Evolution of the Nervous System, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080548040
  • ISBN-13: 9780080548043
  • DDC: 573.81138
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 2000 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released April 2008
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

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All animals have nervous systems that mediate their behaviors, many of them species specific. Yet these all evolved from the simple nervous system of a common ancestor. To understand this phenomenon, we need to know how nervous systems vary and how this variation emerged in evolution.

In Evolution of the Nervous System, more than 100 distinguished neuroscientists have assembled, for the first time, the current state-of-the-art knowledge on how nervous systems evolved throughout the animal kingdom. This four-volume overview is rich in detail and broad in scope, and outlines the changes in brain and nervous system organization that occurred from the first vertebrates to present day fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals, and especially primates, including humans.

Basic principles of brain evolution are discussed, as well as mechanisms of change, which involved gene expression and altered the courses of embryonic development. The reader can select from chapters on highly specific topics as well as those providing an overview of current thinking and approaches.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents of Volume 1.
Biography of Editor-in-Chief.
Introduction to Volume 1.
Biographies of Volume Editors.
Contents of All Volumes.
1: A History of Ideas in Evolutionary Neuroscience.
2: Metazoan Phylogeny.
3: Phylogenetic Character Reconstruction.
4: Basic Nervous System Types: One or Many?.
5: Field Homologies.
6: Reelin, Cajal–Retzius Cells, and Cortical Evolution.
7: Evolutionary Neuroethology – A Case Study: Origins and Evolution of Novel Forms of Locomotion in Hippid Sand Crabs (Malacostraca, Decapoda, Anomala).
8: The Evolution of Encephalization.
9: Epigenetic Responses to a Changing Periphery – Wagging the Dog.
10: Compensatory Innervation in Development and Evolution.
11: Neuronal Migration.
12: Axon Pathfinding.
13: Evolution of the Action Potential.
14: Genetic Analysis of Neural and Non-Neural Co-Evolution.
15: The Role of Transient, Exuberant Axonal Structures in the Evolution of Cerebral Cortex.
16: Neural Wiring Optimization.
17: Principles of Brain Scaling.
18: Relevance of Understanding Brain Evolution.
19: Origin and Evolution of the First Nervous System.
20: The Evolution of Arthropod Nervous Systems: Insights from Neural Development in the Onychophora and Myriapoda.
21: Segmental Organization of Cephalic Ganglia in Arthropods.
22: Commissural Organization and Brain Segmentation in Insects.
23: Evolution of Color Vision and Visual Pigments in Invertebrates.
24: A Tale of Two CPGs: Phylogenetically Polymorphic Networks.
25: Evolution of Visceral Control in Invertebrates.
26: Cognition in Invertebrates.
27: Aggression in Invertebrates: The Emergence and Nature of Agonistic Behavioral Patterns.
28: Sleep in Invertebrates.
29: Gene Expression in the Honeybee Mushroom Body and Its Gene Orthologues.