Water Encyclopedia, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 047147844X
  • ISBN-13: 9780471478447
  • DDC: 627.03
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 4128 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2005 | Published/Released September 2006
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2005

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About

Overview

The Water Encyclopedia offers a comprehensive depository of all information relating to the scientific and technological aspects of the world's most important natural resource -- water. The role of water in science, engineering and society requires a one-stop location to find whatever information is available on the cutting edge of the 21st century. This book is a resource for useful public domain data. Its focus is expert narrative on all water-related subjects.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Staff Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
Acknowlegments.
Contributors.
1: Domestic Water Supply.
2: The Arsenic Drinking Water Crisis in Bangladesh.
3: Bottled Water.
4: Corrosion Control in Drinking Water Systems.
5: Economics of Residential Water Demands.
6: Gray Water Reuse in Households.
7: Water and Human Health.
8: Nitrate Health Effects.
9: Domestic Water Supply—Public–Private Partnership.
10: Methods of Reducing Radon in Drinking Water.
11: Water Reuse.
12: Roof Drainage Hydraulics.
13: Septic Tank Systems.
14: Domestic Solar Water Heaters.
15: Household Drinking Water Treatment and Safe Storage.
16: Virus Transport in the Subsurface.
17: Windmills.
18: Municipal Water Supply.
19: Mixing and Agitation in Water Treatment Systems.
20: Arsenic in Natural Waters.
21: Evaluation of Microbial Components of Biofouling.
22: Threat Agents and Water Biosecurity.
23: Granular Activated Carbon.
24: Competitive Adsorption of Several Organics and Heavy Metals on Activated Carbon in Water.
25: A Real-Time Hydrological Information System for Cities.
26: Chlorine and Chlorine Residuals.
27: Modeling Chlorine Residuals in Urban Water Distribution Systems.
28: Particulate Matter Removal by Coagulation.
29: Selective Coagulant Recovery from Water Treatment Plant Residuals Using the Domain Membrane Process.
30: Physical Water Conditioning.
31: Consumer Confidence Reports.
32: Water Conservation Measures.
33: Preventing Well Contamination.
34: Corrosion Control.
35: Cross Connection and Backflow Prevention.
36: Molecular-Based Detection of Cryptosporidium Parvum in Water.
37: Cryptosporidium.
38: Measuring Cryptosporidium Parvum Oocyst Inactivation Following Disinfection with Ultraviolet Light.
39: Dechlorination.
40: Desalination.
41: Diatomaceous Earth Filtration for Drinking Water.
42: Emerging Waterborne Infectious Diseases.
43: Improving Waterborne Disease Surveillance.
44: Disinfectants.
45: Disinfection.
46: Water Distribution System Operation.
47: Water Quality in Distribution Systems.
48: Design of Water Distribution Systems.
49: What Is in Our Drinking Water?.
50: The Economics of Water Resources Allocation.
51: Answering the Challenge.
52: Key Causes of Drinking Water Quality Failure in a Rural Small Water Supply of South Africa.
53: Filtration.
54: Water Filtration.
55: Filtration with Granular Media.
56: Slow Sand Filtration and the Impact of Schmutzdecke.
57: Multistage Drinking Water Filtration.
58: Multistage Filtration: An Innovative Water Treatment Technology.
59: Particulate Matter Removal by Filtration and Sedimentation.
60: Filtration Water Treatment.
61: Synthetic and Natural Organic Removal by Biological Filtration.
62: Granular Bed and Precoat Filtration.
63: Flocculation.
64: Fluoridation.
65: Giardiasis.
66: Gravity Separation/Sedimentation.
67: Water Hammer.
68: Health Effects of Commonly Occurring Disinfection Byproducts in Municipal Water Supplies.
69: Health Effects of Microbial Contaminants and Biotoxins in Drinking Water.
70: Drinking Water and Public Health Protection.
71: 1962 U.S. Public Health Service Standards.
72: Ion Exchange and Demineralization.
73: The State of the Water Industry—2004.
74: Iron and Manganese Removal.
75: Extraterritorial Land Use Control to Protect Water Supplies.
76: Leak Detection and Water Loss Control.
77: Lime–Soda Ash Processes.
78: Lime Softening.
79: Ion Exchange—Use of Magnetic Ion Exchange Resin for DOC Removal.
80: Membrane Filtration.
81: Water Meters.
82: Microbiological Concerns of Drinking Water Distribution Systems.
83: Nitrification of Potable Water Using Trickling Filters.
84: Organic Removal.
85: Ozone.
86: Ozone with Activated Carbon for Drinking Water Treatment.
87: Ozone–Bromide Interactions.
88: Municipal Water Supply: Ozonation.
89: Review of Parasite Fate and Transport in Karstic Aquifers.
90: Particulate Removal.
91: Pharmaceuticals in Water Systems.
92: Point-of-Use/Point-of-Entry Systems (POU/POE).
93: Assessing the Bactericidal Efficiency of Polydex for the Disinfection of Drinking Water in Rural Areas of South Africa.
94: Private Sector Participation, Marketing and Corporate Strategies in Municipal Water Supply and Sewerage.
95: Pumps.
96: Radionuclides.
97: Use of Redox Potentials in Wastewater Treatment.
98: Repairing Distribution Line Breaks.
99: Role of Small Water Reservoirs in Environment.
100: Reservoirs, Towers, and Tanks Drinking Water Storage Facilities.
101: Water Treatment Plant Residuals Management.
102: Reverse Osmosis, Process Chemistry.
103: Reverse Osmosis, Membrane Foulants.
104: Reverse Osmosis, Membrane Cleaning.
105: Application of Risk Assessments in Crafting Drinking Water Regulations.
106: Potential Risks of Waterborne Transmission of Escherichia Coli O157:H7.
107: Slow Sand Filtration.
108: Approaches for Securing a Water Distribution System.
109: Water Security: An Emerging Issue.
110: Guide to Selection of Water Treatment Processes.
111: Source Water Assessment.
112: Hydraulic Design of Water Distribution Storage Tanks.
113: System Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA).
114: Settling Tanks.
115: Treatment for Technologies for Small Drinking Water Systems.
116: Ultraviolet Disinfection.
117: Ultraviolet Irradiation.
118: Water Disinfection Using UV Radiation—A Sri Lankan Experience.
119: Drinking Water Quality Standards (DWQS)-United States.
120: Valves.
121: Removal of Pathogenic Bacteria, Viruses, and Protozoa.
122: Water Meter.
123: Municipal Watersheds.
124: Public Water Supply World.
125: Ten Key Trends That Will Shape the Future of the World Water Industry.
126: Zebra Mussel Control without Chemicals.
127: Package Plants.
128: Anaerobic Sewage Treatment.
129: Persistence of Pathogens in Water.
130: Well Head Protection.
131: Chemical Drinking Water Standards, Past, Present, and Future.
132: Industrial Water.
133: Magnetic Water Conditioning.
134: Water Impacts from Construction Sites.
135: Industrial Cooling Water—Biofouling.
136: Industrial Cooling Water—Corrosion.
137: Industrial Cooling Water—Scale Formation.
138: Economics of Industrial Water Demands.
139: Electric Generating Plants—Effects of Contaminants.
140: Energy Dissipation.
141: Water Use in Energy Production.
142: Evaluation of Toxic Properties of Industrial Effluents by On-Line Respirometry.
143: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons.
144: Hydrocarbon Treatment Techniques.
145: Use of Anaerobic-Aerobic Treatment Systems for Maize Processing Plants.
146: Bonding of Toxic Metal Ions.
147: Application of Microfiltration to Industrial Wastewaters.
148: Water Treatment in Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage.
149: Industrial Mine Use: Mine Waste.
150: Sugarcane Industry Wastewaters Treatment.
151: Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 1990 Industrial Water Use.
152: Waste Water Treatment.
153: Aeration.
154: Fine Bubble Diffused Air Aeration Systems.
155: Air Stripping.
156: Land Applications of Wastewater in Arid Lands: Theory and Case Studies.
157: Technologies for Arsenic Removal from Contaminated Water Sources.
158: Biochemical Oxygen Demand.
159: Molecular Biology Tools for Monitoring Biodiversity in Wastewater Treatment Plants.
160: Biosolids.
161: Integrated Capacity Building Needs for Water Supply and Wastewater Sanitation.
162: Wastewater Characterization.
163: Chemically Enhanced Primary Treatment of Wastewater.
164: Getting Our Clean Water Act Together.
165: Inadequate Treatment of Wastewater: A Source of Coliform Bacteria in Receiving Surface Water Bodies in Developing Countries—Case Study: Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.
166: Denitrification in the Activated Sludge Process.
167: Detergents.
168: Ecological Wastewater Management.
169: Waste Treatment in Fish Farms.
170: Flotation as a Separation Process.
171: Degradation of Chloro-Organics and Hydrocarbons.
172: Landfill.
173: Landfill Leachates, Part I: Origin and Characterization.
174: Landfill Leachates: Part 2: Treatment.
175: Macrophytes as Biomonitors of Polychlorinated Biphenyls.
176: Wastewater Management for Developing Countries.
177: Mercury Removal from Complex Waste Waters.
178: Metal Speciation and Mobility as Influenced by Landfill Disposal Practices.
179: Microbial Foaming in the Activated Sludge Process.
180: Introduction to Wastewater Modeling and Treatment Plant Design.
181: Practical Applications of Wastewater Modeling and Treatment Plant Design.
182: New York City Harbor Survey.
183: Nitrification in the Activated Sludge Process.
184: Effluent Limitations and the NPDES Permit.
185: Odor Abatement in Wastewater Treatment Plants.
186: Aqueous Reactions of Specific Organic Compounds with Ozone.
187: The Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in the Wastewater Treatment Process.
188: The Role of Organoclay in Water Cleanup.
189: Combined Sewer Overflow Treatment.
190: Biological Phosphorus Removal in the Activated Sludge Process.
191: Photocatalytic Membrane Reactors in Water Purification.