Dynamic Earth: Glaciers, Sea Ice, and Ice Formation, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615301895
  • ISBN-13: 9781615301898
  • DDC: 551.31
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 288 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011

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Glaciers and sea ice are vital to sustaining aquatic ecosystems and regulating ocean water temperature. Permafrost, a type of ground ice, dramatically affects the infrastructure and agricultural output of several communities around the world. The development of these varying formations and the interplay between them and the environment are thoughtfully considered in this fascinating volume.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Ice on Planet Earth.
2: The Water Molecule.
3: The Ice Crystal.
4: Hoarfrost and Rime.
5: Mechanical Properties.
6: Thermal Properties.
7: Optical Properties.
8: Electromagnetic Properties.
9: Ice Ages.
10: Permafrost.
11: The Origin and Stability of Permafrost.
12: Air Temperature and Ground Temperature.
13: Climatic Change.
14: Permafrost Distribution in the Northern Hemisphere.
15: The Local Thickness of Permafrost.
16: The Effects of Climate.
17: The Effects of Water Bodies.
18: The Effects of Solar Radiation, Vegetation, and Snow Cover.
19: Types of Ground Ice.
20: Ice Wedges.
21: Active Wedges, Inactive Wedges, and Ice-Wedge Casts.
22: Surface Manifestations of Permafrost and Seasonally Frozen Ground.
23: Polygonal Ground.
24: Thermokarst Formations.
25: Pingos.
26: Patterned Ground.
27: Soil Flow.
28: The Study of Permafrost.
29: Problems Posed by Permafrost.
30: Permafrost Engineering.
31: Development in Permafrost Areas.
32: Ice in Lakes and Rivers.
33: The Seasonal Cycle.
34: Ice Formation in Lakes.
35: Nucleation of Ice Crystals.
36: The Effects of Wind Mixing.
37: The Rates of Growth.
38: Variations in Ice Structure.
39: Ice Decay.
40: Thinning and Rotting.
41: Melting.
42: The Geographic Distribution of Lake Ice.
43: Ice Formation in Rivers.
44: Accumulating Ice Cover.
45: Growth of Fixed Ice Cover.
46: Ice Buildups.
47: Decay and Ice Jams.
48: River Ice Modification.
49: The Geographic Distribution of River Ice.
50: Glaciers and Ice Sheets.
51: The Formation and Characteristics of Glacier Ice.
52: Mass Balance.
53: Heat or Energy Balance.
54: Glacier Flow.
55: Mountain Glaciers and Other Smaller Ice Masses.
56: Classification of Mountain Glaciers.
57: Surface Features.
58: Mass Balance of Mountain Glaciers.
59: The Flow of Mountain Glaciers.
60: Crevasse.
61: Glacier Hydrology.
62: Rock Glacier.
63: The Great Ice Sheets.
64: The Antarctic Ice Sheet.
65: The Greenland Ice Sheet.
66: Accumulation and Ablation of the Ice Sheets.
67: Net Mass Balance.
68: The Flow of the Ice Sheets.
69: Ross Ice Shelf.
70: The Information from Deep Cores.
71: The Response of Glaciers to Climatic Change.
72: Glaciers and Sea Level.
73: Glacial Landforms.
74: General Considerations.
75: Glaciers and Topography.
76: Glacial Erosion.
77: Glacial Deposition.
78: Erosional Landforms.
79: Small-Scale Features of Glacial Erosion.
80: The Erosional Landforms of Valley Glaciers.
81: The Erosional Landforms of Continental Glaciers.
82: Depositional Landforms.
83: The Depositional Landforms of Valley Glaciers.
84: The Depositional Landforms of Continental Glaciers.
85: Meltwater Deposits.
86: Periglacial Landforms.
87: Felsenmeers, Talus, and Rock Glaciers.
88: Icebergs and Sea Ice.
89: Icebergs.
90: The Origin of Antarctic Icebergs.
91: The Origin of Arctic Icebergs.
92: Iceberg Structure.
93: Iceberg Size and Shape.
94: Erosion and Melting.
95: The Distribution of Icebergs and Their Drift Trajectories.
96: Iceberg Scour and Sediment Transport.
97: The Climatic Impacts of Icebergs.
98: Iceberg Detection, Tracking, and Management.
99: Sea Ice.
100: Ice Salinity, Temperature, and Ecological Interactions.
101: Sea Ice Formation and Features.
102: Pack Ice Drift and Thickness.
103: Sea Ice and its Interactions with the Oceans, Atmosphere, and Climate.
104: The Emerging Impacts of Recent Changes to Sea Ice.
105: The Arctic and Antarctic.
106: The Arctic.
107: Continental Ice Sheets of the Past.
108: Terrain.
109: Drainage and Soils.
110: Present-Day Glaciation.
111: Glacier Groups.
112: Climate.
113: The Arctic Ocean.
114: Oceanography.
115: Sea Ice in the Arctic Ocean.
116: Antarctica.
117: Physical Features.
118: Antarctic Glaciation.
119: The Surrounding Seas.
120: Climate.
121: The Power of Ice.
Significant Glaciers, Ice Sheets, and Ice Shelves.
Amery Ice Shelf.
Beardmore Glacier.
Filchner Ice Shelf.
Larsen Ice Shelf.
Laurentide Ice Sheet.
Ronne Ice Shelf.
Shackleton Ice Shelf.
Skelton Glacier.
Wilkins Ice Shelf.