Biochemistry, Cells, and Life: The Cell, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615303863
  • ISBN-13: 9781615303861
  • DDC: 571.6
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 240 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2011 | Published/Released April 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2011

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A single cell can be a self-sustaining organism or one of trillions in a larger life form. Though visible only with the help of a microscope, cells are highly structured entities that perform a myriad of functions in every living thing and store critical genetic information. This fascinating volume examines the organization of various types of cells and provides an in-depth look at how cells operate alone to generate new cells and act as part of a larger network with others.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: The Nature, Function, and Evolution of Cells.
2: Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes.
3: The Organization of Cells.
4: The Molecules of Cells.
5: Robert Hooke.
6: Albert Claude.
7: The Structure of Biological Molecules.
8: Approximate Chemical Composition of a Typical Mammalian Cell.
9: Coupled Chemical Reactions.
10: The Genetic Information of Cells.
11: DNA: The Genetic Material.
12: RNA: Replicated from DNA.
13: Cells and Tissues.
14: Animal Tissues.
15: Plant Tissues.
16: The Evolution of Cells.
17: The Development of Genetic Information.
18: The Development of Metabolism.
19: Evolutionary Origins of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.
20: Cell Membranes and Cell Walls.
21: The Cell Membrane.
22: Chemical Composition and Membrane Structure.
23: Transport Across the Membrane.
24: Jens C. Skou.
25: Élie Metchnikoff.
26: The Cell Walls of Plants.
27: Charles-François Brisseau de Mirbel.
28: Mechanical Properties of Wall Layers.
29: Components of the Cell Wall.
30: Cellular Organelles.
31: The Relative Volumes Occupied by Some Cellular Compartments in a Typical Liver Cell.
32: Internal Membranes.
33: General Functions and Characteristics of Organelle Membranes.
34: The Nucleus.
35: DNA Packaging in the Nucleus.
36: Nucleosomes: The Subunits of Chromatin.
37: Organization of Chromatin Fibre.
38: The Nuclear Envelope.
39: Genetic Organization of the Nucleus.
40: Roger D. Kornberg.
41: Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.
42: Mitochondrial and Chloroplastic Structure.
43: Metabolic Functions.
44: Mitochondria: Electron Transport and Chemiosmotic Theory.
45: Chloroplasts: Trapping Light and Fixation of Carbon Dioxide.
46: Other Organelles and Their Membranes.
47: Endoplasmic Reticulum.
48: Golgi Apparatus.
49: Camillo Golgi.
50: Secretory Vesicles.
51: Lysosomes.
52: Microbodies and Peroxisomes.
53: Vacuoles.
54: The Cell Matrix and Mechanisms of Cell Communication.
55: The Extracellular Matrix.
56: Matrix Polysaccharides.
57: Matrix Proteins.
58: Cell-Matrix Interactions.
59: The Cytoskeleton.
60: Actin Filaments.
61: Microtubules.
62: Intermediate Filaments.
63: Intercellular Recognition and Cell Adhesion.
64: Tissue and Species Recognition.
65: Cell Junctions.
66: Communication Via Chemical Signaling.
67: Types of Chemical Signaling.
68: Signal Receptors.
69: Linda B. Buck.
70: Richard Axel.
71: Bert Sakmann.
72: Erwin Neher.
73: Intercellular Communication between Plant Cells.
74: Cell Division, Growth, and Differentiation.
75: Duplication of the Genetic Material.
76: Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli.
77: Cell Division.
78: Eduard Adolf Strasburger.
79: Mitosis and Cytokinesis.
80: Meiosis.
81: Walther Flemming.
82: The Cell Division Cycle.
83: Controlled Proliferation.
84: Failure of Proliferation Control.
85: Cell Differentiation.
86: The Differentiated State.
87: The Role of Transcription Factors.
88: The Process of Differentiation.
89: Errors in Differentiation.
90: Mechanisms of Cell Death.
91: Necrosis.
92: Apoptosis.
93: The Study of Cells.
94: The History of Cell Theory.
95: Matthias Jacob Schleiden.
96: Early Observations.
97: Theodor Schwann.
98: The Problem of the Origin of Cells.
99: The Protoplasm Concept.
100: Hugo von Mohl.
101: Protoplasmic Streaming.
102: Contribution of Other Sciences.
103: Cell and Tissue Culture.
104: The Preservation of Cells.
105: Cells in Medicine.
106: Tissue Engineering.
107: Stem Cells.
108: Conclusion.