Turning Points in History: The Britannica Guide to Explorers and Explorations That Changed the Modern World, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1615300651
  • ISBN-13: 9781615300655
  • DDC: 910.9
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - 12th Grade
  • 304 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2010 | Published/Released March 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2010

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There was a time when every voyage contained an element of the unknown. Today, however, the world spreads out before us carefully mapped and plotted. One must credit explorers with this transformation. Readers will devour these tales of explorers who have pushed geographic and personal boundaries, leaving virtually no corner of the globe off limits.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Early Explorers.
2: Exploration of the Atlantic Coastlines.
3: Persian and Roman Explorations.
4: East-West Contact in Eurasia.
5: The Age of Discovery.
6: The Sea Route East by South to Cathay.
7: Bartolomeu Dias and the Cape of Good Hope.
8: Vasco Da Gama and the Route to India.
9: Columbus’s Voyages to the New World.
10: Vespucci’s Travels to South America.
11: Magellan and the Circumnavigation of the Earth.
12: Colonial Exploration of the New World.
13: Spain: The Conquests.
14: France in North America.
15: Journeys of Inquiry.
16: Tasman’s Discoveries in the South Pacific.
17: Drake’s Circumnavigation.
18: La Pérouse and Dumont D’Urville’s Explorations of the Pacific.
19: Voyages of James Cook.
20: Humboldt’s Exploration of South America.
21: Into the Heart of Africa.
22: Arctic Exploration.
23: English and Dutch Exploration of the Eurasian Arctic.
24: Hudson’s Expeditions.
25: Early Russian Exploration.
26: Conquest of the Northeast Passage.
27: The Northwest Passage.
28: The North Pole.
29: Scientific Exploration.
30: Exploration of Antarctica.
31: Voyages of Bellingshausen, Bransfield, and Palmer.
32: Voyages of Dumont D’urville, Wilkes, and Ross.
33: The “Heroic Age” of Exploration.
34: Exploration Since 1920.
35: Scientific Exploration.
36: The Quest For Everest.
37: Early Expeditions.
38: Golden Age of Everest Climbs.
39: Developments 1965 to 1980.
40: The 1980s.
41: Notable Climbers.
42: Reaching for Great Heights and Depth.
43: Auguste Piccard and Early Ascents Into the Stratosphere.
44: Subsequent Stratospheric Flights.
45: Superpressure Balloons.
46: Introduction of the Bathysphere.
47: Auguste Piccard and the Development of the Bathyscaphe.
48: Notable Archaelogical Finds.
49: Pompeii.
50: Troy.
51: Knossos.
52: Machu Picchu.
53: Valley of the Kings and Tutankhamen.
54: Easter Island.
55: Olduvai Gorge.
For Further Reading.