Research & Discovery: Landmarks & Pioneers in American Science, 1st Edition

  • Russell Lawson
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0765682052
  • ISBN-13: 9780765682055
  • DDC: 509.73
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1184 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released November 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This encyclopedia is an overview of the history of science in America from colonial times to the present. Organized alphabetically within scientific discipline, the set is divided into fourteen sections that include overview essays tracing the historical development of the specific discipline in a cultural and social context; A-to-Z entries on people, institutions, events, developments, and significant concepts; documents highlighting the development of the discipline; and a chronology detailing the historic milestones. Extensive cross-references, a topic finder, bibliographic citations, and biographical and subject indexes in each volume round out this work.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Topic Finder.
Contributors.
Introduction.
1: Natural History.
2: Essays: America as Image and Reality.
3: Essays: The Search for a Natural History of America.
4: Essays: Natural Theologians of Early America.
5: Essays: The Frontier of Science.
6: Acosta, José De (1540–1600).
7: Beebe, William (1877–1962).
8: Beverley, Robert (CA. 1673–1722).
9: Brackenridge, Henry Marie (1786–1871).
10: Catesby, Mark (1682–1749).
11: Chapman, John (“Johnny Appleseed”; 1774–1845).
12: Colden, Cadwallader (1688–1776).
13: Draper, John William (1811–1882).
14: Dudleian Lecture.
15: Dudley, Paul (1675–1751).
16: Dwight, Timothy (1752–1817).
17: Ecology.
18: Franklin, Benjamin (1706–1790).
19: Godman, John D. (1794–1830).
20: Gyles, John (1680–1755).
21: Hariot, Thomas (CA. 1560–1621).
22: Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826).
23: Josselyn, John (1608–1675).
24: Logan, James (1674–1751).
25: Mather, Cotton (1663–1728).
26: Mather, Increase (1639–1723).
27: Muir, John (1838–1914).
28: National Parks.
29: Natural Theology.
30: Naturalists of New France.
31: Naturalists of New Spain.
32: New Science.
33: Norwood, Richard (1590–1675).
34: Oviedo, Gonzalo (1478–1557).
35: Peale, Titian (1799–1885).
36: Peck, William Dandridge (1763–1822).
37: Religion and Science.
38: Roosevelt, Theodore (1858–1919).
39: Smith, John (1580–1631).
40: Thoreau, Henry David (1817–1862).
41: Webster, Noah (1758–1843).
42: Winthrop, James (1752–1821).
43: Yellowstone National Park.
44: Documents: John Josselyn’s Account of the White Mountains.
45: Documents: Henry David Thoreau’s River Journey.
46: Documents: Timothy Dwight’s Discourseon Religion and Science.
47: Documents: Henry Marie Brackenridge’s Journeyup the Missouri River.
48: Geography.
49: Essays: The First American Science.
50: Essays: Early American Mountaineering.
51: Essays: Exploring the Continent.
52: Aldrin, Edwin (“Buzz”; 1930–).
53: American Geographical Society.
54: Appalachian Mountain Club.
55: Armstrong, Neil (1930–).
56: Belknap, Jeremy (1744–1798).
57: Belknap-Cutler Expedition (1784).
58: Bonneville, Benjamin Louis Eulalie De (1796–1878).
59: Byrd, Richard Evelyn (1888–1957).
60: Champlain, Samuel De (1567–1635).
61: Clark, William (1770–1838).
62: Collins, Michael (1930–).
63: Columbus, Christopher (1451–1506).
64: Dablon, Claude (1618–1697).
65: Delisle, Guillaume (1675–1726).
66: Dunbar-Hunter Expedition (1804–1805).
67: Ellsworth, Lincoln (1880–1951).
68: Frémont, John Charles (1813–1890).
69: Glenn, John (1921–).
70: Gosnold, Bartholomew (1572–1607).
71: Hakluyt, Richard (1551–1616).
72: Hennepin, Louis (1640–1701).
73: Humboldt, Alexander Von (1769–1859).
74: Lawson, John (1674–1711).
75: Lescarbot, Marc (1579–Ca. 1630).
76: Lewis, Meriwether (1774–1809).
77: Lewis and Clark Expedition.
78: Little, Daniel (1724–1802).
79: Long, Stephen (1784–1864).
80: Morse, Jedidiah (1761–1826).
81: National Geographic Society.
82: Peary, Robert (1856–1920).
83: Pike Expeditions (1805–1807).
84: Powell, John Wesley (1834–1902).
85: Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe (1793–1864).
86: Shepard, Alan (1923–1998).
87: Sierra Club.
88: Stefansson, Vilhjalmur (1879–1962).
89: Townsend, John Kirk (1809–1851).
90: Vizcaíno, Sebastián (1548–1628).
91: Walker, Thomas (1715–1794).
92: Whipple, Joseph (1737–1816).
93: Wilkes, Charles (1798–1877).
94: Wilkes Expedition (1838–1842).
95: Documents: Zebulon Pike’s Journey Up the Mississippi River.
96: Documents: Ascent of Mount Katahdin.
97: Documents: Lewis and Clark Arrive at the Pacific Ocean.
98: Documents: John Kirk Townsend on the Oregon Trail.
99: Botany.
100: Essays: The Early American Materia Medica.
101: Essays: The Explorer-Botanists of America.
102: Essays: Linnaeus in America.
103: Baldwin, William (1779–1819).
104: Banister, John (CA. 1654–1692).
105: Barton, Benjamin Smith (1766–1815).
106: Bartram, John (1699–1777).
107: Bartram, William (1739–1823).
108: Berlandier, Jean Louis (1805–1851).
109: Bigelow, Jacob (1786–1879).
110: Bradbury, John (1768–1823).
111: Clayton, John (1694–1773).
112: Colden, Jane (1724–1766).
113: Cutler, Manasseh (1742–1823).
114: Drummond, Thomas (1790–1835).
115: Dunbar, William (1749–1810).
116: Elliott, Stephen (1771–1830).
117: Experimental Gardens.
118: Forest Service, U.S..
119: Forestry.
120: Garden, Alexander (1730–1791).
121: Gray, Asa (1810–1888).
122: Gray Herbarium.
123: Harvard Botanical Garden.
124: Horticulture.
125: Mitchell, John (1711–1768).
126: More, Thomas (1640?–1730?).
127: Muhlenberg, Henry (1753–1815).
128: Nuttall, Thomas (1786–1859).
129: Pickering, Charles (1805–1878).
130: Plants and Photosynthesis.
131: Pursh, Frederick (1774–1820).
132: Russell, Thomas (1793–1819).
133: Say, Thomas (1787–1834).
134: Tuckerman, Edward (1817–1886).
135: Documents: The Flora of the White Mountains.
136: Documents: Thomas Nuttall’s Description of the Flora of the Western Prairie.
137: Documents: John Bradbury’s Catalogue of Flora in the Missouri Valley.
138: Biology.
139: Essays: The Biological Sciences in Early America.
140: Essays: Paleontology: Challenges to Genesis in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries.
141: Essays: Darwin in America.
142: Essays: The Genetic Revolution.
143: Audubon, John James (1785–1851).
144: Axelrod, Julius (1912–2004).
145: Bigelow, Henry (1879–1967).
146: Biological Warfare.
147: Bloch, Konrad (1912–2000).
148: Burbank, Luther (1849–1926).
149: Carson, Rachel (1907–1964).
150: Carver, George Washington (1864–1943).
151: Conservation Biology.
152: Cope, Edward Drinker (1840–1897).
153: Craniometry.
154: Creation.
155: DNA.
156: Entomology.
157: Eugenics.
158: Evolution.
159: Genetics.
160: Gould, Stephen Jay (1941–2002).
161: Holbrook, John Edwards (1794–1871).
162: Hubbard, Ruth (1924–1991).
163: Human Anatomy and Physiology.
164: Human Genome.
165: Hyatt, Alpheus (1838–1902).
166: Ichthyology.
167: Just, Ernest Everett (1883–1941).
168: Kinsey, Alfred (1894–1956).
169: Kornberg, Arthur (1918–2007).
170: Lederberg, Joshua (1925–).
171: Leidy, Joseph (1823–1891).
172: Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole.
173: Marsh, Othniel Charles (1831–1899).
174: Mcclintock, Barbara (1902–1992).
175: Microbiology.
176: Molecular Biology.
177: Morgan, Thomas Hunt (1866–1945).
178: National Audubon Society.
179: Oceanography.
180: Ornithology.
181: Osborn, Henry F. (1857–1935).
182: Peterson, Roger Tory (1908–1996).
183: Prescott, Samuel Cate (1872–1962).
184: Scopes Trial.
185: Spontaneous Generation.
186: Sterilization Movement.
187: Sutherland, Earl, Jr. (1915–1974).
188: Taxonomy.
189: Tobacco.
190: Tuskegee Experiment.
191: Waksman, Selman Abraham (1888–1973).
192: Watson, James (1928–).