Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1598840967
  • ISBN-13: 9781598840964
  • DDC: 305.4
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 502 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2010
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

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Over the course of history, scientific research has been used to support a number of dubious assumptions, nowhere more so than in the area of gender -- several 19th century studies as well as many 20th century studies of brain differences, claim to prove that men's brains are superior to women's. Yet the scientific community has not often welcomed the work of women scientists. Is there a connection?

Women, Science, and Myth: Gender Beliefs from Antiquity to the Present examines the ways scientists have researched gender throughout history, the ways those results have affected society, and the impact they have had on the scientific community and on women, women scientists, and women's rights movements.

In chronologically organized entries, Women, Science, and Myth explores the people and experiments that exemplify the problematic relationship between science and gender throughout the centuries, with particular emphasis on the 20th century. The encyclopedia offers a section on focused cross-period themes such as myths of gender in different scientific disciplines and the influence of cultural norms on specific eras of gender research. It is a timely and revealing resource that celebrates science's legitimate accomplishments in understanding gender while unmasking the sources of a number of debilitating biases concerning women's intelligence and physical attributes.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Chronological Section: Changes in Myths of Gender over Time.
1: Antiquity.
2: Medieval Era.
3: Renaissance.
4: The 18th Century.
5: The 19th Century.
6: Early 20th Century.
7: Thematic Section: Concepts of Gender in Different Contexts.
8: Disciplines.
9: Chemistry.
10: Physics/Astronomy.
11: Mathematics.
12: Computer Science.
13: Biology.
14: Psychology.
15: Medicine.
16: Technology.
17: Aspects of Human Biology and Behavior.
18: The Brain.
19: Cognitive Abilities.
20: Mental Illness.
21: Personality/Rationality/Emotionality.
22: Endocrinology and Hormones.
23: Menstruation/Menopause/PMS.
24: Early Modern Health.
25: Gender/Sex—How Conjoined.
26: Homosexuality.
27: Race.
28: Nature/Nurture.
29: Institutions.
30: Women's Education.
31: Motherhood.
32: Religion.
33: Universities.
34: Federal Agencies.
35: Industry.
36: Professional Societies.
37: Discrimination.
38: Discrimination.
39: Women Scientists as Leaders.
40: Nobel Laureates.
41: Gender and Occupational Interests.
42: Other Perspectives on Gender and Myths and Beliefs in Scientific Research.
43: Feminist Philosophy of Science.
44: Biologists Who Study Gender/Feminism.
45: Historians of Science and Technology Who Focus on Feminism.
46: Primatologists Who Focus on Females/Gender.
47: Critiques of Science.
48: Marxism/Socialism and Feminism/Gender.
49: Ecofeminism.
50: Cyberfeminism.
51: Race, Postcolonial Gender, and Science.
52: Feminist Science Studies.
53: Women's Health Movement.
54: Science Fiction.
55: Conclusion.
Appendix of Statistical Tables.
About the Editor.