Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 047001010X
  • ISBN-13: 9780470010105
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 3326 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2002 | Published/Released December 2004
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2002

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About

Overview

The Encyclopedia is a five-volume set with an associated website. Originally published in print format in 2002. The Encyclopedia contains: 500 authored articles; 150 definitions; 100 acronyms; 100 biographies of widely recognized contributors to global environmental change. Each article is prefaced by a few paragraphs aimed at the non-specialist level followed by a more rigorous academic review. The five-volume set is arranged around the following themes: Volume 1: The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (including climatology, meteorology, physical oceanography, chemistry and Earth Surface processes) . Volume 2: The Earth System: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (terrestrial aquatic: marine freshwater). Volume 3: Causes and Consequences of Global Environmental Change (including natural as well as human forces). Volume 4: Responding to Global Environmental Change (covering policy and related socioeconomic/ethical questions). Volume 5: Social and Economic Dimensions of Global Environmental Change (covering the biosphere and society and technical/social /engineering solutions). Taking a thematic approach rather than simply alphabetical, the encyclopedia includes theory, empirical studies and applications, emphasizing the interrrelationship between various disciplines and systems. This structure reflects the current development of environmental research and makes the product useful both as a research reference and as an advanced level teaching tool. The Editorial Board of the Encyclopedia brings together a group of internationally highly-respected academics under the overall control of the Editor-in-Chief, Professor Ted Munn.

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Table of Contents

Cover.
Half Title Page.
Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Editorial Board.
Contents.
Preface to the Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change.
Preface to Volume One.
1: The Earth System.
2: Earth System Processes.
3: Earth System History.
4: Earth Observing Systems.
5: The Global Temperature Record.
6: Models of the Earth System.
7: Model Simulations of Present and Historical Climates.
8: Projection of Future Changes in Climate.
9: Depletion of Stratospheric Ozone.
10: International Organizations in the Earth Sciences.
11: Acoustic Thermometry.
12: ACSYS (Arctic Climate System Study).
13: Aerosols, Effects on the Climate.
14: Aerosols, Polar Stratospheric Cloud.
15: Aerosols, Stratosphere.
16: Aerosols, Troposphere.
17: Agassiz, Louis (1807–1873).
18: Air Pressure.
19: Air Quality, Global.
20: Albedo.
21: AMIP (Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project).
22: Antarctica.
23: Anthropocene.
24: Anticyclone.
25: Arctic Air Quality.
26: Arctic Climate.
27: Arctic Ocean.
28: Arctic Oscillation.
29: ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Program.
30: Arrhenius, Svante (1859–1927).
31: Asteroids and Comets, Effects on Earth.
32: Atlantic Ocean.
33: Atmospheric Angular Momentum and Earth Rotation.
34: Atmospheric Composition, Past.
35: Atmospheric Composition, Present.
36: Atmospheric Electricity.
37: Atmospheric Motions.
38: Atmospheric Structure.
39: Bjerknes, Jacob (1897–1975).
40: Bolin, Bert (1925–).
41: Broecker, Wallace S (1931–).
42: Budyko, Mikhail Ivanovich (1920–).
43: Carbon Dioxide Concentration and Climate Over Geological Times.
44: Carbon Dioxide, Recent Atmospheric Trends.
45: Carbon Monoxide.
46: CEOS (Committee on Earth Observation Satellites).
47: Chandler Wobble.
48: Chaos and Predictability.
49: Charney, Jule Gregory (1917–1981).
50: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
51: CLIC (Climate and Cryosphere).
52: CLIMAP (Climate: Long-range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction).
53: Climate.
54: Climate Agenda.
55: Climate Analogues.
56: Climate Change.
57: Climate Change, Abrupt.
58: Climate Change, Detection and Attribution.
59: Climate Feedbacks.
60: Climate Model Simulations of the Geological Past.
61: Climate Sensitivity.
62: Climatology.
63: CLIVAR (CLImate VARiability and Predictability).
64: Cloud–Radiation Interactions.
65: Clouds.
66: Continental Drift.
67: Convection.
68: Coriolis Effect.
69: Cretaceous.
70: Crutzen, Paul J (1933–).
71: Cryosphere.
72: Dansgaard–Oescheger Cycles.
73: Deserts.
74: Dimethylsulfide (DMS).
75: Downscaling.
76: Dust.
77: Eemian.
78: El Niño.
79: El Niño and La Niña: Causes and Global Consequences.
80: El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO).
81: El Viejo.
82: Energy Balance and Climate.
83: Energy Balance Climate Models.
84: EOS (Earth Observing System).
85: Equilibrium Response.
86: Feedbacks, Chemistry – Climate Interactions.
87: Fingerprinting.
88: Franklin, Benjamin (1706–1790).
89: Fronts.
90: GAIM (Global Analysis, Interpretation and Modeling) Program.
91: GARP (Global Atmospheric Research Program).
92: GAW (Global Atmosphere Watch).
93: GCDIS (Global Change Data and Information System).
94: GCOS (Global Climate Observing System).
95: General Circulation Models (GCMs).
96: Geological Cycling.
97: Geomorphology.
98: Geothermal Heat.
99: GEWEX (Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment).
100: Glaciers.
101: Global Plate Tectonics.
102: Global Warming Potential (GWP).
103: GOALS (Global Ocean–Atmosphere–Land System).
104: Greenhouse Effect.
105: Greenland.
106: Greenland Ice Sheet.
107: Ground Temperature.
108: Hadley Circulation.
109: Halocarbons.
110: Hare, Kenneth (1919–).
111: Heinrich (H-) Events.
112: Holocene.
113: Houghton, John Theodore (1931–).
114: Humidity.
115: Hurricanes, Typhoons and other Tropical Storms–Descriptive Overview.
116: Hurricanes, Typhoons and other Tropical Storms–Dynamics and Intensity.
117: Hydrofluorocarbons.
118: Hydrogen Peroxide Trends in Greenland Glaciers.
119: Hydrologic Cycle.
120: Hydrology.
121: IAHS (International Association of Hydrological Sciences).
122: IAMAS (International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences).
123: IAPSO (International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Oceans).
124: Icebergs.
125: IGAC (International Global Atmospheric Chemistry).
126: IGY (International Geophysical Year).
127: IHP (International Hydrological Program).
128: Imbrie, John (1925–).
129: Infrared Radiation.
130: Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ).
131: Ionosphere.
132: IPCC (International Panel on Climate Change).
133: IRI (International Research Institute for Climate Prediction).
134: ISCCP (International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project).
135: ISLSCP (International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project).
136: Isostasy.
137: IUGG (International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics).
138: Jet Stream.
139: JGOFS (Joint Global Ocean Flux Study).
140: Junge Layer.
141: Keeling, Charles David (1928–).
142: Kondratyev, Kirill Yakovlevich (1920–).
143: La Niña.
144: Lamb, Hubert H (1913–1997).
145: Land Cover and Climate.
146: Land Surface.
147: Lapse Rate.
148: Last Glacial Maximum.
149: Latent Heat.
150: Lifetime (of a Gas).
151: Lightning.
152: Lightning and Atmospheric Electricity.
153: Limnology.
154: Lithosphere.
155: Little Ice Age.
156: Lorenz, Edward N (1917–).
157: Lovelock, James (1919–).
158: Madden–Julian Oscillation.
159: Malone, Thomas F (1917–).
160: Manabe, Syukuro (1931–).
161: Maunder Minimum.
162: Medieval Climatic Optimum.
163: Mesosphere.
164: Mesozoic.
165: Meteorology.
166: Methane.
167: Methane Clathrates.
168: Methyl Bromide.
169: Milankovitch, Milutin (1879–1958).
170: Modeling Regional Climate Change.
171: Molina, Mario J (1943–).
172: Monitoring Systems, Global Geophysical.
173: Monsoons.
174: Mountain Climates.
175: MSU (Microwave Sounding Unit).
176: Munk, Walter (1917–).
177: Munn, Robert Edward (Ted) (1919–).
178: Natural Climate Variability.
179: Natural Records of Climate Change.
180: Nitrous Oxide.
181: North Atlantic Oscillation.
182: Ocean Circulation.
183: Ocean Conveyor Belt.
184: Ocean Drilling Program.
185: Ocean Observing Techniques.
186: Oceanography.
187: Oeschger, Hans A (1927–1998).
188: Orbital Variations.
189: Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP).
190: Ozone Hole.
191: Pacific–Decadal Oscillation (PDO).