Historical Dictionary of the Civil War and Reconstruction, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0810859238
  • ISBN-13: 9780810859234
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 915 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2004 | Published/Released April 2007
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2004

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This one-volume dictionary, with more than 800 entries covering the significant events, persons, politics, and economic and social themes in the U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction, is a research tool for all levels of readers from high school and up. The extensive chronology, introductory essay, dictionary entries, and comprehensive bibliography introduce and lead the reader through the military and non-military actions of one of the most pivotal events in American history.

Substantial coverage is given to the time that followed the Civil War: Reconstruction. This was a period construed in many different ways by the individuals involved, many of whom had little concern for the impact of their acts on others, and even fewer who were interested in the plight of the newly enfranchised blacks, for whom the war had supposedly been fought. While the states were once again "united," many of the postwar efforts divided different segments of the population and failed to achieve their goals.

About the Author:
William L. Richter has researched and written extensively in the areas of the Antebellum South, the Civil War, and Reconstruction.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Acknowledgments.
Editor’s Foreword.
Select Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Ab Initio.
2: Ableman v. Booth (1859).
3: Abolitionists.
4: African American Soldiers in the Confederate Armies, Use of.
5: African American Soldiers in the Union Armies, Use of.
6: Alabama Claims.
7: Alaska, Purchase of.
8: Alcorn, James Lusk (1816–1894).
9: Ambulance Services and Triage.
10: American Colonization Society.
11: American Freedmen’s Union Commission.
12: American Missionary Association.
13: American Party.
14: American System.
15: Ames, Adelbert (1835–1933).
16: Anaconda Plan.
17: Andersonville (Georgia).
18: Antislavery.
19: Appomattox Campaign.
20: Arm-in-Arm Convention.
21: Ashley, James M. (1824–1896).
22: Atlanta Campaign.
23: Babcock, Orville.
24: Baltimore Convention (1860).
25: Baltimore Plot (1861).
26: Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant (1818–1893).
27: Belle Isle (Richmond).
28: Benjamin, Judah P. (1811–1884).
29: Bingham, John A. (1815–1900).
30: Birchard Letter.
31: Black and Tan.
32: Black Codes.
33: Bragg, Braxton (1817–1876).
34: Breckinridge, John C. (1821–1875).
35: Brice’s Crossroads, Battle of.
36: Brooks-Baxter War.
37: Brown, John (1800–1859).
38: Brown, Joseph E. (1821–1894).
39: Brownlow, William G. (1805–1877).
40: Bruce, Blanche K. (1841–1898).
41: Buchanan, James (1791–1868).
42: Buell, Don Carlos (1818–1898).
43: Bureau of Indian Affairs Scandal.
44: Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau).
45: Burnside, Ambrose E. (1824–1881).
46: Butler, Benjamin F. (1818–1893).
47: Camden Campaign.
48: Camilla Massacre.
49: Canby, Edward R. S. (1817–1873).
50: Captured and Abandoned Property Act of 1863.
51: Cardozo, Francis L. (1837–1903).
52: Cardozo, Thomas W. (1838–1881).
53: Carolinas Campaign.
54: Carpetbaggers.
55: Cass, Lewis M. (1782–1866).
56: Chamberlain, Daniel H. (1835–1907).
57: Chancellorsville Campaign.
58: Chandler, Zachariah (1813–1879).
59: Charleston Convention (1860).
60: Chase, Salmon P. (1808–1873).
61: Chase Boom.
62: Chattanooga Campaign.
63: Chicago Convention (1860).
64: Citronelle, Surrender At.
65: Civil Rights Act of 1866.
66: Civil Rights Act of 1875.
67: Civil Rights Cases (1883).
68: Civil Service Reform.
69: Clayton, Powell (1833–1914).
70: Colfax, Schuyler (1823–1885).
71: Colfax Race Riot (1874).
72: Colonization of African Americans Overseas.
73: Command of the Army Act.
74: Command System, Confederate Wartime.
75: Command System, Union Wartime.
76: Compensated Emancipation.
77: Compromise of 1850.
78: Confederate Brigadiers.
79: Confederate Sea Raiders.
80: Confiscation Act of 1861.
81: Confiscation Act of 1862.
82: Congressional Reconstruction.
83: Congressional Supremacy.
84: Conscription and Draft Evasion, Confederate.
85: Conscription and Draft Evasion, Union.
86: Constitution, Confederate.
87: Constitutional Union Party (1860).
88: Contrabands.
89: Contract Labor Law.
90: Copperheads.
91: Corinth Campaign.
92: Corning Letter.
93: Corruption Before, During, and After the Civil War.
94: Corwin Amendment.
95: Corwin Committee of Thirty-Three.
96: Coushatta Massacre.
97: Cox Plan of Reconstruction.
98: Crédit Mobilier Scandal.
99: Crittenden Committee of Thirteen.
100: Cuban Insurrection.
101: Cumming et al. v. Board of Education of Richmond County, Georgia (1899).
102: Davis, Edmund J. (1827–1883).
103: Davis, Henry Winter (1817–1865).
104: Davis, Jefferson (1808–1889).
105: Davis Bend Experiment.
106: Democratic Party.
107: Disease.
108: Douglas, Stephen A. (1813–1861).
109: Douglass, Frederick (ca. 1817–1895).
110: Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857).
111: Drewry’s Bluff, Battles of.
112: Dubuclet, Antoine (1810–1887).
113: Dunn, Oscar J. (ca. 1820–1871).
114: Early, Jubal (1816–1894).
115: Eaton, John (1829–1906).
116: Election of 1848.
117: Election of 1852.
118: Election of 1856.
119: Election of 1860.
120: Election of 1861, Confederate.
121: Election of 1862, Union.
122: Election of 1863, Confederate.
123: Election of 1868.
124: Election of 1872.
125: Election of 1876 and Compromise of 1877.
126: Ellenton (South Carolina) Race Riot (1876).
127: Emancipation.
128: Emancipation Proclamation.
129: Enforcement Act, First (31 May 1870).
130: Enforcement Act, Second (28 February 1871).
131: Enforcement Act, Third (20 April 1871).
132: Enforcement Acts.
133: Enforcement Bill.
134: Ethridge Conspiracy of 1863.
135: Eutaw (Alabama) Race Riot (1874).
136: Executive Proclamation, Lincoln and The.
137: Extraterritoriality of Slavery.
138: Fair Oaks, First Battle of.
139: Farragut, David G. (1801–1870).
140: Fessenden, William P. (1806–1869).
141: Fifteenth Amendment.
142: Filibustering.
143: Fillmore, Millard (1800–1874).
144: Fire-Eaters.
145: Fish, Hamilton (1808–1893).
146: Forrest, Nathan Bedford (1821–1877).
147: Ft. Delaware.
148: Ft. Donelson, Battle of.
149: Ft. Henry, Battle of.
150: Ft. Pillow Massacre.
151: Ft. Sumter, Battle of.
152: Fortieth Congress Extra Session Act.
153: “Forty Acres and A Mule”.
154: Fourteenth Amendment.
155: Fredericksburg Campaign.
156: Free Men, Free Soil, Free Labor.
157: Free-Soil Party.
158: Freedmen’s AID Societies.
159: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 3 March 1865.
160: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 16 July 1866.
161: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 6 July 1868.
162: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 25 July 1868.
163: Freedmen’s Savings and Trust Company.
164: Freeport Doctrine.
165: Freeport Question.
166: Frémont, John Charles (1813–1890).
167: Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
168: Galvanized Yankees.
169: Galveston, Surrender At.
170: Garland, Ex Parte (1866).
171: Geary, John W. (1819–1873).
172: General Orders No. 100.
173: Georgia, State of, v. Grant et al. (1868).
174: Georgia, State of, v. Stanton (1867).
175: Gold Scandal.
176: Grant, [Hiram] Ulysses Simpson (1822–1885).
177: Greeley, Horace (1811–1872).
178: Griffin, Charles (1825–1867).
179: Habeas Corpus.
180: Habeas Corpus Act of 1862, Confederate.
181: Habeas Corpus Act of 1863, Union.
182: Habeas Corpus Act of 1867, Union.
183: Halleck, Henry Wager (1815–1872).
184: Hamburg (South Carolina) Massacre (1876).
185: Hampton Roads Peace Conference (3 February 1865).
186: Hancock, Winfield Scott (1824–1886).
187: Harpers Ferry Raid (1859).
188: Harris, Isham G. (1818–1897).
189: Harrison’s Landing Letter.
190: Hayes, Rutherford B. (1822–1893).
Front Cover.
Other Frontmatter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Other Frontmatter.
Contents.
Acknowledgments.
Editor’s Foreword.
Select Chronology.
Introduction.
1: Ab Initio.
2: Ableman v. Booth (1859).
3: Abolitionists.
4: African American Soldiers in the Confederate Armies, Use of.
5: African American Soldiers in the Union Armies, Use of.
6: Alabama Claims.
7: Alaska, Purchase of.
8: Alcorn, James Lusk (1816–1894).
9: Ambulance Services and Triage.
10: American Colonization Society.
11: American Freedmen’s Union Commission.
12: American Missionary Association.
13: American Party.
14: American System.
15: Ames, Adelbert (1835–1933).
16: Anaconda Plan.
17: Andersonville (Georgia).
18: Antislavery.
19: Appomattox Campaign.
20: Arm-in-Arm Convention.
21: Ashley, James M. (1824–1896).
22: Atlanta Campaign.
23: Babcock, Orville.
24: Baltimore Convention (1860).
25: Baltimore Plot (1861).
26: Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant (1818–1893).
27: Belle Isle (Richmond).
28: Benjamin, Judah P. (1811–1884).
29: Bingham, John A. (1815–1900).
30: Birchard Letter.
31: Black and Tan.
32: Black Codes.
33: Bragg, Braxton (1817–1876).
34: Breckinridge, John C. (1821–1875).
35: Brice’s Crossroads, Battle of.
36: Brooks-Baxter War.
37: Brown, John (1800–1859).
38: Brown, Joseph E. (1821–1894).
39: Brownlow, William G. (1805–1877).
40: Bruce, Blanche K. (1841–1898).
41: Buchanan, James (1791–1868).
42: Buell, Don Carlos (1818–1898).
43: Bureau of Indian Affairs Scandal.
44: Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau).
45: Burnside, Ambrose E. (1824–1881).
46: Butler, Benjamin F. (1818–1893).
47: Camden Campaign.
48: Camilla Massacre.
49: Canby, Edward R. S. (1817–1873).
50: Captured and Abandoned Property Act of 1863.
51: Cardozo, Francis L. (1837–1903).
52: Cardozo, Thomas W. (1838–1881).
53: Carolinas Campaign.
54: Carpetbaggers.
55: Cass, Lewis M. (1782–1866).
56: Chamberlain, Daniel H. (1835–1907).
57: Chancellorsville Campaign.
58: Chandler, Zachariah (1813–1879).
59: Charleston Convention (1860).
60: Chase, Salmon P. (1808–1873).
61: Chase Boom.
62: Chattanooga Campaign.
63: Chicago Convention (1860).
64: Citronelle, Surrender At.
65: Civil Rights Act of 1866.
66: Civil Rights Act of 1875.
67: Civil Rights Cases (1883).
68: Civil Service Reform.
69: Clayton, Powell (1833–1914).
70: Colfax, Schuyler (1823–1885).
71: Colfax Race Riot (1874).
72: Colonization of African Americans Overseas.
73: Command of the Army Act.
74: Command System, Confederate Wartime.
75: Command System, Union Wartime.
76: Compensated Emancipation.
77: Compromise of 1850.
78: Confederate Brigadiers.
79: Confederate Sea Raiders.
80: Confiscation Act of 1861.
81: Confiscation Act of 1862.
82: Congressional Reconstruction.
83: Congressional Supremacy.
84: Conscription and Draft Evasion, Confederate.
85: Conscription and Draft Evasion, Union.
86: Constitution, Confederate.
87: Constitutional Union Party (1860).
88: Contrabands.
89: Contract Labor Law.
90: Copperheads.
91: Corinth Campaign.
92: Corning Letter.
93: Corruption Before, During, and After the Civil War.
94: Corwin Amendment.
95: Corwin Committee of Thirty-Three.
96: Coushatta Massacre.
97: Cox Plan of Reconstruction.
98: Crédit Mobilier Scandal.
99: Crittenden Committee of Thirteen.
100: Cuban Insurrection.
101: Cumming et al. v. Board of Education of Richmond County, Georgia (1899).
102: Davis, Edmund J. (1827–1883).
103: Davis, Henry Winter (1817–1865).
104: Davis, Jefferson (1808–1889).
105: Davis Bend Experiment.
106: Democratic Party.
107: Disease.
108: Douglas, Stephen A. (1813–1861).
109: Douglass, Frederick (ca. 1817–1895).
110: Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857).
111: Drewry’s Bluff, Battles of.
112: Dubuclet, Antoine (1810–1887).
113: Dunn, Oscar J. (ca. 1820–1871).
114: Early, Jubal (1816–1894).
115: Eaton, John (1829–1906).
116: Election of 1848.
117: Election of 1852.
118: Election of 1856.
119: Election of 1860.
120: Election of 1861, Confederate.
121: Election of 1862, Union.
122: Election of 1863, Confederate.
123: Election of 1868.
124: Election of 1872.
125: Election of 1876 and Compromise of 1877.
126: Ellenton (South Carolina) Race Riot (1876).
127: Emancipation.
128: Emancipation Proclamation.
129: Enforcement Act, First (31 May 1870).
130: Enforcement Act, Second (28 February 1871).
131: Enforcement Act, Third (20 April 1871).
132: Enforcement Acts.
133: Enforcement Bill.
134: Ethridge Conspiracy of 1863.
135: Eutaw (Alabama) Race Riot (1874).
136: Executive Proclamation, Lincoln and The.
137: Extraterritoriality of Slavery.
138: Fair Oaks, First Battle of.
139: Farragut, David G. (1801–1870).
140: Fessenden, William P. (1806–1869).
141: Fifteenth Amendment.
142: Filibustering.
143: Fillmore, Millard (1800–1874).
144: Fire-Eaters.
145: Fish, Hamilton (1808–1893).
146: Forrest, Nathan Bedford (1821–1877).
147: Ft. Delaware.
148: Ft. Donelson, Battle of.
149: Ft. Henry, Battle of.
150: Ft. Pillow Massacre.
151: Ft. Sumter, Battle of.
152: Fortieth Congress Extra Session Act.
153: “Forty Acres and A Mule”.
154: Fourteenth Amendment.
155: Fredericksburg Campaign.
156: Free Men, Free Soil, Free Labor.
157: Free-Soil Party.
158: Freedmen’s AID Societies.
159: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 3 March 1865.
160: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 16 July 1866.
161: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 6 July 1868.
162: Freedmen’s Bureau Act of 25 July 1868.
163: Freedmen’s Savings and Trust Company.
164: Freeport Doctrine.
165: Freeport Question.
166: Frémont, John Charles (1813–1890).
167: Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
168: Galvanized Yankees.
169: Galveston, Surrender At.
170: Garland, Ex Parte (1866).
171: Geary, John W. (1819–1873).
172: General Orders No. 100.
173: Georgia, State of, v. Grant et al. (1868).
174: Georgia, State of, v. Stanton (1867).
175: Gold Scandal.
176: Grant, [Hiram] Ulysses Simpson (1822–1885).
177: Greeley, Horace (1811–1872).
178: Griffin, Charles (1825–1867).
179: Habeas Corpus.
180: Habeas Corpus Act of 1862, Confederate.
181: Habeas Corpus Act of 1863, Union.
182: Habeas Corpus Act of 1867, Union.
183: Halleck, Henry Wager (1815–1872).
184: Hamburg (South Carolina) Massacre (1876).
185: Hampton Roads Peace Conference (3 February 1865).
186: Hancock, Winfield Scott (1824–1886).
187: Harpers Ferry Raid (1859).
188: Harris, Isham G. (1818–1897).
189: Harrison’s Landing Letter.
190: Hayes, Rutherford B. (1822–1893).