Controversies in Affirmative Action, 1st Edition

  • Editor: James A. Beckman
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440800839
  • ISBN-13: 9781440800832
  • DDC: 344.7301
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 1120 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released April 2015
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014

  • Price:  Sign in for price



This comprehensive, three-volume set explores the ways the United States has interpreted affirmative action and probes the effects of the policy from the perspectives of economics, law, philosophy, psychology, sociology, political science, and race relations. Expert contributors tackle a host of knotty issues, ranging from the history of affirmative action to the theories underpinning it. They show how affirmative action has been implemented over the years, discuss its legality and constitutionality, and speculate about its future. Volume one traces the origin and evolution of affirmative action. Volume two discusses modern applications and debates, and volume three delves into such areas as international practices and critical race theory. Standalone essays link cause and effect and past and present as they tackle intriguing-and important-questions. When does "affirmative action" become "reverse discrimination"? How many decades are too many for a "temporary" policy to remain in existence? Does race- or gender-based affirmative action violate the equal protection of law guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment? In raising such issues, the work encourages readers to come to their own conclusions about the policy and its future application.



  • James A. Beckman

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Chronology of Major Events Impacting Affirmative Action.
1: The Supreme Court, Civil Rights, and Affirmative Action: An Historical Perspective.
2: Modern Affirmative Action Takes Shape: President Lyndon Johnson, Howard University, and Executive Order 11246.
3: A Forgotten Story of Affirmative Action and an Unlikely Ally: President Nixon, the Philadelphia Plan, and the Evolution of Modern Affirmative Action.
4: A Reader's Overview of Affirmative Action, Constitutional Law, and the Political Process.
5: The Final Arbiter: Supreme Court Jurisprudence and the Trend toward Conservatism in Affirmative Action in America.
6: The Biggest Threat to Affirmative Action in Its Formative Stage: President Ronald Reagan and His Attack on Affirmative Action in America.
7: Closing the Gap: Affirmative Action in Higher Education, the Utilization of the Diversity Rationale, and Select Examples of Legal Challenges between 1995 and 2002.
8: Hurricane Hopwood: The Hopwood v. Texas Revolution and the Chaotic and Inconsistent Application of Affirmative Action in Higher Education, 1996–2003.
9: Supreme Court Guidance on Affirmative Action from 2003 through 2013: An Analysis of the Implications Arising from Gratz v. Bollinger (2003), Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 (2007), and Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin (2013).
10: The Role of the Executive Branch and Views of Various Presidents on Affirmative Action from Roosevelt to Obama.
About the Editor and Contributors.
Volume 1 Index.
Title Page.
1: Fisher v. University of Texas and the Wonderland of Color-Blind Ideology.
2: Experimentations with Race-Neutral Alternatives to Affirmative Action.
3: Opportunity or Result? Evolving Rationales and the Transformation of Affirmative Action.
4: Place, Not Race: Affirmative Action and the Geography of Educational Opportunity.
5: It's All about Education: Implementation Issues in the Wake of Grutter, Gratz, and Fisher.
6: The Changing Face of Affirmative Action: Law School Diversity after Fisher.
7: Defending Minority-Targeted Aid in Higher Education.
8: Changing the Narrative: Affirmative Action as Democratically Necessary.
9: Sociological Theories, Concepts, and Arguments in Favor of, and against, Affirmative Action Programs in Modern America.
10: The Documented Need for Diversity at Professional Schools.
11: Affirmative Action and Critical Race Theory.
12: The Chronicle of the Disappeared White Law Professors: The Real Meaning of Diversity and Affirmative Action in Legal Education and an Exercise in Critical Race Theory.
About the Editor and Contributors.
Volume 2 Index.
Title Page.
1: Philosophical Perspectives on Affirmative Action over the Past 40 Years.
2: Women, Work, and Affirmative Action.
3: Affirmative Action in the Military: Unique Successes, New Challenges.
4: The Impact of Affirmative Action on Law Enforcement in the United States.
5: Federal Requirements for Affirmative Action in Employment and Contracting.
6: A World Perspective: Affirmative Action in the Global Context.
7: Beyond the Doors of Higher Education—Equal but Separate: College Student Social Groups in Florida after Gratz and Grutter.
8: Affirmative Action: Is It Really Necessary in the 21st Century?.
9: New Opportunities or a Narrowing of Affirmative Action? The Increasingly Restrictive Application of Affirmative Action in Higher Education.
10: Diversity, Affirmative Action, and the U.S. Supreme Court.
11: Reading the Tea Leaves: Views of the U.S. Supreme Court Justices on Affirmative Action.
Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin.
About the Editor and Contributors.
Volume 3 Index.