Massively Parallel Evolutionary Computation on GPGPUs, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 3642379591
  • ISBN-13: 9783642379598
  • DDC: 006.3
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 453 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2013 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2013

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Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are metaheuristics that learn from natural collective behavior and are applied to solve optimization problems in domains such as scheduling, engineering, bioinformatics, and finance. Such applications demand acceptable solutions with high-speed execution using finite computational resources. Therefore, there have been many attempts to develop platforms for running parallel EAs using multicore machines, massively parallel cluster machines, or grid computing environments. Recent advances in general-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) have opened up this possibility for parallel EAs, and this is the first book dedicated to this exciting development. The three chapters of Part I are tutorials, representing a comprehensive introduction to the approach, explaining the characteristics of the hardware used, and presenting a representative project to develop a platform for automatic parallelization of evolutionary computing (EC) on GPGPUs. The 10 chapters in Part II focus on how to consider key EC approaches in the light of this advanced computational technique, in particular addressing generic local search, tabu search, genetic algorithms, differential evolution, swarm optimization, ant colony optimization, systolic genetic search, genetic programming, and multiobjective optimization. The 6 chapters in Part III present successful results from real-world problems in data mining, bioinformatics, drug discovery, crystallography, artificial chemistries, and sudoku. Although the parallelism of EAs is suited to the single-instruction multiple-data (SIMD)-based GPU, there are many issues to be resolved in design and implementation, and a key feature of the contributions is the practical engineering advice offered. This book will be of value to researchers, practitioners, and graduate students in the areas of evolutionary computation and scientific computing.

Table of Contents

Front Matter.
Other Front Matter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Tutorials.
2: Why Gpgpus for Evolutionary Computation?.
3: Understanding NVIDIA GPGPU Hardware.
4: Automatic Parallelization of EC on GPGPUS and Clusters of GPGPU Machines with EASEA and EASEA-CLOUD.
5: Implementations of Various Eas.
6: Generic Local Search (Memetic) Algorithm on a Single GPGPU Chip.
7: Arga: Adaptive Resolution Micro-Genetic Algorithm with Tabu Search to Solve MINLP Problems Using GPU.
8: An Analytical Study of Parallel ga with Independent Runs on Gpus.
9: Many-Threaded Differential Evolution on the GPU.
10: Scheduling Using Multiple Swarm Particle Optimization with Memetic Features on Graphics Processing Units.
11: Aco with Tabu Search on Gpus for Fast Solution of the qap.
12: New Ideas in Parallel Metaheuristics on gpu: Systolic Genetic Search.
13: Genetic Programming on GPGPU Cards using EASEA.
14: Cartesian Genetic Programming on the GPU.
15: Implementation Techniques for Massively Parallel Multi-Objective Optimization.
16: Data Mining Using Parallel Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms on Graphics Processing Units.
17: Applications.
18: Large-Scale Bioinformatics Data Mining with Parallel Genetic Programming on Graphics Processing Units.
19: Gpu-Accelerated High-Accuracy Molecular Docking Using Guided Differential Evolution.
20: Using Large-Scale Parallel Systems for Complex Crystallographic Problems in Materials Science.
21: Artificial Chemistries on gpu.
22: Acceleration of Genetic Algorithms for Sudoku Solution on Many-Core Processors.