Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics, 1st Edition

  • Editor: Neil J. Salkind
  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1412939631
  • ISBN-13: 9781412939638
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 1136 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released December 2006
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

In fields as varying as education, politics, and health care, assessment and the use of measurement and statistics have become an integral part of almost every activity undertaken. These activities require the organization of ideas, the generation of hypotheses, the collection of data, and the interpretation, illustration, and analysis of data. No matter where educated people look, this critical analysis is more important than ever in an age where information - and lots of it - is readily available. The average consumer must know what a "median" is or what the connotations of the term "significant" are when intelligently reading The New York Times, Science News, or the Des Moines Register. Likewise, beginning students, practitioners, and researchers must grapple with sophisticated terms and techniques when conducting research, writing proposals, and analyzing data. The terms themselves have proven to be anxiety-provoking.

The Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics (two volumes, 1100 pages) presents state-of-the-art information and ready-to-use facts from the fields of measurement and statistics in a non-intimidating and accessible style. The encyclopedia is specifically written to appeal to beginning and intermediate-level students, practitioners, researchers, and consumers of information. While there are references that cover statistics and assessment in depth, none provide as comprehensive a resource in as focused and approachable a manner as the proposed encyclopedia. From A to Z, the entries cover every major facet of these two different, but highly integrated disciplines, from mean, mode, and median, to reliability, validity, significance, correlation, and much more - and all without overwhelming the informed reader.

Originally published in print format in 2006.

Contributors

Contributors

  • Neil J. Salkind

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editorial Board.
List of Entries.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor.
Contributors.
Preface.
1: Ability Tests.
2: Abstracts.
3: Acceptance Sampling.
4: Achievement Tests.
5: Active Life Expectancy.
6: Adaptive Sampling Design.
7: Adjective Checklist.
8: Age Norms.
9: Akaike Information Criterion.
10: Alcohol Use Inventory.
11: Alternate Assessment.
12: Alternative Hypothesis.
13: American Doctoral Dissertations.
14: American Psychological Association.
15: American Statistical Association.
16: Americans with Disabilities Act.
17: Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).
18: Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).
19: Anthropometry.
20: Applied Research.
21: Aptitude Tests.
22: Area Chart.
23: Arithmetic Mean.
24: Armed Forces Qualification Test.
25: Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery.
26: Artificial Neural Network.
27: Assessment of Interactions in Multiple Regression.
28: Association for Psychological Science.
29: Asymmetry of g.
30: Attenuation, Correction for.
31: Attitude Tests.
32: Attributable Risk.
33: Attrition Bias.
34: Audit Trail.
35: Authenticity.
36: Autocorrelation.
37: Average.
38: Average Deviation.
39: Babbage, Charles (1791–1871).
40: Bar Chart.
41: Basal Age.
42: Basic Personality Inventory.
43: Basic Research.
44: Bayes Factors.
45: Bayesian Information Criterion.
46: Bayesian Statistics.
47: Bayley Scales of Infant Development.
48: Beck Depression Inventory.
49: Behavior Assessment System for Children.
50: Behrens-Fisher Test.
51: Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test.
52: Bernoulli, Jakob (1654–1705).
53: Binomial Distribution/Binomial and Sign Tests.
54: Binomial Test.
55: Bioinformatics.
56: Biserial Correlation Coefficients.
57: Bivariate Distributions.
58: Bonferroni, Carlo Emilio (1892–1960).
59: Bonferroni Test.
60: Bowker Procedure.
61: Box Plot (Box and Whisker Plot).
62: Bracken Basic Concept Scale—Revised.
63: Bruno, James Edward (1940–).
64: Buros Institute of Mental Measurements.
65: California Psychological Inventory.
66: Career Assessment Inventory.
67: Career Development Inventory.
68: Career Maturity Inventory.
69: Carroll Depression Scale.
70: Categorical Variables.
71: Causal Analysis.
72: Censored Data.
73: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
74: Central Limit Theorem.
75: Centroid.
76: Chance.
77: Chi-Square Test for Goodness of Fit.
78: Chi-Square Test for Independence.
79: Children's Academic Intrinsic Motivation Inventory.
80: Class Interval.
81: Classical Test Theory.
82: Classification and Regression Tree.
83: Clinical Assessment of Attention Deficit.
84: Clinical Assessment of Behavior.
85: Clinical Assessment of Depression.
86: Cluster Analysis.
87: Cluster Sampling.
88: Cochran Q Test.
89: Coefficient Alpha.
90: Coefficients of Correlation, Alienation, and Determination.
91: Cognitive Abilities Test.
92: Cognitive Psychometric Assessment.
93: Cohen's Kappa.
94: Complete Independence Hypothesis.
95: Completion Items.
96: Computational Statistics.
97: Computerized Adaptive Testing.
98: Comrey, Andrew L. (1923–).
99: Comrey Personality Scales.
100: Conditional Probability.
101: Confidence Intervals.
102: Construct Validity.
103: Content Validity.
104: Continuous Variable.
105: Contour Plot.
106: Convenience Sampling.
107: Coping Resources Inventory for Stress.
108: Correlation Coefficient.
109: Correspondence Analysis.
110: Covariance.
111: Criterion-Referenced Tests.
112: Criterion Validity.
113: Critical Value.
114: Cronbach, Lee J. (1916–2001).
115: Culture Fair Intelligence Test.
116: Cumulative Frequency Distribution.
117: Curriculum-Based Measurement.
118: Curse of Dimensionality.
119: Curvilinear Regression.
120: Darwin, Charles (1809–1882).
121: Data Analysis ToolPak.
122: Data Collection.
123: Data Compression.
124: Data Mining.
125: Decision Boundary.
126: Decision Theory.
127: Delphi Technique.
128: Delta Method.
129: Deming, William Edwards (1900–1993).
130: Dependent Variable.
131: Descriptive Research.
132: Deviation Score.
133: Diagnostic Validity.
134: Difference Score.
135: Differential Aptitude Test.
136: Diggle-Kenward Model for Dropout.
137: Dimension Reduction.
138: Discriminant Analysis.
139: Discriminant Correspondence Analysis.
140: Dissimilarity Coefficient.
141: Distance.
142: DISTATIS.
143: Dixon Test for Outliers.
144: Dunn's Multiple Comparison Test.
145: Ecological Momentary Assessment.
146: Educational Testing Service.
147: Edwards Personal Preference Schedule.
148: Effect Size.
149: Eigendecomposition.
150: Eigenvalues.
151: EM Algorithm.
152: Embedded Figures Test.
153: Equivalence Testing.
154: Essay Items.
155: Estimates of the Population Median.
156: Ethical Issues in Testing.
157: Ethical Principles in the Conduct of Research with Human Participants.
158: Evidence-Based Practice.
159: Excel Spreadsheet Functions.
160: Exploratory Data Analysis.
161: Exploratory Factor Analysis.
162: Eyeball Estimation.
163: Face Validity.
164: Factor Analysis.
165: Factor Scores.
166: Factorial Design.
167: Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence.
168: Family Environment Scale.
169: File Drawer Problem.
170: Fisher, Ronald Aylmer (1890–1962).
171: Fisher Exact Probability Test.
172: Fisher's LSD.
173: Fisher's Z Transformation.
174: Fourier Transform.
175: Fractal.
176: Fractional Randomized Block Design.
177: Frequency Distribution.
178: Friedman Test.
179: Galton, Sir Francis (1822–1911).
180: Gambler's Fallacy.
181: Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777–1855).
182: Generalized Additive Model.
183: Generalized Method of Moments.
184: Generalized Procrustes Analysis.
185: Generalized Estimating Equations.
186: Gerontological Apperception Test.
187: Gf-Gc Theory of Intelligence.
188: Goodenough Harris Drawing Test.