The 100 Most Important Chemical Compounds: A Reference Guide, 1st Edition

  • Richard L. Myers Alaska Pacific University, Anchorage, Alaska
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0313080577
  • ISBN-13: 9780313080579
  • DDC: 540
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 326 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released September 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

What is a chemical compound? Compounds are substances that are two or more elements combined together chemically in a standard proportion by weight. Compounds are all around us. They include familiar things, such as water, and more esoteric substances, such as triuranium octaoxide— the most commonly occurring natural source for uranium. This reference guide gives us a tour of 100 of the most important, common, unusual, and intriguing compounds known to science. Each entry gives an extensive explanation of the composition, molecular formula and chemical properties of the compound. In addition, each entry reviews the relevant chemistry, history and uses of the compound, with discussions of the origin of the compound's name, the discovery or first synthesis of the compound, production statistics, and uses of the compound.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Dedication.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Acetic Acid.
2: Acetone.
3: Acetylene.
4: Acetylsalicylic Acid.
5: Adenine.
6: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP).
7: Adipic Acid.
8: Aluminum(III) Oxide Al2O3.
9: Ammonia.
10: Ascorbic Acid.
11: Aspartame.
12: Benzene.
13: Benzoic Acid.
14: Biphenyl and PCBs.
15: Butane.
16: Butene.
17: Butyric and Fatty Acids.
18: Caffeine.
19: Calcium Carbonate.
20: Calcium Oxide (Lime).
21: Calcium Sulfate (Gypsum).
22: Carbon Dioxide.
23: Carbon Monoxide.
24: Chloroform.
25: Chlorophyll.
26: Cholesterol.
27: Citric Acid.
28: Cocaine.
29: Cytosine, Thymine, and Uracil.
30: DDT.
31: DEET.
32: Dichlorodifluoromethane, CFC-12.
33: Dopamine, L-Dopa.
34: Epinephrine (Adrenaline).
35: Ethane.
36: Ethene (Ethylene).
37: Ether.
38: Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol).
39: Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA).
40: Fluoxetine (Prozac).
41: Formaldehyde.
42: Formic Acid.
43: Glucose.
44: Glycerol (Glycerin).
45: Guanine.
46: Hydrochloric Acid.
47: Hydrogen Peroxide.
48: Hydrogen Sulfide.
49: Ibuprofen.
50: Indigo.
51: Insulin.
52: Iron(III) Oxide.
53: Isooctane.
54: Isoprene.
55: Methane.
56: Methyl Alcohol (Methanol).
57: Methylphenidate (Ritalin).
58: Monosodium Glutamate.
59: Morphine.
60: Naphthalene.
61: Nicotine.
62: Nitric Acid.
63: Nitric Oxide 65. Nitrogen Dioxide 66. Nitrous Oxide.
64: Nitroglycerin.
65: Norethindrone.
66: Penicillin.
67: Phenol.
68: Phosphoric Acid.
69: Piperine.
70: Potassium Carbonate.
71: Potassium Nitrate.
72: Propane.
73: Propylene.
74: Quinine.
75: Saccharin.
76: Silicon Dioxide (Silica).
77: Sodium Bicarbonate.
78: Sodium Carbonate.
79: Sodium Chloride.
80: Sodium Hydroxide.
81: Sodium Hypochlorite.
82: Strychnine.
83: Styrene.
84: Sucrose.
85: Sulfuric Acid.
86: Tetrafluoroethylene.
87: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
88: Trinitrotoluene (TNT).
89: Toluene.
90: Triuranium Octaoxide.
91: Urea.
92: Vanillin.
93: Vinyl Chloride.
94: Water.
95: Xylene.
96: Common and Ancient Names of Substances.
Glossary.
Selected Bibliography.
Index.
About the Author.

Meet the Author

Author Bio

Richard L. Myers

Richard L. Myers is a professor of Environmental Science at Alaska Pacific Univeresity in Anchorage, Alaska.