Historical Dictionary of the Coptic Church, 1st Edition

  • Gawdat Gabra
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 081086259X
  • ISBN-13: 9780810862593
  • DDC: 281.7203
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 332 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released November 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

During the 1st century, Saint Mark brought Christianity to Egypt and in so doing, formed the basis for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Today, Copts, members of the Coptic Church, compromise the largest Christian Community in the Middle East. The Coptic Church is more than 19 centuries old and has produced thousands of texts and biblical and theological studies. During the last half of the 20th century, however, economic and political discrimination has forced between 400,000 and one million Copts to emigrate from Egypt, with the majority settling in North America and Australia.

The Historical Dictionary of the Coptic Church details the history of one of the oldest Christian churches. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and more than 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries on important people, organizations, and structures; the theology and practices of the church; its literature and liturgy; and monasteries and churches.

About the Author:
Gawdat Gabra is the former director of the Coptic Museum, a member of the board of the Society of Coptic Archaeology, and chief editor of the St. Mark Foundation for Coptic History Studies.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Preface.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abarkah..
2: ‘Abd Al-Masih Al-Isra’Ili (late 10th c.)..
3: ‘Abd Al-Masih, Yassa (1889–1959)..
4: Ablution.
5: Absolution..
6: Abu Daqn, Yusuf (ca. 1565–ca. 1630)..
7: Abu Al-Majd Ibn Yu’Annis (?–before 1357)..
8: Abu Mina..
9: Abu Salih Yu’Annis (late 10th or early 11th c.)..
10: Act of Peter (BG, 4)..
11: Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles (NHC VI, 1)..
12: Adam.
13: Al-As‘Ad Ibn Al-‘Assal (?–before 1259).
14: Alexander I, Patriarch..
15: Alexandria..
16: Al-Gohary, Ibrahim (?–1795)..
17: Allogenes (NHC XI, 3)..
18: Al-Makin Jirjis Ibn Al-‘Amid (1205–after 1280)..
19: Al-Mu’Taman Ibn Al-‘Assal (?–last quarter of 13th c.)..
20: Al-Mufaddal Ibn Abi Al-Fada’Il (?–after 1357)..
21: Al-Rashid Abu Al-Khayr Ibn Al-Tayyib (?–after 1270)..
22: Al-Safi Ibn Al-‘Assal (?–ca. 1265)..
23: Al-Thiqa Ibn Al-Duhayri (?–after 1267)..
24: Al-Tukhi, Rufa’il (1701–1787)..
25: Al-Wadih Ibn Raja’ (?–after 1009)..
26: Al-Wajih Yuhanna Al-Qalyubi (?–after 1271)..
27: Amoun (?–ca. 350)..
28: Anaphora of St. Basil..
29: Anaphora of St. Cyril..
30: Anaphora of St. Gregory..
31: Anathema..
32: Anianus (The Cobbler)..
33: Anthropomorphism..
34: Antony (ca. 251–ca. 356)..
35: Apocalypse of Adam (NHC V, 5)..
36: Apocalypse of James (First) (NHC V, 3)..
37: Apocalypse of James (Second) (NHC V, 4)..
38: Apocalypse of Paul (NHC V, 2)..
39: Apocalypse of Peter (NHC VII, 3)..
40: Apocryphon of James (NHC I, 2)..
41: Apocryphon of John (NHC II, 1; III, 1, IV, 1; BG, 2)..
42: Apollinarianism..
43: Apologist..
44: Apostolic Fathers..
45: Apostolic See..
46: Apostolic Succession..
47: Apostolic Tradition..
48: Arab Conquest of Egypt (639–641)..
49: Arianism..
50: Arius..
51: Art, Contemporary Coptic..
52: Art, Coptic..
53: Asclepius 21–29 (NHC VI, 8)..
54: Askew Codex (Codex Askewianus)..
55: Assumption..
56: Athanasius, Bishop of Qus (second half of 14th c.)..
57: Athanasius (1923–2000)..
58: Athanasius I (295–372).
59: Atiya, Aziz Suryal (1898–1988)..
60: Authoritative Teaching (NHC VI, 3)..
61: Awlad Al-‘Assal (13th c.)..
62: Basilides..
63: Berlin Gnostic Codex (Papyrus Berolinensis 8502)..
64: Bible, Coptic..
65: Bishop..
66: Bishop’s Consecration..
67: Blessing..
68: Book of Thomas the Contender (NHC II, 7)..
69: Bruce Codex (Codex Brucianus)..
70: Bulus Al-Bushi (?–ca. 1250)..
71: Burial Rites..
72: Butrus Al-Sadamanti (second half of 13th c.)..
73: Butrus Sawirus Al-Jamil, Bishop of Malij (Beginning of 13th c.)..
74: Canon..
75: “Canon of The Twelfth Hour,” Good Friday..
76: Canonical Hours (Book of)..
77: Canonization..
78: Carpocrates..
79: Catechetical School of Alexandria..
80: Cathedral of St. Mark In Cairo..
81: Chalcedon, Council of..
82: Chrism..
83: Christodoulos (?–1077)..
84: Christology..
85: Church, Laying of the Cornerstone..
86: Church Consecration..
87: Church of St. Mercurius (Abu Sayfayn)..
88: Church of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus (Abu Sargah)..
89: Clerical College (Cairo)..
90: Codex Bruce Untitled Text..
91: Communion..
92: Concept of Our Great Power (NHC VI, 4)..
93: Confession and Penitence..
94: Confession of the Fathers (ca. 1078)..
95: Confirmation..
96: Confraternity..
97: Constantinople, Second Council of..
98: Constantinople, Third Council of..
99: Conversion to Islam..
100: Copt..
101: Coptic Calendar..
102: Coptic Church Review (CCR)..
103: Coptic Dialects..
104: Coptic Encyclopedia..
105: Coptic Language..
106: Coptic Museum..
107: Coptic Revolts..
108: Copto-Arabic Literature..
109: Coptologia..
110: Coptology and Coptological Studies..
111: Cyprus..
112: Cyril I..
113: Cyril II (?–1092)..
114: Cyril III Ibn Laqlaq (?–1243)..
115: Cyril IV (1816–1861)..
116: Cyril VI (1902–1971)..
117: Dayr Al-Muharraq..
118: Deacon, Archdeacon, Ordination of..
119: Dialogue of the Savior (NHC III, 5)..
120: Diaspora, Copts in the..
121: Didache..
122: Didascalia..
123: Difnar (Antiphonarion)..
124: Dioscorus I..
125: Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth (NHC VI, 6)..
126: Docetism..
127: Dormition of the Virgin Mary..
128: Doxology..
129: Doxology to the Holy Trinity..
130: Ephesus, First Council of (431)..
131: Ephesus, Second Council of (449)..
132: Ephesus, Third Council of (476)..
133: Epiphany, Liturgy of the..
134: Eschatology..
135: Ethiopian Liturgy..
136: Eucharist..
137: Eucharist Bread..
138: Eucharist Fast..
139: Eucharistic Veils, Vessels, and Implements..
140: Euchologion..
141: Eugnostos the Blessed (NHC III, 3; NHC V, 1)..
142: Eusebius of Caesarea (ca. 265–ca. 340)..
143: Evagrius Ponticus (345–399)..
144: Excoucontians..
145: Exegesis on the Soul (NHC II, 6)..
146: Fanous, Isaac (1919–2007)..
147: Farajallah Al-Akhmimi (First Half of 14th C.)..
148: Fasting..
149: Feasts..
150: Festal Days, Monthly..
151: Filioque..
152: Flight into Egypt..
153: Florence, Copts at the Council of (1439–1443)..
154: Fraction..
155: Gabriel II Ibn Turayk (1084–1145)..
156: Gabriel III (?–1271)..
157: Gabriel V (?–1427)..
158: Gaianus, Julian..
159: Gangra, Council of (ca. 340).
160: Genuflection..
161: Ghali, Mirrit Boutros (1908–1992)..
162: Girgis, Habib (1876–1951)..
163: Glorifications, Rite of..
164: Gnosticism in Egypt..
165: Good Friday..
166: Gospel of Judas..
167: Gospel of Mary (BG, 1)..
168: Gospel of Philip (NHC II, 3)..
169: Gospel of the Egyptians (NHC III, 2; IV, 2)..
170: Gospel of Thomas (NHC II, 2)..
171: Gospel of Truth (NHC I, 3; XII, 2)..
172: Gregorius (1919–2001)..
173: Gregory of Nazianzus (329–389)..
174: Gregory of Nyssa (ca. 335–ca. 394)..
175: Habachi, Labib (1906–1984)..
176: Hades..
177: Hagiography, Coptic..
178: Hegumen..
179: Hegumenos Ordination..
180: Henoticon..
181: Heracleon..
182: Hexapla and Tetrapla..
183: Hierarchy, Church..
184: Higher Institute of Coptic Studies..
185: Historia Monachorum in Aegypto (History of the Monks in Egypt)..
186: History of the Churches and Monasteries of Egypt (late 12th–early 13th c.)..
187: History of the Patriarchs..
188: Holy Cross Day..
189: Holy Spirit, Coptic Doctrine of the..
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Preface.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abarkah..
2: ‘Abd Al-Masih Al-Isra’Ili (late 10th c.)..
3: ‘Abd Al-Masih, Yassa (1889–1959)..
4: Ablution.
5: Absolution..
6: Abu Daqn, Yusuf (ca. 1565–ca. 1630)..
7: Abu Al-Majd Ibn Yu’Annis (?–before 1357)..
8: Abu Mina..
9: Abu Salih Yu’Annis (late 10th or early 11th c.)..
10: Act of Peter (BG, 4)..
11: Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles (NHC VI, 1)..
12: Adam.
13: Al-As‘Ad Ibn Al-‘Assal (?–before 1259).
14: Alexander I, Patriarch..
15: Alexandria..
16: Al-Gohary, Ibrahim (?–1795)..
17: Allogenes (NHC XI, 3)..
18: Al-Makin Jirjis Ibn Al-‘Amid (1205–after 1280)..
19: Al-Mu’Taman Ibn Al-‘Assal (?–last quarter of 13th c.)..
20: Al-Mufaddal Ibn Abi Al-Fada’Il (?–after 1357)..
21: Al-Rashid Abu Al-Khayr Ibn Al-Tayyib (?–after 1270)..
22: Al-Safi Ibn Al-‘Assal (?–ca. 1265)..
23: Al-Thiqa Ibn Al-Duhayri (?–after 1267)..
24: Al-Tukhi, Rufa’il (1701–1787)..
25: Al-Wadih Ibn Raja’ (?–after 1009)..
26: Al-Wajih Yuhanna Al-Qalyubi (?–after 1271)..
27: Amoun (?–ca. 350)..
28: Anaphora of St. Basil..
29: Anaphora of St. Cyril..
30: Anaphora of St. Gregory..
31: Anathema..
32: Anianus (The Cobbler)..
33: Anthropomorphism..
34: Antony (ca. 251–ca. 356)..
35: Apocalypse of Adam (NHC V, 5)..
36: Apocalypse of James (First) (NHC V, 3)..
37: Apocalypse of James (Second) (NHC V, 4)..
38: Apocalypse of Paul (NHC V, 2)..
39: Apocalypse of Peter (NHC VII, 3)..
40: Apocryphon of James (NHC I, 2)..
41: Apocryphon of John (NHC II, 1; III, 1, IV, 1; BG, 2)..
42: Apollinarianism..
43: Apologist..
44: Apostolic Fathers..
45: Apostolic See..
46: Apostolic Succession..
47: Apostolic Tradition..
48: Arab Conquest of Egypt (639–641)..
49: Arianism..
50: Arius..
51: Art, Contemporary Coptic..
52: Art, Coptic..
53: Asclepius 21–29 (NHC VI, 8)..
54: Askew Codex (Codex Askewianus)..
55: Assumption..
56: Athanasius, Bishop of Qus (second half of 14th c.)..
57: Athanasius (1923–2000)..
58: Athanasius I (295–372).
59: Atiya, Aziz Suryal (1898–1988)..
60: Authoritative Teaching (NHC VI, 3)..
61: Awlad Al-‘Assal (13th c.)..
62: Basilides..
63: Berlin Gnostic Codex (Papyrus Berolinensis 8502)..
64: Bible, Coptic..
65: Bishop..
66: Bishop’s Consecration..
67: Blessing..
68: Book of Thomas the Contender (NHC II, 7)..
69: Bruce Codex (Codex Brucianus)..
70: Bulus Al-Bushi (?–ca. 1250)..
71: Burial Rites..
72: Butrus Al-Sadamanti (second half of 13th c.)..
73: Butrus Sawirus Al-Jamil, Bishop of Malij (Beginning of 13th c.)..
74: Canon..
75: “Canon of The Twelfth Hour,” Good Friday..
76: Canonical Hours (Book of)..
77: Canonization..
78: Carpocrates..
79: Catechetical School of Alexandria..
80: Cathedral of St. Mark In Cairo..
81: Chalcedon, Council of..
82: Chrism..
83: Christodoulos (?–1077)..
84: Christology..
85: Church, Laying of the Cornerstone..
86: Church Consecration..
87: Church of St. Mercurius (Abu Sayfayn)..
88: Church of Sts. Sergius and Bacchus (Abu Sargah)..
89: Clerical College (Cairo)..
90: Codex Bruce Untitled Text..
91: Communion..
92: Concept of Our Great Power (NHC VI, 4)..
93: Confession and Penitence..
94: Confession of the Fathers (ca. 1078)..
95: Confirmation..
96: Confraternity..
97: Constantinople, Second Council of..
98: Constantinople, Third Council of..
99: Conversion to Islam..
100: Copt..
101: Coptic Calendar..
102: Coptic Church Review (CCR)..
103: Coptic Dialects..
104: Coptic Encyclopedia..
105: Coptic Language..
106: Coptic Museum..
107: Coptic Revolts..
108: Copto-Arabic Literature..
109: Coptologia..
110: Coptology and Coptological Studies..
111: Cyprus..
112: Cyril I..
113: Cyril II (?–1092)..
114: Cyril III Ibn Laqlaq (?–1243)..
115: Cyril IV (1816–1861)..
116: Cyril VI (1902–1971)..
117: Dayr Al-Muharraq..
118: Deacon, Archdeacon, Ordination of..
119: Dialogue of the Savior (NHC III, 5)..
120: Diaspora, Copts in the..
121: Didache..
122: Didascalia..
123: Difnar (Antiphonarion)..
124: Dioscorus I..
125: Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth (NHC VI, 6)..
126: Docetism..
127: Dormition of the Virgin Mary..
128: Doxology..
129: Doxology to the Holy Trinity..
130: Ephesus, First Council of (431)..
131: Ephesus, Second Council of (449)..
132: Ephesus, Third Council of (476)..
133: Epiphany, Liturgy of the..
134: Eschatology..
135: Ethiopian Liturgy..
136: Eucharist..
137: Eucharist Bread..
138: Eucharist Fast..
139: Eucharistic Veils, Vessels, and Implements..
140: Euchologion..
141: Eugnostos the Blessed (NHC III, 3; NHC V, 1)..
142: Eusebius of Caesarea (ca. 265–ca. 340)..
143: Evagrius Ponticus (345–399)..
144: Excoucontians..
145: Exegesis on the Soul (NHC II, 6)..
146: Fanous, Isaac (1919–2007)..
147: Farajallah Al-Akhmimi (First Half of 14th C.)..
148: Fasting..
149: Feasts..
150: Festal Days, Monthly..
151: Filioque..
152: Flight into Egypt..
153: Florence, Copts at the Council of (1439–1443)..
154: Fraction..
155: Gabriel II Ibn Turayk (1084–1145)..
156: Gabriel III (?–1271)..
157: Gabriel V (?–1427)..
158: Gaianus, Julian..
159: Gangra, Council of (ca. 340).
160: Genuflection..
161: Ghali, Mirrit Boutros (1908–1992)..
162: Girgis, Habib (1876–1951)..
163: Glorifications, Rite of..
164: Gnosticism in Egypt..
165: Good Friday..
166: Gospel of Judas..
167: Gospel of Mary (BG, 1)..
168: Gospel of Philip (NHC II, 3)..
169: Gospel of the Egyptians (NHC III, 2; IV, 2)..
170: Gospel of Thomas (NHC II, 2)..
171: Gospel of Truth (NHC I, 3; XII, 2)..
172: Gregorius (1919–2001)..
173: Gregory of Nazianzus (329–389)..
174: Gregory of Nyssa (ca. 335–ca. 394)..
175: Habachi, Labib (1906–1984)..
176: Hades..
177: Hagiography, Coptic..
178: Hegumen..
179: Hegumenos Ordination..
180: Henoticon..
181: Heracleon..
182: Hexapla and Tetrapla..
183: Hierarchy, Church..
184: Higher Institute of Coptic Studies..
185: Historia Monachorum in Aegypto (History of the Monks in Egypt)..
186: History of the Churches and Monasteries of Egypt (late 12th–early 13th c.)..
187: History of the Patriarchs..
188: Holy Cross Day..
189: Holy Spirit, Coptic Doctrine of the..