Hayes' Handbook Of Pesticide Toxicology, 1st Edition

  • Robert Krieger
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080922015
  • ISBN-13: 9780080922010
  • DDC: 615.902
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2342 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released September 2011
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The HANDBOOK OF PESTICIDE TOXICOLOGY is a comprehensive, two-volume reference guide to the properties, effects, and regulation of pesticides that provides the latest and most complete information to researchers investigating the environmental, agricultural, veterinary, and human-health impacts of pesticide use. Written by international experts from academia, government, and the private sector, the HANDBOOK OF PESTICIDE TOXICOLOGY is an in-depth examination of critical issues related to the need for, use of, and nature of chemicals used in modern pest management.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents of Volume 1.
Contributors.
Foreword: Paracelsus—Dose Response.
Preface.
1: Pesticide Uses.
2: Dose and Time Determining, and Other Factors Influencing, Toxicity.
3: Introduction.
4: Dose and Time as Fundamental Variables of Toxicity.
5: Definition of Dose and Time.
6: Dose and Time Relationships.
7: Analogy to Thermodynamics.
8: Kinds of Toxicity.
9: Nature of the Injury.
10: Duration of the Injury.
11: Quantitation of Dosage-Response Relationships.
12: ED 50 or LD 50.
13: Measurement of Cumulative Effects.
14: Time Relationships.
15: Problem of Measuring Effect of Dispersed Toxicants.
16: Measurement of Graded Responses.
17: Dosage at the Tissue Level.
18: Statistical Considerations.
19: Dosage-Response Relationships in Different Kinds of Toxicity or Change.
20: Toxicity (Sensu Stricto).
21: Neurotoxicity.
22: Teratogenesis.
23: Carcinogenesis.
24: Mutagenesis.
25: Hypersensitivity and Allergy.
26: Induction of Enzymes.
27: Metabolism and Storage.
28: Factors Influencing Toxicity of Any Kind.
29: Dosage.
30: Compound.
31: Interaction of Compounds.
32: Schedule of Dosage.
33: Duration of Dosage.
34: Route of Exposure.
35: Species and Strain Differences.
36: Discussion of Factors Influencing Toxicity.
37: References.
38: Pest Toxicology: The Primary Mechanisms of Pesticide Action.
39: Introduction.
40: Primary Targets.
41: Secondary Targets.
42: Common Target for Structurally Diverse Pesticides.
43: Resistance as a Limiting Factor.
44: Nerve (Table 2.1, Figure 2.2).
45: Photosynthesis and Pigment Synthesis (Table 2.2, Figure 2.3).
46: Biosynthesis.
47: Herbicides (Table 2.3, Figure 2.4).
48: Fungicides and Insecticides (Table 2.4, Figure 2.5).
49: Respiration (Table 2.5, Figure 2.6).
50: Growth Regulators (Table 2.6, Figure 2.7).
51: Unknown, Nonspecific and Other Targets (Table 2.7).
52: Overview (Table 2.8).
53: Conclusion.
54: Postscript.
55: Acknowledgments.
56: References.
57: Pest Control Agents from Natural Products.
58: Introduction.
59: Insect Control Agents.
60: Botanical Insecticides.
61: Microbial Insecticides.
62: Semiochemicals.
63: Disease Control Agents.
64: Fungicides.
65: Bactericides.
66: Herbicides.
67: Bilanafos (Bialaphos).
68: Glufosinate.
69: Rodenticides.
70: Strychnine.
71: Red Squill and Scilliroside.
72: Ricin.
73: Salmonella Bacteria.
74: References.
75: Public Health Pesticides.
76: Introduction.
77: Definition of Terms in Vector-Borne Diseases.
78: Impact of Arthropods on Human Health.
79: Integrated Pest Management and Vector Management.
80: Noninsecticidal Methods in Vector Management.
81: Chemicals in Vector Management.
82: Conclusion.
83: References.
84: Selected World Wide Web References.
85: The Changing Role of Insecticides in Structural Pest Control.
86: Introduction.
87: Pest Problems: Real or Perceived.
88: Environmental and Health Concerns.
89: Insecticide Applications.
90: Nonresidual Insecticides.
91: Residual Insecticides.
92: Soil Treatments for Subterranean Termites.
93: Baits and Baiting.
94: Future Directions.
95: Conclusion.
96: References.
97: Vertebrate Pest Control Chemicals and Their Use in Urban and Rural Environments.
98: Introduction.
99: Vertebrate Pests: What Are They?.
100: Management Restrictions.
101: Problems Created by Vertebrates.
102: Nonlethal Management Without Pesticides.
103: Population Reduction Without Pesticides.
104: Pesticides: Repellents versus Lethal Agents.
105: Repellents.
106: Immobilizing Agents.
107: Lethal Vertebrate Pesticides.
108: Poison Rodent Baits.
109: Fumigants.
110: Tracking Powders.
111: Contraceptives.
112: Glue Boards.
113: Livestock Protection Collars.
114: Toxicant Ejector Device.
115: Flock Dispersal Agent.
116: Poison Bird Bait.
117: Conclusion.
118: References.
119: Pesticide Use and Associated Morbidity and Mortality in Veterinary Medicine.
120: Introduction.
121: Formulations.
122: Species Sensitivities.
123: Pesticide Use in Domestic Animals.
124: Regulation of Pesticides Used in Veterinary Medicine.
125: Violative Residues.
126: Frequency of Intoxication.
127: Scenarios of Concern.
128: Acute Intoxication.
129: Chronic Intoxication.
130: Pesticide Use and Cancer in Animals.
131: Pesticide Use and Exposure of People in Contact with Animals.
132: Major Pesticide Categories.
133: Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Organophosphoruses and Carbamates.
134: Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids.
135: Natural Products Used for Flea Control.
136: Macrocyclic Lactones.
137: Neonicotinoids: Imidacloprid and Nitenpyram.
138: Fipronil.
139: Amitraz.
140: Insect Growth Regulators.
141: Synergists and Repellants.
142: Rodenticides.
143: Metaldehyde.
144: Paraquat.
145: Diagnosis of Intoxication.
146: Treatment of Intoxication.
147: Conclusion.
148: References.
149: Pesticide Use Practices in Integrated Pest Management.
150: Integrated Pest Management.
151: What Is Integrated Pest Manangement?.
152: The IPM Continuum.
153: Pesticides.
154: Field Scouting.
155: Monitoring.
156: Decision Support.
157: Reduced-Risk Pesticides.
158: Behavioral Chemicals.
159: Conventional Products and Risk.
160: Cultural and Physical Suppression.
161: Prevention.
162: Avoidance.
163: Pesticides and Biological Controls.
164: Advisory Services.
165: Conclusion.
166: References.
167: Properties of Soil Fumigants and Their Fate in the Environment.
168: Introduction.
169: Chemical Properties, Application, and Major Environmental Issues.
170: Fumigation Methods.
171: Environmental Concerns.
172: Processes and Factors Affecting the Fate of Fumigants in Soil.
173: Volatilization.
174: Degradation.
175: Adsorption.
176: Fumigant Distribution in Soil and Efficacy Assessment.
177: Currently Available Soil Fumigants.
178: Methyl Bromide.
179: Methyl Iodide (Iodomethane).
180: 1,3-Dichloropropene.
181: Chloropicrin.
182: Methyl Isothiocyanate.
183: Dimethyl Disulfide.
184: Sodium Tetrathiocarbonate.
185: Strategies to Minimize Emissions.
186: Application Methods.
187: Plastic Films.
188: Irrigation or Water Treatment.
189: Chemical Amendment.
190: Organic Amendment.
191: Target Area Treatment.