Agriculture in History, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1587655551
  • ISBN-13: 9781587655555
  • DDC: 630.9
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1226 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2009 | Published/Released January 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2009

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About

Overview

The coverage of Agriculture in History is both geographically and chronologically immense. The set opens with a series of articles on the rise of agriculture in northern Africa and Asia as far back as 9000 B.C.E As the articles move forward in time, they cover the emergence of agriculture in all the world's populated regions and account for major advances in technology and the spread of crops through different parts of the world. Agriculture in History takes a broad view of its subject to encompass all aspects of human cultivation of food and fiber crops and the raising of poultry and livestock for human use. Essay topics include the building of dams and canals for irrigation; the development of chemical pesticides to combat threats to plant life; horticultural research; the invention of tools used for planting, harvesting, and processing agricultural products; the evolution of farm-labor systems; government efforts to foster agricultural production, manage land use, and oversee marketing; and the devastating impact of natural disasters on agricultural systems. The categories included in this set are: Agricultural origins; Animal husbandry; Conflicts; Environmental issues; Famines, floods, and other disasters; Farm labor; Government actions; International issues; Marketing; Technological change; and Water and irrigation.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Publisher's Note.
Contributors.
Complete Contents.
1: C. 10th Millennium b.c.e.-10th Century c.e.: Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Spread Through the World.
2: C. 9500-c. 5000 b.c.e.: Syria's Abu Hureyra May Be Earliest Agricultural Settlement.
3: C. 9000-c. 8000 b.c.e.: Cochise Culture Fosters Agriculture in American Southwest.
4: C. 9000-c. 7000 b.c.e.: Nilo-Saharan Peoples Domesticate Cattle and Cultivate Grain.
5: C. 8000 b.c.e.: First Agricultural Settlements Arise on Andean Altiplano.
6: C. 8000-c. 1000 b.c.e.: Early Native Americans form Agricultural Communities.
7: C. 7500 b.c.e.: East Asians Begin Cultivating Grain.
8: C. 6500-c. 5000 b.c.e.: Nilo-Saharan Farmers Spread Cultivation and Herding.
9: C. 6200-c. 3800 b.c.e.: Ubaid Culture Begins Mesopotamian Agricultural Communities.
10: C. 6000-c. 1500 b.c.e.: Yangshao and Longshan Begin Chinese Agricultural Cultures.
11: C. 6000-c. 1000 b.c.e.: Omotic Peoples Advance Farming Techniques in Africa's Horn.
12: C. 5500-c. 4500 b.c.e.: Halafian Culture Advances Mesopotamian Agriculture.
13: C. 5500-c. 4500 b.c.e.: Niger-Congo Peoples Spread Agriculture in Africa.
14: C. 4000 b.c.e.: Horses are Domesticated in Central Asia.
15: C. 4000 b.c.e.: Rise of Sumer Improves Mesopotamian Agriculture.
16: C. 2600 b.c.e.: Leizu Discovers Silk Making.
17: C. 1000 b.c.e.-c. 100 c.e.: Adena Mound Builders Establish a Farming Society.
18: C. 1000 b.c.e.-c. 300 c.e.: Trade Fosters Agriculture in West Africa's Sudan Belt.
19: C. 750-c. 500 b.c.e.: Water from Yemen's Marib Dam Creates a Rich Farming Region.
20: C. 500 b.c.e.-c. 200 c.e.: Libya's Garamantes Flourish as Farmers and Traders.
21: C. 500 b.c.e.-c. 300 c.e.: Agriculture Nurtures Kingdoms Around Africa's Niger River.
22: C. 400 b.c.e.-c. 300 c.e.: Bantu Peoples Spread Farming Across Southern Africa.
23: C. 300 b.c.e.: Hohokam Irrigation Supports Agriculture in American Southwest.
24: C. 300 b.c.e.: Japan Develops Settled Agriculture During Yayoi Period.
25: C. 300 b.c.e.-c. 100 c.e.: Southern Africa's Khoikhoi and Kwadi Adopt Pastoralism.
26: 221 b.c.e.-220 c.e.: Chinese Agricultural Technology Advances.
27: 200-1250 c.e.: Anasazi Farming Culture Flourishes in American Southwest.
28: C. 500-1000: Rising Swahili Cultures Foster Agriculture in East Africa.
29: C. 500-1000: Tiwanaku Culture Develops Cold- Weather Agriculture in Andes.
30: 7th-13th Centuries: Mogollons Establish Agricultural Settlements in American Southwest.
31: 605-610: China's Grand Canal Improves Agricultural Trade.
32: 618: Tang Dynasty Improves China's Agricultural Productivity.
33: C. 700-1000: Heavy Plow Increases European Agricultural Yields.
34: 8th-15th Centuries: Hohokam Adapt Agriculture to Arid American Southwest.
35: C. 800-1350: Mississippian Mound-Builders' Agricultural Culture Flourishes.
36: 9th-14th Centuries: Southern Africa's Toutswe Kingdom Rises on Agropastoralism.
37: 9th-15th Centuries: North American Plains Village Culture Flourishes.
38: After 850: Chan Chan Advances Andean Agricultural Technology.
39: C. 1000: Failed Agriculture Spurs Huari and Tiwanaku Collapse.
40: 11th-12th Centuries: Norse Introduce Farming to Greenland.
41: 1012: Rice Cultivation is Introduced to China.
42: 1075-c. 1220: Mapungubwe State is Built on Cattle Culture.
43: C. 1200: Scientific Cattle Breeding is Developed in Europe.
44: 1200-1202: Failure of Annual Nile Floods Brings Famine to Egypt.
45: Early 1460's: Post-Plague Labor Shortages Threaten European Agriculture.
46: 1471-1493: Inca Empire Expands and Strengthens its Economic System.
47: Beginning c. 1500: Coffee, Cacao, Tobacco, and Sugar are Sold Worldwide.
48: 16th Century: New Agricultural Technologies Increase Chinese Population.
49: 1502-1520: Aztec Agriculture Prospers Under Montezuma II.
50: 1594-1595: Taikō Kenchi Surveys Japan's Farmland.
51: 17th Century: England Undergoes an Agricultural Revolution.
52: 17th Century: Europe Endorses Colonial Economies Built on Slavery.
53: 17th Century: Pepper Trade Drives the Global Economy.
54: 17th Century: Rising Proto-Industrial Economies Draw Workers from Farms.
55: 1609: China Begins Shipping Tea to Europe.
56: 1612: Tobacco Farming Begins in North America.
57: Beginning c. 1615: Coffee Culture Flourishes Throughout the World.
58: Beginning c. 1619: Indentured Servitude Becomes Part of American Agriculture.
59: 1625-1640: Barbados Becomes a Major Agricultural Colony.
60: 1630's-1694: Brazil's Plantation Slaves Build Independent State at Palmares.
61: January 29, 1649: Russian Serfdom is Codified.
62: April, 1652: Dutch Make Cape of Good Hope an Agricultural Colony.
63: 1654: Portugal Retakes Brazil and Expands its Economy.
64: 1656: Popularity of Chocolate Increases Cacao Planting.
65: March 24, 1663-July 25, 1729: Tobacco and Sugar Farming Begin in the Carolinas.
66: 1689-1694: Short Growing Seasons Create Famine in France.
67: 1701: Tull's Seed Drill Revolutionizes Farming.
68: 1747: Marggraf Extracts Sugar from Beets.