African Americans in Science: An Encyclopedia of People and Progress, 1st Edition

  • Charles W. Carey
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1851099999
  • ISBN-13: 9781851099993
  • DDC: 500.896
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 1000 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

This encyclopedia provides the most complete treatment to date of the accomplishments of African American scientists -- and the struggles of African Americans to find their place in the scientific community.

George Washington Carver is perhaps the most well-known African American scientist, but he is far from the whole story. Essential contributions from African Americans have led to a wide range of innovations, including the light bulb, refrigeration and air conditioning, nuclear reactors, and open-heart surgery.

This comprehensive reference work sheds new light on an aspect of African American life that is often overlooked. More than a summary of individuals and accomplishments, African Americans in Science: An Encyclopedia of People and Progress explores the entire experience of African Americans seeking a place in the scientific community -- not just the triumphs but the frustrations, discriminations, and the efforts to support (and sometimes impede) African American scientists.

African Americans in Science offers alphabetically organized entries in three areas: the contributions of African Americans in over 30 different fields of science and medicine; schools and organizations that played a role in the development of African American scientists; and additional topics related to African American scientists. No other reference offers such a complete and up-to-date portrait of the pivotal work of African Americans across the spectrum of scientific research and what it took to achieve it.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
List of Entries.
Preface.
Introduction.
Chronology.
1: Biographies.
2: Adams, Eugene W. (1920–) Veterinary Pathologist.
3: Alcorn, George E., Jr. (1940–) Physicist.
4: Anderson, Charles E. (1919–1994) Meteorologist.
5: Anderson, Gloria L. (1938–) Physical Chemist.
6: Anderson, Michael P. (1959–2003) Astronaut.
7: Banneker, Benjamin (1731–1806) Astronomer.
8: Barnes, W. Harry (1887–1945) Surgeon.
9: Basri, Gibor B. (1951–) Astrophysicist.
10: Berry, Leonidas H. (1902–1995) Gastroenterologist.
11: Bluford, Guion S., Jr. (1942–) Astronaut.
12: Brady, St. Elmo (1884–1966) Chemist.
13: Bramwell, Fitzgerald B. (1945–) Chemist.
14: Branson, Herman R. (1914–1995) Biophysicist.
15: Bromery, Randolph W. (1926–) Geophysicist.
16: Brooks, Carolyn B. (1946–) Microbiologist.
17: Buggs, Charles W. (1906–1991) Microbiologist.
18: Carruthers, George R. (1939–) Astrophysicist.
19: Carson, Benjamin S. (1951–) Pediatric Neurosurgeon.
20: Carver, George Washington (ca. 1860–1943) Botanist.
21: Chappelle, Emmett W. (1925–) Biochemist.
22: Clark, Mamie P. (1917–1983) Psychologist.
23: Cobb, Jewel Plummer (1924–) Cell Biologist.
24: Cobb, W. Montague (1904–1990) Physical Anthropologist.
25: Collins, Daniel A. (1916–) Dentist.
26: Collins, Margaret S. (1922–1996) Zoologist.
27: Cooke, Lloyd M. (1916–2001) Chemist.
28: Cowings, Patricia S. (1948–) Psychophysiologist.
29: Daly, Marie M. (1921–2003) Biochemist.
30: Dorman, Linneaus C. (1935–) Chemist.
31: Drew, Charles R. (1904–1950) Blood Plasma Scientist.
32: Dunbar, Joseph C., Jr. (1944–) Physiologist.
33: Edwards, Cecile H. (1926–) Nutritional Researcher.
34: Elders, Joycelyn (1933–) Pediatric Endocrinologist.
35: Ellis, Clarence Arthur “Skip” (1943–) Computer Scientist.
36: Emeagwali, Dale Brown (1954–) Microbiologist.
37: Emeagwali, Philip (1954–) Computer Scientist.
38: Eure, Herman E. (1947–) Parasitologist.
39: Evans, Slayton A., Jr. (1943–2001) Chemist.
40: Ferguson, Angella D. (1925–) Pediatrician.
41: Ferguson, Lloyd N. (1918–) Biochemist.
42: Forde, Evan B. (1952–) Oceanographer.
43: Francisco, Joseph S., Jr. (1955–) Physical Chemist.
44: Franklin, Renty B. (1945–) Physiologist.
45: Fuller, A. Oveta (1955–) Microbiologist.
46: Fuller, Solomon C. (1872–1953) Neurologist.
47: Gates, Sylvester J., Jr. (1950–) Theoretical Physicist.
48: Gipson, Mack Jr. (1931–1995) Geologist.
49: Gourdine, Meredith C. (1929–1998) Physicist.
50: Graves, Joseph L., Jr. (1955–) Biologist.
51: Hall, Lloyd A. (1894–1971) Chemist.
52: Harris, Bernard A., Jr. (1956–) Astronaut.
53: Harris, James A. (1932–) Nuclear Chemist.
54: Harris, Wesley L. (1941–) Aerospace Scientist.
55: Hawkins, W. Lincoln (1911–1992) Chemist.
56: Hayes, Tyrone B. (1967–) Biologist.
57: Haynes, John K., Jr. (1943–) Molecular Biologist.
58: Henderson, James H. M. (1917–) Plant Physiologist.
59: Henry, Warren E. (1909–2001) Physicist.
60: Hill, Henry A. (1915–1979) Chemist.
61: Hinton, William A. (1883–1959) Pathologist.
62: Houston, Clifford W. (1949–) Microbiologist.
63: Imes, Elmer S. (1883–1941) Physicist.
64: Jackson, Shirley A. (1946–) Physicist.
65: Jarvis, Erich D. (1965–) Neurobiologist.
66: Jearld, Ambrose, Jr. (1944–) Marine Biologist.
67: Jefferson, Roland M. (1923–) Botanist.
68: Jemison, Mae C. (1956–) Astronaut.
69: Julian, Percy L. (1899–1975) Chemist.
70: Just, Ernest E. (1883–1941) Zoologist.
71: King, James, Jr. (1933–) Physical Chemist.
72: Kittrell, Flemmie P. (1904–1980) Nutritionist.
73: Kornegay, Wade M. (1934–) Physicist.
74: Kountz, Samuel L., Jr. (1930–1981) Medical Researcher.
75: Langford, George M. (1944–) Cell Biologist.
76: Lawless, Theodore K. (1892–1971) Dermatologist.
77: Lawrence, Margaret Morgan (1914–) Pediatric Psychiatrist.
78: Leevy, Carroll M. (1920–) Physiologist.
79: Leffall, LaSalle D., Jr. (1930–) Surgical Oncologist.
80: Lewis, Julian H. (1891–1989) Physiologist.
81: Macklin, John W. (1939–) Analytical Chemist.
82: Malcom, Shirley M. (1946–) Science Administrator.
83: Maloney, Arnold H. (1888–1955) Pharmacologist.
84: Massey, Walter E. (1938–) Science Administrator.
85: Massie, Samuel P., Jr. (1919–2005) Organic Chemist.
86: McAfee, Walter S. (1914–1995) Physicist.
87: McBay, Henry C. (1914–1995) Chemist.
88: McNair, Ronald E. (1950–1986) Astronaut.
89: Nabrit, Samuel M. (1905–2003) Marine Biologist.
90: Norman, John C., Jr. (1930–) Cardiothoracic Surgeon.
91: Olden, Kenneth (1938–) Cell Biologist.
92: Owens, Joan Murrell (1933–) Marine Biologist.
93: Pierce, Chester M. (1927–) Psychiatrist.
94: Quarterman, Lloyd A. (1918–1982) Chemist.
95: Roman, Charles V. (1864–1934) Ophthalmologist.
96: Rouse, Carl A. (1926–) Astrophysicist.
97: Satcher, David (1941–) Science Administrator.
98: Shaw, Earl D. (1937–) Physicist.
99: Stubbs, Frederick D. (1906–1947) Surgeon.
100: Taylor, Welton I. (1919–) Microbiologist.
101: Thomas, Vivien T. (1910–1985) Medical Researcher.
102: Tolbert, Margaret Mayo (1943–) Science Administrator.
103: Turner, Charles H. (1867–1923) Entomologist.
104: Tyson, Neil deGrasse (1958–) Astrophysicist.
105: Walker, Arthur II (1936–2001) Astrophysicist.
106: Warner, Isiah M. (1946–) Chemist.
107: Washington, Warren M. (1936–) Meteorologist.
108: West, Harold D. (1904–1974) Biochemist.
109: Wilkins, J. Ernest, Jr. (1923–) Theoretical Physicist.
110: Williams, Daniel H. (1856–1931) Surgeon.
111: Woods, Geraldine Pittman (1921–1999) Science Administrator.
112: Wright, Jane C. (1919–) Oncologist.
113: Wright, Louis T. (1891–1952) Medical Researcher.
114: Young, Roger Arliner (1899–1964) Zoologist.
115: Issues.
116: Asthma.
117: Cancer.
118: Cardiovascular Disease.
119: Diabetes.
120: Health Disparities.
121: HIV/AIDS.
122: Medical Careers for Blacks.
123: Medical Education for Blacks.
124: Obesity.
125: Science Careers for Blacks.
126: Science Education for Blacks.
127: Sickle Cell Disease.
128: Scientific Fields.
129: Anthropology.
130: Astronomy and Astrophysics.
131: Biochemistry.
132: Biology.
133: Biotechnology.
134: Chemistry.
135: Computer Science.
136: Medical Research.
137: Microbiology.
138: Physics.