Historical Dictionary of the Kennedy-Johnson Era, 1st Edition

  • Richard Dean Burns
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810864304
  • ISBN-13: 9780810864306
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 395 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2007 | Published/Released June 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2007

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

In the history of the United States, few periods could more justly be regarded as the best and worst of times than the Kennedy-Johnson era. The arrival of John F. Kennedy in the White House in 1961 unleashed an unprecedented wave of hope and optimism in a large segment of the population; a wave that would come crashing down when he was assassinated only a few years later. His successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, enjoyed less popularity, but he was one of the most experienced and skilled presidents the country had ever seen, and he promised a Great Society to rival Kennedy's New Frontier. Both presidents were dogged by foreign policy disasters: Kennedy by the Bay of Pigs fiasco, although he came out ahead on the Cuban missile crisis, and Johnson from the backlash of the Vietnam War.

The 1960s witnessed unprecedented progress toward racial and sexual equality, but it also played host to race and urban riots. And while impressive advances in the sciences and arts were fueling the American imagination, the counterculture rejected it all. The Historical Dictionary of the Kennedy-Johnson Era relates these events and provides extensive political, economic, and social background on this era through a detailed chronology, an introduction, appendixes, a bibliography, and several hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, events, institutions, policies, and issues.

About the Authors:
Richard Dean Burns is Professor Emeritus and former chair of the History Department at California State University, Los Angeles.

Joseph M. Siracusa is Professor in the School of Global Studies, Social Science and Planning, at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology in Australia, where he is a specialist in nuclear politics and global security.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of U.S. Historical Eras Jon Woronoff, Series Editor.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Affirmative Action.
2: African Americans.
3: Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1967).
4: Ali, Muhammad (1942– ).
5: Alliance for Progress.
6: American Independent Party.
7: American Indian Movement (AIM).
8: Antiwar Movement.
9: Architecture.
10: Area Redevelopment Act (1961).
11: Arms Control.
12: Arms Controland Disarmament Agency (ACDA).
13: Arms Race.
14: Art.
15: Assassination of John F. Kennedy.
16: Baez, Joan (1941– ).
17: Baker V. Carr (1962).
18: Baldwin, James (1924–1987).
19: Ball, George (1904–1994).
20: Barnett, Ross R. (1898–1987).
21: Bay of Pigs.
22: Beatlemania.
23: Berlin Wall (1961–1989).
24: Berrigan, Daniel (1921– ).
25: Bilingual Education Act (1968).
26: Black Panther Party.
27: Black Power Movement.
28: Brown, H. Rap (1943– ).
29: Buckley, William, Jr. (1925– ).
30: Bundy, McGeorge (1919–1996).
31: Califano, Joseph (1931–).
32: Campus Teach-Ins.
33: Carmichael, Stokely (1941–1998).
34: Carson, Rachel (1907–1964).
35: Castro, Fidel (1926– ).
36: Chavez, Cesar (1927–1993).
37: Chicano Movement.
38: Chomsky, Noam (1928– ).
39: Church, Frank (1924–1984).
40: Cinema.
41: Civil Defense.
42: Civil Rights Act (1964).
43: Civil Rights Movement (1954–1968).
44: Clean Air Act (1963).
45: Clifford, Clark (1906–1998).
46: Coffin, William Sloane, Jr. (1924– ).
47: Cointelpro.
48: Cold War.
49: Communications Satellite Act (1962).
50: Community Action Program (CAP).
51: Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).
52: Connery, Sean (1930– ).
53: Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
54: Counterculture Movement.
55: Counterinsurgency.
56: Country and Folk Music.
57: Cronkite, Walter (1916– ).
58: Cuba.
59: Cuban Missile Crisis.
60: Daley, Richard J. (1902–1976).
61: Dance.
62: Dean, James (1931–1955).
63: Dellinger, David (1915–2004).
64: Democratic National Convention (1968).
65: Democratic Party.
66: Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
67: Department of Transportation (1966).
68: Dillon, Clarence Douglas (1909–2003).
69: Dominican Republic Intervention (1965).
70: Domino Theory.
71: Drug Amendment Legislation (1962).
72: Drugs.
73: Dylan, Bob (1941– ).
74: Economic Opportunity Act (1964).
75: Education.
76: Eighteen-Nation Disarmament Committee (ENDC).
77: Eisenhower, Dwight D. (1890–1969).
78: Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965).
79: Environmental Movement.
80: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
81: Equal Pay Act of 1963.
82: Evers, Medgar W. (1925–1963).
83: Fair Housing Act of 1968.
84: Fallout Shelters.
85: Fashion.
86: Federal-Aid Highway Act (1962).
87: Food Stamp Act of 1964.
88: Foreign Affairs.
89: Fortas, Abe (1910–1982).
90: Free Fire Zones.
91: Free Speech Movement (FSM).
92: Freedom Ride (1961).
93: Friedan, Betty (1921–2006).
94: Fulbright, J. William (1905–1995).
95: Galbraith, John Kenneth (1908–2006).
96: Gardner, John (1912–2000).
97: Garrison, Jim (1921–1992).
98: General and Complete Disarmament (GCD).
99: Ginsberg, Allen (1926–1997).
100: Glassboro Summit Conference.
101: Glenn, John H. (1921– ).
102: Goldberg, Arthur J. (1908–1996).
103: Goldwater, Barry M. (1909–1998).
104: Goodman, Paul (1911–1972).
105: Great Society.
106: Gregory, Dick (1932–2006).
107: Griffiths, Martha (1912–2003).
108: Griswold V. Connecticut (1965).
109: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
110: Haight-Ashbury.
111: Hanoi Hilton.
112: Harriman, W(illiam) Averell (1891–1986).
113: Harrington, Michael (1928–1989).
114: Hayden, Tom (1939– ).
115: Head Start.
116: Hepburn, Audrey (1929–1993).
117: Hesburgh, Theodore (1917– ).
118: Higher Education Act (1965).
119: Hippy (Hippie) Movement.
120: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden.
121: Hispanics.
122: Hoffman, Abbie (1936–1989).
123: Hoover, J. Edgar (1895–1972).
124: Hotline Agreement (1963).
125: Howe, Irving (1920–1993).
126: Humphrey, Hubert H. (1911–1978).
127: Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments (1965).
128: Job Corps.
129: John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
130: Johnson, (Claudia Alta Taylor) Lady Bird (1912–2007).
131: Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908–1973).
132: Kennedy, Edward M. (1932– ).
133: Kennedy, Jacqueline (1929–1994).
134: Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917–1963).
135: Kennedy, Robert F. (1925–1968).
136: Kennedy Round of Gatt Negotiations.
137: Kerner Commission.
138: Kerner, Otto, Jr. (1908–1976).
139: Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich (1894–1971).
140: King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968).
141: Leary, Timothy (1920–1996).
142: Limited Nuclear Test Ban.
143: Lippmann, Walter (1889–1974).
144: Literature.
145: Lodge, Henry Cabot (1902–1986).
146: MacDonald, Dwight (1906–1982).
147: McCarthy, Eugene J. (1916–2005).
148: McCarthy, Mary (1912–1989).
149: McNamara, Robert S. (1916– ).
150: Mailer, Norman (1923– ).
151: Malcolm X (1925–1965).
152: Manpower Development and Training Act (1962).
153: Mansfield, Michael J. (1903–2001).
154: Marshall, Thurgood (1908–1993).
155: Medicare/Medicaid Act of 1965.
156: Mental Health Movement.
157: Meredith, James H. (1933– ).
158: Miller, William E. (1914–1983).
159: Miniskirts.
160: Miranda V. Arizona (1966).
161: Missile Gap.
162: Model Cities Program.
163: Monroe, Marilyn (1926–1962).
164: Motown Record Company.
165: Moynihan, Daniel Patrick (1927–2003).
166: Murray, Pauli (1910–1985).
167: Music.
168: My Lai Massacre (1968).
169: Nader, Ralph (1934– ).
170: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
171: National Endowments for Arts and Humanities.
172: National Farm Workers Association (NFWA).
173: National Organization for Women (NOW).
174: Native Americans.
175: New Frontier.
176: New Left.
177: Nixon, Richard M(Ilhous) (1913–1994).
178: Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
179: Nuclear Deterrence.
180: Operation Breadbasket.
181: Operation Dominic I & II.
182: Oswald, Lee Harvey (1939–1963).
183: Outer Space Treaty (1967).
184: Pacification.
185: Peace Corps.
186: Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW).
187: Presidential Election of 1960.
188: Presidential Election of 1964.
189: Ray, James Earl (1928–1998).
190: Republican Party.
191: Reuther, Walter (1907–1970).
192: Rock and Roll.
Front Cover.
Historical Dictionaries of U.S. Historical Eras Jon Woronoff, Series Editor.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Editor's Foreword.
Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Affirmative Action.
2: African Americans.
3: Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1967).
4: Ali, Muhammad (1942– ).
5: Alliance for Progress.
6: American Independent Party.
7: American Indian Movement (AIM).
8: Antiwar Movement.
9: Architecture.
10: Area Redevelopment Act (1961).
11: Arms Control.
12: Arms Controland Disarmament Agency (ACDA).
13: Arms Race.
14: Art.
15: Assassination of John F. Kennedy.
16: Baez, Joan (1941– ).
17: Baker V. Carr (1962).
18: Baldwin, James (1924–1987).
19: Ball, George (1904–1994).
20: Barnett, Ross R. (1898–1987).
21: Bay of Pigs.
22: Beatlemania.
23: Berlin Wall (1961–1989).
24: Berrigan, Daniel (1921– ).
25: Bilingual Education Act (1968).
26: Black Panther Party.
27: Black Power Movement.
28: Brown, H. Rap (1943– ).
29: Buckley, William, Jr. (1925– ).
30: Bundy, McGeorge (1919–1996).
31: Califano, Joseph (1931–).
32: Campus Teach-Ins.
33: Carmichael, Stokely (1941–1998).
34: Carson, Rachel (1907–1964).
35: Castro, Fidel (1926– ).
36: Chavez, Cesar (1927–1993).
37: Chicano Movement.
38: Chomsky, Noam (1928– ).
39: Church, Frank (1924–1984).
40: Cinema.
41: Civil Defense.
42: Civil Rights Act (1964).
43: Civil Rights Movement (1954–1968).
44: Clean Air Act (1963).
45: Clifford, Clark (1906–1998).
46: Coffin, William Sloane, Jr. (1924– ).
47: Cointelpro.
48: Cold War.
49: Communications Satellite Act (1962).
50: Community Action Program (CAP).
51: Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).
52: Connery, Sean (1930– ).
53: Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
54: Counterculture Movement.
55: Counterinsurgency.
56: Country and Folk Music.
57: Cronkite, Walter (1916– ).
58: Cuba.
59: Cuban Missile Crisis.
60: Daley, Richard J. (1902–1976).
61: Dance.
62: Dean, James (1931–1955).
63: Dellinger, David (1915–2004).
64: Democratic National Convention (1968).
65: Democratic Party.
66: Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
67: Department of Transportation (1966).
68: Dillon, Clarence Douglas (1909–2003).
69: Dominican Republic Intervention (1965).
70: Domino Theory.
71: Drug Amendment Legislation (1962).
72: Drugs.
73: Dylan, Bob (1941– ).
74: Economic Opportunity Act (1964).
75: Education.
76: Eighteen-Nation Disarmament Committee (ENDC).
77: Eisenhower, Dwight D. (1890–1969).
78: Elementary and Secondary Education Act (1965).
79: Environmental Movement.
80: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
81: Equal Pay Act of 1963.
82: Evers, Medgar W. (1925–1963).
83: Fair Housing Act of 1968.
84: Fallout Shelters.
85: Fashion.
86: Federal-Aid Highway Act (1962).
87: Food Stamp Act of 1964.
88: Foreign Affairs.
89: Fortas, Abe (1910–1982).
90: Free Fire Zones.
91: Free Speech Movement (FSM).
92: Freedom Ride (1961).
93: Friedan, Betty (1921–2006).
94: Fulbright, J. William (1905–1995).
95: Galbraith, John Kenneth (1908–2006).
96: Gardner, John (1912–2000).
97: Garrison, Jim (1921–1992).
98: General and Complete Disarmament (GCD).
99: Ginsberg, Allen (1926–1997).
100: Glassboro Summit Conference.
101: Glenn, John H. (1921– ).
102: Goldberg, Arthur J. (1908–1996).
103: Goldwater, Barry M. (1909–1998).
104: Goodman, Paul (1911–1972).
105: Great Society.
106: Gregory, Dick (1932–2006).
107: Griffiths, Martha (1912–2003).
108: Griswold V. Connecticut (1965).
109: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
110: Haight-Ashbury.
111: Hanoi Hilton.
112: Harriman, W(illiam) Averell (1891–1986).
113: Harrington, Michael (1928–1989).
114: Hayden, Tom (1939– ).
115: Head Start.
116: Hepburn, Audrey (1929–1993).
117: Hesburgh, Theodore (1917– ).
118: Higher Education Act (1965).
119: Hippy (Hippie) Movement.
120: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden.
121: Hispanics.
122: Hoffman, Abbie (1936–1989).
123: Hoover, J. Edgar (1895–1972).
124: Hotline Agreement (1963).
125: Howe, Irving (1920–1993).
126: Humphrey, Hubert H. (1911–1978).
127: Immigration and Nationality Act Amendments (1965).
128: Job Corps.
129: John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
130: Johnson, (Claudia Alta Taylor) Lady Bird (1912–2007).
131: Johnson, Lyndon B. (1908–1973).
132: Kennedy, Edward M. (1932– ).
133: Kennedy, Jacqueline (1929–1994).
134: Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917–1963).
135: Kennedy, Robert F. (1925–1968).
136: Kennedy Round of Gatt Negotiations.
137: Kerner Commission.
138: Kerner, Otto, Jr. (1908–1976).
139: Khrushchev, Nikita Sergeevich (1894–1971).
140: King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968).
141: Leary, Timothy (1920–1996).
142: Limited Nuclear Test Ban.
143: Lippmann, Walter (1889–1974).
144: Literature.
145: Lodge, Henry Cabot (1902–1986).
146: MacDonald, Dwight (1906–1982).
147: McCarthy, Eugene J. (1916–2005).
148: McCarthy, Mary (1912–1989).
149: McNamara, Robert S. (1916– ).
150: Mailer, Norman (1923– ).
151: Malcolm X (1925–1965).
152: Manpower Development and Training Act (1962).
153: Mansfield, Michael J. (1903–2001).
154: Marshall, Thurgood (1908–1993).
155: Medicare/Medicaid Act of 1965.
156: Mental Health Movement.
157: Meredith, James H. (1933– ).
158: Miller, William E. (1914–1983).
159: Miniskirts.
160: Miranda V. Arizona (1966).
161: Missile Gap.
162: Model Cities Program.
163: Monroe, Marilyn (1926–1962).
164: Motown Record Company.
165: Moynihan, Daniel Patrick (1927–2003).
166: Murray, Pauli (1910–1985).
167: Music.
168: My Lai Massacre (1968).
169: Nader, Ralph (1934– ).
170: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
171: National Endowments for Arts and Humanities.
172: National Farm Workers Association (NFWA).
173: National Organization for Women (NOW).
174: Native Americans.
175: New Frontier.
176: New Left.
177: Nixon, Richard M(Ilhous) (1913–1994).
178: Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
179: Nuclear Deterrence.
180: Operation Breadbasket.
181: Operation Dominic I & II.
182: Oswald, Lee Harvey (1939–1963).
183: Outer Space Treaty (1967).
184: Pacification.
185: Peace Corps.
186: Presidential Commission on the Status of Women (PCSW).
187: Presidential Election of 1960.
188: Presidential Election of 1964.
189: Ray, James Earl (1928–1998).
190: Republican Party.
191: Reuther, Walter (1907–1970).
192: Rock and Roll.