Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience, 1st Edition

  • Editor: George F. Koob, Michel Le Moal, Richard F. Thompson
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080453961
  • ISBN-13: 9780080453965
  • DDC: 612.8
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1816 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released September 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010

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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people's lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities.

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases.



  • George F. Koob
  • Michel Le Moal
  • Richard F. Thompson

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Section Editors.
List of Contributors.
Guide to Use of the Encyclopedia.
Subject Classification.
Foreword: Perspectives on Passages Toward an Affective Neurobiology of Mind?.
1: Active Avoidance and Escape Learning.
2: Acute Dependence.
3: Aging and Cognition.
4: Agnosia.
5: Alcoholism.
6: Amnesia.
7: Analysis of Learning in Invertebrates.
8: Animal Models of Behavior: Alcohol Addiction.
9: Animal Models of Bipolar Disorder.
10: Animal Models of Learning and Memory.
11: Animal Models of Sexual Function.
12: Animal Tests for Anxiety.
13: Antisocial Substance Dependence.
14: Attention and Speed of Information Processing.
15: Basal Ganglia.
16: Behavior Adaptation and Selection.
17: Behavioral Development and Socialization.
18: Behavioral Pathologies in Nonhuman Primates.
19: Behavioral Planning: Neurophysiological Approach of the Frontal Lobe Function in Primates.
20: Bioenergetics of Sleep.
21: Birdsong and Vocal Learning During Development.
22: Blocking, Neural Basis of.
23: Brain Aging: Structural Imaging Biomarkers of Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease.
24: Brain Evolution in Vertebrates.
25: Brain Imaging.
26: Brain Imaging and Addiction.
27: Brain Mapping of Language and Memory in Epilepsy.
28: Brain Stimulation and Addiction.
29: Brain–Machine Interfaces.
30: Cardiovascular Conditioning: Neural Substrates.
31: Cellular Plasticity in Cocaine and Alcohol Addiction.
32: Cerebellum: Associative Learning.
33: Cholinergic Systems in Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease: Neurotrophic Molecular Analysis.
34: Circadian and Ultradian Clocks/Rhythms.
35: Cognition: Attention and Impulsivity.
36: Cognition: Learning and Memory: Pavlovian.
37: Cognition: Learning and Memory: Spatial.
38: Cognitive Control in the Service of Self-Regulation.
39: Cognitive Decline in Laboratory Animals: Models, Measures, and Validity.
40: Communication of Emotions in Animals.
41: Comorbidity – Depression.
42: Compulsive Buying.
43: Conscious and the Unconscious.
44: Contribution of Split-Brain Studies to the Evolution of the Concept of Hemispheric Specialization.
45: Control of Food Intake.
46: Cooperation.
47: Current Models and Assessment of Limb Apraxia.
48: Cytokine Effects on Neuronal Processes and on Behavior.
49: Declarative Memory.
50: Deep Brain Stimulation in Psychiatric Disorders.
51: Depression.
52: Development and Language.
53: Developmental Neurogenesis.
54: Disorders of Face Processing.
55: Drug Addiction.
56: Drug Cues: Significance of Conditioning Factors in Drug Abuse and Addiction.
57: Drug Priming.
58: Drug Sensitization and Drug Abuse.
59: Drug Withdrawal – Motivational View.
60: Dyslexia (Developmental).
61: Effects of Stress on Learning and Memory.
62: Emotion–Cognition Interactions.
63: Emotions.
64: Environmental Influences on Adult Neurogenesis.
65: Episodic and Autobiographical Memory: Psychological and Neural Aspects.
66: Ethanol and Nicotine Interactions.
67: Evolution of Emotions.
68: Evolutionary and Developmental Issues in Cognitive Neuroscience.
69: Eyelid Classical Conditioning.
70: Fear Conditioning.
71: Fear, Anxiety, and Defensive Behaviors in Animals.
72: Fear: Potentiation and Startle.
73: Feeding.
74: From Sensation to Perception.
75: Gastrointestinal Peptides and the Control of Food Intake.
76: Gaze Stabilization and the VOR.
77: Genes and Behavior: Animal Models.
78: Genetics of Language.
79: Genetics of Memory in Drosophila.
Other Backmatter.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Section Editors.
List of Contributors.
Guide to Use of the Encyclopedia.
Subject Classification.
Foreword: Perspectives on Passages Toward an Affective Neurobiology of Mind?.
1: Habituation.
2: Hallucinations in Neuropsychiatry and Drug Abuse: From Phenomenology to Pathophysiology.
3: Hallucinogens.
4: Hemispheric Specialization: Language, Space, and Sexual Differentiation.
5: History of Behavioral Neuroscience.
6: Hormonal Contributions to Arousal and Motivation.
7: Hormones and Female Sexual Behavior.
8: Hormones and Memory.
9: Human Evolutionary Genetics.
10: Human Fear and Anxiety.
11: γ-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GHB).
12: Implicit Learning and Memory: Psychological and Neural Aspects.
13: Impulsive–Compulsive Sexual Behavior.
14: Incentive Motivation and Incentive Salience.
15: Infant Bonding and Attachment.
16: Intermittent Explosive Disorder.
17: Kleptomania.
18: Knock-Outs: Learning and Memory.
19: Korsakoff’s Syndrome.
20: Language and Communication – Brain Substrate.
21: Learning and Memory: Computational Models.
22: Male Sexual Behavior.
23: Mammalian Parental Behavior and Neurohormonal Determinants.
24: Maternal Deprivation.
25: Mating Behavior.
26: Measuring Stress.
27: Mechanisms of Memory Formation and Storage in Hermissenda.
28: Memory and Aging, Neural Basis of.
29: Memory Consolidation.
30: Memory Disorders in Uncomplicated Alcoholism.
31: Memory in Caenorhabditis elegans.
32: Memory in the Honeybee.
33: Mirror Neuron Mechanism.
34: Molecular Neurobiology of Addiction.
35: Molecular Psychology of Personality.
36: Motivation.
37: Motor Function and Motivation.
38: Motor Learning in the Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex.
39: Mouse Genetic Approaches to Psychiatric Disorders.
40: Navigation in Virtual Space: Psychological and Neural Aspects.
41: Neural and Pharmacological Substrates of Aggression.
42: Neural Bases of Defensive Aggression.
43: Neural Basis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.
44: Neural Basis of Classical Conditioning.
45: Neural Basis of Gender.
46: Neural Basis of Recognition Memory in Nonhuman Primates.
47: Neural Basis of Working Memory.
48: Neural Plasticity of Spinal Reflexes.
49: Neural Representations of Direction (Head Direction Cells).
50: Neural Representations of Intended Movement.
51: Neural Substrates of Conditioned Fear and Anxiety.
52: Neural Substrates of Unconditioned Fear, Defense, and Anxiety.
53: Neural Systems of Motivation.
54: Neurobiology of Offensive Aggression.
55: Neurobiology of Opioid Addiction.
56: Neurogenesis and Exercise.
57: Neurogenesis and Memory.
58: Neuron Excitability and Learning.
59: Neuropeptides and Regulation of Water Intake.
60: Neurophysiology of Drug Reward.
61: Neuropsychological Aspects of Anxiety Disorders.
62: Neuropsychology of Sleep.
63: Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators Regulating Sleep and Wakefulness.
64: Nicotine.
65: Novelty.
66: Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder.
67: Offensive and Defensive Aggression.
68: Organization of Human Locomotion: Proprioception and Quadrupedal Coordination.
69: Orientation and Navigation.
Other Backmatter.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Section Editors.
List of Contributors.
Guide to Use of the Encyclopedia.
Subject Classification.
Foreword: Perspectives on Passages Toward an Affective Neurobiology of Mind?.
1: Pain and Addiction.
2: Parasite Infection and Host’s Behavior.
3: Parental Behavior.
4: Parkinson’s Disease.
5: Pathological Gambling.
6: Perinatal Influences on Behavior and Neuroendocrine Functions.
7: Peripersonal Space and Body Schema.
8: Personality, Temperament, and Behavioral Syndromes.
9: Physical and Emotional Pain.
10: Physical Cognition and Reasoning.
11: Place Cells.
12: Plasticity in the Primary Auditory Cortex: Substrate of Specific Long-Term Memory Traces.
13: Play Behavior.
14: Pleasure.
15: Primate Origins of Human Behavior.
16: Problematic Internet Use.
17: Protein Synthesis and Memory.
18: Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorder Comorbidity.
19: Psychoneuroendocrinology of Stress.
20: Psychosocial Influences on Immunity.
21: Psychostimulants.
22: Pyromania.
23: Regulation of the HPA Axis by Acute and Chronic Stress.
24: Rewarding Brain Stimulation.
25: Role of Gene Transcription in Long-Term Memory Storage.
26: Role of Neuronal Synchrony in Normal and Pathological Brain Functions.
27: Schizophrenia.
28: Sex Hormones, Mood, and Cognition.
29: Sexual Motivation.
30: Short-Term Memory: Psychological and Neural Aspects.
31: Sleep Genetics.
32: Sleep: Learning and Memory.
33: Sleep: Medical Disorders.
34: Sleeping, Waking, and Dreaming.
35: Social Bonding and Attachment.
36: Social Cognition: From Behavior-Reading to Mind-Reading.
37: Social Communication.
38: Social Competition and Conflict Resolution.
39: Social Learning and Behavior Transmission.
40: Social Relationships and Social Knowledge.
41: Stress and Arousal/Sleep.
42: Stress and Brain Morphology.
43: Stress and Drug Craving.
44: Stress and Emotionality.
45: Stress and Energy Homeostasis.
46: Stress and Reward.
47: Stress and Social Behavior.
48: Subjective Experience and the Expression of Emotion in Man.
49: Synapse Formation and Memory.
50: Synaptic Mechanisms for Encoding Memory.
51: Taste Perception and Behavior in Rodents and Flies.
52: Temporal Lobe and Object Recognition.
53: Δ9-THC.
54: Thermo- and Mechanosensation via Transient Receptor Potential Ion Channels.
55: Thermoregulation.
56: Tinnitus: Processing of Auditory Phantom Sound.
57: Transgenic Technologies and their Application to the Study of Senile Dementia.
58: Transient Global Amnesia: Neuropsychology, Psychopathology, and Neuroimaging.
59: Transition to Addiction.
60: Trichotillomania (Compulsive Hair Pulling) and Compulsive Skin Picking.
61: Value of Animal Models for Predicting CNS Therapeutic Action.
62: Vision.
63: Voluntary Movement: Control, Learning and Memory.
64: Vulnerability Factors in Addiction Disorders.
Subject Index.
Other Backmatter.