Health Care Policy and Politics A to Z, 1st Edition

  • Julie Rovner National Public Radio
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1604266988
  • ISBN-13: 9781604266986
  • DDC: 362.1042
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 328 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released October 2009
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Readers will find updated information on long term health care spending, abortion, Medicaid and Medicare, health insurance and the uninsured, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), and much, much more. New entries reflect important changes in recent years and include the Medicare Modernization Act, abstinence education, electronic health records, health savings accounts, Plan B, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and Project BioShield.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
1: AARP.
2: Abortion.
3: Abstinence Education.
4: Academic Health Centers (AHCs).
5: Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).
6: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
7: Activities of Daily Living (ADLs).
8: Adolescent Family Life (AFL) Program.
9: Advance Directives.
10: Advanced Practice Nurse.
11: Adverse Selection.
12: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR).
13: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
14: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR).
15: Alternative Medicine.
16: American Association of Health Plans (AAHP).
17: American Medical Association (AMA).
18: Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
19: America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP).
20: Asset Test.
21: Assignment (Medicare).
22: Association Health Plans (AHPs).
23: Balance Billing (Medicare).
24: Baseline.
25: Beneficiary.
26: Bioterrorism.
27: Blue Cross/Blue Shield Association (BCBSA).
28: Boren Amendment.
29: Budget Reconciliation Legislation and Health Care.
30: Cafeteria Benefits Plans.
31: California Public Employee Retirement System (CalPERS).
32: Capitation.
33: Carrier (Medicare).
34: Carve-out Organizations.
35: Catastrophic Illness.
36: Categorical Eligibility.
37: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
38: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
39: Certified Nurse Midwife.
40: Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA).
41: Child Custody Protection Act.
42: Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS).
43: Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA).
44: Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS).
45: Clinical Practice Guidelines.
46: Clinical Trials.
47: Cloning, Human.
48: Coinsurance.
49: Common Rule.
50: Community Health Centers.
51: Community Rating.
52: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness Research.
53: Congressional Budget Office (CBO).
54: Conscience Clause.
55: Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA).
56: Consumer-Driven Health Plans.
57: Contraceptive Coverage.
58: Cost Shifting.
59: Crowd Out.
60: Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Codes.
61: Deductible.
62: Defined Benefit.
63: Defined Contribution.
64: Diagnosis-Related Group (Medicare).
65: Dietary Supplement Rules.
66: Direct Medical Education Payments.
67: Disease Management.
68: Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payments (Medicare and Medicaid).
69: “Do-Not-Resuscitate” Orders.
70: Drive-Through Deliveries.
71: Dual Eligibles.
72: Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care.
73: Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT; Medicaid).
74: Electronic Medical Records.
75: Embryo Research.
76: Emergency Contraception.
77: Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA).
78: End-Stage Renal Disease (Medicare).
79: Entitlement.
80: Evidence-Based Medicine.
81: Experience Rating.
82: External Review.
83: False Claims Act.
84: Federal Employee Health Benefits Plan (FEHBP).
85: Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA).
86: Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP).
87: Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs).
88: Fee-for-Service.
89: Fetal Tissue Research.
90: First-Dollar Coverage.
91: Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
92: Formulary.
93: Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE).
94: Freedom of Choice Act.
95: Gag Clauses (in Managed Care).
96: Gag Rule (in Abortion).
97: Gatekeeper.
98: Generic Drugs.
99: Genetic Discrimination.
100: Global Tobacco Settlement.
101: Government Accountability Office.
102: Graduate Medical Education (GME).
103: Guaranteed Issue.
104: Guaranteed Renewability.
105: Health and Human Services Department (HHS).
106: Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA).
107: Health Care Fraud and Abuse.
108: Health Care Spending.
109: Health Insurance Association of America (HIAA).
110: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
111: Health Jurisdiction in Congress.
112: Health Maintenance Organization (HMO).
113: Health Plan.
114: Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS).
115: Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA).
116: Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).
117: Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).
118: Health Security Act.
119: Health Services Research.
120: Hill-Burton Act.
121: Home Health Care.
122: Hospice.
123: Hospital Insurance (HI).
124: Hospitalist.
125: House Appropriations Committee.
126: House Education and Labor Committee.
127: House Energy and Commerce Committee.
128: House Ways and Means Committee.
129: Human Research Subject Protection.
130: Hyde Amendment.
131: ICD-9 Codes.
132: Incidence.
133: Income-Related Premium.
134: Indian Health Service (IHS).
135: Indirect Medical Education Payments.
136: Individual Mandate.
137: Infertility Clinic Regulation.
138: Informed Consent.
139: Institute of Medicine.
140: Institutional Review Boards (IRBs).
141: Intermediary (Medicare).
142: Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO).
143: Judicial Bypass.
144: Kennedy-Kassebaum Law.
145: Kerr-Mills Bill.
146: Labor–Health and Human Services–Education Appropriation (Labor-HHS).
147: Late-Term Abortion.
148: Lifetime Limits.
149: Living Wills.
150: Long-Term Care.
151: Loss Ratios.
152: Managed Behavioral Health Care.
153: Managed Care.
154: Managed Competition.
155: Massachusetts Health Plan.
156: Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Services Block Grant.
157: Means Testing (Medicare).
158: Medicaid.
159: Medicaid Drug Rebate Program.
160: Medical Device User Fee Act.
161: Medical Errors.
162: Medical Malpractice.
163: Medical Necessity.
164: Medical Records Confidentiality.
165: Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs).
166: Medical Underwriting.
167: Medically Needy.
168: Medicare.
169: Medicare Advantage.
170: Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act.
171: Medicare+Choice.
172: Medicare Givebacks.
173: Medicare Modernization Act.
174: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC).
175: Medigap Insurance.
176: Mental Health Parity.
177: Mexico City Policy.
178: Mifepristone.
179: Migrant Health Centers.
180: NARAL Pro-Choice America.
181: National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC).
182: National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare.
183: National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).
184: National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB).
185: National Health Service Corps.
186: National Institutes of Health (NIH).
187: National Practitioner Data Bank.
188: National Right to Life Committee (NRLC).
189: Needle Exchange.
190: Nurse Practitioner (NP).
191: Nursing Home Standards.
192: Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA).
193: Off-Label Use.
194: Oregon Health Plan.
Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Preface.
1: AARP.
2: Abortion.
3: Abstinence Education.
4: Academic Health Centers (AHCs).
5: Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).
6: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
7: Activities of Daily Living (ADLs).
8: Adolescent Family Life (AFL) Program.
9: Advance Directives.
10: Advanced Practice Nurse.
11: Adverse Selection.
12: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR).
13: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
14: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR).
15: Alternative Medicine.
16: American Association of Health Plans (AAHP).
17: American Medical Association (AMA).
18: Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
19: America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP).
20: Asset Test.
21: Assignment (Medicare).
22: Association Health Plans (AHPs).
23: Balance Billing (Medicare).
24: Baseline.
25: Beneficiary.
26: Bioterrorism.
27: Blue Cross/Blue Shield Association (BCBSA).
28: Boren Amendment.
29: Budget Reconciliation Legislation and Health Care.
30: Cafeteria Benefits Plans.
31: California Public Employee Retirement System (CalPERS).
32: Capitation.
33: Carrier (Medicare).
34: Carve-out Organizations.
35: Catastrophic Illness.
36: Categorical Eligibility.
37: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
38: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
39: Certified Nurse Midwife.
40: Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA).
41: Child Custody Protection Act.
42: Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS).
43: Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA).
44: Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS).
45: Clinical Practice Guidelines.
46: Clinical Trials.
47: Cloning, Human.
48: Coinsurance.
49: Common Rule.
50: Community Health Centers.
51: Community Rating.
52: Comparative Clinical Effectiveness Research.
53: Congressional Budget Office (CBO).
54: Conscience Clause.
55: Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985 (COBRA).
56: Consumer-Driven Health Plans.
57: Contraceptive Coverage.
58: Cost Shifting.
59: Crowd Out.
60: Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) Codes.
61: Deductible.
62: Defined Benefit.
63: Defined Contribution.
64: Diagnosis-Related Group (Medicare).
65: Dietary Supplement Rules.
66: Direct Medical Education Payments.
67: Disease Management.
68: Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payments (Medicare and Medicaid).
69: “Do-Not-Resuscitate” Orders.
70: Drive-Through Deliveries.
71: Dual Eligibles.
72: Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care.
73: Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT; Medicaid).
74: Electronic Medical Records.
75: Embryo Research.
76: Emergency Contraception.
77: Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA).
78: End-Stage Renal Disease (Medicare).
79: Entitlement.
80: Evidence-Based Medicine.
81: Experience Rating.
82: External Review.
83: False Claims Act.
84: Federal Employee Health Benefits Plan (FEHBP).
85: Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA).
86: Federal Medical Assistance Percentage (FMAP).
87: Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs).
88: Fee-for-Service.
89: Fetal Tissue Research.
90: First-Dollar Coverage.
91: Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
92: Formulary.
93: Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act (FACE).
94: Freedom of Choice Act.
95: Gag Clauses (in Managed Care).
96: Gag Rule (in Abortion).
97: Gatekeeper.
98: Generic Drugs.
99: Genetic Discrimination.
100: Global Tobacco Settlement.
101: Government Accountability Office.
102: Graduate Medical Education (GME).
103: Guaranteed Issue.
104: Guaranteed Renewability.
105: Health and Human Services Department (HHS).
106: Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA).
107: Health Care Fraud and Abuse.
108: Health Care Spending.
109: Health Insurance Association of America (HIAA).
110: Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
111: Health Jurisdiction in Congress.
112: Health Maintenance Organization (HMO).
113: Health Plan.
114: Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set (HEDIS).
115: Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA).
116: Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).
117: Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).
118: Health Security Act.
119: Health Services Research.
120: Hill-Burton Act.
121: Home Health Care.
122: Hospice.
123: Hospital Insurance (HI).
124: Hospitalist.
125: House Appropriations Committee.
126: House Education and Labor Committee.
127: House Energy and Commerce Committee.
128: House Ways and Means Committee.
129: Human Research Subject Protection.
130: Hyde Amendment.
131: ICD-9 Codes.
132: Incidence.
133: Income-Related Premium.
134: Indian Health Service (IHS).
135: Indirect Medical Education Payments.
136: Individual Mandate.
137: Infertility Clinic Regulation.
138: Informed Consent.
139: Institute of Medicine.
140: Institutional Review Boards (IRBs).
141: Intermediary (Medicare).
142: Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO).
143: Judicial Bypass.
144: Kennedy-Kassebaum Law.
145: Kerr-Mills Bill.
146: Labor–Health and Human Services–Education Appropriation (Labor-HHS).
147: Late-Term Abortion.
148: Lifetime Limits.
149: Living Wills.
150: Long-Term Care.
151: Loss Ratios.
152: Managed Behavioral Health Care.
153: Managed Care.
154: Managed Competition.
155: Massachusetts Health Plan.
156: Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Services Block Grant.
157: Means Testing (Medicare).
158: Medicaid.
159: Medicaid Drug Rebate Program.
160: Medical Device User Fee Act.
161: Medical Errors.
162: Medical Malpractice.
163: Medical Necessity.
164: Medical Records Confidentiality.
165: Medical Savings Accounts (MSAs).
166: Medical Underwriting.
167: Medically Needy.
168: Medicare.
169: Medicare Advantage.
170: Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act.
171: Medicare+Choice.
172: Medicare Givebacks.
173: Medicare Modernization Act.
174: Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (MedPAC).
175: Medigap Insurance.
176: Mental Health Parity.
177: Mexico City Policy.
178: Mifepristone.
179: Migrant Health Centers.
180: NARAL Pro-Choice America.
181: National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC).
182: National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare.
183: National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).
184: National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB).
185: National Health Service Corps.
186: National Institutes of Health (NIH).
187: National Practitioner Data Bank.
188: National Right to Life Committee (NRLC).
189: Needle Exchange.
190: Nurse Practitioner (NP).
191: Nursing Home Standards.
192: Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA).
193: Off-Label Use.
194: Oregon Health Plan.