Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Editor: Vicki L. Ruiz
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0253111692
  • ISBN-13: 9780253111692
  • DDC: 305.4
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 885 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2006 | Published/Released May 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2006

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia records the contribution of women of Latin American birth or heritage to the economic and cultural development of the United States. The encyclopedia, edited by Vicki L. Ruiz and Virginia Sánchez-Korrol, is the first comprehensive gathering of scholarship on Latinas. This encyclopedia will serve as an essential reference for decades to come.

In more than 580 entries, the historical and cultural narratives of Latinas come to life. From mestizo settlement, pioneer life, and diasporic communities, the encyclopedia details the contributions of women as settlers, comadres, and landowners, as organizers and nuns. More than 200 scholars explore the experiences of Latinas during and after EuroAmerican colonization and conquest; the early-19th-century migration of Puerto Ricans and Cubans; 20th-century issues of migration, cultural tradition, labor, gender roles, community organization, and politics; and much more. Individual biographical entries profile women who have left their mark on the historical and cultural landscape.

With more than 300 photographs, this three-volume encyclopedia offers a mosaic of historical experiences, detailing how Latinas have shaped their own lives, cultures, and communities through mutual assistance and collective action, while confronting the pressures of colonialism, racism, discrimination, sexism, and poverty.

Vicki L. Ruiz is Professor of History and Chicano/Latino Studies at the University of California, Irvine.. She and Virginia Sánchez-Korrol were honored with a "21 Leaders for the 21st Century" award by Women's eNews. Ruiz is president of the Organization of American Historians.

Virginia Sánchez-Korrol is a historian and Professor in the Department of Puerto Rican and Latino Studies at Brooklyn College, City University of New York.

This work was published in print format in 2006.

Contributors

Contributors

  • Vicki L. Ruiz

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
A Historical and Regional Overview of Latinas in the United States.
Latinas in the Southwest.
Latinas in the Northeast.
Latinas in the Midwest.
Latinas in the Southeast.
Latinas in the Pacific Northwest.
1: Abarca, Apolonia “Polly” Muñoz (1920– ).
2: Acosta, Lucy (1926– ).
3: Acosta Vice, Celia M. (1919–1993).
4: Aging.
5: Agostini del Río, Amelia (1896–1996).
6: Alatorre, Soledad “Chole” (1927– ).
7: Albelo, Carmen (1925– ).
8: Alfau Galván de Solalinde, Jesusa (1890–1943).
9: Allende, Isabel (1942– ).
10: Alonzo, Ventura (1904–2000).
11: Altars.
12: Alvarez, Aida (1949– ).
13: Alvarez, Cecilia Concepción (1950– ).
14: Alvarez, Delia (1941– ).
15: Alvarez, Julia (1950– ).
16: Alvarez, Linda (19??– ).
17: Alvarez v. Lemon Grove School District (1931).
18: Americanization Programs.
19: Antonetty, Evelina López (1922–1984).
20: Antonio Maceo Brigade (1977– ).
21: Anzaldúa, Gloria (1942–2004).
22: Apodaca, Felicitas (1912–1997).
23: Aprenda y Superese (1965–1973).
24: Aragón, Jesusita (19??– ).
25: Arballo, María Feliciana (1762–?).
26: Arguello, María de la Concepción (Sister María Dominica) (1791–1857).
27: Arías, Anna María (1960–2001).
28: Arizona Orphan Abduction (1904–1906).
29: Armiño, Franca de (C. 1900–19??).
30: Arocho, Juanita (1910–1998).
31: Arroyo, Carmen E. (1933– ).
32: Arroyo, Martina (1937– ).
33: Artists.
34: Asociación Nacional México-Americana (ANMA) (1949–1954).
35: Aspira (1961– ).
36: Aspira v. New York City Board of Education (1972–1974).
37: Avila, María Elena (1953– ).
38: Avila, Modesta (1867–1891?).
39: Aztlán.
40: Babín, María Teresa (1910–1989).
41: Baca, Judith Francesca (1946– ).
42: Baca Barragán, Polly (1941– ).
43: Baez, Joan Chandos (1941– ).
44: Barceló, María Gertrudis (“La Tules”) (1800–1852).
45: Barnard, Juana Josefina Cavasos (1822–1906).
46: Barraza, Santa Contreras (1951– ).
47: Barrera, Plácida Peña (1926– ).
48: Belpré, Pura (1899–1982).
49: Bencomo, Julieta Saucedo (1923– ).
50: Bernal, Martha (1931–2001).
51: Bernasconi, Socorro Hernández (1941– ).
52: Betances Jaeger, Clotilde (1890–197?).
53: Betanzos, Amalia V. (1928– ).
54: Bilingual Education.
55: Black Legend.
56: Blake, María DeCastro (1911–2001).
57: Borrero Pierra, Juana (1877–1896).
58: Boyar, Monica (1920– ).
59: Bozak, Carmen Contreras (1919– ).
60: Bracero Program (1942–1964).
61: Braga, Sonia (1950– ).
62: Briones, María Juana (1802–1889).
63: Burciaga, Mirna Ramos (1960– ).
64: Caballero, Diana (1947– ).
65: Cabeza de Baca, Fabiola (1894–1991).
66: Cabrera, Angelina “Angie” (1927– ).
67: Cabrera, Lydia (1899–1991).
68: Calderón, Rose Marie (1956– ).
69: California Missions.
70: California Sanitary Canning Company Strike.
71: Callejo, Adelfa Botello (1923– ).
72: Callis de Fages, Eulalia Francesca y Josepha (1758– ?).
73: Calvillo, Ana María Del Carmen (1765–1856).
74: Canales, Laura (1954–2005).
75: Canales, Nohelia de Los Angeles (1974– ).
76: Canino, María Josefa (1944– ).
77: Cannery and Agricultural Workers Industrial Union (CAWIU) (1931–1934).
78: Cántico de la Mujer Latina (1998– ).
79: Capetillo, Luisa (1876–1922).
80: Carbonell, Anna (1952– ).
81: Cardona, Alice (1930– ).
82: Carr, Vikki (1940– ).
83: Carrillo de Fitch, Josefa (1810–1893).
84: Casal, Lourdes (1938–1981).
85: Casals, Rosemary (1948– ).
86: Casanova de Villaverde, Emilia (1832?–1897).
87: Casita Maria, New York (1934– ).
88: Castillo, Ana (1953– ).
89: Castillo, Guadalupe (1942– ).
90: Castro, Rosie (1947– ).
91: Castro, Victoria M. “Vickie” (1945– ).
92: Ceja, Amelia Moran (1955– ).
93: Central American Immigrant Women.
94: Centro de Acción Social Autónomo (CASA) (1968–1978).
95: Centro Hispano Católico (1959– ).
96: Centro Mater (1968– ).
97: Cepeda-Leonardo, Margarita (1965– ).
98: Cervantes, Lorna Dee (1954– ).
99: Chabram, Angie González (1926– ).
100: Chacón, Soledad Chávez (1890–1936).
101: “Charo” (María Rosario Pilar Martínez Molina Baeza) (1942– ).
102: Chávez, Denise (1948– ).
103: Chávez, Helen (1928– ).
104: Chávez, Linda (1947– ).
105: Chávez Ravine, Los Angeles.
106: Chávez-Thompson, Linda (1944– ).
107: Chicana Caucus/National Women’s Political Caucus (1972–1973).
108: Chicana Rights Project (1974–1983).
109: Chicano Movement (1965–1980).
110: Chicanos Por La Causa (CPLC) (1969– ).
111: Cigar Workers (1860s–1940s).
112: Cinema Images, Contemporary.
113: Círculo Cultural Isabel la Católica.
114: Cisneros, Sandra (1954– ).
115: Clínica de la Beneficencia Mexicana.
116: Collazo, Rosa Cortéz (1904–1988).
117: Colón, Miriam (1936– ).
118: Colón, Rufa Concepción Fernández “Concha” (1903–1958).
119: Comisión Femenil Mexicana Nacional (CFMN) (1970– ).
120: Communist Party.
121: Communities Organized for Public Service (COPS) (1974– ).
122: Community Service Organization (CSO) (1947–1995).
123: Congreso Del Pueblo (1956– ).
124: Córdova, Lina (1921– ).
125: Corridos.
126: Cossio y Cisneros, Evangelina (1879– ?).
127: Cotera, Martha (1938– ).
128: Crawford, Mercedes Margarita Martínez (1940– ).
129: Cruz, Celia (1924–2003).
130: Cuban and Puerto Rican Revolutionary Party (1892–1898).
131: Cuban Independence Women’s Clubs.
132: Cuban Women’s Club (1968– ).
133: Cuban-Spanish-American War (1898).
134: Cuero, Delfina (C. 1900–1972).
135: Davis, Grace Montañez (1926– ).
136: De Acosta, Aida (1884–1962).
137: De Acosta, Mercedes (1893–1968).
138: De Aragón, Uva (1944– ).
139: De Arteaga, Genoveva (1898–1991).
140: De Avila, Dolores C. (1946– ).
141: De Burgos, Julia (1914–1953).
142: De la Cruz, Jessie López (1919– ).
143: De la Cruz, Sor Juana Inés (1648–1695).
144: De la Garza, Beatríz (1943– ).
145: De León, Patricia de la Garza (C. 177?–1850).
146: Del Castillo, Adelaida Rebecca (1950– ).
147: Del Prado, Pura (1931–1996).
148: Del Río, Dolores (1905–1983).
149: Del Valle, Carmen (1949–1995).
150: Delgado, Jane L. (1953– ).
151: Demography.
152: Deportations During the Great Depression.
153: DiMartino, Rita (1937– ).
154: Dimas, Beatrice Escadero (1923– ).
155: Domestic Violence.
156: Domestic Workers.
157: Dominican American National Roundtable (DANR).
158: Dueto Carmen y Laura.
159: Durazo, María Elena (1953– ).
160: Echaveste, María (1954– ).
161: Education.
162: El Congreso de Pueblos de Hablan Española (1939).
163: El Monte Berry Strike.
164: El Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MECHA) (1969–).
165: El Paso Laundry Strike.
166: El Rescate (1981– ).
167: Entrepreneurs.
168: Environment and the Border.
169: Escajeda, Josefina (1893–1981).
170: Escalona, Beatríz (“La Chata Noloesca”) (1903–1979).
171: Escobar, Carmen Bernal (1911– ).
172: Espaillat, Rhina P. (1932– ).
173: Espinosa-Mora, Deborah (1951– ).
174: Esquivel, Gregoria (1931– ).
175: Esquivel, Yolanda Almaraz (1951– ).
176: Estefan, Gloria (1957– ).
177: Esteves, Sandra María (1948– ).
178: Family.
179: Farah Strike (1972–1974).
180: Farmworkers.
181: Feminism.
182: Fernández, Beatrice “Gigi” (1966– ).
183: Fernández, Mary Joe (1971– ).
184: Fernández, Rosita (1919– ).
185: Ferré Aguayo, Sor Isolina (1914–2000).
186: Fierro, Josefina (1914–1998).