Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving, 1st Edition

  • Published By: SAGE
  • ISBN-10: 1452276102
  • ISBN-13: 9781452276106
  • DDC: 363.23
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 520 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released August 2013
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014

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Community policing, as a philosophy, supports the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues, including crime, social disorder, and fear of crime--as opposed to responding to crime after it occurs. Community policing expands the traditional police mandate. It broadens the focus of fighting crime to include solving community problems and forming partnerships with people in the community so average citizens can contribute to the policing process. Originating during police reform efforts of the 1970s, the philosophy of community policing is currently widespread and embraced by many citizens, police administrators, scholars, and local and federal politicians. What sorts of collaborative partnerships have evolved between policing agencies and the individuals and communities they serve? How do police departments engage in systematic examination of identified problems to develop effective responses? How have police departments aligned their organizational structures to best support community partnerships and proactive problem solving? Just how effective have efforts at community policing been? These questions and more are explored within the pages of this new reference work.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Editorial Board.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
List of Entries.
Reader's Guide.
About the Editor.
1: Agency Mission and Values, Changes in.
2: Broken Windows Theory.
3: Building Partnerships and Stakeholders.
4: Center for Problem-Oriented Policing.
5: Citizen Patrols.
6: Citizen Police Academies.
7: Citizen Surveys.
8: Collaboration with Outside Agencies.
9: Colleges and Universities, Community Policing Strategies for.
10: Community, Definition of.
11: Community Cohesion and Empowerment.
12: Community Justice.
13: Community Oriented Policing Services, Office of.
14: Community Policing, Discretionary Authority Under.
15: Community Policing, Evolution of.
16: Community Policing: Resources, Time, and Finances in Support of.
17: Community Policing: What It Is Not.
18: Community Policing and Problem Solving, Definition of.
19: Community Policing Consortium.
20: Community Policing Self-Assessment Tool (CP-SAT).
21: Community Prosecution.
22: CompStat.
23: Computer-Aided Dispatch.
24: Counterterrorism and Community Policing.
25: Crime Analysis.
26: Crime Analysts, Roles of.
27: Crime Displacement.
28: Crime Mapping.
29: Crime Prevention through Environmental Design.
30: Customer-Based Policing.
31: Cybercrime and Community Policing.
32: Decentralizing the Organization/Organizational Change.
33: Demographics, Future Impact on Community Policing.
34: Directed Patrol, Studies of.
35: Domestic Violence, Characteristics of.
36: Domestic Violence, Community Policing Strategies for.
37: Drug Crimes, Characteristics of.
38: Drug Crimes, Community Policing Strategies for.
39: Elderly Victimization, Characteristics of.
40: Elderly Victimization, Community Policing Strategies for.
41: Ethical Considerations.
42: Evidence-Based Policing.
43: Executive Sessions on Policing.
44: Fear of Crime.
45: Flint, Michigan, Experiment.
46: Foot Patrols.
47: Gang Crimes, Community Policing Strategies for.
48: Gangs and Their Crimes, Characteristics of.
49: Generations (Three) of Community Policing.
50: Global Positioning Systems/Geographic Information Systems.
51: Homeland Security.
52: Hot Spots.
53: Immigrant Populations, Community Policing Strategies for.
54: Immigration: Issues, Law, and Police Training.
55: Implementation of Community Policing.
56: In-Service Training.
57: Intelligence-Led Policing.
58: International Community Policing.
59: Investigations, Community Policing Strategies for.
60: Involving Local Businesses.
61: Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment.
62: Learning Organization.
63: Measuring Officer Performance.
64: Mentoring.
65: Metropolitan Police Act of 1829.
66: Model Curriculum.
67: National Center for Community Policing.
68: National Crime Prevention Council.
69: Neighborhood Associations.
70: Non-sworn Personnel and Volunteers, Use and Training of.
71: Officers' Job Satisfaction.
72: Operation Weed and Seed.
73: Place-Based Policing.
74: Police Foundation.
75: Police Mission.
76: Police Training Officer (PTO) Program.
77: Police-Community Relations.
78: Policing, Three Eras of.
79: Predictive Policing.
80: Problem, Definition of.
81: Problem Analysis Triangle.
82: Problem-Oriented Policing: Elements, Processes, Implications.
83: Problem-Oriented Policing, Goldstein's Development of.
84: Problem-Solving Courts.
85: Problem-Solving Initiatives, Assessment and Evaluation.
86: Problem-Solving Initiatives, Examples of Assessment and Evaluation of.
87: Problem-Solving Process (SARA).
88: Public Housing, Community Policing Strategies for.
89: Publicity Campaigns.
90: Recruit Academy Training.
91: Recruiting for Quality and Diversity.
92: Regional Community Policing Institutes.
93: Repeat Victimization, Community Policing Strategies for.
94: Restorative Justice.
95: Roles, Chief Executives'.
96: Roles, First-Line Supervisors'.
97: Roles, Middle Managers'.
98: Roles, Officers'.
99: Rural Areas, Community Policing in.
100: School Violence and Safety, Characteristics of.
101: School Violence and Safety, Community Policing Strategies for.
102: Situational Crime Prevention.
103: Social Capital.
104: State Police/Patrol, Community Policing Strategies for.
105: Strategic Planning.
106: Succession Planning.
107: Team Policing.
108: Terrorism, Future Impact of Community Policing on.
109: Tipping Points of Neighborhoods.
110: Traffic Problems, Characteristics of.
111: Traffic Problems, Community Policing Strategies for.
112: Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
113: Volunteers, Police Use of.
114: Website Uses by Local Agencies.
115: Wickersham Commission.
116: Youthful Offenders, Characteristics of.
117: Youthful Offenders, Community Policing Strategies for.
Community-Oriented Policing and Problem-Solving Case Studies.