Oxford Encyclopedia Of Evolution, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0195187601
  • ISBN-13: 9780195187601
  • DDC: 576.8
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1205 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2002 | Published/Released December 2011
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2002

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About

Overview

A comprehensive guide to the essentials of evolutionary biology, these entries by leading experts survey essential concepts and theories, present methods, models and findings, and discuss both the history of the field and current controversies. Readers will find brief treatments on discrete concepts and individuals to illuminating lengthy essays by towering figures in the field. Topics include: Darwin, natural selection, human origins, behavioral ecology, diversity, mathematical models, and cell and developmental biology.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Board.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editorial and Production Staff.
List of Articles.
Topical Outline of Articles.
Preface.
1: Overview Essays: States of Evolution.
2: Introduction.
3: History of Evolutionary Thought.
4: The Major Transitions in Evolution.
5: Macroevolution.
6: Culture in Chimpanzees.
7: Human Genetic and Linguistic Diversity.
8: Motherhood.
9: Darwinian Medicine.
10: Genomics and the Dawn of Proteomics.
11: The New Replicators.
12: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
13: Origins and Phylogeny of HIV.
14: Dynamics of HIV Transmission and Infection.
15: Adaptation.
16: Agriculture.
17: Origins of Agriculture.
18: Spread of Agriculture.
19: Alarm Calls.
20: Algae.
21: Alloparental Care.
22: Altruism.
23: Amphibians.
24: Ancient DNA.
25: Animals.
26: Antibiotic Resistance.
27: Origins, Mechanisms, and Extent of Resistance.
28: Epidemiological Considerations.
29: Strategies for Managing Resistance.
30: Apoptosis.
31: Archaeological Inference.
32: Art.
33: An Overview.
34: An Adaptive Function?.
35: Arthropods.
36: Artificial Life.
37: Artificial Selection.
38: Assortative Mating.
39: Atavisms.
40: Bacteria and Archaea.
41: Basic Reproductive Rate (R0).
42: Biogeography.
43: Island Biogeography.
44: Vicariance Biogeography.
45: Human Influences on Biogeography.
46: Bioinformatics.
47: Biological Warfare.
48: Birds.
49: Body Plans.
50: Brain Size Evolution.
51: Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc.
52: C. Elegans.
53: Cain, Arthur James.
54: Cambrian Explosion.
55: Canalization.
56: Cancer.
57: Cell Evolution.
58: Cell Lineage.
59: Cell-Type Number and Complexity.
60: Cellular Organelles.
61: Character Displacement.
62: Chromosomes.
63: Classification.
64: Clonal Structure.
65: An Overview.
66: Population Structure and Clonality of Bacteria.
67: Population Structure and Clonality of Protozoa.
68: Cloning.
69: Cnidarians.
70: Coalescent Theory and Modeling.
71: Codon Usage Bias.
72: Coevolution.
73: Comparative Method.
74: Complexity Theory.
75: Consciousness.
76: Constraint.
77: Constraints on Adaptation.
78: Convergent and Parallel Evolution.
79: Cooperation.
80: Cope’s Rule.
81: Coronary Artery Disease.
82: Cortical Inheritance.
83: Creationism.
84: Cryptic Female Choice.
85: Cultural Evolution.
86: An Overview.
87: Cultural Transmission.
88: Cuvier, Georges.
89: Cytoplasmic Genes.
90: Darwin, Charles.
91: Darwin’s Finches.
92: Demographic Transition.
93: Demography.
94: Density-Dependent Selection.
95: Development.
96: An Overview.
97: Evolution of Development.
98: Developmental Stages, Processes, and Stability.
99: Development and Ecology.
100: Developmental Selection.
101: Diatoms.
102: Dinosaurs.
103: Directed Protein Evolution.
104: Disease.
105: Hereditary Disease.
106: Infectious Disease.
107: Demography and Human Disease.
108: DNA and RNA.
109: Dobzhansky, Theodosius.
110: Dollo’s Law.
111: Dosage Compensation.
112: Echinoderms.
113: Emerging and Re-Emerging Diseases.
114: Emotions and Self-Knowledge.
115: Endosymbiont Theory.
116: Engineering Applications.
117: Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness.
118: Epigenesis and Preformationism.
119: Epigenetics.
120: Ethology.
121: Eugenics.
122: Eusociality.
123: Eusocial Insects.
124: Eusociality in Mammals.
125: Evolution.
126: Evolutionary Economics.
127: Evolutionary Epistemology.
128: Exaptation.
129: Experimental Evolution.
130: An Overview.
131: A Long-Term Study with E. Coli.
132: Extinction.
133: Extrapair Copulations.
134: Fisher, Ronald Aylmer.
135: Fishes.
136: Fitness.
137: Fluctuating Asymmetry.
138: Forensic DNA.
139: Franklin, Rosalind.
140: Frequency-Dependent Selection.
141: Fundamental Theorem of Natural Selection.
142: Fungi.
143: Galapagos Islands.
144: Galton, Francis.
145: Game Theory.
146: Gene Families.
147: Gene Regulatory Networks.
148: Genes.
149: Genetic Algorithms.
150: Genetically Modified Organisms.
151: Genetic Code.
152: Genetic Drift.
153: Genetic Load.
154: Genetic Markers.
155: Genetic Polymorphism.
156: Genetic Redundancy.
157: Genitalic Evolution.
158: Genome Sequencing Projects.
159: Genome Size Evolution.
160: Genomic Imprinting.
161: Geochronology.
162: Geographic Variation.
163: Geological Periods.
164: Geology.
165: Germ Line and Soma.
166: Globalization.
167: Group Living.
168: Group Selection.
169: Haldane, John Burdon Sanderson.
170: Haldane’s Rule.
171: Hamilton, William D..
172: Hardy-Weinberg Equation.
173: Heterochrony.
174: Heterotopy.
175: Heterozygote Advantage.
176: An Overview.
177: Sickle-Cell Anemia and Thalassemia.
178: Hitchhiking.
179: Homeobox.
180: Homeosis.
181: Hominid Evolution.
182: An Overview.
183: Ardipithecus and Australopithecus.
184: Early Homo.
185: Archaic Homo Sapiens.
186: Neanderthals.
187: Homology.
188: Homoplasy.
189: Honeybees.
190: Host Behavior, Manipulation Of.