Principles of Tissue Engineering is the definitive resource in the field of tissue engineering. The fourth edition offers an update on this rapidly progressing field, combining prerequisites for a general understanding of tissue growth and development, tools and theoretical information needed to design tissues and organs and a presentation by experts of what is currently known about each specific organ system. As in previous editions, this book is a comprehensive work that strikes a balance among the diversity of subjects related to tissue engineering, including biology, chemistry, material science, and engineering, while also emphasizing those research areas that are likely to be of clinical value in the future. This edition includes greatly expanded focus on stem cells, including induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, stem cell niches, and blood components from stem cells. This research has already produced applications in disease modeling, toxicity testing, drug development, and clinical therapies. This up-to-date coverage of stem cell biology and other emerging technologies -such as brain-machine interfaces for controlling bionics and neuroprostheses is complemented by a series of new and updated chapters on recent clinical experience in applying tissue engineering, as well as a new section on the application of tissue-engineering techniques for food production. The result is a comprehensive textbook that will be useful to students and experts alike.