Treatise on Geomorphology, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080885225
  • ISBN-13: 9780080885223
  • DDC: 551.41
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 6386 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released February 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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The changing focus of geomorphic research suggests that the time is right to summarize the state of the discipline. The number of peer-reviewed papers published has grown steadily for 20+ years, and author diversity has expanded dramatically. As more are drawn to geomorphology, summarizing contemporary geomorphic knowledge has become more difficult. The 14 volumes of the Treatise on Geomorphology are an important reference for undergraduate students seeking term paper topics, graduate students starting a literature review, and professionals looking for topic summaries. The historical development of geomorphology topics provides context for ongoing research; discussion of research strategies, equipment, field methods, laboratory experiments, and numerical simulations reflect multiple approaches to understanding Earth's surfaces. Outstanding research questions highlight future challenges and suggest new avenues for research. Our ability to adapt to geomorphic changes hinges on how well landform scientists comprehend the dynamics of Earth's surfaces. This treatise synthesizes the state of the discipline, highlighting productive research directions. Geomorphology has advanced greatly in the last 10 years to become an interdisciplinary field. Undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals will find answers in this broad reference work. Editor-in-Chief Prof. J. F. Shroder of the University of Nebraska at Omaha is past president of the QG&G section of the Geological Society of America and present trustee of the GSA Foundation. Many noted international geomorphologists have contributed state-of-the-art chapters. Every chapter has been critically reviewed for consistency and accuracy. No other reference work in geomorphology offers the breadth and depth of information of this treatise.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 1.
Contents of All Volumes.
Introduction to the Foundations of Geomorphology.
1: The Scientific Roots of Geomorphology before 1830.
2: Major Themes in British and European Geomorphology in the Nineteenth Century.
3: Geomorphology and Nineteenth-Century Explorations of the American West.
4: Geomorphology in the First Half of the Twentieth Century.
5: The Mid-Twentieth Century Revolution in Geomorphology.
6: Geomorphology in the Late Twentieth Century.
7: Philosophy and Theory in Geomorphology.
8: Spatial and Temporal Scales in Geomorphology.
9: Tectonism, Climate, and Geomorphology.
10: Process in Geomorphology.
11: Denudation, Planation, and Cyclicity: Myths, Models, and Reality.
12: Sediments and Sediment Transport.
13: Systems and Complexity in Geomorphology.
14: Geomorphology and Late Cenozoic Climate Change.
15: The Field, the First, and Latest Court of Appeal: An Australian Cratonic Landscape and Its Wider Relevance.
16: Laboratory and Experimental Geomorphology: Examples from Fluvial and Aeolian Systems.
17: Present Research Frontiers in Geomorphology.
18: Geomorphology for Future Societies.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 2.
1: Quantitative Modeling of Geomorphology.
2: Nine Considerations for Constructing and Running Geomorphological Models.
3: Fundamental Principles and Techniques of Landscape Evolution Modeling.
4: A Community Approach to Modeling Earth- and Seascapes.
5: Which Models Are Good (Enough), and When?.
6: Statistical Methods for Geomorphic Distribution Modeling.
7: Genetic Algorithms, Optimization, and Evolutionary Modeling.
8: Nonlocal Transport Theories in Geomorphology: Mathematical Modeling of Broad Scales of Motion.
9: Cellular Automata in Geomorphology.
10: Hillslope Soil Erosion Modeling.
11: Process-Based Sediment Transport Modeling.
12: Morphodynamic Modeling of Rivers and Floodplains.
13: Quantitative Modeling of Landscape Evolution.
14: Modeling Ecogeomorphic Systems.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 3.
1: Remote Sensing and GIScience in Geomorphology: Introduction and Overview.
2: Ground, Aerial, and Satellite Photography for Geomorphology and Geomorphic Change.
3: Microwave Remote Sensing and Surface Characterization.
4: Remote Sensing of Land Cover Dynamics.
5: Near-Surface Geophysics in Geomorphology.
6: Digital Terrain Modeling.
7: Geomorphometry.
8: Remote Sensing and GIScience in Geomorphological Mapping.
9: GIS-Based Soil Erosion Modeling.
10: Remote Sensing and GIS for Natural Hazards Assessment and Disaster Risk Management.
11: Geovisualization.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 4.
1: Overview of Weathering and Soils Geomorphology.
2: Synergistic Weathering Processes.
3: Pedogenesis with Respect to Geomorphology.
4: Nanoscale: Mineral Weathering Boundary.
5: Rock Coatings.
6: Weathering Rinds: Formation Processes and Weathering Rates.
7: Tafoni and Other Rock Basins.
8: Weathering Mantles and Long-Term Landform Evolution.
9: Catenas and Soils.
10: Weathering and Hillslope Development.
11: Weathering in the Tropics, and Related Extratropical Processes.
12: Weathering in Arid Regions.
13: Coastal Weathering.
14: Chemical Weathering in Cold Climates.
15: Mechanical Weathering in Cold Regions.
16: Soil Chronosequences.
17: Weathering and Sediment Genesis.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 5.
1: Dedication to Dr. Kurt Lang Frankel.
2: Tectonic Geomorphology: A Perspective.
3: Continental–Continental Collision Zone.
4: Transform Plate Margins and Strike–slip Fault Systems.
5: Tectonic Geomorphology of Passive Margins and Continental Hinterlands.
6: Plateau Uplift, Regional Warping, and Subsidence.
7: Tectonic Geomorphology of Active Folding and Development of Transverse Drainages.
8: Volcanic Landforms and Hazards.
9: Hot Spots and Large Igneous Provinces.
10: Tectonic Geomorphology of Normal Fault Scarps.
11: Landslides Generated by Earthquakes: Immediate and Long-Term Effects.
12: Paleoseismology.
13: Glacially Influenced Tectonic Geomorphology: The Impact of the Glacial Buzzsaw on Topography and Orogenic Systems.
14: Tectonic Aneurysms and Mountain Building.
15: The Influence of Middle and Lower Crustal Flow on the Landscape Evolution of Orogenic Plateaus: Insights from the Himalaya and Tibet.
16: Polygenetic Landscapes.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 6.
1: New Developments of Karst Geomorphology Concepts.
2: Karst Landforms: Scope and Processes in the Early Twenty-First Century.
3: Sources of Water Aggressiveness – The Driving Force of Karstification.
4: Karst Geomorphology: Sulfur Karst Processes.
5: Biospeleogenesis.
6: Karstification by Geothermal Waters.
7: Denudation and Erosion Rates in Karst.
8: Reconstructing Landscape Evolution by Dating Speleogenetic Processes.
9: Preservation and Burial of Ancient Karst.
10: Classification of Closed Depressions in Carbonate Karst.
11: Poljes, Ponors and Their Catchments.
12: Microsculpturing of Solutional Rocky Landforms.
13: Stone Forests and Their Rock Relief.
14: Surface Roughness of Karst Landscapes.
15: Epikarst Processes.
16: Rock Features and Morphogenesis in Epigenic Caves.
17: The Vertical Dimension of Karst: Controls of Vertical Cave Pattern.
18: Large Epigenic Caves in High-Relief Areas.
19: Hypogene Speleogenesis.
20: Sulfuric Acid Caves: Morphology and Evolution.
21: Glacial Processes in Caves.
22: Morphology of Speleothems in Primary (Lava-) and Secondary Caves.
23: Micromorphology of Cave Sediments.
24: Cave Sediments as Geologic Tiltmeters.
25: Atmospheric Processes in Caves.
26: Variations of Karst Geomorphology over Geoclimatic Gradients.
27: Tower Karst and Cone Karst.
28: Seawater and Biokarst Effects on Coastal Limestones.
29: Flank Margin Caves in Carbonate Islands and the Effects of Sea Level.
30: Glacier Ice-Contact Speleogenesis in Marble Stripe Karst.
31: Karst in Deserts.
32: Salt Karst.
33: Surface Morphology of Gypsum Karst.
34: Evolution of Intrastratal Karst and Caves in Gypsum.
35: Dealing with Gypsum Karst Problems: Hazards, Environmental Issues, and Planning.
36: Solutional Weathering and Karstic Landscapes on Quartz Sandstones and Quartzite.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 7.
1: Mountain and Hillslope Geomorphology: An Introduction.
2: Regolith and Soils of Mountains and Slopes.
3: Stress, Deformation, Conservation, and Rheology: A Survey of Key Concepts in Continuum Mechanics.
4: Influence of Physical Weathering on Hillslope Forms.
5: Influence of Chemical Weathering on Hillslope Forms.
6: Rates of Denudation.
7: Surface-Runoff Generation and Forms of Overland Flow.
8: Flood Generation and Flood Waves.
9: Analysis of Flash-Flood Runoff Response, with Examples from Major European Events.
10: Conceptualization in Catchment Modeling.
11: Rill and Gully Development Processes.
12: Land Use and Sediment Yield.
13: Processes, Transport, Deposition, and Landforms: Quantifying Creep.
14: Processes, Transport, Deposition, and Landforms: Slides.
15: Processes, Transport, Deposition, and Landforms: Flow.
16: Processes, Transport, Deposition, and Landforms: Topple.
17: Processes, Transport, Deposition, and Landforms: Rockfall.
18: Long-Runout Landslides.
19: Mass-Movement Causes: Overloading.
20: Mass-Movement Causes: Water.
21: Mass-Movement Causes: Changes in Slope Angle.
22: Mass-Movement Causes: Glacier Thinning.
23: Mass-Movement Causes: Earthquakes.
24: Mass-Movement Style, Activity State, and Distribution.
25: Lateral Spreading.
26: Mass-Movement Hazards and Risks.
27: Avoidance and Protection Measures.
28: Numerical Modeling of Flows and Falls.
29: Changing Hillslopes: Evolution and Inheritance; Inheritance and Evolution of Slopes.
30: Hillslope Processes and Climate Change.
31: Hillslope Processes in Cold Environments: An Illustration of High-Latitude Mountain and Hillslope Processes and Forms.
32: Hillslope Processes in Temperate Environments.
33: Semiarid Hillslope Processes.
34: Hillslope Processes in Arid Environments.
35: Hillslope Processes in Tropical Environments.
36: Extraterrestrial Hillslope Processes.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 8.
1: The Development and History of Glacial and Periglacial Geomorphology.
2: Identifying Glacial and Interglacial Periods to Assess the Long-Term Climate History of Earth.
3: Quaternary-Pleistocene Glacial and Periglacial Environments.
4: Classification of Ice Masses.
5: Ice Properties and Glacier Dynamics.
6: Water in Glaciers and Ice Sheets.
7: Glacial Erosion Processes and Rates.
8: Erosional Features.
9: Erosional Landscapes.
10: Depositional Processes.
11: Depositional Features.
12: Fluvial Processes in Proglacial Environments.
13: Watershed Hydrology in Periglacial Environments.
14: Ground Ice and Cryostratigraphy.
15: Permafrost: Formation and Distribution, Thermal and Mechanical Properties.
16: Palsas and Lithalsas.
17: Rock Glaciers.
18: Pingos.
19: Patterned Ground and Polygons.
20: Thermokarst Terrains.
21: Thermokarst Lakes, Drainage, and Drained Basins.
22: Thermokarst and Civil Infrastructure.
23: Mass Movement Processes in the Periglacial Environment.
24: Evolution of Slopes in a Cold Climate.
25: Aeolian Processes in Periglacial Environments.
26: Climate Change Impacts on Cold Climates.
27: Geomorphology and Retreating Glaciers.
28: The Glacial and Periglacial Research Frontier: Where from Here?.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 9.
1: Treatise on Fluvial Geomorphology.
2: A River Runs through It: Conceptual Models in Fluvial Geomorphology.
3: Subsurface and Surface Flow Leading to Channel Initiation.
4: Network-Scale Energy Distribution.
5: Reach-Scale Flow Resistance.
6: Turbulence in River Flows.
7: The Initiation of Sediment Motion and Formation of Armor Layers.
8: Bedload Kinematics and Fluxes.
9: Suspended Load.
10: Bedforms in Sand-Bedded Rivers.
11: Wood in Fluvial Systems.
12: Influence of Aquatic and Semi-Aquatic Organisms on Channel Forms and Processes.
13: Geomorphic Controls on Hyporheic Exchange Across Scales: Watersheds to Particles.
14: Reciprocal Relations between Riparian Vegetation, Fluvial Landforms, and Channel Processes.
15: Landslides in the Fluvial System.
16: River Meandering.
17: Morphology and Dynamics of Braided Rivers.
18: Hydraulic Geometry: Empirical Investigations and Theoretical Approaches.
19: Anabranching and Anastomosing Rivers.
20: Step–Pool Channel Features.
21: Pool–Riffle.
22: Fluvial Terraces.
23: Waters Divided: A History of Alluvial Fan Research and a View of Its Future.
24: Quantitative Paleoflood Hydrology.
25: Outburst Floods.
26: Global Late Quaternary Fluvial Paleohydrology: With Special Emphasis on Paleofloods and Megafloods.
27: Steep Headwater Channels.
28: Bedrock Rivers.
29: Incised Channels: Disturbance, Evolution and the Roles of Excess Transport Capacity and Boundary Materials in Controlling Channel Response.
30: Streams of the Montane Humid Tropics.
31: Dryland Fluvial Environments: Assessing Distinctiveness and Diversity from a Global Perspective.
32: Large River Floodplains.
33: Field and Laboratory Experiments in Fluvial Geomorphology.
34: Numerical Modeling in Fluvial Geomorphology.
35: Remote Data in Fluvial Geomorphology: Characteristics and Applications.
36: Geomorphic Classification of Rivers.
37: Impacts of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change on River Systems.
38: Flow Regulation by Dams.
39: Urbanization and River Channels.
40: Impacts of Humans on River Fluxes and Morphology.
41: Geomorphologist’s Guide to Participating in River Rehabilitation.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editor.
Contributors to Volume 10.
1: Perspectives on Coastal Geomorphology: Introduction.
2: The Four Traditions of Coastal Geomorphology.
3: Waves.
4: Sediment Transport.
5: Beach Morphodynamics.
6: Nearshore Bars.
7: Tidal Inlets and Lagoons Along Siliciclastic Barrier Coasts.
8: Morphodynamics of Barrier Systems: A Synthesis.
9: Coastal Gravel Systems.
10: Beach and Dune Interaction.
11: Rock Coasts.
12: Estuaries.
13: Coral Systems.
14: Mangrove Systems.
15: Developed Coasts.
16: Evolution of Coastal Landforms.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 11.
1: Aeolian Geomorphology: Introduction.
2: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Boundary-Layer Processes.
3: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Aeolian Sediments.
4: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Dust Emissions and Transport – Near Surface.
5: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Long-Range Transport of Dust.
6: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Wind-Blown Sand.
7: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Airflow Over Dunes.
8: Fundamentals of Aeolian Sediment Transport: Aeolian Abrasion.
9: Loess and its Geomorphic, Stratigraphic, and Paleoclimatic Significance in the Quaternary.
10: Clay Deposits.
11: Dune Morphology and Dynamics.
12: Sand Seas and Dune Fields.
13: Aeolian Stratigraphy.
14: Abraded Systems.
15: Extraterrestrial Aeolian Landscapes.
16: Modeling Aeolian Landscapes.
17: Coastal Dunes.
18: Aeolian Paleoenvironments of Desert Landscapes.
19: Cold-Climate Aeolian Environments.
20: Anthropogenic Environments.
21: Critical Environments: Sand Dunes and Climate Change.
22: Linked Aeolian-Vegetation Systems.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 12.
1: The Role of Biota in Geomorphology: Ecogeomorphology.
2: Riverine Habitat Dynamics.
3: Wood Entrance, Deposition, Transfer and Effects on Fluvial Forms and Processes: Problem Statements and Challenging Issues.
4: River Processes and Implications for Fluvial Ecogeomorphology: A European Perspective.
5: Riparian Vegetation and the Fluvial Environment: A Biogeographic Perspective.
6: The Impacts of Vegetation on Roughness in Fluvial Systems.
7: Vegetation Ecogeomorphology, Dynamic Equilibrium, and Disturbance.
8: The Reinforcement of Soil by Roots: Recent Advances and Directions for Future Research.
9: Dendrogeomorphology: Dating Earth-Surface Processes with Tree Rings.
10: Tree-Ring Records of Variation in Flow and Channel Geometry.
11: Peatland Geomorphology.
12: Ecogeomorphology of Salt Marshes.
13: Ecogeomorphology of Tidal Flats.
14: Valley Plugs, Land Use, and Phytogeomorphic Response.
15: Fire as a Geomorphic Agent.
16: The Faunal Influence: Geomorphic Form and Process.
17: Microbioerosion and Bioconstruction.
18: The Geomorphic Impacts of Animal Burrowing and Denning.
19: Effects of Ants and Termites on Soil and Geomorphological Processes.
20: Beaver Hydrology and Geomorphology.
21: Interactions Among Hydrogeomorphology, Vegetation, and Nutrient Biogeochemistry in Floodplain Ecosystems.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 13.
1: Geomorphology of Human Disturbances, Climate Change, and Hazards.
2: Impacts of Vegetation Clearance on Channel Change: Historical Perspective.
3: Land-Use Impacts on the Hydrogeomorphology of Small Watersheds.
4: Impacts of Early Agriculture and Deforestation on Geomorphic Systems.
5: Grazing Influences on Geomorphic Systems.
6: Impacts of Mining on Geomorphic Systems.
7: Hydrogeomorphic Effects of Reservoirs, Dams, and Diversions.
8: Climatic Geomorphology.
9: Climate Change and Aeolian Processes.
10: Glacial Responses to Climate Change.
11: Response of Periglacial Geomorphic Processes to Global Change.
12: Natural Hazards, Landscapes, and Civilizations.
13: Tsunami.
14: Factors Influencing Volcanic Hazards and the Morphology of Volcanic Landforms.
15: Hazardous Processes: Flooding.
16: Wildfire and Landscape Change.
17: Landslide Hazards and Climate Change in High Mountains.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Volume Editors.
Contributors to Volume 14.
1: Methods and Techniques for the Modern Geomorphologist: An Introduction to the Volume.
2: Fundamental Classic and Modern Field Techniques in Geomorphology: An Overview.
3: Geomorphometry: Quantitative Land-Surface Analysis.
4: The Modern Geomorphological Map.
5: Google Earth™ in Geomorphology: Re-Enchanting, Revolutionizing, or Just another Resource?.
6: Methods in Geomorphology: Numerical Modeling of Drainage Basin Development.
7: Methods in Geomorphology: Investigating River Channel Form.
8: Methods in Geomorphology: Mapping Glacial Features.
9: Techniques and Methods for the Field: An Introduction and Commentary.
10: Topographic Field Surveying in Geomorphology.
11: Coring and Augering.
12: Trenching and Exposed Faces.
13: Working with Gravel and Boulders.
14: The Micro and Traversing Erosion Meter.
15: Soil Description Procedures for Use in Geomorphological Studies.
16: Ground Penetrating Radar.
17: Electronic Measurement Techniques for Field Experiments in Process Geomorphology.
18: Laboratory Techniques for Geomorphologists: An Introduction.
19: Measuring and Analyzing Particle Size in a Geomorphic Context.
20: Examining Particle Shape.
21: The Scanning Electron Microscope in Geomorphology.
22: Determining Organic and Carbonate Content in Sediments.
23: Wet Chemical Methods (pH, Electrical Conductivity, Ion-Selective Electrodes, Colorimetric Analysis, Ion Chromatography, Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy, and Quadrupole Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry).
24: Use of Sedimentary-Metal Indicators in Assessment of Estuarine System Health.
25: Microfossils in Tidal Settings as Indicators of Sea-Level Change, Paleoearthquakes, Tsunamis, and Tropical Cyclones.
26: Palynology and Its Application to Geomorphology.
27: Investigating the Strength of Materials: Introduction.
28: Direct Shear Testing in Geomorphology.
29: The Schmidt Hammer and Related Devices in Geomorphological Research.
30: An Introduction to Dating Techniques: A Guide for Geomorphologists.
31: Radiocarbon Dating of Plant Macrofossils from Tidal-Marsh Sediment.