Historical Dictionary of Human Rights and Humanitarian Organizations, 2nd Edition

  • Robert F. Gorman
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810864517
  • ISBN-13: 9780810864511
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 403 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released June 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

While the idea of human rights and humanitarian assistance has ancient roots - evidence can be seen in such examples as the Ten Commandments, the Bhagavad Gita, and the teachings of Confucius and Socrates - it wasn't until the 1800s that the first modern humanitarian and human rights organizations came to be. The 19th century saw the beginning of the abolitionist movement, the forming of a variety of women's suffrage organizations, the formation and consolidation of national labor unions, and the founding of the Red Cross. This was followed by the inextricably intertwined story of war, persecution, violence, and the growth of human rights and humanitarian organizations in the 20th century.

Historical Dictionary of Human Rights and Humanitarian Organizations, 2nd edition thoroughly revises the first edition, following major new developments in the arena of human rights since its publication, including the emergence of terrorism and international responses to it; the establishment of an international criminal court; the evolution of regional human rights bodies in Africa, Europe, and Latin America; and the proliferation of new non-governmental organizations and foundations dedicated to the promotion of human rights. This is accomplished through a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, photographs, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries covering many of the key treaties, agreements, and definitions of human rights concepts; important humanitarian organizations, whether private, governmental, national, or international; and significant persons and events. This realistic assessment of the advances in protection of human rights and the major difficulties still facing them is an excellent tool for students, practitioners, and libraries.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of International Organizations.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Preface.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Addams, Jane (1860–1935).
2: African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.
3: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights.
4: African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights.
5: African Union (AU).
6: Africare.
7: Aga Khan, Sadruddin (1933–2003).
8: Aliens' Rights.
9: American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man.
10: American Jewish World Service (AJWS).
11: America's Development Foundation (ADF).
12: Amnesty.
13: Amnesty International (AI).
14: Andean Commission of Jurists.
15: Anthony, Susan B. (1820–1906).
16: Apartheid.
17: Arab Lawyers' Union.
18: Arbitrary Arrest.
19: Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT).
20: Association of Protestant Development Organizations in Europe (APRODEV).
21: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
22: Asylum.
23: Atlantic Charter.
24: Aung San Suu Kyi (1945– ).
25: Biko, Steven (1946–1977).
26: Bill of Rights (U.S.).
27: Cairo Declaration.
28: Care.
29: Caritas Internationalis (CI).
30: Cartagena Declaration.
31: Carter Center.
32: Centre for Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE).
33: Children International.
34: Children's Rights.
35: Coalition against Trafficking in Women (CATW).
36: Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers.
37: Commission for Social Development.
38: Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
39: Commission on Human Rights (CHR).
40: Commission on the Status of Women.
41: Committee against Torture (CAT).
42: Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (CESCR).
43: Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW).
44: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
45: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD).
46: Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
47: Concern.
48: Conference of European Churches (CEC).
49: Constitution of the United States.
50: Constitutions.
51: Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
52: Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others.
53: Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa.
54: Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage, and Registration of Marriages.
55: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
56: Convention on the Nationality of Married Women.
57: Convention on the Political Rights of Women.
58: Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
59: Convention on the Rights of the Child.
60: Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
61: Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons.
62: Convention to Suppress Slave Trade and Slavery.
63: Council of Europe (COE).
64: Crimes against Humanity.
65: Cultural Survival.
66: Data.
67: Death Penalty.
68: Declaration by the United Nations.
69: Declaration of Independence (U.S.).
70: Declaration on Territorial Asylum.
71: Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.
72: Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
73: Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals who are not Nationals of the Country in which they live.
74: Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from being Subjected to Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
75: Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons.
76: Declaration on the Rights of Man (France).
77: Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons.
78: Declaration on the Rights of the Child.
79: Declaration on the Right to Development.
80: Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA).
81: Derechos Human Rights.
82: Derogation.
83: Disappearances.
84: Douglass, Frederick (1818–1895).
85: Dunant, Jean-Henri (1828–1910).
86: Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
87: Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
88: Education.
89: Equality.
90: Ethnic Cleansing.
91: European Commission on Human Rights.
92: European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
93: European Convention on Human Rights.
94: European Convention on Social Security.
95: European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism.
96: European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).
97: European Social Charter.
98: European Solidarity Towards Equal Participation of People (EUROSTEP).
99: European Union (EU).
100: Extradition.
101: Extraordinary Rendition.
102: Fair Fund.
103: Fair Trial.
104: Family.
105: Famine.
106: Fédération Internationale Des Droits de L'homme/International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH).
107: Fighting against Forced Disappearances in Latin America (FEDEFAM).
108: Food.
109: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
110: Foodfirst Information and Action Network (FIAN).
111: Forced Labor.
112: Freedom House.
113: Freedom of Assembly.
114: Freedom of Association.
115: Freedom of Opinion and Expression.
116: Freedom of Religion.
117: Freedom of the Press.
118: Gandhi, Mohandas K. (1869–1948).
119: Garrison, William Lloyd (1811–1879).
120: Gates Foundation.
121: Geneva Red Cross Conventions (of 1929, 1949) and Protocols.
122: Genocide.
123: Health.
124: Helpage International (HAI).
125: Helsinki Accord.
126: Holocaust.
127: Hostages.
128: Housing.
129: Human Rights Committee (HRC).
130: Human Rights Council.
131: Human Rights First (HRF).
132: Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT).
133: Human Rights in China (HRIC).
134: Human Rights Watch.
135: Hunger Project.
136: Indigenous Rights.
137: Institute of War and Peace Reporting (IWPR).
138: Interaction.
139: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).
140: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Statute.
141: Inter-American Convention on Diplomatic Asylum.
142: Inter-American Convention on Human Rights.
143: Inter-American Convention on Territorial Asylum.
144: Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACT).
145: International Alliance of Women (IAW).
146: International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL).
147: International Bar Association (IBA).
148: International Bill of Human Rights.
149: International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
150: International Commission of Jurists.
151: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
152: International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU).
153: International Conference on Population and Development.
154: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
155: International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.
156: International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid.
157: International Convention on the Taking of Hostages.
158: International Cooperation for Development and Solidarity (CIDSE).
159: International Council of Voluntary Agencies (ICVA).
160: International Council of Women (ICW).
161: International Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP).
162: International Court of Justice (ICJ).
163: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
164: International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
165: International Criminal Court (ICC).
166: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
167: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
168: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
169: International Institute of Humanitarian Law (IIHL).
170: International Labour Organization (ILO).
171: International Law.
172: International Law Commission.
173: International League for Human Rights.
174: International Medical Corps (IMC).
175: International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW).
176: International Society for Human Rights (ISHR).
177: Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
178: Islamic Relief.
179: Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1824).
180: John XXIII.
181: John Paul II (1920–2005).
182: Khartoum Declaration.
183: King, Martin Luther (1929–1968).
184: Lawyers without Borders.
185: League of Nations.
186: Lutheran World Federation (LWF).
187: Luthuli, Albert John (ca. 1898–1967).
188: Maathai, Wangari (1940– ).
189: Magna Carta.
190: Mandela, Nelson (1918– ).
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of International Organizations.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Preface.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Addams, Jane (1860–1935).
2: African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.
3: African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights.
4: African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights.
5: African Union (AU).
6: Africare.
7: Aga Khan, Sadruddin (1933–2003).
8: Aliens' Rights.
9: American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man.
10: American Jewish World Service (AJWS).
11: America's Development Foundation (ADF).
12: Amnesty.
13: Amnesty International (AI).
14: Andean Commission of Jurists.
15: Anthony, Susan B. (1820–1906).
16: Apartheid.
17: Arab Lawyers' Union.
18: Arbitrary Arrest.
19: Association for the Prevention of Torture (APT).
20: Association of Protestant Development Organizations in Europe (APRODEV).
21: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
22: Asylum.
23: Atlantic Charter.
24: Aung San Suu Kyi (1945– ).
25: Biko, Steven (1946–1977).
26: Bill of Rights (U.S.).
27: Cairo Declaration.
28: Care.
29: Caritas Internationalis (CI).
30: Cartagena Declaration.
31: Carter Center.
32: Centre for Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE).
33: Children International.
34: Children's Rights.
35: Coalition against Trafficking in Women (CATW).
36: Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers.
37: Commission for Social Development.
38: Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
39: Commission on Human Rights (CHR).
40: Commission on the Status of Women.
41: Committee against Torture (CAT).
42: Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (CESCR).
43: Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW).
44: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
45: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD).
46: Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC).
47: Concern.
48: Conference of European Churches (CEC).
49: Constitution of the United States.
50: Constitutions.
51: Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
52: Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others.
53: Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa.
54: Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage, and Registration of Marriages.
55: Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women.
56: Convention on the Nationality of Married Women.
57: Convention on the Political Rights of Women.
58: Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
59: Convention on the Rights of the Child.
60: Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees.
61: Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons.
62: Convention to Suppress Slave Trade and Slavery.
63: Council of Europe (COE).
64: Crimes against Humanity.
65: Cultural Survival.
66: Data.
67: Death Penalty.
68: Declaration by the United Nations.
69: Declaration of Independence (U.S.).
70: Declaration on Territorial Asylum.
71: Declaration on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.
72: Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
73: Declaration on the Human Rights of Individuals who are not Nationals of the Country in which they live.
74: Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from being Subjected to Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
75: Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons.
76: Declaration on the Rights of Man (France).
77: Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons.
78: Declaration on the Rights of the Child.
79: Declaration on the Right to Development.
80: Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA).
81: Derechos Human Rights.
82: Derogation.
83: Disappearances.
84: Douglass, Frederick (1818–1895).
85: Dunant, Jean-Henri (1828–1910).
86: Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
87: Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
88: Education.
89: Equality.
90: Ethnic Cleansing.
91: European Commission on Human Rights.
92: European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
93: European Convention on Human Rights.
94: European Convention on Social Security.
95: European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism.
96: European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).
97: European Social Charter.
98: European Solidarity Towards Equal Participation of People (EUROSTEP).
99: European Union (EU).
100: Extradition.
101: Extraordinary Rendition.
102: Fair Fund.
103: Fair Trial.
104: Family.
105: Famine.
106: Fédération Internationale Des Droits de L'homme/International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH).
107: Fighting against Forced Disappearances in Latin America (FEDEFAM).
108: Food.
109: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
110: Foodfirst Information and Action Network (FIAN).
111: Forced Labor.
112: Freedom House.
113: Freedom of Assembly.
114: Freedom of Association.
115: Freedom of Opinion and Expression.
116: Freedom of Religion.
117: Freedom of the Press.
118: Gandhi, Mohandas K. (1869–1948).
119: Garrison, William Lloyd (1811–1879).
120: Gates Foundation.
121: Geneva Red Cross Conventions (of 1929, 1949) and Protocols.
122: Genocide.
123: Health.
124: Helpage International (HAI).
125: Helsinki Accord.
126: Holocaust.
127: Hostages.
128: Housing.
129: Human Rights Committee (HRC).
130: Human Rights Council.
131: Human Rights First (HRF).
132: Human Rights Foundation of Turkey (HRFT).
133: Human Rights in China (HRIC).
134: Human Rights Watch.
135: Hunger Project.
136: Indigenous Rights.
137: Institute of War and Peace Reporting (IWPR).
138: Interaction.
139: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR).
140: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Statute.
141: Inter-American Convention on Diplomatic Asylum.
142: Inter-American Convention on Human Rights.
143: Inter-American Convention on Territorial Asylum.
144: Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACT).
145: International Alliance of Women (IAW).
146: International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL).
147: International Bar Association (IBA).
148: International Bill of Human Rights.
149: International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
150: International Commission of Jurists.
151: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC).
152: International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU).
153: International Conference on Population and Development.
154: International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
155: International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.
156: International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid.
157: International Convention on the Taking of Hostages.
158: International Cooperation for Development and Solidarity (CIDSE).
159: International Council of Voluntary Agencies (ICVA).
160: International Council of Women (ICW).
161: International Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP).
162: International Court of Justice (ICJ).
163: International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
164: International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.
165: International Criminal Court (ICC).
166: International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
167: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
168: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).
169: International Institute of Humanitarian Law (IIHL).
170: International Labour Organization (ILO).
171: International Law.
172: International Law Commission.
173: International League for Human Rights.
174: International Medical Corps (IMC).
175: International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW).
176: International Society for Human Rights (ISHR).
177: Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU).
178: Islamic Relief.
179: Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1824).
180: John XXIII.
181: John Paul II (1920–2005).
182: Khartoum Declaration.
183: King, Martin Luther (1929–1968).
184: Lawyers without Borders.
185: League of Nations.
186: Lutheran World Federation (LWF).
187: Luthuli, Albert John (ca. 1898–1967).
188: Maathai, Wangari (1940– ).
189: Magna Carta.
190: Mandela, Nelson (1918– ).