Half Title Page.
Table of Contents.
1: Overview of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
2: What are ASD and Autistic Disorder?.
3: Asperger Syndrome (High-Functioning Autism).
4: Rett Syndrome.
5: Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.
6: Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS).
7: Statistics on ASD in the United States.
8: ASD Prevalence is Increasing.
9: Risk Factors and Economic Costs of ASD.
10: Diagnoses of ASD Made at Earlier Ages.
11: Causes and Risk Factors Associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
12: Brain Dysfunction in ASD.
13: Mirror Neuron System and Autism.
14: Environment and the Developing Brain.
15: People with Autism have Trouble with the Distinction between Self and Others.
16: Autism is Not a Fundamental Problem of Attention.
17: Brain Proteins with Links to Nicotine Addiction and Autism.
18: Genetics Impact ASD.
19: Genes Involved with Autism.
20: Spontaneous Gene Mutations May Boost ASD Risk.
21: Risk of Autism Tied to Genes that Influence Brain Cell Connections.
22: Silenced Gene for Social Behavior Found in Autism.
23: Gene Linked to Autism and Gastrointestinal (GI) Disorders.
24: Facial Recognition is a Distinct Genetic Skill.
25: Possible Genetic Overlap between Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism.
26: Diseases, Vaccines, and ASD.
27: Can Diseases and Vaccines Cause ASD.
28: Vaccines are Not Associated with ASD.
29: Autism, Asthma, Inflammation, and the Hygiene Hypothesis.
30: Autism and Fragile X Syndrome Feature Immune Signatures.
31: Premature Birth and Autism.
32: Early Development Risk Factors for ASD.
33: Identifying and Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders.
34: Symptoms of ASD.
35: Range of Symptoms.
36: Autism Symptoms Emerge in Infancy.
37: Eye Response to Light a Possible Autism Biomarker.
38: Sensory Sensitivity and ASD.
39: Regression in Autism.
40: Challenging Behaviors.
41: Developmental Screening.
42: Developmental Milestones.
43: Recommendations for Routine Health Care Developmental Screening.
44: Screening Tools for Early Identification of Children with ASD.
45: Audiological Screening.
46: Getting Help for Developmental Delay.
47: If You are Concerned, Act Early.
48: Discussing Concerns Parent to Parent.
49: Sharing Concerns with Your Child’s Physician.
50: Parent’s Guide to Assessment of ASD.
51: Defining Assessment.
52: Types of ASD Assessment.
53: Assessment Process.
54: Diagnostic Criteria for ASD.
55: Medical Tests and Evaluations Used to Diagnose ASD.
56: Genetic Test for Autism.
57: Language in Children with ASD.
58: Measuring Autistic Intelligence.
59: Moving Forward After a Child is Diagnosed with ASD.
60: Conditions that May Accompany Autism Spectrum Disorders.
61: ASD and Communication Difficulties.
62: Communication Problems Associated with Autism.
63: Auditory Processing Disorder in Children.
64: Autism Spectrum Disorders and Stuttering.
65: ASD, Seizures, and Epilepsy.
66: Non-Verbal Learning Disability and Asperger Syndrome.
67: Co-Occurring Genetic Disorders in People with ASD.
68: Angelman Syndrome.
69: Fragile X Syndrome.
70: Landau-Kleffner Syndrome.
71: Mitochondrial Disease.
72: Moebius Syndrome.
73: Prader-Willi Syndrome.
74: Smith-Lemli-Opitz Syndrome.
75: Tourette Syndrome.
76: Tuberous Sclerosis.
77: Other Conditions that May Accompany ASD.
78: Thin Bones and ASD.
79: High Growth Hormones in Boys with ASD.
80: Interventions and Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder.
81: Choosing Professionals and Coordinating Services.
82: Evidence for ASD Interventions.
83: Treatment Integrity.
84: Review of ASD Interventions.
85: Recommendations for Treatment Selection.
86: Fad Treatments are Unproven.
87: Early Intervention for Children with Developmental Delays.
88: Overview of Early Intervention.
89: Early Services for ASD.
90: Autism Intervention for Toddlers Improves Developmental Outcomes.
91: Interventions for Individuals with Asperger Syndrome.
92: Behavior Therapies Often Effective for ASD.
93: Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Therapy.
94: ABA Therapy at a Younger Age Leads to Faster Learning.
95: Verbal Behavior Therapy.
96: Pivotal Response Treatment.
97: Virtual Games Teach Skills to Students with ASD.
98: Communication Therapies for ASD.
99: What a Speech Pathologist Does.
100: Speech and Language Therapy: A Key Intervention for Persons with ASD.
101: Language Instruction for Children with Autism: Learning Words.
102: Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC).
103: ASD Medications.
104: Parent Training Complements Medication for Treating Behavioral Problems in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders.
105: Citalopram No Better Than Placebo Treatment for Children with ASD.
106: Bonding Hormone Might Help Some with Autism.
107: Treatments for Biological and Medical Conditions Associated with ASD.
108: Research Studies and ASD.
109: Participating in ASD Research Studies.
110: Why Some Research Studies are Flawed.
111: Education and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
112: A Child’s Rights to Public Education.
113: Understanding the Special Education Process.
114: Special Education Overview for Parents.
115: Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
116: Including Children with ASD in Regular Classrooms.
117: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Summary.
118: Tips for Teaching Students with ASD.
119: Instructional Approaches to Teaching Students with ASD.
120: Teaching High-Functioning Students with ASD.
121: Managing Challenging ASD Behavior.
122: What to do when Positive Reinforcement is Not Working.
123: Practical Strategies for Responding to Challenging Behaviors.
124: Social Interaction Education for Students with ASD.
125: Understanding Special Interests and Social Interactions of Children with ASD.
126: Outcomes of School-Based Social Skill Interventions for Children on the Autism Spectrum.
127: Computer-Based Training May Improve Social Interactions.
128: Teaching Lifetime Goals to Children and Adults with ASD.
129: Secondary School Experiences of Students with ASD.
130: Preparing for Postsecondary Education.
131: Living with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Transitioning to Adulthood.
132: Safety in the Home.
133: Ensuring Support at Home.
134: Family Support Models.
135: Grandparents Play Key Role in Lives of Children with ASD.
136: Depression, Parenting, and ASD.
137: Toilet Training Children with ASD.
138: Transition to Adulthood for Individuals with ASD.
139: Transition Plan.
140: Life Skills.
141: Legal and Financial Planning and Assistance.
142: Transition Models for Youth with Mental Health Needs.
143: Finding Appropriate and Affordable Housing.
144: Adult Autism and Employment.
145: Choosing Vocation and Employment.
146: Career Planning Issues.
147: Possible Job Accommodations.
Additional Help and Information.
Glossary of ASD Terms and Acronyms.
Directory of Additional ASD Resources.