Historical Dictionary of Israel, 2nd Edition

  • Bernard Reich
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810864037
  • ISBN-13: 9780810864030
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 636 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Since its creation, the State of Israel has been a magnet for attention. A country beset by conflict in its region and faced with the need to integrate immigrants of disparate backgrounds into a modern and advanced state, Israel has preoccupied observers, scholars, and journalists since its independence in 1948. Israel and its politics have been the subject of substantial and often highly partisan literature, being hotly and vigorously debated both at home and abroad.

The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Israel addresses the need in the literature on Israel for a comprehensive impartial information source about the various diplomatic and political personalities, institutions, organizations, events, concepts, and documents that together define the political life of the Jewish state. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant persons, places, events, government institutions, political parties, and battles, as well as entries on Israel's economy, society, and culture.

About the Authors:
Bernard Reich is Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University.

David H. Goldberg has served for many years as Director of Research for the Canada-Israel Committee in Toronto and has taught political science at York University.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abbas, Mahmoud (Abu Mazen; 1935– )..
2: Abdullah II (1962– )..
3: Abraham..
4: Abu Ghosh..
5: Abuhatzeira, Aharon (1938– )..
6: Achrayut Leumit (National Responsibility)..
7: Acre (Akko)..
8: Adenauer, Konrad (1876–1967)..
9: Agranat, Shimon (1906–1992)..
10: Agranat Commission of Inquiry..
11: Agriculture..
12: Agudat Israel (Association of Israel)..
13: Ahad Haam (One of the People; 1856–1927)..
14: Ahdut (Unity) ..
15: Ahdut Haavoda (Unity of Labor)..
16: Ahdut Haavoda Poalei Zion (Workers of Zion)..
17: Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud (Ahmadinezhad; 1956– )..
18: Al-Aksa Intifada..
19: Al-Aksa Martyrs Brigades..
20: Al-Aksa Mosque..
21: Al Galgalim (On Wheels)..
22: Al-Hamishmar.
23: Alignment (Maarach)..
24: Aliya..
25: Aliya Bet..
26: Allenby Bridge..
27: Allon, Yigal (Formerly Paicovitch; 1918–80)..
28: Allon Plan..
29: Aloni, Shulamit (1929– )..
30: Altalena Affair..
31: Alter, Simcha Bunim (1897–1992)..
32: Alterman, Natan (1910–70)..
33: Amir, Yigal (1970– )..
34: Amit, Meir (Formerly Slutzky; 1925– )..
35: Amital, Rabbi Yehuda (1925– )..
36: Amona..
37: Amor, Shaul (1941–2004)..
38: Anglo–American Committee of Inquiry..
39: Annapolis Conference..
40: Anti-Semitism..
41: April 14 Letters..
42: Arab Boycott of Israel..
43: Arab Cooperation and Brotherhood..
44: Arab Democratic List..
45: Arab Democratic Party..
46: Arab Farmers and Development Party..
47: Arab–Israeli Conflict..
48: Arab League (League of Arab States)..
49: Arab Movement for Change (Ta’al)..
50: Arab Political Parties..
51: Arab Progress and Work..
52: Arabs in Israel..
53: Arad, Ron (1958– )..
54: Arafat, Yasser (Abu Ammar; 1929–2004)..
55: Arava..
56: Arbeli-Almozlino, Shoshana (1926– )..
57: Arens, Moshe (1925– )..
58: Argentina..
59: Argov, Shlomo (1929–2003)..
60: Aridor, Yoram (1933– )..
61: Ariel..
62: Armistice Agreements (1949)..
63: Arrow Missile..
64: Ashdod..
65: Ashkelon..
66: Ashkenazi, Gabi (1954– )..
67: Ashkenazi Jews (Pl Ashkenazim)..
68: Assembly of the Elected (Asefat Hanivcharim)..
69: Atid (Future)..
70: Atomic Research and Development..
71: Attorney General..
72: Atzmona..
73: Aumann, Robert J. (Yisrael) (1930– )..
74: Ayash, Yahya (1966–1996)..
75: Azzam, Azzam (1963– )..
76: Bader-Ofer Process..
77: Bahai..
78: Baker, James (1930– )..
79: Balfour Declaration..
80: Banai, Yosef (Yossi; 1932–2006)..
81: Bank of Israel..
82: Bar Ilan University..
83: Bar Kochba War..
84: Bar Lev, Haim (1924–94)..
85: Bar Lev Line..
86: Bar-on, Mordechai (1928– )..
87: Bar-on, Ronnie (1948– )..
88: Barak, Aharon (1936– )..
89: Barak, Ehud (1942– )..
90: Baram, Uzi (1937– )..
91: Barenboim, Daniel (1942– )..
92: Barghouti, Marwan (1959– )..
93: Basic Law..
94: Basic Law: The Army..
95: Basic Law: Freedom of Occupation..
96: Basic Law: The Government..
97: Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty..
98: Basic Law: Israel Lands..
99: Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel..
100: Basic Law: The Judiciary..
101: Basic Law: The Knesset..
102: Basic Law: The President of the State..
103: Basic Law: The State Comptroller..
104: Basic Law: The State Economy..
105: Basle Program..
106: Batsheva Dance Company..
107: Bedolah..
108: Bedouin..
109: Beersheva (Beersheba)..
110: Begin, Menachem (1919–92)..
111: Begin, Ze’ev Binyamin (1943– ). .
112: Beilin, Joseph (Yossi; 1948– )..
113: Beinish, Dorit (1942– )..
114: Beirut Airport Raid (1968)..
115: Ben-Aharon, Yitzhak (Formerly Nussbaum; 1906–2006)..
116: Ben-Ami, Shlomo (1943– )..
117: Ben-Eliezer, Binyamin (Benjamin; Fuad; 1936– )..
118: Ben-Elisar, Eliahu (Formerly Gottlieb; 1932–2000)..
119: Ben-Gurion, David (formerly Gruen; 1886–1973)..
120: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev..
121: Ben Yehuda, Eliezer (Formerly Perlman; 1857–1922)..
122: Ben Zvi, Yitzhak (Formerly Shimshelevitz; 1884–1963)..
123: Benizri, Shlomo (1937– ). .
124: Bergmann, David Ernst (1903–75)..
125: Berman, Yitzhak (1913– )..
126: Bernadotte Plan..
127: Beta Israel..
128: Betar..
129: Bethlehem..
130: Bezalel School..
131: Bialik, Haim Nahman (1873–1934)..
132: Bielsky, Zeev (1946– )..
133: Biltmore Program..
134: Bilu Movement..
135: Bishara, Azmi (Ahmed; 1956– )..
136: Biton, Charley (1947– )..
137: Black Hebrews..
138: Black Panthers..
139: Black September (Crisis)..
140: Black September (Terrorist Group)..
141: Bnai Israel of India (Children of Israel)..
142: Bnei Akiva..
143: Bnei Menashe..
144: “Bomb In the Basement.”.
145: Borochov, Ber (1881–1917)..
146: Brit Shalom..
147: British Mandate for Palestine..
148: Brother Daniel Case..
149: B’tselem (The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories)..
150: Buber, Martin (1878–1965)..
151: Buffett, Warren E. (1930– )..
152: Burg, Avraham (1955– )..
153: Burg, Yosef (1909–99)..
154: Bush, George, H. W. (1924– )..
155: Bush, George, W. (1948– )..
156: Cabinet..
157: Cameri Theater..
158: Camp David II (2000)..
159: Camp David Accords (1978)..
160: Carter, Jimmy (1924– )..
161: Casino Party..
162: Center Party..
163: Center-Shinui Movement..
164: Chen (women’s Army Corps)..
165: China..
166: Ciechanover Commission..
167: Citizens’ Rights and Peace Movement (Crm; Hatnua Lezhuiot Haezrah Uleshalom; Ratz)..
168: Clinton, William J. (Bill; 1946– )..
169: Cohen, Geula (1925– )..
170: Cohen, Ran (1937– )..
171: Cohen-Orgad, Yigal (1937– ). .
172: Commissions of Inquiry..
173: Communist Party..
174: Constituent Assembly..
175: Convergence..
176: Corfu, Haim (1921– )..
177: Council of State (Moetzet Hamedina Hazmanit)..
178: Council of Torah Sages (Moetzet Gedolei Hatorah)..
179: Cunningham, Alan Gordon (1887–1983)..
180: Currency..
181: Czechoslovakian–Egyptian Arms Deal..
182: DA..
183: Dakar.
184: Damari, Shoshana (1923–2006)..
185: Darawshe (Darousha), Abd El-Wahab (1943– )..
186: Davar (The Word).
187: David..
188: Dayan, Moshe (1915–81)..
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Editor’s Foreword.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Acronyms and Abbreviations.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Abbas, Mahmoud (Abu Mazen; 1935– )..
2: Abdullah II (1962– )..
3: Abraham..
4: Abu Ghosh..
5: Abuhatzeira, Aharon (1938– )..
6: Achrayut Leumit (National Responsibility)..
7: Acre (Akko)..
8: Adenauer, Konrad (1876–1967)..
9: Agranat, Shimon (1906–1992)..
10: Agranat Commission of Inquiry..
11: Agriculture..
12: Agudat Israel (Association of Israel)..
13: Ahad Haam (One of the People; 1856–1927)..
14: Ahdut (Unity) ..
15: Ahdut Haavoda (Unity of Labor)..
16: Ahdut Haavoda Poalei Zion (Workers of Zion)..
17: Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud (Ahmadinezhad; 1956– )..
18: Al-Aksa Intifada..
19: Al-Aksa Martyrs Brigades..
20: Al-Aksa Mosque..
21: Al Galgalim (On Wheels)..
22: Al-Hamishmar.
23: Alignment (Maarach)..
24: Aliya..
25: Aliya Bet..
26: Allenby Bridge..
27: Allon, Yigal (Formerly Paicovitch; 1918–80)..
28: Allon Plan..
29: Aloni, Shulamit (1929– )..
30: Altalena Affair..
31: Alter, Simcha Bunim (1897–1992)..
32: Alterman, Natan (1910–70)..
33: Amir, Yigal (1970– )..
34: Amit, Meir (Formerly Slutzky; 1925– )..
35: Amital, Rabbi Yehuda (1925– )..
36: Amona..
37: Amor, Shaul (1941–2004)..
38: Anglo–American Committee of Inquiry..
39: Annapolis Conference..
40: Anti-Semitism..
41: April 14 Letters..
42: Arab Boycott of Israel..
43: Arab Cooperation and Brotherhood..
44: Arab Democratic List..
45: Arab Democratic Party..
46: Arab Farmers and Development Party..
47: Arab–Israeli Conflict..
48: Arab League (League of Arab States)..
49: Arab Movement for Change (Ta’al)..
50: Arab Political Parties..
51: Arab Progress and Work..
52: Arabs in Israel..
53: Arad, Ron (1958– )..
54: Arafat, Yasser (Abu Ammar; 1929–2004)..
55: Arava..
56: Arbeli-Almozlino, Shoshana (1926– )..
57: Arens, Moshe (1925– )..
58: Argentina..
59: Argov, Shlomo (1929–2003)..
60: Aridor, Yoram (1933– )..
61: Ariel..
62: Armistice Agreements (1949)..
63: Arrow Missile..
64: Ashdod..
65: Ashkelon..
66: Ashkenazi, Gabi (1954– )..
67: Ashkenazi Jews (Pl Ashkenazim)..
68: Assembly of the Elected (Asefat Hanivcharim)..
69: Atid (Future)..
70: Atomic Research and Development..
71: Attorney General..
72: Atzmona..
73: Aumann, Robert J. (Yisrael) (1930– )..
74: Ayash, Yahya (1966–1996)..
75: Azzam, Azzam (1963– )..
76: Bader-Ofer Process..
77: Bahai..
78: Baker, James (1930– )..
79: Balfour Declaration..
80: Banai, Yosef (Yossi; 1932–2006)..
81: Bank of Israel..
82: Bar Ilan University..
83: Bar Kochba War..
84: Bar Lev, Haim (1924–94)..
85: Bar Lev Line..
86: Bar-on, Mordechai (1928– )..
87: Bar-on, Ronnie (1948– )..
88: Barak, Aharon (1936– )..
89: Barak, Ehud (1942– )..
90: Baram, Uzi (1937– )..
91: Barenboim, Daniel (1942– )..
92: Barghouti, Marwan (1959– )..
93: Basic Law..
94: Basic Law: The Army..
95: Basic Law: Freedom of Occupation..
96: Basic Law: The Government..
97: Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty..
98: Basic Law: Israel Lands..
99: Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel..
100: Basic Law: The Judiciary..
101: Basic Law: The Knesset..
102: Basic Law: The President of the State..
103: Basic Law: The State Comptroller..
104: Basic Law: The State Economy..
105: Basle Program..
106: Batsheva Dance Company..
107: Bedolah..
108: Bedouin..
109: Beersheva (Beersheba)..
110: Begin, Menachem (1919–92)..
111: Begin, Ze’ev Binyamin (1943– ). .
112: Beilin, Joseph (Yossi; 1948– )..
113: Beinish, Dorit (1942– )..
114: Beirut Airport Raid (1968)..
115: Ben-Aharon, Yitzhak (Formerly Nussbaum; 1906–2006)..
116: Ben-Ami, Shlomo (1943– )..
117: Ben-Eliezer, Binyamin (Benjamin; Fuad; 1936– )..
118: Ben-Elisar, Eliahu (Formerly Gottlieb; 1932–2000)..
119: Ben-Gurion, David (formerly Gruen; 1886–1973)..
120: Ben-Gurion University of the Negev..
121: Ben Yehuda, Eliezer (Formerly Perlman; 1857–1922)..
122: Ben Zvi, Yitzhak (Formerly Shimshelevitz; 1884–1963)..
123: Benizri, Shlomo (1937– ). .
124: Bergmann, David Ernst (1903–75)..
125: Berman, Yitzhak (1913– )..
126: Bernadotte Plan..
127: Beta Israel..
128: Betar..
129: Bethlehem..
130: Bezalel School..
131: Bialik, Haim Nahman (1873–1934)..
132: Bielsky, Zeev (1946– )..
133: Biltmore Program..
134: Bilu Movement..
135: Bishara, Azmi (Ahmed; 1956– )..
136: Biton, Charley (1947– )..
137: Black Hebrews..
138: Black Panthers..
139: Black September (Crisis)..
140: Black September (Terrorist Group)..
141: Bnai Israel of India (Children of Israel)..
142: Bnei Akiva..
143: Bnei Menashe..
144: “Bomb In the Basement.”.
145: Borochov, Ber (1881–1917)..
146: Brit Shalom..
147: British Mandate for Palestine..
148: Brother Daniel Case..
149: B’tselem (The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories)..
150: Buber, Martin (1878–1965)..
151: Buffett, Warren E. (1930– )..
152: Burg, Avraham (1955– )..
153: Burg, Yosef (1909–99)..
154: Bush, George, H. W. (1924– )..
155: Bush, George, W. (1948– )..
156: Cabinet..
157: Cameri Theater..
158: Camp David II (2000)..
159: Camp David Accords (1978)..
160: Carter, Jimmy (1924– )..
161: Casino Party..
162: Center Party..
163: Center-Shinui Movement..
164: Chen (women’s Army Corps)..
165: China..
166: Ciechanover Commission..
167: Citizens’ Rights and Peace Movement (Crm; Hatnua Lezhuiot Haezrah Uleshalom; Ratz)..
168: Clinton, William J. (Bill; 1946– )..
169: Cohen, Geula (1925– )..
170: Cohen, Ran (1937– )..
171: Cohen-Orgad, Yigal (1937– ). .
172: Commissions of Inquiry..
173: Communist Party..
174: Constituent Assembly..
175: Convergence..
176: Corfu, Haim (1921– )..
177: Council of State (Moetzet Hamedina Hazmanit)..
178: Council of Torah Sages (Moetzet Gedolei Hatorah)..
179: Cunningham, Alan Gordon (1887–1983)..
180: Currency..
181: Czechoslovakian–Egyptian Arms Deal..
182: DA..
183: Dakar.
184: Damari, Shoshana (1923–2006)..
185: Darawshe (Darousha), Abd El-Wahab (1943– )..
186: Davar (The Word).
187: David..
188: Dayan, Moshe (1915–81)..