Research Methods for the Medical and Health Sciences is designed to develop and facilitate readers ability to conduct research and understand the practical value of systematic infromation-gathering and decision-making in the fields of medicine and the health sciences. The authors provide step-by-step coverage of the research process including research design, statistical considerations, and guidance on writing and presenting results. The book begins with an overview of the research process in the medicine, with discussion of ethics, reliability and validity of measurement, and related empirical methods. After chapters on writing a research report and reviewing literature, the authors delve into models for research designs, sampling, and key techniques for measuring, assessing, and evaluating information. Subsequent chapters explore common research designs, with topics of coverage including correlational research, between-subjects designs, single variable between-subjects research, between subjects factorial designs, and correlated groups designs. The book concludes with coverage of specific research designs including single-participant, longitudinal studies, quasi experimental designs, and research with categorical data. Each chapter features easy-to-follow explanations, interesting real-world examples, and numerous illustrations to help readers understand complex and abstract concepts. Throughout the book, Research in Action sections present real-world applications of the discussed methodologies. Most chapters conclude with a list of key terms and ideas, and appendices at the end of the book provide additional notes on the statistics used throughout.