Historical Dictionary of the Reagan-Bush Era, 1st Edition

  • Richard S. Conley
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 081086455X
  • ISBN-13: 9780810864559
  • DDC: 973.92703
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 254 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released November 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The 1980s and early 1990s were remarkable for the triumph of conservatism in the United States and its closest allies. The victories of Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush in the United States were complemented by the electoral successes of Margaret Thatcher in the United Kingdom and Brian Mulroney in Canada. The relationship between Reagan and Bush and their conservative counterparts was particularly important in providing a united front on foreign policy, whether the target was the Soviet Union, Communist insurgencies in Africa or Latin America, or Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.

The Reagan-Bush era witnessed some of the most dramatic events of the latter half of the twentieth century: the collapse of the Soviet Union, a presidential assassination attempt, political scandal, a stock market crash, military invasions, and the explosion of the space shuttle Challenger. The Historical Dictionary of the Reagan-Bush Era relates these events and provides extensive political, economic, and social background on this era through a detailed chronology, an introduction, appendixes, a bibliography, and several hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, events, institutions, policies, and issues.

About the Author:
Richard S. Conley is associate professor of political science at the University of Florida.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries.
Frontispiece.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abbas, Abu (1949–2004)..
2: Abortion..
3: Abrams, Elliott (1948–)..
4: Achille Lauro..
5: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)..
6: Afghanistan..
7: Agricultural Credit Act (1987)..
8: Al-Shiraa..
9: Alexander, Lamar (1940–)..
10: Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA)..
11: Andean Initiative..
12: Andropov, Yuri (1914–1984)..
13: Angola..
14: Anti–Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty..
15: Apartheid..
16: Aristide, Jean-Bertrand (1953–)..
17: Arms Control..
18: Awacs..
19: B1-B Bomber..
20: Baker, Howard Henry, Jr. (1925–)..
21: Baker, James Addison, III (1930–)..
22: Bakker, Jim (1939–)..
23: Baldrige, Malcolm (1922–1987)..
24: Baltic States..
25: Barr, William Pelham (1950–)..
26: Beirut, Lebanon..
27: Bell, Terrel Howard (1921–1996)..
28: Bennett, William John (Bill) (1943–)..
29: Bentsen, Lloyd Millard, Jr. (1921–)..
30: Bergen–Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany..
31: Berlin Wall..
32: Bhopal, India..
33: Bin Laden, Osama..
34: Block, John Rusling (1935–)..
35: Boland Amendment..
36: Bork, Robert Heron (1927–)..
37: Bosnia–Herzegovina..
38: Bowen, Otis Ray(1918–)..
39: Brady, James Scott (1940–)..
40: Brady, Nicholas Frederick (1930–)..
41: Brezhnev Doctrine..
42: Brezhnev, Leonid Ilych (1906–1982)..
43: Brock, William Emerson (1930–)..
44: Buchanan, Patrick Joseph (1938–)..
45: Buckley, William F. (1928–1985)..
46: Budget Agreement(1990)..
47: Budget Enforcement Act (1990)..
48: Burnley, James Horace (1948–)..
49: Bush, Barbara Pierce (1925–)..
50: Bush, George Herbert Walker (1924–)..
51: Bush, George Walker (1946–)..
52: Bush, John Ellis (Jeb) (1953–)..
53: Card, Andrew H., Jr. (1947–)..
54: Carlucci, Frank Charles, III (1930–)..
55: Carter, James Earl (Jimmy) (1924–)..
56: Casey, William Joseph (1913–1987)..
57: Castañeda V. Pickard (1981)..
58: Cavazos, Lauro Fred, Jr.(1927–)..
59: Ceauşescu, Nicholae (1918–1989)..
60: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)..
61: Challenger (Space Shuttle)..
62: Cheney, Richard Bruce (Dick) (1941–)..
63: Chernenko, Konstantin (1911–1985)..
64: Chernobyl, Ukraine..
65: Chief of Staff..
66: China, People’s Republic of..
67: Christian Coalition..
68: Cisneros, Henry Gabriel(1947–)..
69: Civil Right(S)..
70: Clark, William Patrick (1931–)..
71: Clean Air Act Amendments (1990)..
72: Clinton, William Jefferson (Bill) (1946–)..
73: Cold War..
74: Colombia..
75: Columbia (Space Shuttle)..
76: Commonwealth Of Independent States..
77: Contras..
78: Council on Competitiveness..
79: Cruise Missiles..
80: Czechoslovakia..
81: Darman, Richard Gordon (1943–)..
82: The Day After..
83: Deaver, Michael Keith (1938–)..
84: Derwinski, Edward Joseph (1926–)..
85: Détente..
86: Deterrence..
87: Dobrynin, Anatoly Fyodorovich (1919–)..
88: Dole, Elizabeth Hanford (1936–)..
89: Dole, Robert Joseph (Bob) (1923–)..
90: Donovan, Raymond James (1930–)..
91: Drexel, Burnham, Lambert..
92: Drug Trafficking..
93: Dubček, Alexander (1921–1992)..
94: Duberstein, Kenneth M. (1944– )..
95: Dukakis, Michael Stanley (1933– )..
96: Eagleburger, Lawrence Sidney(1930– )..
97: Eastern Airlines Strike..
98: Economic Recovery Tax Act (1981)..
99: Edwards, James Burrows (1927– )..
100: El Salvador..
101: Endara Galimany, Guillermo David (1936– )..
102: Environment..
103: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)..
104: “Evil Empire.”.
105: Executive Office of the President (EOP)..
106: Exxon Valdez..
107: Falkland Islands War..
108: Farm Aid..
109: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)..
110: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)..
111: Federal Reserve System..
112: Ferraro, Geraldine (1935– )..
113: Fitzwater, Marlin (MAX) (1942– )..
114: Foley, Thomas Stephen (1929– )..
115: Foreign Policy..
116: Franklin, Barbara Hackman (1940– )..
117: FSX Fighter Jet..
118: Gates, Robert Michael (1943– )..
119: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)..
120: Gingrich, Newton Leroy (NEWT) (1943– )..
121: Ginsburg, Douglas Howard (1946– )..
122: Glasnost..
123: Goldwater–Nichols Act (1986)..
124: Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich (1931– )..
125: Gore, Albert, Jr. (1948– )..
126: Graham–Latta II (1981)..
127: Gramm–Rudman–Hollings Act (1985)..
128: Gray, C. (Clayland) Boyden (1943– )..
129: Greenspan, Alan (1926– )..
130: Grenada..
131: Gromyko, Andrei Andreyevich (1909–1989)..
132: Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr. (1924– )..
133: Hamas..
134: Hart, Gary Warren (1936– )..
135: Havel, Václav(1936– )..
136: Heckler, Margaret Mary O’Shaughnessy(1931– )..
137: Herrington, John Stewart(1939– )..
138: Hezbollah..
139: Hill, Anita(1956– )..
140: Hinckley, John Warnock, Jr. (1955– )..
141: Hirohito (1901–1989)..
142: Hodel, Donald Paul (1935– )..
143: Honecker, Erich (1912–1994)..
144: Horton, William R. (WILLY) (1951– )..
145: Hudson, Rock (1925–1985)..
146: Hurricane Andrew..
147: Hussein, Saddam (1937– )..
148: Independent Counsel..
149: Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)..
150: Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty..
151: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War..
152: Iran–Contra..
153: Iranian Hostage Crisis..
154: Iran–Iraq War..
155: Israel..
156: Jakes, Milos (1922– )..
157: Japan..
158: Jaruzelski, Wojciech Witold (1923– )..
159: “Junk Bonds.”.
160: Kaczynski, Theodore (Ted) (1942– )..
161: Keating Five..
162: Kemp, Jack French (1935– )..
163: Kennedy, Anthony Mcleod (1936– )..
164: KGB..
165: Khomeini, Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah (1900–1989)..
166: King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)..
167: King, Rodney Glen (1965– )..
168: Kirkpatrick, Jeane Duane Jordan (1926–2006)..
169: Kissinger Commission..
170: Klinghoffer, Leon (1916–1985)..
171: Kohl, Helmut Josef Michael (1930– )..
172: Koop, C. (Charles) Everett (1916– )..
173: Korean Airlines Flight 007..
174: Kosovo..
175: Krenz, Egon (1937– )..
176: Kristol, William (Bill) (1952– )..
177: Kuwait..
178: Lewis, Andrew Lindsay, Jr. (1931– )..
179: Libya..
180: Lockerbie, Scotland..
181: Lujan, Manuel(1928– )..
182: Lyng, Richard Edmund (1918–2003)..
183: Madigan, Edward Rell (1936–1994)..
184: Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla (1918– )..
185: Martin, Lynn Morley (1939– )..
186: Martinez, Robert (Bob) (1934– )..
187: McAuliffe, Sharon Christa Corrigan (1948–1986)..
188: Mcfarlane, Robert Carl (Bud) (1937– )..
189: McLaughlin, Ann Dore (1941– )..
190: Medellín Cartel..
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries.
Frontispiece.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abbas, Abu (1949–2004)..
2: Abortion..
3: Abrams, Elliott (1948–)..
4: Achille Lauro..
5: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)..
6: Afghanistan..
7: Agricultural Credit Act (1987)..
8: Al-Shiraa..
9: Alexander, Lamar (1940–)..
10: Americans with Disabilities Act(ADA)..
11: Andean Initiative..
12: Andropov, Yuri (1914–1984)..
13: Angola..
14: Anti–Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty..
15: Apartheid..
16: Aristide, Jean-Bertrand (1953–)..
17: Arms Control..
18: Awacs..
19: B1-B Bomber..
20: Baker, Howard Henry, Jr. (1925–)..
21: Baker, James Addison, III (1930–)..
22: Bakker, Jim (1939–)..
23: Baldrige, Malcolm (1922–1987)..
24: Baltic States..
25: Barr, William Pelham (1950–)..
26: Beirut, Lebanon..
27: Bell, Terrel Howard (1921–1996)..
28: Bennett, William John (Bill) (1943–)..
29: Bentsen, Lloyd Millard, Jr. (1921–)..
30: Bergen–Belsen Concentration Camp, Germany..
31: Berlin Wall..
32: Bhopal, India..
33: Bin Laden, Osama..
34: Block, John Rusling (1935–)..
35: Boland Amendment..
36: Bork, Robert Heron (1927–)..
37: Bosnia–Herzegovina..
38: Bowen, Otis Ray(1918–)..
39: Brady, James Scott (1940–)..
40: Brady, Nicholas Frederick (1930–)..
41: Brezhnev Doctrine..
42: Brezhnev, Leonid Ilych (1906–1982)..
43: Brock, William Emerson (1930–)..
44: Buchanan, Patrick Joseph (1938–)..
45: Buckley, William F. (1928–1985)..
46: Budget Agreement(1990)..
47: Budget Enforcement Act (1990)..
48: Burnley, James Horace (1948–)..
49: Bush, Barbara Pierce (1925–)..
50: Bush, George Herbert Walker (1924–)..
51: Bush, George Walker (1946–)..
52: Bush, John Ellis (Jeb) (1953–)..
53: Card, Andrew H., Jr. (1947–)..
54: Carlucci, Frank Charles, III (1930–)..
55: Carter, James Earl (Jimmy) (1924–)..
56: Casey, William Joseph (1913–1987)..
57: Castañeda V. Pickard (1981)..
58: Cavazos, Lauro Fred, Jr.(1927–)..
59: Ceauşescu, Nicholae (1918–1989)..
60: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)..
61: Challenger (Space Shuttle)..
62: Cheney, Richard Bruce (Dick) (1941–)..
63: Chernenko, Konstantin (1911–1985)..
64: Chernobyl, Ukraine..
65: Chief of Staff..
66: China, People’s Republic of..
67: Christian Coalition..
68: Cisneros, Henry Gabriel(1947–)..
69: Civil Right(S)..
70: Clark, William Patrick (1931–)..
71: Clean Air Act Amendments (1990)..
72: Clinton, William Jefferson (Bill) (1946–)..
73: Cold War..
74: Colombia..
75: Columbia (Space Shuttle)..
76: Commonwealth Of Independent States..
77: Contras..
78: Council on Competitiveness..
79: Cruise Missiles..
80: Czechoslovakia..
81: Darman, Richard Gordon (1943–)..
82: The Day After..
83: Deaver, Michael Keith (1938–)..
84: Derwinski, Edward Joseph (1926–)..
85: Détente..
86: Deterrence..
87: Dobrynin, Anatoly Fyodorovich (1919–)..
88: Dole, Elizabeth Hanford (1936–)..
89: Dole, Robert Joseph (Bob) (1923–)..
90: Donovan, Raymond James (1930–)..
91: Drexel, Burnham, Lambert..
92: Drug Trafficking..
93: Dubček, Alexander (1921–1992)..
94: Duberstein, Kenneth M. (1944– )..
95: Dukakis, Michael Stanley (1933– )..
96: Eagleburger, Lawrence Sidney(1930– )..
97: Eastern Airlines Strike..
98: Economic Recovery Tax Act (1981)..
99: Edwards, James Burrows (1927– )..
100: El Salvador..
101: Endara Galimany, Guillermo David (1936– )..
102: Environment..
103: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)..
104: “Evil Empire.”.
105: Executive Office of the President (EOP)..
106: Exxon Valdez..
107: Falkland Islands War..
108: Farm Aid..
109: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)..
110: Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)..
111: Federal Reserve System..
112: Ferraro, Geraldine (1935– )..
113: Fitzwater, Marlin (MAX) (1942– )..
114: Foley, Thomas Stephen (1929– )..
115: Foreign Policy..
116: Franklin, Barbara Hackman (1940– )..
117: FSX Fighter Jet..
118: Gates, Robert Michael (1943– )..
119: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)..
120: Gingrich, Newton Leroy (NEWT) (1943– )..
121: Ginsburg, Douglas Howard (1946– )..
122: Glasnost..
123: Goldwater–Nichols Act (1986)..
124: Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeyevich (1931– )..
125: Gore, Albert, Jr. (1948– )..
126: Graham–Latta II (1981)..
127: Gramm–Rudman–Hollings Act (1985)..
128: Gray, C. (Clayland) Boyden (1943– )..
129: Greenspan, Alan (1926– )..
130: Grenada..
131: Gromyko, Andrei Andreyevich (1909–1989)..
132: Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr. (1924– )..
133: Hamas..
134: Hart, Gary Warren (1936– )..
135: Havel, Václav(1936– )..
136: Heckler, Margaret Mary O’Shaughnessy(1931– )..
137: Herrington, John Stewart(1939– )..
138: Hezbollah..
139: Hill, Anita(1956– )..
140: Hinckley, John Warnock, Jr. (1955– )..
141: Hirohito (1901–1989)..
142: Hodel, Donald Paul (1935– )..
143: Honecker, Erich (1912–1994)..
144: Horton, William R. (WILLY) (1951– )..
145: Hudson, Rock (1925–1985)..
146: Hurricane Andrew..
147: Hussein, Saddam (1937– )..
148: Independent Counsel..
149: Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)..
150: Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty..
151: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War..
152: Iran–Contra..
153: Iranian Hostage Crisis..
154: Iran–Iraq War..
155: Israel..
156: Jakes, Milos (1922– )..
157: Japan..
158: Jaruzelski, Wojciech Witold (1923– )..
159: “Junk Bonds.”.
160: Kaczynski, Theodore (Ted) (1942– )..
161: Keating Five..
162: Kemp, Jack French (1935– )..
163: Kennedy, Anthony Mcleod (1936– )..
164: KGB..
165: Khomeini, Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah (1900–1989)..
166: King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)..
167: King, Rodney Glen (1965– )..
168: Kirkpatrick, Jeane Duane Jordan (1926–2006)..
169: Kissinger Commission..
170: Klinghoffer, Leon (1916–1985)..
171: Kohl, Helmut Josef Michael (1930– )..
172: Koop, C. (Charles) Everett (1916– )..
173: Korean Airlines Flight 007..
174: Kosovo..
175: Krenz, Egon (1937– )..
176: Kristol, William (Bill) (1952– )..
177: Kuwait..
178: Lewis, Andrew Lindsay, Jr. (1931– )..
179: Libya..
180: Lockerbie, Scotland..
181: Lujan, Manuel(1928– )..
182: Lyng, Richard Edmund (1918–2003)..
183: Madigan, Edward Rell (1936–1994)..
184: Mandela, Nelson Rolihlahla (1918– )..
185: Martin, Lynn Morley (1939– )..
186: Martinez, Robert (Bob) (1934– )..
187: McAuliffe, Sharon Christa Corrigan (1948–1986)..
188: Mcfarlane, Robert Carl (Bud) (1937– )..
189: McLaughlin, Ann Dore (1941– )..
190: Medellín Cartel..