Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1412965810
  • ISBN-13: 9781412965811
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 623 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released September 2008
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Recent years have seen the reemergence of libertarian thought as a significant force, both in the academy and in political life. As libertarian ideas have gained in prominence, so has the need for a standard reference work. Accordingly, this project has been initiated to serve as a useful introduction to and compendium of libertarian scholarship via a series of brief articles on the historical, sociological, and economic aspects of libertarianism within the broader context.

As a continuation of the older tradition of classical liberalism, libertarian thinking draws on a rich body of thought and scholarship. Contemporary libertarian scholars are continuing that tradition by making substantial contributions to such fields as philosophy, jurisprudence, economics, evolutionary psychology, political theory, and history. Notably, a number of economists who profess classical liberal or libertarian views have received the Nobel Prize in recent years, such as Vernon Smith. Robert Nozick's book Anarchy, State, & Utopia sparked a tremendous debate among philosophers and has influenced moral and political theory. Evolutionary psychology has emerged as a new forum for the study of human nature, and much of that work has been pioneered by libertarian-leaning thinkers. Ronald Coase, Richard Posner, Richard Epstein and others have revitalized the study of jurisprudence by focusing attention on incentives and on such "grown" institutions as property and common-law rules. Libertarians also have been active in political life, especially since the collapse of the communist states, which focused attention on problems of the formation and evolution of rights and legal institutions. The works of libertarian thinkers such as F. A. Hayek, Ayn Rand, and Milton Friedman are now available in dozens of languages, much as the works of Marx and Lenin were decades ago. Within the entries contained in this encyclopedia, readers will find overviews of all this and more.

Reviews

"All entries are prepared by experienced scholars and include suggestions for further reading. An excellent index makes it easy to discern the often mutual influence of different events, individuals and movements. This useful guide fills a long-standing gap in reference collections, and will serve students of philosophy, political science and intellectual history." --Lawrence Looks at Books, September 2008

— Lawrence Looks at Books

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
Editor's Introduction.
General Introduction.
1: Abolitionism.
2: Abortion.
3: Acton, Lord (1834-1902).
4: Adams, John(1735-1826).
5: Affirmative Action.
6: American Revolution.
7: Anarchism.
8: Anarcho-capitalism.
9: Anti-corn Law League.
10: Antitrust.
11: Aquinas, Thomas (c. 1225-1274).
12: Aristotle (382–322 B.c.).
13: Arts and Public Support.
14: Assurance and Trust.
15: Banking, Austrian Theory of.
16: Bastiat, Frédéric (1801-1850).
17: Bauer, Peter (1915-2002).
18: Becker, Gary S. (1930–).
19: Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832).
20: Bill of Rights, U.S..
21: Bioethics.
22: Black Markets.
23: Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen Von (1851–1914).
24: Branden, Nathaniel(1930- ).
25: Bright, John (1811–1889).
26: Brown, John (1800-1859).
27: Buchanan, James M. (1919-).
28: Buckle, Henry Thomas (1821–1862).
29: Bureaucracy.
30: Burke, Edmund (1729-1797).
31: Burlamaqui, Jean-jacques (1694-1748).
32: Campaign Finance.
33: Cantillon, Richard (c. 1680-1734).
34: Capitalism.
35: Capital Punishment.
36: Cato's Letters.
37: Censorship.
38: Charity/friendly Societies.
39: Children.
40: Childs, Roy A. (1949-1992).
41: Chodorov, Frank (1887–1966).
42: Cicero (106-43 B.C.).
43: Cities.
44: Civil Society.
45: Civil War, U.s..
46: Clark, Ed (1930- ).
47: Classical Economics.
48: Coase, Ronald H. (1910- ).
49: Cobden, Richard (1804-1865).
50: Coercion.
51: Coke, Edward (1552-1634).
52: Collectivism.
53: Common Law.
54: Communism.
55: Competition.
56: Comte, Charles (1782-1837).
57: Condorcet, Marquis De (1743-1794).
58: Conscience.
59: Conscription.
60: Consequentialism.
61: Conservatism.
62: Conservative Critique of Libertarianism.
63: Constant, Benjamin (1767-1830).
64: Constitution, U.S..
65: Constitutionalism.
66: Contractarianism/Social Contract.
67: Corruption.
68: Cosmopolitanism.
69: Culture.
70: Decentralism.
71: Declaration of Independence.
72: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.
73: Delegation.
74: Democracy.
75: Development, Economic.
76: Dicey, Albert Venn (1835-1922).
77: Diderot, Denis (1713–1784).
78: Division of Labor.
79: Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895).
80: Drug Prohibition.
81: Dunoyer, Charles (1786-1862).
82: Dutch Republic.
83: Economics, Austrian School of.
84: Economics, Chicago School of.
85: Economics, Experimental.
86: Economics, Keynesian.
87: Education.
88: Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1803-1882).
89: Eminent Domain/Takings.
90: English Civil Wars.
91: Enlightenment.
92: Entrepreneurship.
93: Environment.
94: Epicureanism.
95: Epstein, Richard A. (1943-).
96: Equality.
97: Euthanasia.
98: Evolutionary Psychology.
99: Existentialism.
100: Externalities.
101: Family.
102: Fascism.
103: Federalism.
104: Federalists Versus Anti-federalists.
105: Feminism and Women's Rights.
106: Ferguson, Adam (1723-1816).
107: Fisher, Antony (1915-1988).
108: Foreign Policy.
109: Foucault, Michel (1926-1984).
110: Freedom.
111: Freedom of Speech.
112: Freedom of Thought.
113: Free-Market Economy.
114: Free Trade.
115: French Revolution.
116: Friedman, David (1945- ).
117: Friedman, Milton (1912-2006).
118: Fusionism.
119: Gambling.
120: Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879).
121: Genetics.
122: Gladstone, William Ewart (1809–1898).
123: Globalization.
124: Glorious Revolution.
125: Godwin, William (1756–1836).
126: Goldwater, Barry (1909–1998).
127: Government.
128: Great Depression.
129: Harper, Floyd Arthur "baldy" (1905-1973).
130: Hayek, Friedrich A. (1899-1992).
131: Hazlitt, Henry (1894–1973).
132: Health Care.
133: Heinlein, Robert (1907-1988).
134: Herbert, Auberon (1838-1906).
135: Hess, Karl (1923-1994).
136: Hobbes, Thomas (1588–1676).
137: Hodgskin, Thomas (1787-1869).
138: Hospers, John (1918- ).
139: Humanism.
140: Humboldt, Wilhelm Von (1767-1835).
141: Hume, David (1711-1776).
142: Hutcheson, Francis (1694-1746).
143: Ilicit Drugs.
144: Immigration.
145: Imperialism.
146: Individualism, Methodological.
147: Individualism, Political and Ethical.
148: Individualist Anarchism.
149: Individual Rights.
150: Industrial Revolution.
151: Intellectual Property.
152: Internet.
153: Interventionism.
154: Islam.
155: Italian Fiscal Theorists.
156: Jacobs, Jane (1916-2006).
157: Jefferson, Thomas(1743-1826).
158: Jouvenel, Bertrand De (1903-1987).
159: Judiciary.
160: Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804).
161: Kirzner, Israel M. (1930- ).
162: Kleptocracy.
163: Knight, Frank H. (1885-1972).
164: La Boétie, Étienne De (1530-1563).
165: Labor Unions.
166: Laissez-Faire Policy.
167: Lane, Rose Wilder (1886-1968).
168: Lao Tzu (c. 600 B.C.).
169: Las Casas, Bartolomé De (1474-1566).
170: Law and Economics.
171: Law Merchant.
172: Lefevre, Robert (1911–1986).
173: Left Libertarianism.
174: Leggett, William (1801-1839).
175: Levellers.
176: Liability.
177: Liberal Critique of Libertarianism.
178: Liberalism, Classical.
179: Liberalism, German.
180: Liberty, Presumption of.
181: Liberty in the Ancient World.
182: Limited Government.
183: Locke, John (1632-1704).
184: Macaulay, Thomas Babington (1800-1859).
185: Macbride, Roger Lea (1929-1995).
186: Madison, James (1750-1836).
187: Magna Carta.
188: Maine, Henry Sumner (1822-1888).