Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management: Vol. 5: Human Resource Management, 2nd Edition

  • Volume 5
  • Susan Cartwright
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1444338021
  • ISBN-13: 9781444338027
  • DDC: 658
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 467 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2006 | Published/Released September 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2006

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Blackwell Encyclopedia of Management is divided into 12 individual subject volumes and an index. All of the volumes provide clear, concise, expert definitions and explanations of the key concepts in each area. With entries ranging from extended explorations of major topics, to short definitions of key terms, each dictionary volume has been designed to give both the expert and the newcomer a multi-level guide and reference source to the subject.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Accounting and Capitalism.
2: Accounting-Based Equity Valuation.
3: Acounting-Based Estimates of the Expected Rate of Return on Equity Capital.
4: Accounting for Derivatives.
5: Accounting for Human Capital.
6: Accounting for Intangibles.
7: Accounting for Leases Standards.
8: Accounting Income Concepts.
9: Activity-Based Costing.
10: Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.
11: Advisory Services.
12: Analytical Procedures in Auditing.
13: Asset Revaluation Accounting.
14: Audit Evidence.
15: Audit Risk.
16: Auditor Independence.
17: Auditor Liability.
18: Auditor's Report.
19: Auditor's Report: An International Comparison.
20: Balance Sheet.
21: Bankruptcy Prediction and Financial Information.
22: Budgetary Participation.
23: Budgeting.
24: Budgeting and Management Control.
25: Capital Budgeting.
26: Cash Flow Statement.
27: Classification as a Going Concern.
28: Comparison of Auditing Standards.
29: Conservatism and Accounting Earnings.
30: Consolidated Financial Statements.
31: Contingencies.
32: Corporate Restructuring and Accounting Information.
33: Cost Allocation.
34: Cost–Pricing Relationship.
35: Critical Accounting.
36: Deferred Taxation.
37: Earnings, Dividends, and Valuation.
38: Earnings Forecasting.
39: Earnings Management and Corporate Governance.
40: Earnings per Share.
41: Economic Modeling of Audit Market.
42: Employee Compensation.
43: Financial Accounting Theory and Research.
44: Financial Ratios and Equity Valuation.
45: Financial Ratios and Statement Analysis.
46: Financial Reporting: A Historical Perspective.
47: Foreign Currency.
48: Foreign Currency Accounting.
49: Goodwill Accounting.
50: Impairment of Asset Values.
51: Income Classification and Reporting.
52: Income Taxation Based on Financial Accounting Income.
53: Information Content of Accounting Numbers.
54: Information Content of Cash Flows.
55: Information Cues and Accounting Judgment.
56: Intangible Assets.
57: Intellectual Capital.
58: International Accounting.
59: International Comparative Management Accounting.
60: International Financial Statement Analysis.
61: International Harmonization of Accounting Standards.
62: Internet Reporting.
63: Inventory Valuation.
64: Judgment in Financial Statement Audits.
65: Leases.
66: Legal Systems and Accounting.
67: Long-Term Construction Contracts.
68: Management Control in Knowledge-Based Organizations.
69: Managing Accounting Earnings.
70: Manipulation of Accounts.
71: Market-Based Accounting Research (MBAR).
72: Market for Audit Services.
73: Methodological Issues in Accounting History.
74: Narrative Accounting Disclosures.
75: National Accounting, Corporate Accounting, and Global Standardization.
76: Not for Profit Organizations.
77: Oil and Gas Accounting.
78: Organizational Roles of Management Accountants.
79: Pension Accounting.
80: Pensions.
81: Performance Measurement, Implementation Issues.
82: Performance Measurement in the Public Sector.
83: Principal–Agent Analyses and Management Accounting.
84: Product Cost Determination.
85: Profit Center Performance, Measurement of.
86: Profit Measurement – Time and Uncertainty.
87: Public and Private Disclosure and the Role of Financial Reporting.
88: R&D and Intangibles.
89: Reporting Assumptions.
90: Researching Accounting in the Public Services.
91: Residual Income and EVA®.
92: Social Accounting, Historical Perspective.
93: Social and Environmental Accounting.
94: Statistical Sampling in Auditing.
95: Stockholders’ Equity.
96: Substantive Auditing Tests.
97: US and International GAAP.
98: Value-Based Management and Cash Flow Analysis.
99: Voluntary Disclosure, Dividend Policy, and Earnings Quality.
Index.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Absorptive Capacity and Entrepreneurship.
2: Austrian Economics.
3: Autonomous Business Unit.
4: Bankruptcy.
5: Bisociation.
6: Board Structure and Composition.
7: Boards of Directors in New Ventures.
8: Business Angel Network.
9: Business Model.
10: Business Plan.
11: Championing Corporate Venturing.
12: Chinese Entrepreneurship: Today and Tomorrow.
13: Cognitive Biases and Venture Formation.
14: Competitive Advantage.
15: Competitive Dynamics Among Entrepreneurial Firms.
16: Contingent Earnouts.
17: Corporate Entrepreneurship.
18: Corporate Ventures and Knowledge.
19: Creating Value.
20: Creative Destruction.
21: Creativity.
22: Disruptive Innovations.
23: Emergent Strategy.
24: Entrepreneur.
25: Entrepreneurial Alertness.
26: Entrepreneurial Alliances.
27: Entrepreneurial Archetypes.
28: Entrepreneurial Decisions.
29: Entrepreneurial Discovery.
30: Entrepreneurial Dominant Logic.
31: Entrepreneurial Expertise.
32: Entrepreneurial Growth.
33: Entrepreneurial Human Capital.
34: Entrepreneurial Human Resource Strategy.
35: Entrepreneurial Identity.
36: Entrepreneurial Intensity.
37: Entrepreneurial Leadership.
38: Entrepreneurial Networks.
39: Entrepreneurial Opportunity.
40: Entrepreneurial Orientation.
41: Entrepreneurial Reputations.
42: Entrepreneurial Resources.
43: Entrepreneurial Risk.
44: Entrepreneurial Service Organizations.
45: Entrepreneurial Stories and Legitimacy.
46: Entrepreneurship.
47: Ethics in Entrepreneurship.
48: Executive Succession in Entrepreneurial Business.
49: Family Business.
50: Franchising.
51: Geographic Location and Regional Variation in Entrepreneurship.
52: Habitual Entrepreneurs.
53: Harvesting the Entrepreneurial Venture.
54: History of the Academic Study of Entrepreneurship.
55: Human Resources.
56: Incubators.
57: Incumbents’ Advantage.
58: Initial Public Offerings and New Ventures.
59: Innovations.
60: Internal Venturing.
61: International Entrepreneurship.
62: Knowledge Life Cycles and Entrepreneurial Ventures.
63: Knowledge-Based Assets in Entrepreneurial Ventures.
64: Liability of Newness.
65: Location Effects on Entrepreneurial Ventures.
66: Management Buy-Outs.
67: Market Disequilibrium.
68: Minority Entrepreneurship.
69: Nascent Entrepreneur.
70: Navigating Uncertainty: From Scenarios to Flexible Options.
71: Opportunity Exploitation.
72: Outsourcing.
73: Outsourcing in Entrepreneurial Ventures.
74: Patent Protection.
75: Patterns of Entrepreneurship Development.
76: Product Innovation and Entrepreneurship.
77: Radical Innovations.
78: Real Options.
79: Risk Management in Corporate Ventures.
80: Sensemaking and Entrepreneurship.
81: Social Capital.
82: Spin-Offs.
83: Strategic Entrepreneurship.
84: Succession Planning.
85: Technology Transfer.
86: Undercapitalization.
87: University Spin-Outs.
88: Venture Capital.
89: Winner’s Curse.
90: Women’s Entrepreneurship.
Index.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface to the First Edition.
Preface to the Second Edition.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Agency Theory.
2: Artificial Neural Networks.
3: Asset Allocation.
4: Bankruptcy.
5: Banks as Barrier Options.
6: Behavioral Finance.
7: Bid–Ask Spread.
8: Black–Scholes.
9: Capital Structure.
10: Catastrophe Futures and Options.
11: Commodity Futures Volatility.
12: Conditional Performance Evaluation.
13: Consolidation.
14: Contingent Claims.
15: Convenience Yields.
16: Convertibles.
17: Corporate Governance.
18: Corporate Takeover Language.
19: Cost of Capital.
20: Data-Mining in Finance.
21: Debt Swaps.
22: Deposit Insurance.
23: Discounted Cash Flow Models.
24: Disinvestment Decisions.
25: Dividend Growth Model.
26: Dividend Policy.
27: Electronic Banking.
28: Electronic Payments Systems.
29: Embedded Inflation.
30: Equity Premium, The Equity Premium Puzzle, And the Risk-Free Rate Puzzle.
31: Ethics in Finance.
32: Eurocredit Markets.
33: Event Studies.
34: Exotic Options.
35: Expectations.
36: Experimental Asset Markets.
37: Fat Tails in Finance.
38: Financial Distress.
39: Foreign Exchange Management.
40: Foreign Exchange Markets.
41: Futures and Forwards.
42: Fuzzy Logic.
43: Game Theory in Finance.
44: Growth by Acquisition.
45: Growth and Value Stocks.
46: Habit Formation.
47: Hedging.
48: House Money Effect.
49: Initial Public Offerings (IPOs).
50: Insider Trading Law (US).
51: Insurance.
52: International Initial Public Offerings.
53: Investment Banking.
54: Iowa Electronic Market.
55: Leasing.
56: Log Exponential Option Models.
57: Loss Aversion.
58: Market Efficiency.
59: Markov Switching Models in Finance.
60: Mergers and Acquisitions.
61: Mutual Funds.
62: Noise Trader.
63: Note Issuance Facilities.
64: Persistence of Performance.
65: Portfolio Management.
66: Portfolio Performance Measurement.
67: Portfolio Theory and Asset Pricing.
68: Price/Earnings Ratio.
69: Price Momentum and Overreaction.
70: Privatization Options.
71: Program Trading.
72: Project Financing.
73: Real Options.
74: Regulation of US Equity Markets.
75: Restructuring and Turnaround.
76: Retail Banking.
77: Risk Analysis.
78: Rollover Risk.
79: Scrip Dividend.
80: Share Repurchases.
81: Short-Termism.
82: Sovereign Risk.
83: Speculation.
84: Stability of Returns.
85: State-Contingent Bank Regulation.
86: Stochastic Processes.
87: Stock Market Indices.
88: Syndicated Euroloans.
89: Tactical Asset Allocation.
90: Term Structure Models.
91: Threshold Models.
92: Time Series Analysis.
93: Trading Mechanisms.
94: Transaction Costs.
95: Transition Economies.
96: Valuing Flexibility.
97: Venture Capital.
98: Volatility.
99: Volatility Risk Pricing.
100: Volatility Smile.
101: Warrants.
Index.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Absenteeism.
2: Action Learning.
3: Affirmative Action.
4: Affirmative Action for Non-Victims.
5: Afl-Cio.
6: Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967.
7: Agency Shop.
8: AIDS/AIDS-Related Complex.
9: AIDS Awareness Training.
10: Albemarle Paper Company v. Moody, 422 US 405 (1975).
11: Alternative Dispute Resolution.
12: American Society for Training and Development.
13: Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
14: Annual Hours.
15: Appraisal Feedback.
16: Arbitration.
17: Assessment Centers.
18: At-Risk Pay.
19: Attitude Surveys.
20: Attitudinal Structuring.
21: Attraction–Selection–Attrition.
22: Audiovisual Training Techniques.
23: Australia.
24: Australian Human Resources Institute.
25: Availability Analysis.
26: Award of Attorney's Fees.
27: Background Checking (Generic).
28: Balanced Scorecard.
29: Bargaining Unit.
30: Barnes v. Costle, 1977.
31: Base Rate of Success.
32: Behavior.
33: Behavior Modeling.
34: Behavioral Consistency Principle.
35: Behavioral Observation Scales.
36: Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scales.
37: Belbin Teams.
38: Benchmarking and Competitor Analysis.
39: Benefit Programs: Evolution.
40: Benefits.
41: Benefits Administration.
42: Benefits Communication.
43: Big Five Personality Tests.
44: Biographical History Inventories.
45: Bona Fide Occupational Qualification.
46: Bona Fide Seniority System.
47: Bonuses.
48: Broadbanding.
49: Bullying.
50: Burden of Proof.
51: Business Necessity.
52: Business Process Reengineering.
53: Business Processes.
54: Canada.
55: Career.
56: Career Anchors.
57: Career Choice.
58: Career Models.
59: Career Pathing.
60: Career Patterns of Scientists and Engineers.
61: Career Plateau.
62: Career Stages.
63: Career Success.
64: Case Study/Discussion Method.
65: Central Tendency Effects.
66: Change Management.
67: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
68: Checklist Method of Performance Evaluation.
69: Childcare Benefit.
70: China.
71: Civil Rights Act of 1866.
72: Civil Rights Act of 1871.
73: Civil Rights Act of 1964.
74: Civil Rights Act of 1991.
75: Classification.
76: Classification Job Evaluation Method.
77: Coaching.
78: Cognitive Process Models of Performance Appraisal.
79: Collective Bargaining.
80: Color.
81: Commission-Based Pay.
82: Compa-Ratios.
83: Comparable Worth.
84: Compensable Factor.
85: Compensation.
86: Compensation Strategy.
87: Composite and Multiple Criteria.
88: Compressed Work Schedules.
89: Computer-Assisted Instruction.
90: Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act of 1988.
91: Concurrent Validity.
92: Conference Method.
93: Connecticut v. Teal, 457 US 440 (1982).
94: Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985.
95: Construct Validity.
96: Content Validity.
97: Content Validity Ratio.
98: Contingency Approach.
99: Contingent Employment.
100: Continuous Improvement.
101: Contract Administration.
102: Control Issues in Foreign Holdings.
103: Coordination of Benefits.
104: Corrective Discipline.
105: Correspondence Method.
106: Counseling.
107: Countercyclical Hiring.
108: Craft Unions.
109: Criterion Contamination.
110: Criterion Deficiency.
111: Criterion Problem.
112: Criterion Relevance.
113: Criterion-Related Validity.
114: Critical Incidents Technique.
115: Cross-Training.
116: Cross-Validation.
117: Cultural Literacy.
118: Custom and Practice.
119: Customer-Oriented Human Resource Management.
120: Customer Service Training.
121: Cutoff Score.
122: Davis-Bacon Act of 1931.
123: Decertification Elections.
124: Defamation Waivers.
125: Derailing.
126: Deskilling.
127: Developing Globally Competent Executives/Managers.
128: Dictionary of Occupational Titles.
129: Differential Validity.
130: Disclaimer.
131: Discrimination.
132: Disparate Impact.
133: Disparate Treatment.
134: Distance Learning.
135: Distributional Effects in Performance Appraisal.
136: Distributive Bargaining.
137: Distributive Justice.
138: Diversity.
139: Downsizing.
140: Drug Testing.
141: Dual-Earner and Dual-Career Couples.
142: Duty.
143: Dynamic Criteria.
144: Dysfunctional Performance Appraisals.
145: Early Identification of Management Talent.
146: Early Retirement Buyout.
147: Early Retirement Policy.
148: Elder Care Benefit.
149: Emotional Intelligence.
150: Employability.
151: Employee Assistance Programs.
152: Employee Benefit Research Institute.
153: Employee Code of Conduct.
154: Employee Empowerment.
155: Employee Handbook.
156: Employee Involvement.
157: Employee Leasing.
158: Employee Morale.
159: Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988.
160: Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
161: Employee Stock Ownership Plans.
162: Employee Subcontracting.
163: Employee Turnover.
164: Employment-At-Will.
165: Employment Interview.
166: Environmental Scanning.
167: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
168: Equal Pay Act of 1963.
169: European Union.
170: Executive Compensation.
171: Executive Orders.
172: Executive Search.
173: Executive Selection.
174: Exit Interviews.
175: Expatriate Assignment.
176: Expatriate Human Resource Issues.
177: Expatriate Support System.
178: Expectancy Charts.
179: External Equity/External Competitiveness.
180: Extraterritorial Application of Employment Law.
181: Face Validity.
182: Factor-Comparison Job Evaluation Method.
183: Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
184: Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993.
185: FASB 106.
186: Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service.
187: Federal Unemployment Tax Act of 1935.
188: Final Offer Arbitration.
189: Financial Assistance Plans.
190: Firefighters Local 1784 v. Stotts, US Supreme Court (1984).
191: Flexible Benefit Plans.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Acceptance.
2: Acceptance Financing.
3: Access Control.
4: Access Management.
5: Account Harvesting.
6: Accountability.
7: Accounting Differences.
8: Accounting Exposure.
9: Acculturation.
10: Across-the-Board Tariff Reductions.
11: Activity Monitors.
12: Ad Valorem Duty.
13: Adaptability Screening.
14: Admiralty Court.
15: Aduana.
16: Advance Against Documents.
17: Advance Import Deposits.
18: Advanced Determination Ruling (ADR).
19: Advised Letter of Credit.
20: Advising Bank.
21: Advisory Capacity.
22: Advocacy Advertising.
23: Aesthetics.
24: Affiliate Program.
25: Affirmative Action.
26: Affirmative Dumping Determination.
27: African Development Bank (ADB).
28: Ag.
29: Against All Risks.
30: Agency for International Development (AID).
31: Agreement Corporation.
32: Agreement on Customs Valuation.
33: Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act of 1978 (AFIDA).
34: Agroterrorism.
35: Agunaldo.
36: Air Waybill (AWB).
37: Airbill (A/B).
38: Airport Tax.
39: Alien.
40: Alien Corporation.
41: Alliances.
42: Allowances.
43: Alongside.
44: Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).
45: Ambiguity.
46: American Accounting Association, International Section.
47: American Depository Receipt (ADR).
48: American Depository Share.
49: American Plan.
50: American Style Option.
51: Andean Common Market/Andean Pact (ANCOM).
52: Antiboycott Regulations.
53: Anti-Diversion Clause.
54: Anti-Dumping Duty.
55: Anti-Dumping Law.
56: Application Service Provider.
57: Appreciation (Foreign Currency).
58: Appropriate Technology.
59: Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA).
60: Arab League.
61: Arab Maghreb Union (AMU).
62: Arab Monetary Fund (AMF).
63: Arbitrage.
64: Arbitration.
65: Arbitration Agreements.
66: Arm’s-Length Pricing.
67: Asia Currency Market.
68: Asia Dollar.
69: Asia Pacific Federation of Personnel Management Associations (APFPMA).
70: Asian Development Bank (ADB).
71: Asian Productivity Organization (APO).
72: Assembly Operations.
73: Assignment (Foreign).
74: Assignment Completion (Foreign).
75: Assignment Status (Foreign).
76: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
77: Assumed Shelter Cost.
78: Assured.
79: Assurex.
80: At-Post Education.
81: Ata Carnet.
82: Attaché.
83: Authentication.
84: Automated Broker Interface (ABI).
85: Automated Clearinghouse (ACH).
86: Automated Trade Locator Assistance Network (ATLAS).
87: Autonomous Duty.
88: Availability.
89: Average.
90: Avoidance Strategies.
91: Away-From-Post Education.
92: B2B.
93: B2C.
94: Bachelor Status.
95: Back Translation.
96: Back-To-Back Letter of Credit.
97: Back-To-Back Loan.
98: Backdoor.
99: Balance Sheet Approach.
100: Band.
101: Bank for International Settlements (BIS).
102: Bank of Central African States (BCAS).
103: Banker’s Acceptance.
104: Banner.
105: Bareboat Charter.
106: Bargaining.
107: Barriers.
108: Barriers and Bonds To Communication and Knowledge Transfer.
109: Barter.
110: Base Currency.
111: Base Salary.
112: Base Workweek.
113: Basic Authentication.
114: Basket of Currencies.
115: Benchmarking.
116: Beneficiary.
117: Benefit Allowance.
118: Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886).
119: Bid Price.
120: Bilateral Tax Agreement.
121: Bilateral Trade.
122: Bilateral Treaty.
123: Bill of Entry.
124: Bill of Exchange.
125: Bill of Lading.
126: Bioterrorism.
127: Birdyback.
128: Black Market.
129: Black Money.
130: Blocked Account.
131: Blocked Currency.
132: Body Language.
133: Bonded Storage.
134: Bonus System.
135: Bots.
136: Boundary Spanning.
137: Bounty.
138: Boycott.
139: Brand Extension.
140: Brand Piracy.
141: Break-Bulk.
142: Bretton Woods Conference.
143: Bribery.
144: British Export Credits Department.
145: British Standard 7799.
146: Broker.
147: Buffer Stock.
148: Built-in Export Department.
149: Bulk Cargo.
150: Bulk Carrier.
151: Bureau of Export Administration (BXA/BEA).
152: Burn Rate.
153: Business Continuity Plan (BCP).
154: Buy National.
155: Buy-Back Agreements.
156: Buying Agent.
157: C2C.
158: Cable Rates.
159: Camp Status.
160: Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
161: Capital Movements Code.
162: Capitalism.
163: Captive Insurance Company.
164: Cargo Broker.
165: Cargo Insurance.
166: Cargo Selectivity System.
167: Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).
168: Caribbean Economic Community (CARICOM).
169: Carnet.
170: Carriage and Insurance Paid (CIP).
171: Carriage Paid to (CPT).
172: Carrier’s Lien.
173: Cartel.
174: Cash Against Documents (CAD).
175: Cash in Advance (CIA).
176: Cash Management.
177: Cash with Order (CWO).
178: Center for International Briefing.
179: Central American Common Market (CACM).
180: Central American Development Bank of Economic Integration (BCEI).
181: Centralized Management.
182: Certificate of Health.
183: Certificate of Inspection.
184: Certificate of Manufacturing.
185: Certificate of Origin.
186: Chaebol.
187: Change, in a Global Context.
188: Chemterrorism.
189: Circular Letter of Credit.
190: Civil Law.
191: Clean Bill of Lading.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Absorptive Capacity and Information Technology.
2: Accounting Use of Information Technology.
3: ACM.
4: ADA.
5: Agency Theory Applied to Information Systems.
6: Agile Development.
7: AIS.
8: AITP.
9: Allocating Resources to IT/IS.
10: Application Service Provision (ASP).
11: Artificial Intelligence.
12: ASCII.
13: Assessment of Management Information System Function.
14: Associations and Societies for Information Systems Professionals.
15: Asynchronous Transmission Mode.
16: Auditing of Information Systems.
17: Authentication.
18: Automated Teller Machine.
19: Bar Code.
20: Batch Processing.
21: Biometrics.
22: Blog (weblog).
23: Bulletin Boards.
24: Byte.
25: C and C++.
26: Capability Maturity Model® (CMM®) and CMM Integration (CMMI®).
27: Careers in Information Technology.
28: Case: Computer-Aided Software/System Engineering.
29: CD-ROM and DVD.
30: Cellular Technology in Information Systems.
31: Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA).
32: Chief Information Officer.
33: Client/Server Architecture.
34: Cobol.
35: Coding of Data for Information Processing.
36: Cognitive Science and Information Systems.
37: Complexity and Information Systems.
38: Compression.
39: Computer Forensics.
40: Computer Hardware Architecture.
41: Computer Operating System.
42: Computer Program.
43: Computer-Supported Cooperative Work.
44: Critical Success Factors.
45: Cross-Cultural Issues In Mis.
46: Cryptography (Crypto).
47: Customer Relationship Management.
48: Data Administration.
49: Data Dictionary.
50: Data Mining.
51: Data Modeling, Logical.
52: Data Modeling, Physical.
53: Data Structure(s).
54: Data Warehousing.
55: Database Management System.
56: Debugging of Computer Programs.
57: Decision Support Systems.
58: Desktop Publishing.
59: Digital Cash.
60: Digital Convergence.
61: Digital Divide.
62: Digital Rights Management.
63: Digital Signatures.
64: Distributed Systems.
65: Document Image Processing Systems.
66: E-Commerce.
67: E-Commerce Business-to-Business Systems.
68: E-Commerce Clicks and Mortar.
69: Education and Training in Use of Information Technology.
70: E-Government.
71: Electronic Communication.
72: Electronic Data Interchange.
73: Electronic Funds Transfer.
74: Email.
75: Encryption.
76: End-User Computing.
77: Enterprise Architecture and Information Technology.
78: Enterprise Systems (Enterprise Resource Planning or ERP).
79: ER Diagrams.
80: Ergonomics.
81: Errors in Information Systems.
82: Ethics of Computer Use.
83: Executive Information Systems.
84: Expert Systems.
85: Explanation Systems.
86: Extranet.
87: Failure of Information System Applications.
88: File Transfer Protocol.
89: Flowchart.
90: Fortran.
91: Genetic Algorithms.
92: Global Positioning System (GPS).
93: Graphical User Interface.
94: Graphics in Information Systems.
95: Grid Computing.
96: Group Decision Support Systems.
97: History of Organizational Use of Information Technology to 1980.
98: Humans as Information Processors.
99: Human–Computer Interaction.
100: Hypermedia/Hypertext.
101: ICIS.
102: Identity Theft.
103: IFIP.
104: Implementation of Information Systems.
105: Inference Engine.
106: Information Assurance.
107: Information Concepts.
108: Information Goods.
109: Information Overload.
110: Information Retrieval.
111: Information System Methodologies.
112: Information Systems.
113: Information System Stage Hypothesis.
114: Innovation and Information Technology.
115: Input Devices.
116: Instant Messaging.
117: Integrated Services Digital Network.
118: Interface.
119: Internet.
120: Internet Auctions.
121: Internet-Based Selling and Information Systems.
122: Inter-Organizational Systems.
123: Intranet.
124: It Outsourcing.
125: Knowledge Base.
126: Knowledge Management Systems.
127: Knowledge Work, Use of Information Technology.
128: Legacy Systems.
129: Linguistics and Computers.
130: Local Area Networks.
131: Macro Program.
132: Make or Buy for Software.
133: Malware.
134: Management Information System.
135: Manufacturing Use of Information Technology.
136: Markup Languages.
137: Metrics for Assessment of Information Systems.
138: Multimedia.
139: Neural Networks.
140: Object-Oriented Database Management Systems.
141: Object-Oriented Programs and Systems.
142: Object Role Modeling.
143: Office Automation.
144: OLE.
145: On-Demand Computing.
146: Online Analytic Processing.
147: Online Systems.
148: Ontology.
149: Open Doc.
150: Open Source.
151: Open Systems.
152: Optical Character Recognition.
153: Organization Structure of the IS/IT Function.
154: Output Devices.
155: Personalization Technologies.
156: Phishing.
157: Planning for Information Systems.
158: Portable Data Format (PDF).
159: Portal.
160: Privacy in Information Systems.
161: Processing Methods for Information Systems.
162: Programming Languages.
163: Protocols.
164: Prototyping.
165: Punched Cards.
166: Radio Frequency Identification.
167: Reengineering and Information Technology.
168: Relational Database.
169: Report Generators.
170: Requirements Determination for Information Systems.
171: Risk Assessment and Risk Management.
172: Risk Management of Information Systems.
173: Search Engine.
174: Semantic Web.
175: SIM.
176: Smart Cards.
177: Sociotechnical Concepts Applied to Information Systems.
178: Soft Systems Methodologies.
179: Software.
180: Software Agents.
181: Software Engineering.
182: Software Engineering Institute.
183: Software Maintenance.
184: Software Package Solutions.
185: Spam.
186: Speech Recognition and Synthesis.
187: Spyware.
188: SQL.
189: Standards for Information Technology.
190: Storage of Digital Data.
191: Strategic Alignment Between Business and IT.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Accommodation.
2: Accounting Profit.
3: Adverse Selection.
4: Advertising.
5: Antitrust Policy (US).
6: Antitrust Remedies (US).
7: Arbitrage.
8: Arc Elasticity.
9: Asset Specificity.
10: Asymmetric Information.
11: Auctions.
12: Autocorrelation.
13: Average Total Cost.
14: Average Variable Costs.
15: Backward Integration.
16: Bankruptcy.
17: Barriers to Entry.
18: Basic Market Structures.
19: Beta Coefficient.
20: Brand Name.
21: Budget Constraint.
22: Bundling.
23: Business Entities.
24: Capital.
25: Capital Asset Pricing Model.
26: Capital Budgeting.
27: Capital Markets.
28: Capitalism.
29: Cartels.
30: Cash Flow.
31: Certainty Equivalent.
32: Ceteris Paribus.
33: Clayton Act.
34: Coase Theorem.
35: Cobb–Douglas Production Function.
36: Coefficient of Variation.
37: Collusion.
38: Commitment.
39: Competition.
40: Complements.
41: Concentration Indices.
42: Confidence Intervals.
43: Constant Cost Industry.
44: Constant Returns to Scale.
45: Consumer Price Index.
46: Consumer Surplus.
47: Contestable Markets.
48: Contracts.
49: Cost of Capital.
50: Cournot Competition.
51: Covariance.
52: Credence Goods.
53: Credible Strategies.
54: Cross-Advertising Elasticity.
55: Cross Elasticities.
56: Cross-Section Analysis.
57: Deadweight Loss.
58: Declining Industry.
59: Decreasing Cost Industry.
60: Demand Curves.
61: Demand Function.
62: Depreciation.
63: Diminishing Marginal Utility.
64: Diminishing Returns.
65: Diseconomies of Scale.
66: Dominant Firm.
67: Dorfman–Steiner Condition.
68: Dumping.
69: Durbin–Watson Statistic.
70: Economic Depreciation.
71: Economic Profit.
72: Economics of the Internet.
73: Economies of Scale.
74: Economies of Scope.
75: Efficiency.
76: Efficient Markets Hypothesis.
77: Elasticity.
78: Entry.
79: Equilibrium.
80: Error Terms in Regression.
81: Estimating Demand.
82: EU Competition Policy, 2004.
83: EU Merger Guidelines, 2004.
84: EU Merger Policy, 2004.
85: Excess Capacity.
86: Exit.
87: Expected Present Value.
88: Expected Value.
89: Experience Goods.
90: Externalities.
91: Factor Prices.
92: Factor Productivity.
93: Federal Trade Commission Act.
94: Firm Financial Structure.
95: First-Mover Advantages.
96: Fixed Costs.
97: Fragmented Industries.
98: Game Theory.
99: Geographic Market.
100: Gross Domestic Product.
101: Herfindahl-Hirschman Index.
102: Heteroskedasticity.
103: Hierarchy.
104: Horizontal Merger Guidelines.
105: Identification Problem.
106: Imperfect Information.
107: Income Effect.
108: Income Elasticity.
109: Incomplete Contracts.
110: Increasing Returns.
111: Indifference Curves.
112: Industry Life Cycle.
113: Inelastic Demand.
114: Inferior Goods.
115: Inflation.
116: Internal Organization of the Firm.
117: Internal Rate of Return.
118: Isoquant-Isocost Curves.
119: Junk Bonds.
120: Kinked Demand Curves.
121: Law of Demand.
122: Law of Variable Proportions.
123: Learning Curve.
124: Lemons Market.
125: Lerner Index.
126: Limit Pricing.
127: Linear Regression.
128: Lock-In.
129: Long Run Cost Curves.
130: Make or Buy Decisions.
131: Marginal Cost.
132: Marginal Product.
133: Marginal Rate of Substitution.
134: Marginal Rate of Technical Substitution.
135: Marginal Revenue.
136: Marginal Utility.
137: Market Definition.
138: Market Microstructure.
139: Market Performance.
140: Market Power.
141: Market Structure.
142: Markup Pricing.
143: Maximin Criterion.
144: Merger Guidelines, 1992–7.
145: Microsoft Antitrust Case.
146: Microsoft Antitrust Case: Remedies.
147: Minimum Efficient Scale.
148: Monopolistic Competition.
149: Monopoly.
150: Monopsony.
151: Moral Hazard.
152: Multicollinearity.
153: Multi-Unit Auctions.
154: Natural Monopoly.
155: Net Present Value.
156: Net Present Value Criteria.
157: Network Externalities.
158: Nominal Income and Prices.
159: Normal Goods.
160: Objective of the Firm.
161: Oligopoly.
162: Opportunity Costs.
163: Optimal Variety.
164: Pareto Optimal Allocation.
165: Pecuniary Economies.
166: Perfect Competition.
167: Pioneering Brands.
168: Predatory Dumping.
169: Predatory Pricing.
170: Present Value.
171: Price Discrimination.
172: Price Leadership.
173: Principal–Agent Problem.
174: Prisoner's Dilemma.
175: Producer Surplus.
176: Product Attributes Model.
177: Product Differentiation.
178: Product Life Cycle.
179: Product Proliferation.
180: Product Variety.
181: Production Functions.
182: Profit Maximization.
183: Property Rights.
184: Public Goods Problem.
185: Quality.
186: R2.
187: Real Income.
188: Real Prices.
189: Rent Seeking.
190: Rents.
191: Reservation Price.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
About the Editors.
Contributors.
1: Above-the-Line.
2: Account Manager.
3: Acculturation.
4: Acculturation Models.
5: Action.
6: Adaptive Strategy.
7: Adoption Process.
8: Advertising.
9: Affect.
10: Affective Stage.
11: Agency.
12: Aida Model.
13: Aio (Activities, Interests, and Opinions).
14: Atmospherics.
15: Attention.
16: Attitudes.
17: Awareness.
18: BCG Matrix.
19: Behavior Theories.
20: Behavioral Perspective.
21