Biology, Controls and Models of Tree Volatile Organic Compound Emissions, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 9400766068
  • ISBN-13: 9789400766068
  • DDC: 582.16
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 547 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released May 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Plant-driven volatile organic compound (BVOC) emissions play a major role in atmospheric chemistry, including ozone and photochemical smog formation in the troposphere, and they extend the atmospheric lifetime of the key greenhouse gas, methane. Furthermore, condensation of photo-oxidation products of BVOCs leads to formation of secondary organic aerosols with profound implications for the earth's solar radiation budget and climate. Trees represent the plant life form that most contributes to BVOC emissions, which gives global forests a unique role in regulating atmospheric chemistry. Written by leading experts in the field, the focus is on recent advancements in understanding the controls on plant-driven BVOC emissions, including efforts to quantitatively predict emissions using computer models, particularly on elicitation of emissions under biotic and abiotic stresses, molecular mechanisms of volatile synthesis and emission and the role of emissions in plant stress tolerance.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Diversification of Volatile Isoprenoid Emissions from Trees: Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives.
2: BVOC-Mediated Plant-Herbivore Interactions.
3: The Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Volatile Messengers in Trees.
4: Genetic Engineering of BVOC Emissions from Trees.
5: Molecular and Pathway Controls on Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions.
6: Metabolic and Gene Expression Controls on the Production of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds.
7: The Roles of Stomatal Conductance and Compound Volatility in Controlling the Emission of Volatile Organic Compounds from Leaves.
8: The Role of Volatile Organic Compounds in Plant Resistance to Abiotic Stresses: Responses and Mechanisms.
9: Flooding-Driven Emissions from Trees.
10: Modification of BVOC Emissions by Changes in Atmospheric [CO2] and Air Pollution.
11: Multitrophic Signalling in Polluted Atmospheres.
12: Leaf-Level Models of Constitutive and Stress-Driven Volatile Organic Compound Emissions.
13: Scaling BVOC Emissions from Leaf to Canopy and Landscape: How Different are Predictions Based on Contrasting Emission Algorithms?.
14: Upscaling Biogenic Volatile Compound Emissions from Leaves to Landscapes.
15: Scaling Emissions from Agroforestry Plantations and Urban Habitats.
16: Global Modelling of Volatile Organic Compound Emissions.
17: Climate Feedbacks Linking the Increasing Atmospheric CO2 Concentration, BVOC Emissions, Aerosols and Clouds in Forest Ecosystems.
18: State-of-the-Art of BVOC Research: What Do We Have and What Have We Missed? A Synthesis.
Editors Biography.