Forms of Government and the Rise of Democracy, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615307338
  • ISBN-13: 9781615307333
  • DDC: 321
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 168 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released August 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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For as long as individuals have lived alongside one another there have been governing structures—bodies established to maintain order and justice, entrusted to provide basic needs and services to their constituents. Disparate beliefs and interests have given rise to many forms of government throughout history, each with their own strengths and weaknesses. This engaging volume allows readers to examine the various forms of government that have developed around the world, with a special focus on the ascension of democracy.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Primitive Government to the End of the Middle Ages.
2: Primitive Government.
3: Agricultural Society.
4: The Spread of Civilization.
5: Classical Greece.
6: The City-State.
7: Monarchy, Oligarchy, Democracy.
8: Rome.
9: The Roman Republic.
10: The Roman Empire.
11: The Middle Ages.
12: Dissolution and Instability.
13: Feudalism.
14: The Rise of Law and the Nation-State.
15: Early Modern Government to the End of the 19th Century.
16: The Rise and Fall of Absolute Monarchy.
17: Representation and Constitutional Monarchy.
18: The American and French Revolutions.
19: Nationalism and Imperialism.
20: Government in the 20th and 21st Centuries.
21: Communism and Fascism.
22: Liberal Democracy.
23: Nondemocratic Forms of Government.
24: Monarchy.
25: Functions of Monarchies.
26: Premodern Monarchies.
27: Monarchy in the Modern Era.
28: Aristocracy, Oligarchy, and Dictatorship.
29: Aristocracy.
30: Oligarchy.
31: Dictatorship.
32: Totalitarianism.
33: Prehistoric Democracy to the Italian Republics.
34: Fundamental Problems of Democracy.
35: Prehistoric Forms of Democracy.
36: Classical Greece.
37: The Roman Republic.
38: The Italian Republics from the 12th Century to the Renaissance.
39: “Constitutional Oligarchies”.
40: A Democratic Dilemma.
41: European and American Democracy to the End of the 19th Century.
42: Continental Europe.
43: England.
44: The United States.
45: Democracy or Republic?.
46: Solving the Dilemma.
47: New Answers to Old Questions.
48: Suffrage.
49: Factions and Parties.
50: Majority Rule, Minority Rights, Majority Tyranny.
51: Democracy in the 20th and 21st Centuries.
52: Failures of Nondemocratic Systems.
53: Market Economies.
54: Economic Well-Being.
55: Political Culture.
56: Contemporary Democratic Systems.
57: Presidential and Parliamentary Systems.
58: Unitary and Federal Systems.
59: Proportional and Winner-Take-All Systems.
60: Two-Party and Multiparty Systems.
61: Majoritarian and Consensual Systems.
62: Contemporary Challenges.
63: Inequality of Resources.
64: Immigration.
65: Terrorism.
66: International Systems.
67: The Theory of Democracy from Pericles to Rawls.
68: Pericles.
69: Aristotle.
70: John Locke.
71: The Legitimacy of Government.
72: Answers to Fundamental Questions.
73: Montesquieu.
74: David Hume.
75: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
76: John Stuart Mill.
77: John Dewey.
78: Jürgen Habermas.
79: John Rawls.
80: The Value of Democracy.
81: Ideal Democracy.
82: Features of Ideal Democracy.
83: Ideal and Representative Democracy.
84: Actual Democracies.
85: Advantages of Democracy.