Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080547958
  • ISBN-13: 9780080547954
  • DDC: 631.403
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2128 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2004 | Published/Released December 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2004

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About

Overview

Understanding the science and politics of soil is of vital importance to human societies of the past, present and future. For environmental researchers and students, Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment encompasses the present knowledge of the world's variegated soils, their origins, properties, classification and roles in the biosphere. Concise articles surveying specific aspects of soils (soil genesis, soil chemistry and mineralogy, soil physics and hydrology and soil biology) are complemented by articles covering cross-disciplinary aspects, such as the role of soils in ecology, the history of soil utilization for agricultural and engineering purposes, and soils in relation to the remediation of pollution and the mitigation of global climate change.

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Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Editorial Advisory Board.
Foreword.
Preface.
Introduction.
Guide to Use of the Encyclopedia.
Contributors.
Contents.
1: Acid Rain and Soil Acidification.
2: Acidity.
3: Aeration.
4: Aggregation.
5: Microbial Aspects.
6: Physical Aspects.
7: Agroforestry.
8: Alluvium and Alluvial Soils.
9: Aluminum Speciation.
10: Ammonia.
11: Amorphous Materials.
12: Anaerobic Soils.
13: Applications of Soils Data.
14: Archaea.
15: Archeology in Relation to Soils.
16: Bacteria.
17: Plant Growth–Promoting.
18: Soil.
19: Bacteriophage.
20: Biocontrol of Soil-Borne Plant Diseases.
21: Biodiversity.
22: Buffering Capacity.
23: Calcium and Magnesium in Soils.
24: Capillarity.
25: Carbon Cycle in Soils.
26: Dynamics and Management.
27: Formation and Decomposition.
28: Carbon Emissions and Sequestration.
29: Cation Exchange.
30: Chemical Equilibria.
31: Childs, Ernest Carr.
32: Civilization, Role of Soils.
33: Classification of Soils.
34: Classification Systems.
35: Australian.
36: FAO.
37: Russian, Background and Principles.
38: Russian, Evolution and Examples.
39: USA.
40: Clay Minerals.
41: Climate Change Impacts.
42: Climate Models, Role of Soil.
43: Cold-Region Soils.
44: Colloid–Facilitated Sorption and Transport.
45: Compaction.
46: Compost.
47: Conditioners.
48: Conservation Tillage.
49: Cover Crops.
50: Crop Rotations.
51: Crop Water Requirements.
52: Crop–Residue Management.
53: Crusts.
54: Biological.
55: Structural.
56: Cultivation and Tillage.
57: Darcy’s Law.
58: Degradation.
59: Denitrification.
60: Desertification.
61: Diffusion.
62: Disinfestation.
63: Dissolution Processes, Kinetics.
64: Drainage, Surface and Subsurface.
65: Dryland Farming.
66: Edaphology.
67: Electron–Spin Resonance Spectroscopy.
68: Energy Balance.
69: Environmental Monitoring.
70: Enzymes in Soils.
71: Erosion.
72: Irrigation–Induced.
73: Water–Induced.
74: Wind–Induced.
75: Essential Elements.
76: Eutrophication.
77: Evaporation of Water from Bare Soil.
78: Evapotranspiration.
79: Factors of Soil Formation.
80: Biota.
81: Climate.
82: Human Impacts.
83: Parent Material.
84: Time.
85: Fauna.
Color Insert.