Research Guide to U.S. and International Interest Groups, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0313039526
  • ISBN-13: 9780313039522
  • DDC: 322.430973
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 339 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2004 | Published/Released October 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2004

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About

Overview

Compiles the major research, literature, and possible future directions of the study of interest groups. Entries detail the main topics of interest group activity in the United States and around the world.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Preface.
1: Introduction: The Study of Interest Groups.
2: Special Features of This Book and the Purpose of This Chapter.
3: Defining Interest Group and Related Terms.
4: The Functions of Interest Groups: Their Private Goals and Public Roles.
5: Problems of Studying Interest Groups.
6: Theoretical Approaches in the Study of Interest Groups and the Schools of Focus of Scholars.
7: The Two Major Categories of Subject Matter of Interest Group Studies.
8: Types of Studies and Methods of Study.
9: Guidelines for Using This Book.
10: Sources of Information on Interest Groups in the American Political System: An Overview.
11: Introduction.
12: Popular Writing: Newspapers, Magazines, and Books.
13: Textbooks.
14: Conference Papers, Journal Articles, and Monographs.
15: Major Categories of Research and Their Findings.
16: Primary Sources of Data on Interest Groups.
17: Conclusion: Looking beyond the American Perspective.
18: General Theories of Interest Group Activity: Pluralism, Corporatism, Neo-Marxism, and Other Explanations.
19: Introduction.
20: Pluralism and Its Modifications.
21: Elitism.
22: Corporatism and Neocorporatist Theory.
23: Political Economy Approaches and Explanations.
24: The Responsible or Strong Political Party Model.
25: Statist-Centered Approaches.
26: Neo-Marxist Approaches.
27: The New Institutionalist Perspective on Interest Groups.
28: Interest Groups and the Socioeconomic and Political System.
29: Introduction: A Minimally Investigated Topic.
30: Interest Group System Development and Variation: An Overview.
31: Interest Groups and the Structure of the Political and Governmental System.
32: Interest Groups and Political Culture.
33: Interest Groups and Political Parties.
34: Interest Groups and the Social Structure.
35: Interest Groups and Economic Development.
36: Interest Groups and Public Opinion.
37: National Cultures and Lobbying: The Case of the European Union and Its Implications.
38: Peak Associations.
39: The Origin, Maintenance, Organization, and Mortality of Interest Groups.
40: Introduction.
41: The Origin and Maintenance of Interest Groups.
42: The Internal Organization of Interest Groups.
43: The Composition and Development of the Interest Group System and Group Competition.
44: The Mortality of Interest Groups.
45: Conclusions: Subjects for Further Study.
46: Interest Groups in National, State, Local, and Intergovernmental Politics in the United States.
47: Introduction.
48: The Interest Group Universe in Washington, D.C., and the States.
49: Interest Groups in U.S. National Politics.
50: State Interest Groups.
51: Interest Groups in Local Politics.
52: The Intergovernmental Activity of Interest Groups.
53: Public Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Interest Groups and Lobbyists in the United States.
54: Interests and Interest Groups in the Public Policy Process: (I) Strategies and Tactics.
55: Introduction to Chapters 7, 8, and 9.
56: Strategy and Tactics: Placing U.S. Practice in Perspective.
57: Nonfinancial Involvement of Interest Groups in the Election Process.
58: Political Action Committees (PACs).
59: Interest Group Involvement in Direct Democracy.
60: Lobbyists: Definitions, Types, and Varying Designations.
61: The Role of Lobbyists.
62: Lobbyists in Washington, D.C., and the American States.
63: Lobbyists in Countries Outside the United States.
64: Legislative Lobbying.
65: Executive Branch Lobbying in Washington, D.C..
66: Judicial Branch Lobbying in the United States.
67: Grassroots Lobbying.
68: Use of the Media, Public Relations, and Advertising.
69: Protests, Demonstrations, and Violence.
70: Iron Triangles, Policy Networks, and Other Subgovernmental Systems of Interest Group Activity.
71: Interest Group Power and Influence.
72: Interests and Interest Groups in the Public Policy Process: (II) The Traditional Interests—Business, Labor, Agriculture, Education, and Government.
73: Classifying Interests and Interest Groups: Problems and Approaches.
74: Business Interests and Politics: An Overview.
75: Chambers of Commerce.
76: The Energy Lobby.
77: Utility Interests.
78: Industrial and Manufacturing Interests.
79: Banking and Finance Interests.
80: Insurance Interests.
81: Agricultural Interests.
82: Labor Interest Groups.
83: Education Interest Groups.
84: Selected Aspects of the Government Lobby in the United States.
85: U.S. States Lobbying in Washington, D.C..
86: U.S. State Agencies as a Lobbying Force.
87: The Local Government Lobby in the United States.
88: Nonmembership Lobbies.
89: Private Foundations.
90: Think Tanks.
91: Interest Groups and U.S. Foreign Policy.
92: The Foreign Lobby in the United States.
93: Interests and Interest Groups in the Public Policy Process: (III) The New Interests and Groups.
94: Introduction.
95: Ethnic and Racial Minority Groups.
96: African Americans.
97: Latinos.
98: Native Americans.
99: Asian Americans.
100: Indigenous Peoples’ Interest Groups.
101: The Women’s Lobby.
102: Public Interest Groups.
103: Good Government Groups.
104: Criminal Justice Interest Groups.
105: Social Issue and Identity Interests.
106: Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Interests.
107: The Poverty, Welfare, and Hunger Lobby.
108: Animal Rights Interest Groups.
109: Pro-Life and Pro-Choice Interest Groups.
110: Environmental Interest Groups.
111: Consumer Groups.
112: Health-Care Interest Groups.
113: Religious Interests.
114: The Senior Citizens’ Lobby.
115: Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs).
116: Governance Interests: Antitax and Term Limit Groups.
117: Pro– and Anti–Gun Control Interest Groups.
118: The Tobacco and Antismoking Lobbies.
119: Civil Liberties Interest Groups and Lobbies in the United States.
120: Human Rights Interests: Definitional Problems, Cross-References, and Supplementary Sources.
121: Comparative Interest Group Studies.
122: Comparative Analysis and Interest Group Studies.
123: The Evolution of Comparative Interest Group Studies: The Dominance and Resilience of the Neocorporatist Approach.
124: Variations in Research: Differences in Approach, Focus, and Scope.
125: A Critical Assessment of Cross-National Interest Group Studies.
126: Additional Future Directions for Comparative Interest Group Research.
127: Interest Groups in Selected Western European and Other Advanced Pluralist Democracies.
128: The “Recent Discovery” of Interest Groups.
129: The United Kingdom.
130: Continental Europe.
131: Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the Benelux Countries.
132: France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece.
133: Interest Representation in the European Union.
134: The Nordic Countries.
135: Canada.
136: Australia and New Zealand.
137: Japan.
138: Israel.
139: Interest Groups in Selected Nonpluralist Regimes, Transitional Democracies, and Developing Societies.
140: The Characteristics of Interests and Interest Group Activity and Approaches to Studying Interests.
141: India and South Asia.
142: The People’s Republic of China (PRC).
143: Taiwan—Republic of China (ROC).
144: The Middle East and North Africa (Excluding Israel).
145: South Africa.
146: Sub-Saharan Africa.
147: Eastern Europe: Communist and Transitional Systems.
148: Russia: Post-Communist Interest Group Activity.
149: Latin America.