International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd Edition

  • James Wright
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080970877
  • ISBN-13: 9780080970875
  • DDC: 300.3
  • Grade Level Range: 11th Grade - College Senior
  • 23185 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2015 | Published/Released June 2015
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2015

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

The International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences offers a source of social and behavioral sciences reference material. It comprises over 3,900 articles, commissioned by 71 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.

Table of Contents

Front Cover._x000D_
Half Title Page._x000D_
Title Page._x000D_
Copyright Page._x000D_
Editorial Board._x000D_
Editor in Chief Biography._x000D_
Preface to the First Edition._x000D_
Introduction._x000D_
Acknowledgments._x000D_
Guide to Using the Encyclopedia._x000D_
Contents to Volume 1._x000D_
Contributors to Volume 1._x000D_
1: Abortion, Demography of: United States._x000D_
2: Absolutism, History of._x000D_
3: Absorptive Capacity (of Organizations)._x000D_
4: Academic Achievement Motivation, Development of._x000D_
5: Academic Careers in Comparative Perspective._x000D_
6: Academic Engagement._x000D_
7: Academic Motivation and Performance: Task Value Interventions._x000D_
8: Academic Performance, Effects of Socio-Economic Status on._x000D_
9: Academic Research and Employment: Recent Changes in Europe and the United States._x000D_
10: Academic Self-Concept and Achievement._x000D_
11: Access: Geographical._x000D_
12: Acculturation._x000D_
13: Action, Theories of Social._x000D_
14: Actor-Network Theory._x000D_
15: Adaptation, Fitness, and Evolution._x000D_
16: Addams, Jane (1860–1935)._x000D_
17: Addictions: General Considerations._x000D_
18: Administration in Organizations._x000D_
19: Administrative Law: The United States and Beyond._x000D_
20: Adolescence, Sociology of._x000D_
21: Adolescent Health and Health Behaviors._x000D_
22: Adolescent Sexual Risk._x000D_
23: Adoption, Demography of._x000D_
24: Adoption: Domestic, International and Global Perspectives._x000D_
25: Adult Education and Lifelong Learning: The US Experience and Beyond._x000D_
26: Adult Mortality in Developing Countries._x000D_
27: Adult Mortality in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Republics._x000D_
28: Adult Mortality in Industrialized Societies._x000D_
29: Adulthood: Dependency and Autonomy._x000D_
30: Adverbial Clauses._x000D_
31: Advertising Agencies._x000D_
32: Advertising and Advertisements._x000D_
33: Advertising, Control of._x000D_
34: Advertising: Effects._x000D_
35: Advertising: General._x000D_
36: Advocacy and Equity Planning._x000D_
37: Advocacy in Anthropology._x000D_
38: Aesthetic Education._x000D_
39: Affect and Emotion, Anthropology of._x000D_
40: Affect-Regulation Motivation._x000D_
41: Affirmative Action: Comparative Policies and Controversies._x000D_
42: Affirmative Action: Empirical Work on Its Effectiveness._x000D_
43: Affirmative Action, Sociology of._x000D_
44: Affordable Private Schools in Developing Countries._x000D_
45: African Legal Systems._x000D_
46: African Studies: Culture._x000D_
47: African Studies: Health._x000D_
48: African Studies: History._x000D_
49: Africa’s Environment: A Stressed Biogeographical and Cultural Landscape._x000D_
50: Africa, Sociocultural Overviews: West Africa._x000D_
51: Afrocentric Approaches to Social Work._x000D_
52: Age and Crime._x000D_
53: Age: Anthropological Aspects._x000D_
54: Age Policy._x000D_
55: Age, Sociology of._x000D_
56: Age Stratification._x000D_
57: Age Structure._x000D_
58: Agency Theory._x000D_
59: Agenda Setting, Media Effects on._x000D_
60: Agenda Settting, Public Policy in._x000D_
61: Agendas: Political._x000D_
62: Agent Based Modeling, Statistics of._x000D_
63: Aggression, Social Psychology of._x000D_
64: AGIL, History of._x000D_
65: Aging and Health in Old Age._x000D_
66: Aging and Memory._x000D_
67: Aging and Older People, Geography of._x000D_
68: Aging and the Labor Market._x000D_
69: Aging and Work._x000D_
70: Aging Mind: Facets and Levels of Analysis._x000D_
71: Aging, Theories of._x000D_
72: Agnosia._x000D_
73: Agonism._x000D_
74: Agraphia (Acquired Dysgraphia)._x000D_
75: Agrarian Political Economy._x000D_
76: Agreeableness._x000D_
77: Agricultural Sciences and Technology._x000D_
78: Agriculture, Economics of._x000D_
79: Agroecology and Agricultural Change._x000D_
80: AIDS: Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome._x000D_
81: Albert, Hans (1921–)._x000D_
82: Alcohol Interventions: Disease Models vs. Harm Reduction._x000D_
83: Alcohol-Related Disorders._x000D_
84: Alcohol Use among Young People._x000D_
85: Alcohol Use and Abuse._x000D_
86: Alexander, Jeffrey C. (1947–)._x000D_
87: Algorithm._x000D_
88: Algorithmic Complexity._x000D_
89: Alienation, History of._x000D_
90: Alienation: Psychosociological Tradition._x000D_
91: Alienation, Sociology of._x000D_
92: Alliances: Political._x000D_
93: Allport, Gordon W (1897–1967)._x000D_
94: Alternative Food Movements._x000D_
95: Alternative Schools of Economic Thought._x000D_
96: Altruism and Prosocial Behavior, Sociology of._x000D_
97: Alzheimer’s Disease: Behavioral and Social Aspects._x000D_
98: Alzheimer’s Disease, Neural Basis of._x000D_
99: American and French Revolutions: Impact on the Social Sciences._x000D_
100: The American Conservative Movement._x000D_
101: American Revolution, The._x000D_
102: American Studies, Twentieth Century History of._x000D_
103: Americas, Sociocultural Overviews: Central America._x000D_
104: Americas, Sociocultural Overviews: Mexico._x000D_
105: Americas, Sociocultural Overviews: North America, Native Americans._x000D_
106: Americas, Sociocultural Overviews: Caribbean._x000D_
107: Amnesia: General._x000D_
108: Amnesia: Psychogenic._x000D_
109: Analysis of Variance and Generalized Linear Models._x000D_
110: Analytical Marxism._x000D_
111: Analytical Sociology._x000D_
112: Anaphora._x000D_
113: Anarchism._x000D_
114: Ancestors, Anthropology of._x000D_
115: Ancient Egypt, Archaeology of._x000D_
116: Ancient Greece and Rome, History of._x000D_
117: Animal Rights in Research and Research Application._x000D_
118: Annales School._x000D_
119: Anomie._x000D_
120: Anomie: History of the Concept._x000D_
121: Anthropocene Epoch._x000D_
122: Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Education: The United States and Beyond._x000D_
123: Anthropological Research, Ethics of._x000D_
124: Anthropological Writing._x000D_
125: Anthropology and History._x000D_
126: Anthropology at Home._x000D_
127: Anthropology, Genomics, and Human Variation: National Roots._x000D_
128: Anthropology, History of._x000D_
129: Anthropology: Overview._x000D_
130: Antidepressant Drugs._x000D_
131: Antisemitism._x000D_
132: Antisocial Behavior._x000D_
133: Antitrust Policy: Lessons from the US._x000D_
134: Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders._x000D_
135: Anxiety and Fear Conditioning, Neural Basis of._x000D_
136: Aphasia._x000D_
137: Appeals: Legal._x000D_
138: Appeasement: Political._x000D_
139: Applied Criminology and Criminal Justice._x000D_
140: Applied Demography._x000D_
141: Applied Geography: A US Perspective._x000D_
142: Applied Social Research, History of._x000D_
143: Applied Sociology._x000D_
144: Apprenticeship and School Learning: Lessons from Germany._x000D_
145: Apprenticeship, Anthropological Aspects._x000D_
146: Apprenticeships and School Learning: General Considerations._x000D_
147: Apraxia._x000D_
148: Archaeology and Cultural Memory._x000D_
149: Archaeology, Politics of._x000D_
150: Archaeology: Philosophy and Science._x000D_
151: Archaeology, Theory in._x000D_
152: Archaeometry._x000D_
153: Archival Methods._x000D_
154: Archiving: Ethical Aspects._x000D_
155: Arctic Archaeology and Prehistory._x000D_
156: Arctic: Sociocultural Aspects._x000D_
157: Area and International Studies: Cultural Studies._x000D_
158: Area and International Studies: Political Economy._x000D_
159: Area and International Studies: Stakeholders._x000D_
160: Area Studies, History of._x000D_
161: Areal Linguistics._x000D_
162: Arendt, Hannah (1906–75)._x000D_
163: Aristocracy, Nobility, and Gentry, European History of._x000D_
164: Armed Conflict and Social Work: Significance and Implications._x000D_
165: Arms Control._x000D_
166: Aron, Raymond (1905–83)._x000D_
Half Title Page._x000D_
Title Page._x000D_
Copyright Page._x000D_
Contents to Volume 2._x000D_
Contributors to Volume 2._x000D_
1: Art and Culture, Economics of._x000D_
2: Art and Socialisation._x000D_
3: Art, Anthropological Aspects of._x000D_
4: Art History._x000D_
5: Artificial and Natural Computation._x000D_
6: Artificial Intelligence: Combinatorial Search._x000D_
7: Artificial Intelligence: Connectionist and Symbolic Approaches._x000D_
8: Artificial Intelligence: Genetic Programming._x000D_
9: Artisans and Guilds, History of._x000D_
10: Artists, Competition and Markets._x000D_
11: Asceticism._x000D_
12: Asia, Sociocultural Aspects: China._x000D_
13: Asia, Sociocultural Overviews: Korea._x000D_
14: Asia, Sociocultural Overviews: South Asia._x000D_
15: Assimilation of Immigrants._x000D_
16: Associations, Scholarly._x000D_
17: Associative Learning in the Cerebellum._x000D_
18: Assortative Mating in the Marriage Market._x000D_
19: Asylum Seekers._x000D_
20: Asymmetry of Body and Brain._x000D_
21: Atomism and Holism: Philosophical Aspects._x000D_
22: Attachment During Infancy and Early Childhood: Cultural Variations, Development of._x000D_
23: Attempted Utopias and Intentional Communities._x000D_
24: Attention-Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders, Neural Basis of._x000D_
25: Attention, Neural Basis of._x000D_
26: Attitude Formation and Change._x000D_
27: Attitude: History of Concept._x000D_
28: Attitude Measurement._x000D_
29: Attitudes and Behavior._x000D_
30: Attitudes, Political and Civic Culture._x000D_
31: Attitudes, Political and Public Opinion._x000D_
32: Attitudes, Political: Authoritarianism and Tolerance._x000D_
33: Attributional Processes: Psychological._x000D_
34: Auctions._x000D_
35: Audience Measurement._x000D_
36: Audiences, Media._x000D_
37: Auditory Scene Analysis: Computational Models._x000D_
38: Australia and New Guinea, Archaeology of._x000D_
39: Australian Aboriginal Society and Culture: An Overview._x000D_
40: Australia, Sociocultural Overviews: Australian Settler Society._x000D_
41: Authentic Leadership._x000D_
42: Authenticity, Anthropology of._x000D_
43: Authoritarian Personality._x000D_
44: Authoritarianism._x000D_
45: Authority, Social Theories of._x000D_
46: Autism Spectrum Disorders._x000D_
47: Autobiographical Memory._x000D_
48: Autobiographical Memory During Early Childhood and Cultural Variations._x000D_
49: Automation: Organizational Studies._x000D_
50: Automobility._x000D_
51: Autonomous Agents._x000D_
52: Autonomy, Philosophy of._x000D_
53: Avant-Garde Art and Artists._x000D_
54: Avoidance and Approach Motivation: a Brief History._x000D_
55: Awards, Public Recognition, and Evaluation._x000D_
56: Axiomatic Theories._x000D_
57: Balance of Power, History of._x000D_
58: Baltes, Paul B (1939–2006)._x000D_
59: Bankruptcy._x000D_
60: Barthes, Roland (1915–80)._x000D_
61: Bayesian Graphical Models and Networks._x000D_
62: Bayesian Models in Neuroscience._x000D_
63: Bayesian Statistics._x000D_
64: Bayesian Theory, History, Applications, and Contemporary Directions._x000D_
65: Beauty and the Labor Market._x000D_
66: Beauvoir, Simone de (1908–86)._x000D_
67: Beck, Ulrich (1944–2015)._x000D_
68: Becker, Howard (1928–)._x000D_
69: Behavior Analysis, Applied._x000D_
70: Behavior Therapy: Background, Basic Principles, and Early History._x000D_
71: Behavior Therapy: Evidence-Based Practice, Clinical Applications, Unresolved Issues._x000D_
72: Behavior Therapy: Psychiatric Aspects._x000D_
73: Behavior Therapy: The Second and Third Waves._x000D_
74: Behavioral Economics._x000D_
75: Behavioral Economics, History of._x000D_
76: Behavioral Genetics: Psychological Perspectives._x000D_
77: Behavioral Inhibition and Social Withdrawal Across Cultures._x000D_
78: Behavioral Medicine._x000D_
79: Behavioral Problems, Effects of Parenting and Family Structure on._x000D_
80: Behavioral Problems, Effects of Socio-Economic Status on._x000D_
81: Behavioral Theories of Organization._x000D_
82: Belief in a Just World._x000D_
83: Belief, Anthropology of._x000D_
84: Bell, Daniel (1919–2011)._x000D_
85: Bellah, Robert N (1927–2013)._x000D_
86: Bendix, Reinhard (1916–91)._x000D_
87: Benedict, Ruth (1887–1948)._x000D_
88: Benhabib, Seyla (1950–)._x000D_
89: Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832)._x000D_
90: Bereavement._x000D_
91: Bereavement and Complicated Grief Across the Lifespan._x000D_
92: Berlin, Isaiah (1909–97)._x000D_
93: Best Worst Scaling: Theory and Practice._x000D_
94: Bielefeld School of History._x000D_
95: Big Five Factor Model, Theory and Structure._x000D_
96: Big Man, Anthropology of._x000D_
97: Bilingual Aphasia._x000D_
98: Bilingual Education: International Perspectives._x000D_
99: Binary Response Models and Logistic Regression._x000D_
100: Binet, Alfred (1857–1911)._x000D_
101: Bioarchaeology._x000D_
102: Biobanking: Ethical Issues._x000D_
103: Biocitizenship._x000D_
104: Bioethics._x000D_
105: Bioethics: Genetics and Genomics._x000D_
106: Bioethics in the Post-Genomic Era._x000D_
107: Bioethics: Philosophical Aspects._x000D_
108: Biography and Society._x000D_
109: Biography: Historical._x000D_
110: Biological Preconditions for Language Development._x000D_
111: Biomarkers in Demographic Research._x000D_
112: Biomedical Sciences, History and Sociology of._x000D_
113: Biosocial Approaches: Crime._x000D_
114: Biotechnology._x000D_
115: Bipolar (Manic-Depressive) Disorder._x000D_
116: Birdsong and Vocal Learning During Development._x000D_
117: Birth, Anthropology of._x000D_
118: Bleuler, Eugen (1857–1939)._x000D_
119: Bloch, Mark Léopold Benjamin (1886–1944)._x000D_
120: Bloomfield, Leonard (1887–1949)._x000D_
121: Boas, Franz (1858–1942)._x000D_
122: Bobbio, Norberto (1909–2004)._x000D_
123: Body: Anthropological Aspects._x000D_
124: Body, Evolution of._x000D_
125: Body, History of._x000D_
126: Body Image._x000D_
127: Bologna Process._x000D_
128: Boltanski, Luc (1940–)._x000D_
129: Borderline (Patient) Personality._x000D_
130: Borders, Anthropology of._x000D_
131: Boserup, Ester (1910–99)._x000D_
132: Boundaries and New Organization Forms._x000D_
133: Bounded Rationality._x000D_
134: Bourdieu, Pierre (1930–2002)._x000D_
135: Bourgeoisie and Middle Classes, History of._x000D_
136: Bowlby, John (1907–90)._x000D_
137: Brain Aging (Normal): Behavioral, Cognitive, and Personality Consequences._x000D_
138: Brain and Behavioral Lateralization in Animals._x000D_
139: Brain Asymmetry._x000D_
140: Brain Damage: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation._x000D_
141: Brain Development: Ontogenetic Neurobiology of._x000D_
142: Brain, Evolution of._x000D_
143: Brain: Response to Enrichment._x000D_
144: Brain Stimulation Reward._x000D_
145: Breast-Feeding: Effects on Cognitive and Neural Development._x000D_
146: British Cultural Studies._x000D_
147: Broadbent, Donald Eric (1926–93)._x000D_
148: Broadcasting: Regulation._x000D_
149: Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions._x000D_
150: Brokers and Brokerage, Anthropology of._x000D_
151: Bruner, Jerome Seymour (1915–)._x000D_
152: Bruner’s Theory of Cognitive Development._x000D_
153: Buddhism._x000D_
154: Budgeting and Anticipatory Management._x000D_
155: Budgeting: Political Science Aspects._x000D_
156: Burckhardt, Jacob (1818–97)._x000D_
157: Bureaucracy and Bureaucratization._x000D_
158: Bureaucracy, Sociology of._x000D_
159: Bureaucratization and Bureaucracy, History of._x000D_
160: Burke, Peter (1937–)._x000D_
161: Burnout, Psychology of._x000D_
Half Title Page._x000D_
Title Page._x000D_
Copyright Page._x000D_
Contents to Volume 3._x000D_
Contributors to Volume 3._x000D_
1: Business and Society: Social Accounting._x000D_
2: Business Anthropology._x000D_
3: Business Education._x000D_
4: Business Ethics._x000D_
5: Business History._x000D_
6: Business Law._x000D_
7: Business Models._x000D_
8: Business Platforms._x000D_
9: Business Process: Outsourcing._x000D_
10: Busyness._x000D_
11: Butler, Judith (1956–)._x000D_
12: Cambridge School of Intellectual History._x000D_
13: Campaigning: Political._x000D_
14: Campbell, Donald Thomas (1916–96)._x000D_
15: Cancer: Psychosocial Aspects._x000D_
16: Cancer Screening._x000D_
17: Cannibalism._x000D_
18: Capital: History of the Concept._x000D_
19: Capitalism._x000D_
20: Capitalism: Global._x000D_
21: Capitalism: The History of the Concept._x000D_
22: Cardiac Disease, Coping With._x000D_
23: Cardiovascular Reactivity and Recovery._x000D_
24: Cardoso, Henrique (1931–)._x000D_
25: Career Development: Multilevel Perspective._x000D_
26: Caregiver Burden._x000D_
27: Cargo Cults._x000D_
28: Carnival._x000D_
29: Caro Baroja, Julio (1914–95)._x000D_
30: Carrying Capacity of the Environment._x000D_
31: Cartographic Visualization._x000D_
32: Cartography._x000D_
33: Case Method and Case Study Collections._x000D_
34: Case, Morphological: Linguistics._x000D_
35: Case-Oriented Research._x000D_
36: Case Studies._x000D_
37: Case Study: Logic._x000D_
38: Case Study: Methods and Analysis._x000D_
39: Cash Transfers._x000D_
40: Caste._x000D_
41: Castells, Manuel (1942–)._x000D_
42: Catholicism._x000D_
43: Catholicism and Gender._x000D_
44: Cattell, Raymond Bernard (1905–98)._x000D_
45: Causal Analysis, History of._x000D_
46: Causal Counterfactuals in Social Science Research._x000D_
47: Causal Inference: Overview._x000D_
48: Causation: Physical, Mental, and Social._x000D_
49: Causes and Laws: Philosophical Aspects._x000D_
50: Celebrity._x000D_
51: Censorship in Research and Scholarship._x000D_
52: Census Microdata._x000D_
53: Censuses, Population: Comparative International Aspects._x000D_
54: Censuses: Current Approaches and Methods._x000D_
55: Censuses: History and Methods._x000D_
56: Center–Periphery Relationships._x000D_
57: Central Africa: Sociocultural Aspects._x000D_
58: Central Asia, Anthropology of._x000D_
59: Ceramics in Archaeology._x000D_
60: Cerebellum: Cognitive Functions._x000D_
61: Cerebral Cortex._x000D_
62: Change Blindness._x000D_
63: Charisma and Charismatic._x000D_
64: Charisma, Social Aspects of._x000D_
65: Charity and Philanthropy, Economics of._x000D_
66: Charity and Philanthropy: Overview._x000D_
67: Chemical Science: History and Sociology._x000D_
68: Chiefdoms, Archaeology of._x000D_
69: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Principles of._x000D_
70: Child Care and Child Development._x000D_
71: Child Care and Development Across Cultures._x000D_
72: Child-Directed Speech: Influence on Language Development._x000D_
73: Child Labor._x000D_
74: Child Neglect._x000D_
75: Child Protection._x000D_
76: Child Protection: International Issues._x000D_
77: Child Soldiers._x000D_
78: Child Soldiers as Victims and Actors: Lessons from Ethiopia._x000D_
79: Childhood and Adolescence: Developmental Assets._x000D_
80: Childhood: Anthropological Aspects._x000D_
81: Childhood Cancer: Psychosocial Aspects._x000D_
82: Childhood Memories._x000D_
83: Children and Families in Social Work._x000D_
84: Children and Law._x000D_
85: Children, Rights of: Cultural Concerns._x000D_
86: Children’s Geographies._x000D_
87: Children, Value of._x000D_
88: China as a Rising Aid Donor._x000D_
89: Chinese Literacy Acquisition: A Multidimensional Puzzle._x000D_
90: Chinese Revolutions: Twentieth Century._x000D_
91: Choice, Empowerment, and Social Work._x000D_
92: Chomsky, Noam (1928–)._x000D_
93: Christianity in Asia._x000D_
94: Christianity in Latin America._x000D_
95: Christianity in the English-Speaking West._x000D_
96: Christianity, Origins of._x000D_
97: Chronic Illness, Psychosocial Coping with._x000D_
98: Chronic Pain: Models and Treatment Approaches._x000D_
99: Chronology, Stratigraphy, and Dating Methods in Archaeology._x000D_
100: Chronotype._x000D_
101: Church and State._x000D_
102: Cities and the Financial Crisis._x000D_
103: Cities: Capital, Global, and World._x000D_
104: Cities: Internal Structure._x000D_
105: Cities Under Postsocialism._x000D_
106: Citizen Journalism._x000D_
107: Citizen Mapping._x000D_
108: Citizen Participation._x000D_
109: Citizen Science._x000D_
110: Citizenship, Anthropology of._x000D_
111: Citizenship, Historical Development of._x000D_
112: Citizenship: Political._x000D_
113: Citizenship, Sociological Aspects of._x000D_
114: City Marketing._x000D_
115: Civil Law._x000D_
116: Civil Liberties and Human Rights._x000D_
117: Civil Religion._x000D_
118: Civil Rights._x000D_
119: Civil Rights Movements._x000D_
120: Civil Service._x000D_
121: Civil Society and the Public Sphere: History of the Concept._x000D_
122: Civil Society, Concept and History of._x000D_
123: Civil Wars._x000D_
124: Civilization, Concept and History of._x000D_
125: Civilizations._x000D_
126: Clan._x000D_
127: Class Actions, Legal._x000D_
128: Class Consciousness._x000D_
129: Class: History of the Concept._x000D_
130: Class Size._x000D_
131: Class: Social._x000D_
132: Classical Archaeology._x000D_
133: Classical Conditioning Methods in Psychotherapy._x000D_
134: Classical Legacies._x000D_
135: Classical Mechanics and Motor Control._x000D_
136: Classical (Psychometric) Test Theory._x000D_
137: Classical Tests for Speech and Language Disorders._x000D_
138: Classifications in Popular Music._x000D_
139: Classification, Understandings of in the Social Sciences._x000D_
140: Classifiers, Linguistics of._x000D_
141: Classroom Assessment._x000D_
142: Classroom Climate._x000D_
143: Classroom Level in Educational Effectiveness Research._x000D_
144: Climate Change._x000D_
145: Climate Change and Global Poverty._x000D_
146: Climate Change and the Media._x000D_
147: Climate Change: Economics._x000D_
148: Climate, History of._x000D_
149: Clinical Psychology in Europe, History of._x000D_
150: Clinical Psychology in North America, History of._x000D_
151: Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry and Homosexuality._x000D_
152: Closed and Open Systems: Organizational._x000D_
153: Cluster Randomized Trials, Ethical Implications of._x000D_
154: Clustering and Cohesion in Networks: Concepts and Measures._x000D_
155: Co-Constructivism in Educational Theory and Practice._x000D_
156: Code Switching: Linguistic._x000D_
157: Coeducation and Single-Sex Schooling._x000D_
Half Title Page._x000D_
Title Page._x000D_
Copyright Page._x000D_
Contents to Volume 4._x000D_
Contributors to Volume 4._x000D_
1: Cognition, Evolution of._x000D_
2: Cognition: Knowledge Spaces._x000D_
3: Cognitive Aging._x000D_
4: Cognitive Anthropology._x000D_
5: Cognitive Archaeology._x000D_
6: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy._x000D_
7: Cognitive Control (Executive Function): Role of Prefrontal Cortex._x000D_
8: Cognitive Development: Child Education._x000D_
9: Cognitive Development During Infancy and Early Childhood Across Cultures._x000D_
10: Cognitive Development, Educational Theories of._x000D_
11: Cognitive Development in Infancy, Neural Mechanisms of._x000D_
12: Cognitive Development: Mathematics Learning and Instruction._x000D_
13: Cognitive Dissonance._x000D_
14: Cognitive Maps._x000D_
15: Cognitive Modeling: Connectionist Approaches._x000D_
16: Cognitive Neuropsychology, Methods of._x000D_
17: Cognitive Neuroscience._x000D_
18: Cognitive Psychology: History._x000D_
19: Cognitive Styles and Learning Styles._x000D_
20: Cohabitation: United States._x000D_
21: Cold War: Impact on Social and Behavioral Sciences._x000D_
22: Cold War, The._x000D_
23: Coleman, James Samuel (1926–95)._x000D_
24: Collaborative Consumption._x000D_
25: Collective Action._x000D_
26: Collective Behavior, Social Psychology of._x000D_
27: Collective Behavior, Sociology of._x000D_
28: Collective Beliefs, Sociological Explanation of._x000D_
29: Collective Efficacy and Crime._x000D_
30: Collective Identity._x000D_
31: Collective Memory, Anthropology of._x000D_
32: Collective Memory, Psychology of._x000D_
33: Collective Memory, Social Psychology of._x000D_
34: Collective Memory, Sociology of._x000D_
35: Collectivism and Individualism: Cultural and Psychological Concerns._x000D_
36: Collins, Randall (1941–)._x000D_
37: Colonialism, Anthropology of._x000D_
38: Colonization and Colonialism, History of._x000D_
39: Color Classification and Symbolism._x000D_
40: Color Terms, Linguistics of._x000D_
41: Commemoration._x000D_
42: Commodity Chains._x000D_
43: Common Law._x000D_
44: Common Rule: Us Regulatory Protections for Human Research Participants._x000D_
45: Common Sense, Anthropology of._x000D_
46: Communalism._x000D_
47: Communes, Anthropology of._x000D_
48: Communication and Transportation, History of._x000D_
49: Communication Research and Media Studies, History of._x000D_
50: Communication Skills in Social Work._x000D_
51: Communication, Twostep Flow of._x000D_
52: Communicative Competence: Linguistic Aspects._x000D_
53: Communism, History of._x000D_
54: Communitarianism._x000D_
55: Communitarianism, Sociology of._x000D_
56: Communitarians._x000D_
57: Communities and Crime._x000D_
58: Communities of Practice._x000D_
59: Community and Media._x000D_
60: Community and Society: History of the Concepts._x000D_
61: Community Care in England._x000D_
62: Community Genetics._x000D_
63: Community Resilience to Disasters._x000D_
64: Community Sociology._x000D_
65: Community Studies: Anthropological._x000D_
66: Community Supervision and Diversion in the United States._x000D_
67: Community Work._x000D_
68: Community, Social Context of: The US Case._x000D_
69: Co-Morbidity of Mental and Physical Conditions._x000D_
70: Comparative Evolutionary Psychology: Current Status and a Proposal for a More Integrated Future._x000D_
71: Comparative Health Systems._x000D_
72: Comparative History._x000D_
73: Comparative Method in Anthropology._x000D_
74: Comparative Method in Evolutionary Studies._x000D_
75: Comparative Method in Linguistics._x000D_
76: Comparative Research in Education: Iea Studies._x000D_
77: Comparative Studies: Method and Design._x000D_
78: Compliance._x000D_
79: Compliance and Legal Authority._x000D_
80: Compression of Morbidity._x000D_
81: Computation: Expectation-Maximization Algorithm._x000D_
82: Computational Approaches to Model Evaluation._x000D_
83: Computational Neuroscience._x000D_
84: Computational Organizational Theory._x000D_
85: Computer-Assisted Instruction._x000D_
86: Computer Games and Academic Achievement._x000D_
87: Computer Mediated Communication._x000D_
88: Computerized Test Construction._x000D_
89: Computers: Impact on the Social Sciences._x000D_
90: Comte, Auguste (1798–1857)._x000D_
91: Concentrated Disadvantage._x000D_
92: Concept Formation in Childhood: Cross-Cultural Perspectives._x000D_
93: Concept Learning and Representation: Models._x000D_
94: Concepts and Methods of Cognitive Therapies._x000D_
95: Conceptual History: Begriffsgeschichte._x000D_
96: Conditional Cash Transfers: Influence on Marriage and Fertility._x000D_
97: Confabulation._x000D_
98: Confederations, History of._x000D_
99: Confidentiality and Statistical Disclosure Limitations._x000D_
100: Conflict and Conflict Resolution, Social Psychology of._x000D_
101: Conflict and Consensus._x000D_
102: Conflict and Socioemotional Development._x000D_
103: Conflict and War, Archaeology of: Behavior and Social Organization._x000D_
104: Conflict and War, Archaeology of: Weapons and Artifacts._x000D_
105: Conflict and War: Anthropological Aspects._x000D_
106: Conflict: Anthropological Aspects._x000D_
107: Conflict Mediation._x000D_
108: Conflict: Education and Youth._x000D_
109: Conflict: Organizational._x000D_
110: Conformity: Sociological Aspects._x000D_
111: Congress: United States._x000D_
112: Connectionist Models of Concept Learning._x000D_
113: Conscientiousness._x000D_
114: Conscious Control During Childhood, Development of._x000D_
115: Consciousness, Neural Basis of._x000D_
116: Consequentialism (Including Utilitarianism)._x000D_
117: Conservatism: Historical Aspects._x000D_
118: Conservatism: Theory and Contemporary Political Ideology._x000D_
119: Consociationalism._x000D_
120: Conspicuous Consumption and Distinction, History of._x000D_
121: Constitutional Courts._x000D_
122: Constitutionalism, Comparative._x000D_
123: Constitutions._x000D_
124: Constraint-Satisfaction Models._x000D_
125: Constructivism and Constructionism: Methodology._x000D_
126: Constructivist Theory and Psychotherapy._x000D_
127: Consumer Policy._x000D_
128: Consumer Psychology._x000D_
129: Consumption, Geography of._x000D_
130: Consumption, History of._x000D_
131: Consumption, Sociology of._x000D_
132: Contemporary History._x000D_
133: Content Analysis._x000D_
134: Content Validity._x000D_
135: Context Dependent Memory._x000D_
136: Contextual Studies: Methodology._x000D_
137: Continental Philosophy of Language._x000D_
138: Continuing Professional Development._x000D_
139: Contractarianism._x000D_
140: Contracts: Legal Perspectives._x000D_
141: Control Behavior: Psychological Perspectives._x000D_
142: Control Beliefs: Health Perspectives._x000D_
143: Control, Social._x000D_
144: Control, Syntactic._x000D_
145: Control Theories and Crime._x000D_
146: Control Variables in Research._x000D_
147: Conventions and Norms: Philosophical Aspects._x000D_
148: Conversation Analysis: Sociological._x000D_
149: Cooperation and Competition._x000D_
150: Cooperation: Sociological Aspects._x000D_
151: Cooperative Game Theory._x000D_
152: Cooperative Learning in Schools._x000D_
153: Coping across the Lifespan._x000D_
154: Coping, Personality and._x000D_
155: Coping with Job Stress._x000D_
156: Core Self-Evaluations._x000D_
157: Core–Periphery Patterns in Networks._x000D_
158: Coronary Heart Disease: Psychosocial Aspects._x000D_
159: Corporate Culture._x000D_
160: Corporate Finance: Financial Control._x000D_
161: Corporate Governance._x000D_
162: Corporate Law: Publicly Traded Corporations._x000D_
163: Corporate Taxation._x000D_
164: Corpus Linguistics._x000D_
Half Title Page._x000D_
Title Page._x000D_
Copyright Page._x000D_
Contents to Volume 5._x000D_
Contributors to Volume 5._x000D_
1: Correspondence Analysis._x000D_
2: Correspondence Analysis, History of._x000D_
3: Corruption: Political and Public Aspects._x000D_
4: Cortical Areas Engaged in Movement: Neuroimaging Methods._x000D_
5: Cortical Development: Transplantation and Rewiring Studies._x000D_
6: Coser, Lewis A. (1913–2003)._x000D_
7: Cosmopolitanism._x000D_
8: Cost–Benefit Analysis._x000D_
9: Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses in Evaluation Research._x000D_
10: Counseling and Psychotherapy: Ethnic and Cultural Differences._x000D_
11: Counseling Psychology._x000D_
12: Counterculture: 1960s and Beyond._x000D_
13: Counterculture: the Classical View._x000D_
14: Counterfactual Reasoning, Qualitative: Philosophical Aspects._x000D_
15: Counterfactual Reasoning, Quantitative: Philosophical Aspects._x000D_
16: Counter-Insurgencies and the Social Sciences._x000D_
17: Courts and Adjudication._x000D_
18: Craft Production, Anthropology of._x000D_
19: Creativity Training._x000D_
20: Creolization: Sociocultural Aspects._x000D_
21: Crime and Class._x000D_
22: Crime and Criminal Justice: Applied Research from Routine Monitoring to Evidence-Based Practices._x000D_
23: Crime and Gender._x000D_
24: Crime, Desistance, and Persistence._x000D_
25: Crime, Geography of._x000D_
26: Crime, Immigration, and Ethnicity._x000D_
27: Crime in the Rural Context._x000D_
28: Crime: Knowledge about and Prevalence._x000D_
29: Crime: Organized._x000D_
30: Crime Policy in the United States._x000D_
31: Crime, Race and Ethnicity._x000D_
32: Crime, Sociology of._x000D_
33: Crime Trends and Debates._x000D_
34: Crime: Whitecollar._x000D_
35: Criminal Justice and Social Work Practice._x000D_
36: Criminal Justice, Sociology of._x000D_
37: Criminal Liability and Criminal Defenses._x000D_
38: Criminal Procedure: Adversarial and Inquisitorial Legal Systems._x000D_
39: Criminology: Development and Current Status of the Discipline._x000D_
40: Criminology, History of._x000D_
41: Critical Criminology._x000D_
42: Critical Legal Studies._x000D_
43: Critical Planning Theory._x000D_
44: Critical Psychology._x000D_
45: Critical Race Theory._x000D_
46: Critical Rationalism._x000D_
47: Critical Realism in Geography._x000D_
48: Critical Reflexivity and Social Work Practice._x000D_
49: Critical Social Work Practice._x000D_
50: Critical Theory._x000D_
51: Critical Theory: Contemporary._x000D_
52: Cross-Cultural Psychology._x000D_
53: Cross-Cultural Research Methods in Psychology._x000D_
54: Cross-Cultural Research Methods in Sociology._x000D_
55: Cross-Cultural Study of Education._x000D_
56: Cross-Cultural Training in Industrial and Organizational Psychology._x000D_
57: Cross-National Comparisons in Education: Findings from PISA._x000D_
58: Crossover Designs._x000D_
59: Cross-Sectional Methodologies in Developmental Psychology._x000D_
60: Crowds in History._x000D_
61: Cuban Revolution, The._x000D_
62: Cultural Capital and Education._x000D_
63: Cultural Critique, Anthropological._x000D_
64: Cultural Evolution: Overview._x000D_
65: Cultural Evolution: Phylogeny Versus Reticulation._x000D_
66: Cultural Evolution: Theory and Models._x000D_
67: Cultural Geography._x000D_
68: Cultural Heritage._x000D_
69: Cultural History._x000D_
70: Cultural Influences on Interpersonal Relationships._x000D_
71: Cultural Intelligence and Competencies._x000D_
72: Cultural Mediators and Gatekeepers._x000D_
73: Cultural Participation, Trends in._x000D_
74: Cultural Policies in East Asia._x000D_
75: Cultural Policy Regimes in Western Europe._x000D_
76: Cultural Production in Networks._x000D_
77: Cultural Psychiatry._x000D_
78: Cultural Psychology._x000D_
79: Cultural Relativism, Anthropology of._x000D_
80: Cultural Resource Management: Conservation of Cultural Heritage._x000D_
81: Cultural Rights and Culture Defense: Cultural Concerns._x000D_
82: Cultural Sociology, History of._x000D_
83: Cultural Studies of Science._x000D_
84: Cultural Views of Life Phases._x000D_
85: Culturally Appropriate Interventions in Social Work._x000D_
86: Culture and Actor Network Theory._x000D_
87: Culture and Economic Development._x000D_
88: Culture and Economy._x000D_
89: Culture and Emotion._x000D_
90: Culture and Institutional Logics._x000D_
91: Culture and Networks._x000D_
92: Culture and the Self: Implications for Psychological Theory._x000D_
93: Culture as a Determinant of Mental Health._x000D_
94: Culture, Cognition and Embodiment._x000D_
95: Culture: Contemporary Views._x000D_
96: Culture of Poverty: Critique._x000D_
97: Culture Policy Regimes in China._x000D_
98: Culture, Production of._x000D_
99: Culture, Production of: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century._x000D_
100: Culture Shock._x000D_
101: Culture, Sociology of._x000D_
102: Culture-Specific Psychiatric Disorders._x000D_
103: Customer Satisfaction._x000D_
104: Cyber Crime: Identity Theft._x000D_
105: Cyberbullying._x000D_
106: Cybernetics._x000D_
107: Cyclical Industrial Dynamics._x000D_
108: Dahl, Robert A (1915–2014)._x000D_
109: Dahrendorf, Ralf (1929–2009)._x000D_
110: Dance, Anthropology of._x000D_
111: Dark Triad: the “Dark Side” of Human Personality._x000D_
112: Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–82)._x000D_
113: Darwinism._x000D_
114: Darwinism: Social._x000D_
115: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Applied Social Research._x000D_
116: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Archives and Historical Databases._x000D_
117: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Communications and Media._x000D_
118: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Crime._x000D_
119: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Crime and Delinquency._x000D_
120: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Crime Measurement._x000D_
121: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Culture._x000D_
122: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Demography._x000D_
123: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Economics (General)._x000D_
124: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Economics (Macroeconomics)._x000D_
125: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Economics (Statistical Systems)._x000D_
126: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Education, General._x000D_
127: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Education, Statistical Systems._x000D_
128: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Environment and Urban Studies._x000D_
129: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Health._x000D_
130: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: International Comparative Research._x000D_
131: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Labor and Work._x000D_
132: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Law._x000D_
133: Databases and Statistical Systems: Linguistics._x000D_
134: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Overview._x000D_
135: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Political Behavior and Elections._x000D_
136: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Political Science (General)._x000D_
137: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Security and Conflict._x000D_
138: Data Bases and Statistical Systems: Sociology._x000D_
139: Data Collection: Interviewing._x000D_
140: De Finetti, Bruno (1906–85)._x000D_
141: Death and Dying, Psychology of._x000D_
142: Death and Dying, Sociology of._x000D_
143: Death, Anthropology of._x000D_
144: Death Penalty._x000D_
145: Decision and Choice: Bounded Rationality._x000D_
146: Decision and Choice: Economic Psychology._x000D_
147: Decision and Choice: Heuristics._x000D_
148: Decision and Choice: Luce’s Choice Axiom._x000D_
149: Decision and Choice: Random Utility Models of Choice and Response Time._x000D_
150: Decision and Choice: Sequential Decision Making._x000D_
151: Decision Making: Nonrational Theories._x000D_
152: Decision Making, Psychology of._x000D_
153: Declarative Memory, Neural Basis of._x000D_
154: Deconstruction._x000D_
155: Deductive Reasoning Systems._x000D_
Half Title Page._x000D_
Title Page._x000D_
Copyright Page._x000D_
Contents to Volume._x000D_
Contributors to Volume._x000D_
1: Defense and Security Economics._x000D_
2: Defiant Behavior During Adolescence Across Cultures._x000D_
3: Defiant Behavior During Infancy and Early Childhood._x000D_
4: Definition of the Situa