Sensitivity of Mangrove Ecosystem to Changing Climate, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 8132215095
  • ISBN-13: 9788132215097
  • DDC: 574.526325
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 323 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released May 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Mangroves are salt-tolerant forest ecosystems found mainly in tropical and sub-tropical inter-tidal regions. Until the 1960s, mangroves were largely viewed as "economically unproductive areas" and were destroyed for reclaiming land for various economic and commercial activities. Gradually, the economic and ecological benefits of mangroves have become visible and their importance is now well appreciated. Today, mangroves are observed in about 30 countries in tropical subtropical regions covering an area of about 99,300 km2. However, during the past 50 years, more than 50% of the mangrove cover has been lost, mainly due to the increased pressure of human activities such as shrimp farming and agriculture, forestry, salt extraction, urban development, tourist development and infrastructure. Also, dam on rivers, contamination of sea waters caused by heavy metals, oil spills, pesticides and other products etc., have been found to be responsible for the decline of mangroves. Although the temperature effect on growth and species diversity is not known, sea-level rise may pose a serious threat to these ecosystems The present book addresses these important issues in separate chapters with some interesting case studies whose data may serve as pathfinder for future researchers of the influence of climate change on mangrove ecosystem. The role of mangroves in bioremediation is a unique feather in the crown of this coastal and brackishwater vegetation that may be taken up by the coastal industries to maintain the health of ambient environment. This book seeks to discover and assess the vulnerability of climate change on mangrove flora and fauna, their role in carbon sequestration and interesting case studies that may serve as the basis of future climate-related policies.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
About the Author.
About the Book.
1: Climate Change: A Threat of the Era.
2: Mangroves: A Unique Gift of Nature.
3: Annexure 2A.1: Spatial Variation of Stored Carbon in Avicennia alba of Indian Sundarbans.
4: Annexure 2A.2: Influence of Anthropogenic and Natural Factors on the Mangrove Soil of Indian Sundarbans Wetland.
5: Annexure 2A.3: Carbon Content in Phytoplankton Community of a Tropical Estuarine System.
6: How Mangroves Resist Natural Disaster?.
7: Impact of Climate Change on Mangroves.
8: Climate Change and Plankton Spectrum of Mangrove Ecosystem.
9: Climate Change and Its Impact on Brackish Water Fish and Fishery.
10: Climate Change and Livelihood: Are We Approaching Towards an Inevitable Change?.
11: Brackish-Water Aquaculture: A New Horizon in Climate Change Matrix.
12: Annexure 8A.1: Sustainable Freshwater Aquaculture in Mangrove-Dominated Indian Sundarbans Using Floral-Based Feed.
13: Annexure 8A.2: Study on the Role of Mangrove-Based Astaxanthin in Shrimp Nutrition.
14: Annexure 8A.3: Seasonal Variation of Biochemical Composition in Edible Oyster (Saccostrea cucullata) of Indian Sundarbans.