: Air Traffic Control, Complex Dynamics of.
17: Algorithmic Complexity and Cellular Automata.
18: Amorphous Computing.
19: Analog Computation.
20: Anisotropic Networks, Elastomers and Gels.
21: Anomalous Diffusion on Fractal Networks.
22: Applications of Physics and Mathematics to Social Science, Introduction to.
23: Artificial Chemistry.
24: Artificial Intelligence in Modeling and Simulation.
25: Astronomical Time Series, Complexity in.
26: Astrophysics, Chaos and Complexity in.
27: Astrophysics: Dynamical Systems.
28: Bacterial Computing.
29: Bayesian Games: Games with Incomplete Information.
30: Bayesian Methods in Non-Linear Time Series.
31: Bayesian Statistics.
32: Biochemistry, Chaotic Dynamics, Noise, and Fractal Space in.
33: Biological Complexity and Biochemical Information.
34: Biological Data Integration and Model Building.
35: Biological Development and Evolution, Complexity and Self-Organization in.
36: Biological Fluid Dynamics, Non-Linear Partial Differential Equations.
37: Biological Models of Molecular Network Dynamics.
38: Biomolecular Network Structure and Function.
39: Bivariate (Two-Dimensional) Wavelets.
40: Boolean Modeling of Biological Networks.
41: Bootstrap Percolation.
42: Brain Pacemaker.
43: Branching Processes.
44: Brittle Tectonics: A Non-Linear Dynamical System.
45: Business Policy and Strategy, System Dynamics Applications to.
46: Carbon Nanotubes, Thermo-Mechanical and Transport Properties of.
47: Catastrophe Theory.
48: Cell Biology: Networks, Regulation and Pathways.
49: Cellular Automata as Models of Parallel Computation.
50: Cellular Automata, Classification of.
51: Cellular Automata, Emergent Phenomena in.
52: Cellular Automata and Groups.
53: Cellular Automata in Hyperbolic Spaces.
54: Cellular Automata and Language Theory.
55: Cellular Automata with Memory.
56: Cellular Automata Modeling of Complex Biochemical Systems.
57: Cellular Automata Modeling of Physical Systems.
58: Cellular Automata in Triangular, Pentagonal and Hexagonal Tessellations.
59: Cellular Automata, Universality of.
60: Cellular Automaton Modeling of Tumor Invasion.
61: Cellular Computing.
62: Center Manifolds.
63: Chaos and Complexity in Astrophysics, Introduction to.
64: Chaos and Ergodic Theory.
65: Chaotic Behavior of Cellular Automata.
66: Chaotic Dynamics in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics.
67: Charge-Based Solid-State Flying Qubits.
68: Chronological Calculus in Systems and Control Theory.
69: Cities as Complex Systems: Scaling, Interaction, Networks, Dynamics and Urban Morphologies.
70: Climate Change and Agriculture.
71: Climate Change, Economic Costs of.
72: Climate Change and Human Health.
73: Climate Modeling, Global Warming and Weather Prediction, Introduction to.
74: Volume Contents.
75: Cognitive Robotics.
76: Collective Transport and Depinning.
77: Community Structure in Graphs.
78: Comparison of Discrete and Continuous Wavelet Transforms.
79: Complex Dynamics of Traffic Management, Introduction to.
80: Complex Gene Regulatory Networks – from Structure to Biological Observables: Cell Fate Determination.
81: Complexity in Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanoes, and Forecast, Introduction to.
82: Complexity and Non-Linearity in Autonomous Robotics, Introduction to.
83: Complexity in Systems Level Biology and Genetics: Statistical Perspectives.
84: Complex Networks and Graph Theory.
85: Complex Networks, Visualization of.
86: Complex Systems and Emergent Phenomena.
87: Composites, Multifunctional.
88: Computational Chemistry, Introduction to Complexity in.
89: Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Introduction to.
90: Computer-Aided Design of the Reaction Site in Heterogeneous Catalysis.
91: Computer Graphics and Games, Agent Based Modeling in.
92: Computing in Geometrical Constrained Excitable Chemical Systems.
93: Computing with Solitons.
94: Conduction and Diffusion in Percolating Systems.
95: Consciousness and Complexity.
96: Continuum Percolation.
97: Continuum Robots.
98: Control of Non-Linear Partial Differential Equations.
99: Cooperative Games.
100: Cooperative Games (Von Neumann–Morgenstern Stable Sets).
101: Cooperative Multi-Hierarchical Query Answering Systems.
102: Coordination Dynamics.
103: Corporate and Municipal Bond Market Microstructure in the U.S..
104: Correlated Equilibria and Communication in Games.
105: Correlated Percolation.
106: Correlations in Complex Systems.
107: Cosmic Gravitational Background, Stochastic.
108: Cosmic Strings.
109: Cost Sharing.
110: Crustal Deformation During the Seismic Cycle, Interpreting Geodetic Observations of.
111: Cryosphere Models.
112: Curvelets and Ridgelets.
113: Cytoskeleton and Cell Motility.
114: Data and Dimensionality Reduction in Data Analysis and System Modeling.
115: Data-Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Case-Based Reasoning, Nearest Neighbor and Rough Sets.
116: Data-Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Introduction to.
117: Data-Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Neural Networks in.
118: Decision Trees.
119: Delay and Disruption in Complex Projects.
120: Dependency and Granularity in Data-Mining.
121: Development, Complex Dynamic Systems of.
122: Development, Evolution, and the Emergence of Novel Behavior.
123: Diagrammatic Methods in Classical Perturbation Theory.
124: Differential Games.
125: Diffusion of Innovations, System Dynamics Analysis of the.
126: Discovery Systems.
127: Discrete Control Systems.
128: Disordered Elastic Media.
129: Dispersion Phenomena in Partial Differential Equations.
130: Distributed Controls of Multiple Robotic Systems, An Optimization Approach.
131: Distributed Robotic Teams: A Framework for Simulated and Real-World Modeling.
132: DNA Computing.
133: DNA-Templated Self-Assembly of Protein Arrays and Highly Conductive Nanowires.
134: Drug Design with Artificial Intelligence Methods.
135: Drug Design with Artificial Neural Networks.
136: Drug Design with Machine Learning.
137: Drug Design, Molecular Descriptors in.
138: Dynamic Games with an Application to Climate Change Models.
139: Dynamics of Cellular Automata in Non-Compact Spaces.
140: Dynamics and Evaluation: The Warm Glow of Processing Fluency.
141: Dynamics on Fractals.
142: Dynamics of Hamiltonian Systems.
143: Dynamics of Income Distribution in a Market Economy: Possibilities for Poverty Allevation.
144: Dynamics of Language.
145: Dynamics of Parametric Excitation.
146: Volume Contents.
147: Earthquake Clusters over Multi-Dimensional Space, Visualization of.
148: Earthquake Damage: Detection and Early Warning in Man-Made Structures.
149: Earthquake Early Warning System in Southern Italy.
150: Earthquake Engineering, Non-Linear Problems in.
151: Earthquake Forecasting and Verification.
152: Earthquake Location, Direct, Global-Search Methods.
153: Earthquake Magnitude.
154: Earthquake Monitoring and Early Warning Systems.
155: Earthquake Networks, Complex.
156: Earthquake Nucleation Process.
157: Earthquake Occurrence and Mechanisms, Stochastic Models for.
158: Earthquake Scaling Laws.
159: Earthquakes, Dynamic Triggering of.
160: Earthquakes, Electromagnetic Signals of.
161: Earthquake Source: Asymmetry and Rotation Effects.
162: Earthquake Source Parameters, Rapid Estimates for Tsunami Warning.
163: Earth's Crust and Upper Mantle, Dynamics of Solid–Liquid Systems in.
164: Ecological Complexity.
165: Ecological Systems.
166: Ecological Topology and Networks.
167: Econometrics: Models of Regime Changes.
168: Econometrics: Non-Linear Cointegration.
169: Econometrics: Panel Data Methods.
170: Econophysics, Observational.
171: Econophysics, Statistical Mechanics Approach to.
172: Elastic Percolation Networks.
173: Embodied and Situated Agents, Adaptive Behavior in.
174: Entropy.
175: Entropy in Ergodic Theory.
176: Entropy Maximization and Species Abundance.
177: Ergodicity and Mixing Properties.
178: Ergodic Theorems.
179: Ergodic Theory: Basic Examples and Constructions.
180: Ergodic Theory of Cellular Automata.
181: Ergodic Theory: Fractal Geometry.
182: Ergodic Theory on Homogeneous Spaces and Metric Number Theory.
183: Ergodic Theory: Interactions with Combinatorics and Number Theory.
184: Ergodic Theory, Introduction to.
185: Ergodic Theory: Non-Singular Transformations.
186: Ergodic Theory: Recurrence.
187: Ergodic Theory: Rigidity.
188: Evacuation as a Communication and Social Phenomenon.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Preface.
Topical Table of Contents.
About the Editor-in-Chief.
Editorial Board Members.
Section Editors.
Contributors.
Peer Reviewers.
How to Access the Articles.
1: Abrupt Climate Change Modeling.
2: Acceleration Mechanisms.
3: Adaptive Visual Servo Control.
4: Additive Cellular Automata.
5: Adomian Decomposition Method Applied to Non-Linear Evolution Equations in Soliton Theory.
6: Agent Based Computational Economics.
7: Agent Based Modeling and Artificial Life.
8: Agent Based Modeling and Computer Languages.
9: Agent Based Modeling, Large Scale Simulations.
10: Agent Based Modeling, Mathematical Formalism for.
11: Agent Based Modeling and Neoclassical Economics: A Critical Perspective.
12: Agent Based Modeling and Simulation.
13: Agent Based Modeling and Simulation, Introduction to.
14: Agent Based Models in Economics and Complexity.
15: Aggregation Operators and Soft Computing.
16: Air Traffic Control, Complex Dynamics of.
17: Algorithmic Complexity and Cellular Automata.
18: Amorphous Computing.
19: Analog Computation.
20: Anisotropic Networks, Elastomers and Gels.
21: Anomalous Diffusion on Fractal Networks.
22: Applications of Physics and Mathematics to Social Science, Introduction to.
23: Artificial Chemistry.
24: Artificial Intelligence in Modeling and Simulation.
25: Astronomical Time Series, Complexity in.
26: Astrophysics, Chaos and Complexity in.
27: Astrophysics: Dynamical Systems.
28: Bacterial Computing.
29: Bayesian Games: Games with Incomplete Information.
30: Bayesian Methods in Non-Linear Time Series.
31: Bayesian Statistics.
32: Biochemistry, Chaotic Dynamics, Noise, and Fractal Space in.
33: Biological Complexity and Biochemical Information.
34: Biological Data Integration and Model Building.
35: Biological Development and Evolution, Complexity and Self-Organization in.
36: Biological Fluid Dynamics, Non-Linear Partial Differential Equations.
37: Biological Models of Molecular Network Dynamics.
38: Biomolecular Network Structure and Function.
39: Bivariate (Two-Dimensional) Wavelets.
40: Boolean Modeling of Biological Networks.
41: Bootstrap Percolation.
42: Brain Pacemaker.
43: Branching Processes.
44: Brittle Tectonics: A Non-Linear Dynamical System.
45: Business Policy and Strategy, System Dynamics Applications to.
46: Carbon Nanotubes, Thermo-Mechanical and Transport Properties of.
47: Catastrophe Theory.
48: Cell Biology: Networks, Regulation and Pathways.
49: Cellular Automata as Models of Parallel Computation.
50: Cellular Automata, Classification of.
51: Cellular Automata, Emergent Phenomena in.
52: Cellular Automata and Groups.
53: Cellular Automata in Hyperbolic Spaces.
54: Cellular Automata and Language Theory.
55: Cellular Automata with Memory.
56: Cellular Automata Modeling of Complex Biochemical Systems.
57: Cellular Automata Modeling of Physical Systems.
58: Cellular Automata in Triangular, Pentagonal and Hexagonal Tessellations.
59: Cellular Automata, Universality of.
60: Cellular Automaton Modeling of Tumor Invasion.
61: Cellular Computing.
62: Center Manifolds.
63: Chaos and Complexity in Astrophysics, Introduction to.
64: Chaos and Ergodic Theory.
65: Chaotic Behavior of Cellular Automata.
66: Chaotic Dynamics in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics.
67: Charge-Based Solid-State Flying Qubits.
68: Chronological Calculus in Systems and Control Theory.
69: Cities as Complex Systems: Scaling, Interaction, Networks, Dynamics and Urban Morphologies.
70: Climate Change and Agriculture.
71: Climate Change, Economic Costs of.
72: Climate Change and Human Health.
73: Climate Modeling, Global Warming and Weather Prediction, Introduction to.
74: Volume Contents.
75: Cognitive Robotics.
76: Collective Transport and Depinning.
77: Community Structure in Graphs.
78: Comparison of Discrete and Continuous Wavelet Transforms.
79: Complex Dynamics of Traffic Management, Introduction to.
80: Complex Gene Regulatory Networks – from Structure to Biological Observables: Cell Fate Determination.
81: Complexity in Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and Volcanoes, and Forecast, Introduction to.
82: Complexity and Non-Linearity in Autonomous Robotics, Introduction to.
83: Complexity in Systems Level Biology and Genetics: Statistical Perspectives.
84: Complex Networks and Graph Theory.
85: Complex Networks, Visualization of.
86: Complex Systems and Emergent Phenomena.
87: Composites, Multifunctional.
88: Computational Chemistry, Introduction to Complexity in.
89: Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Introduction to.
90: Computer-Aided Design of the Reaction Site in Heterogeneous Catalysis.
91: Computer Graphics and Games, Agent Based Modeling in.
92: Computing in Geometrical Constrained Excitable Chemical Systems.
93: Computing with Solitons.
94: Conduction and Diffusion in Percolating Systems.
95: Consciousness and Complexity.
96: Continuum Percolation.
97: Continuum Robots.
98: Control of Non-Linear Partial Differential Equations.
99: Cooperative Games.
100: Cooperative Games (Von Neumann–Morgenstern Stable Sets).
101: Cooperative Multi-Hierarchical Query Answering Systems.
102: Coordination Dynamics.
103: Corporate and Municipal Bond Market Microstructure in the U.S..
104: Correlated Equilibria and Communication in Games.
105: Correlated Percolation.
106: Correlations in Complex Systems.
107: Cosmic Gravitational Background, Stochastic.
108: Cosmic Strings.
109: Cost Sharing.
110: Crustal Deformation During the Seismic Cycle, Interpreting Geodetic Observations of.
111: Cryosphere Models.
112: Curvelets and Ridgelets.
113: Cytoskeleton and Cell Motility.
114: Data and Dimensionality Reduction in Data Analysis and System Modeling.
115: Data-Mining and Knowledge Discovery: Case-Based Reasoning, Nearest Neighbor and Rough Sets.
116: Data-Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Introduction to.
117: Data-Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Neural Networks in.
118: Decision Trees.
119: Delay and Disruption in Complex Projects.
120: Dependency and Granularity in Data-Mining.
121: Development, Complex Dynamic Systems of.
122: Development, Evolution, and the Emergence of Novel Behavior.
123: Diagrammatic Methods in Classical Perturbation Theory.
124: Differential Games.
125: Diffusion of Innovations, System Dynamics Analysis of the.
126: Discovery Systems.
127: Discrete Control Systems.
128: Disordered Elastic Media.
129: Dispersion Phenomena in Partial Differential Equations.
130: Distributed Controls of Multiple Robotic Systems, An Optimization Approach.
131: Distributed Robotic Teams: A Framework for Simulated and Real-World Modeling.
132: DNA Computing.
133: DNA-Templated Self-Assembly of Protein Arrays and Highly Conductive Nanowires.
134: Drug Design with Artificial Intelligence Methods.
135: Drug Design with Artificial Neural Networks.
136: Drug Design with Machine Learning.
137: Drug Design, Molecular Descriptors in.
138: Dynamic Games with an Application to Climate Change Models.
139: Dynamics of Cellular Automata in Non-Compact Spaces.
140: Dynamics and Evaluation: The Warm Glow of Processing Fluency.
141: Dynamics on Fractals.
142: Dynamics of Hamiltonian Systems.
143: Dynamics of Income Distribution in a Market Economy: Possibilities for Poverty Allevation.
144: Dynamics of Language.
145: Dynamics of Parametric Excitation.
146: Volume Contents.
147: Earthquake Clusters over Multi-Dimensional Space, Visualization of.
148: Earthquake Damage: Detection and Early Warning in Man-Made Structures.
149: Earthquake Early Warning System in Southern Italy.
150: Earthquake Engineering, Non-Linear Problems in.
151: Earthquake Forecasting and Verification.
152: Earthquake Location, Direct, Global-Search Methods.
153: Earthquake Magnitude.
154: Earthquake Monitoring and Early Warning Systems.
155: Earthquake Networks, Complex.
156: Earthquake Nucleation Process.
157: Earthquake Occurrence and Mechanisms, Stochastic Models for.
158: Earthquake Scaling Laws.
159: Earthquakes, Dynamic Triggering of.
160: Earthquakes, Electromagnetic Signals of.
161: Earthquake Source: Asymmetry and Rotation Effects.
162: Earthquake Source Parameters, Rapid Estimates for Tsunami Warning.
163: Earth's Crust and Upper Mantle, Dynamics of Solid–Liquid Systems in.
164: Ecological Complexity.
165: Ecological Systems.
166: Ecological Topology and Networks.
167: Econometrics: Models of Regime Changes.
168: Econometrics: Non-Linear Cointegration.
169: Econometrics: Panel Data Methods.
170: Econophysics, Observational.
171: Econophysics, Statistical Mechanics Approach to.
172: Elastic Percolation Networks.
173: Embodied and Situated Agents, Adaptive Behavior in.
174: Entropy.
175: Entropy in Ergodic Theory.
176: Entropy Maximization and Species Abundance.
177: Ergodicity and Mixing Properties.
178: Ergodic Theorems.
179: Ergodic Theory: Basic Examples and Constructions.
180: Ergodic Theory of Cellular Automata.
181: Ergodic Theory: Fractal Geometry.
182: Ergodic Theory on Homogeneous Spaces and Metric Number Theory.
183: Ergodic Theory: Interactions with Combinatorics and Number Theory.
184: Ergodic Theory, Introduction to.
185: Ergodic Theory: Non-Singular Transformations.
186: Ergodic Theory: Recurrence.
187: Ergodic Theory: Rigidity.
188: Evacuation as a Communication and Social Phenomenon.