Encyclopedia Of Neuroscience, 1st Edition

  • Larry R. Squire
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0080963935
  • ISBN-13: 9780080963938
  • DDC: 612.803
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 10500 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released June 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price



Explores all areas of neuroscience and covers a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Senior Editors.
Associate Editors.
How to Use the Encyclopedia.
Subject Classification.
Table of Contents.
1: Acetylcholine Neurotransmission in CNS.
2: Acetylcholinesterase.
3: Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors and Alzheimer’s Disease.
4: Actin Cytoskeleton in Growth Cones, Nerve Terminals, and Dendritic Spines.
5: Action Potential Initiation and Conduction in Axons.
6: Active Perception.
7: Active Zone.
8: Activity in Visual Development.
9: Activity-Dependent Metabolism in Glia and Neurons.
10: Activity-Dependent Regulation of Glucose Transporters.
11: Activity-Dependent Remodeling of Presynaptic Boutons.
12: Addiction: Neurobiological Mechanism.
13: Adenosine.
14: Adenosine Receptor Mediated Functions.
15: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP).
16: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) as a Neurotransmitter.
17: Adolescent Brain Development and the Risk of Psychiatric Disorders.
18: Adrenal Steroids: Biphasic Effects on Neurons.
19: Adrenergic Receptors.
20: Adult Cortical Plasticity.
21: Aggression: Hormonal Basis.
22: Aggression: Neurochemical and Molecular Mechanisms.
23: Aging and Memory in Animals.
24: Aging and Memory in Humans.
25: Aging of the Brain.
26: Aging of the Brain and Alzheimer’s Disease.
27: Aging: Brain Potential Measures and Reaction Time Studies.
28: Aging: Extracellular Space.
29: Aging: Invertebrate Models of Normal Brain Aging.
30: Agnosia.
31: Agonistic and Affiliative Signals: Resolutions of Conflict.
32: Agraphia.
33: Alcoholism.
34: Alexia.
35: Allometric Analysis of Brain Size.
36: Alternative Splicing in the Nervous System.
37: Aluminum.
38: Alzheimer’s Disease: An Overview.
39: Alzheimer’s Disease: Molecular Genetics.
40: Alzheimer’s Disease: Mri Studies.
41: Alzheimer’s Disease: Neurodegeneration.
42: Alzheimer’s Disease: Transgenic Mouse Models.
43: Amnesia: Declarative and Nondeclarative Memory.
44: Ampa Receptor Cell Biology/Trafficking.
45: Ampa Receptors: Disease.
46: AMPA Receptors: Molecular Biology and Pharmacology.
47: Amphetamines.
48: Amphibian Peptides.
49: Amygdala: Contributions to Fear.
50: Amygdala: Structure and Circuitry in Primates.
51: Amygdala: Structure and Circuitry in Rodents and Felines.
52: Amyloid: Vascular and Parenchymal.
53: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).
54: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS): Disease Mechanisms.
55: Angelman Syndrome.
56: Angiotensin Actions on and Within Brain.
57: Angiotensin II.
58: Animal Communication: Honesty and Deception.
59: Animal Intelligence: The Search for Animal Intelligence.
60: Animal Models of Alzheimer’s Disease.
61: Animal Models of Amnesia.
62: Animal Models of Huntington’s Disease.
63: Animal Models of Inherited Retinal Degenerations.
64: Animal Models of Motor and Sensory Neuron Disease.
65: Animal Models of Parkinson’s Disease.
66: Animal Models of Stroke.
67: Animals and the Biology of Music.
68: Anterior–Posterior Spinal Cord Patterning of the Motor Pool.
69: Antipsychotic Drugs.
70: Anxiety Disorders.
71: Anxiety: Drug Therapy.
72: Apelin.
73: Aphasia: Sudden and Progressive.
74: Apoptosis in Nervous System Injury.
75: Apoptosis in Neurodegenerative Disease.
76: Appetitive Systems: Amygdala and Striatum.
77: Apraxia: Disease.
78: Apraxia: Sensory System.
79: Artificial Intelligence.
80: Astrocyte: Calcium Signaling.
81: Astrocyte: Identification Methods.
82: Astrocyte: Neurotransmitter and Hormone Receptors.
83: Astrocyte: Response to Injury.
84: Atomic Force Microscopy Methodologies.
85: Atrial Natriuretic Peptide: Fluid/Mineral Balance.
86: Attention and Eye Movements.
87: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
88: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd): Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and Dopamine.
89: Attention: Models.
90: Attentional Functions in Learning and Memory.
91: Attentional Mechanisms in Ventral Pathway.
92: Attentional Networks.
93: Attentional Networks in the Parietal Cortex.
94: Attractor Network Models.
95: Audiovocal Communication in Bats.
96: Auditory/Somatosensory Interactions.
97: Auditory Cortex Structure and Circuitry.
98: Auditory Cortex: Models.
99: Auditory Evoked Potentials.
100: Auditory Localization.
101: Auditory Scene Analysis.
102: Auditory System: Central Pathway Plasticity.
103: Auditory System: Central Pathways.
104: Auditory System: Efferent Systems to the Auditory Periphery.
105: Auditory System: Giant Synaptic Terminals, Endbulbs, and Calyces.
106: Auditory Systems in Insects.
107: Autism.
108: Autoimmune Autonomic Neuropathy.
109: Autonomic and Enteric Nervous System: Apoptosis and Trophic Support During Development.
110: Autonomic Disorders.
111: Autonomic Dysfunction: Drug-Induced.
112: Autonomic Dysregulation During Rem Sleep.
113: Autonomic Failure.
114: Autonomic Nervous System.
115: Autonomic Nervous System Development.
116: Autonomic Nervous System: Cardiovascular Control.
117: Autonomic Nervous System: Carotid Body and Chemoception.
118: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Cardiovascular Control.
119: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Control of the Gastrointestinal Tract.
120: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Respiratory Control.
121: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Thermoregulatory Control.
122: Autonomic Nervous System: Central Urogenital Control.
123: Autonomic Nervous System: Clinical Testing.
124: Autonomic Nervous System: Gastrointestinal Control.
125: Autonomic Nervous System: General Overview.
126: Autonomic Nervous System: Metabolic Function.
127: Autonomic Nervous System: Neuroanatomy.
128: Autonomic Nervous System: Ophthalmic Control.
129: Autonomic Nervous System: Respiratory Control.
130: Autonomic Nervous System: Urogenital Control.
131: Autonomic Neuroeffector Junction.
132: Autonomic Neuroimmunology.
133: Autonomic Neuroplasticity and Aging.
134: Autonomic Neuroplasticity and Regeneration.
135: Autonomic Neuroplasticity: Development.
136: Autophagy and Neuronal Death.
137: Aversive Emotions: Genetic Mechanisms of Serotonin.
138: Aversive Emotions: Molecular Basis of Unconditioned Fear.
139: Awareness: Functional Imaging.
140: Axon Guidance by Glia.
141: Axon Guidance: Building Pathways with Molecular Cues in Vertebrate Sensory Systems.
142: Axon Guidance: Guidance Cues and Guidepost Cells.
143: Axon Guidance: Morphogens as Chemoattractants and Chemorepellants.
144: Axonal and Dendritic Identity and Structure: Control of.
145: Axonal and Dendritic Transport by Dyneins and Kinesins in Neurons.
146: Axonal Injury in Demyelinating Disease and CNS Injury.
147: Axonal Injury: Neuronal Responses.
148: Axonal mRNA Transport and Functions.
149: Axonal Pathfinding.
150: Axonal Pathfinding: Extracellular Matrix Role.
151: Axonal Pathfinding: Guidance Activities of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh).
152: Axonal Pathfinding: Netrins.
153: Axonal Regeneration: Role of Growth and Guidance Cues.
154: Axonal Regeneration: Role of the Extracellular Matrix and the Glial Scar.
155: Axonal Transport and ALS.
156: Axonal Transport and Alzheimer’s Disease.
157: Axonal Transport and Huntington’s Disease.
158: Axonal Transport and Neurodegenerative Diseases.
159: Axonal Transport Disorders.
160: Axonal Transport Tracers.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Senior Editors.
Associate Editors.
Table of Contents.
1: Babinski’s Reflex/Sign.
2: BAC Transgenesis: Cell-Type Specific Expression in the Nervous System.
3: BAC Use in the Study of the CNS.
4: Balance and Posture Control.
5: Balance and Posture Control: Human.
6: Balint Syndrome.
7: Barrel Cortex Circuits.
8: Basal Forebrain and Memory.
9: Basal Ganglia and Oculomotor Control.
10: Basal Ganglia: Acetylcholine Interactions and Behavior.
11: Basal Ganglia: Evolution.
12: Basal Ganglia: Functional Models of Normal and Disease States.
13: Basal Ganglia: Habit.
14: Basal Ganglia: Internal Organization.
15: Basal Ganglia: Motor Functions.
16: Basal Ganglia: Physiological Circuits.
17: Bayesian Cortical Models.
18: Bayesian Models of Motor Control.
19: BDNF in Synaptic Plasticity and Memory.
20: Behavioral Hierarchies.
21: Bell’s Palsy.
22: Bergmann Glial Cells.
23: Bilingualism.
24: Binocular Rivalry.
25: Biomechanics: Hydroskeletal.
26: Bipolar Disorder.
27: Bird Brain: Evolution.
28: Bird Song Systems: Evolution.
29: Birdsong Learning.
30: Birdsong Learning: Evolutionary, Behavioral, and Hormonal Issues.
31: Birdsong: The Neurobiology of Avian Vocal Learning.
32: Blindsight: Residual Vision.
33: Blood Pressure: Baroreceptors.
34: Blood–Brain Barrier and Neurovascular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration and Injury.
35: Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) Signaling in the Neuroectoderm.
36: Borderline Personality Disorder.
37: Botulinum and Tetanus Toxins.
38: Brain Adrenergic Neurons.
39: Brain Asymmetry: Evolution.
40: Brain Composition: Age-Related Changes.
41: Brain Connectivity and Brain Size.
42: Brain Damage: Functional Reorganization.
43: Brain Development: The Generation of Large Brains.
44: Brain Evolution: Developmental Constraints and Relative Developmental Growth.
45: Brain Evolution: The Radiator Theory.
46: Brain Fossils: Endocasts.
47: Brain Glucose Metabolism: Age, Alzheimer’s Disease, and Apoe Allele Effects.
48: Brain Injury: Functional Recovery After.
49: Brain Injury: Magnetic Resonance Studies of Metabolic Aspects.
50: Brain Modules: Mosaic Evolution.
51: Brain Na,K-ATPase.
52: Brain Scaling Laws.
53: Brain Trauma.
54: Brain Volume: Age-Related Changes.
55: Brain–Computer Interface.
56: Brains of Primitive Chordates.
57: Brainstem and Cranial Nerves.
58: Brainstem Control of Eye Movements.
59: Brainstem Respiratory Circuits.
60: Broca’s Area: Evolution.
61: Brodmann’s Areas.
62: Cadasil (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy).
63: Cadherins and Synapse Organization.
64: Cajal’s Place in the History of Neuroscience.
65: Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) and Receptors.
66: Calcium and Signal Transduction.
67: Calcium Channel and Calcium-Activated Potassium Channel Coupling.
68: Calcium Channel Subtypes Involved in Neurotransmitter Release.
69: Calcium Channels.
70: Calcium Channels and Snare Proteins.
71: Calcium Homeostasis in Glia.
72: Calcium Waves in Glia.
73: Calcium Waves: Purinergic Regulation.
74: Calcium-Calmodulin Kinase Ii (CaMKII) in Learning and Memory.
75: Canal–Otolith Interactions.
76: Cardiovascular Function: Central Nervous System Control.
77: Cataplexy.
78: CCK/Gastrin and Receptors.
79: Cell Adhesion Molecules at Synapses.
80: Cell Culture: Autonomic and Enteric Neurons.
81: Cell Culture: Primary Neural Cells.
82: Cell Replacement Therapy for Huntington’s Disease.
83: Cell Replacement Therapy: Mechanisms of Functional Recovery.
84: Cell Replacement Therapy: Parkinson’s Disease.
85: Cell–Cell Communication Through the Extracellular Space.
86: Cells: 5-Hydroxytryptamine Receptors.
87: Cellular Dynamics Revealed by Digital Holographic Microscopy.
88: Central Gustatory System and Ingestive Behavior.
89: Central Pattern Generators.
90: Central Pattern Generators: Sensory Feedback.
91: Cerebellar Deep Nuclei.
92: Cerebellar Lesions and Effects on Posture, Locomotion and Limb Movement.
93: Cerebellar Microcircuitry.
94: Cerebellum and Oculomotor Control.
95: Cerebellum: Clinical Pathology.
96: Cerebellum: Evolution and Comparative Anatomy.
97: Cerebellum: Models.
98: Cerebral Cortex.
99: Cerebral Cortex: Inhibitory Cells.
100: Cerebral Cortex: Symmetric vs. Asymmetric Cell Division.
101: Cerebral Fissure Patterns.
102: Cerebrovascular Disease.
103: Cetacean Brains.
104: Chemical Senses: Overview.
105: Chemical Senses: Protozoa.
106: Chemoaffinity Hypothesis: Development of Topographic Axonal Projections.
107: Cholinergic Neurotransmission in the Autonomic and Somatic Motor Nervous System.
108: Cholinergic Pathways in CNS.
109: Cholinergic System.
110: Cholinergic System Imaging in the Healthy Aging Process and Alzheimer Disease.
111: Chromaffin Cells: Model Cells for Neuronal Cell Biology.
112: Chronic (Repeated) Stress: Consequences, Adaptations.
113: Cingulate Cortex.
114: Circadian Function and Therapeutic Potential of Melatonin in Humans.
115: Circadian Gene Expression in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
116: Circadian Genes and the Sleep–Wake Cycle.
117: Circadian Metabolic Rhythms Regulated by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
118: Circadian Organization.
119: Circadian Organization in Non-Mammalian Vertebrates.
120: Circadian Oscillations in the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
121: Circadian Regulation by the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus.
122: Circadian Regulation in Invertebrates.
123: Circadian Rhythm Models.
124: Circadian Rhythms in Sleepiness, Alertness, and Performance.
125: Circadian Rhythms: Influence of Light in Humans.
126: Circadian Systems: Evolution.
127: Circumventricular Organs.
128: Circumventricular Organs in Neuroendocrine Control.
129: CIRL/Latrophilins.
130: Clathrin and Clathrin-Adaptors.
131: Clock Gene Regulation of Endocrine Function.
132: Clock Genes and Metabolic Regulation.
133: Cochlear Development.
134: Cochlear Mechanics.
135: Cochlear Prosthesis.
136: Cognition in Aging and Age-Related Disease.
137: Cognition: An Overview of Neuroimaging Techniques.
138: Cognition: Basal Ganglia Role.
139: Cognition: Cerebellum Role.
140: Cognition: Neuropharmacology.
141: Cognitive Control and Development.
142: Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia.
143: Cognitive Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders.
144: Cognitive Neuroscience: An Overview.
145: Color Vision.
146: Coma.
147: Coma and Other Pathological Disorders of Consciousness.
148: Command Systems.
149: Communication in Frogs and Toads.
150: Communication in Terrestrial Animals.
151: Communication in the Honeybee.
152: Communication Networks and Eavesdropping in Animals.
153: Comparative Biology of Invertebrate Neuromuscular Junctions.
154: Comparative Neurobiology: History.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Senior Editors.
Associate Editors.
Table of Contents.
1: Complexins.
2: Computational Approaches to Motor Control.
3: Computational Methods.
4: Computational Neuroethology.
5: Conditioned Reflex.
6: Conditioned Taste Aversion.
7: Conditioning: Simple Neural Circuits in the Honeybee.
8: Conditioning: Theories.
9: Cone Photopigment Evolution.
10: Congenital Muscular Dystrophy.
11: Connectionist Models.
12: Connectionist Models of Language Processing.
13: Connectivity of Primate Reward Centers.
14: Consciousness: Neural Basis of Conscious Experience.
15: Consciousness: Neurophysiology and Visual Awareness in.
16: Consciousness: Philosophy.
17: Consciousness: Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience.
18: Consciousness: Theories and Models.
19: Contextual Interactions in Visual Perception.
20: Contextual Interactions in Visual Processing.
21: Cornelia De Lange Syndrome.
22: Corpus Callosum: Agenesis.
23: Cortical Control of Eye Movements.
24: Cortical Plasticity and Learning: Mechanisms and Models.
25: Cortical Processing of the Reward Value of Food.
26: Corticomotoneuronal System.
27: Corticospinal Development.
28: Corticothalamic Connections: Structure and Function.
29: Corticothalamic Connections: Ultrastructure.
30: Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone and Urocortins: Binding Proteins and Receptors.
31: Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone: Integration of Adaptive Responses to Stress.
32: Cotransmission.
33: Cranial–Cervical Dystonia.
34: Cross-Modal Interactions Between Vision and Touch.
35: Cyclic AMP (cAMP) Role in Learning and Memory.
36: Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated and Hyperpolarization-Activated Channels.
37: Cysteine-String Proteins (CSPs).
38: Cysticercosis: Cerebral.
39: Cytokine Receptors in Glia.
40: Cytoskeletal Interactions in the Neuron.
41: Cytoskeleton in Plasticity.
42: Deafness.
43: Decision-Making and Neuroeconomics.
44: Decision-Making and Vision.
45: Decision-Making in Financial Markets.
46: Declarative Memory System: Anatomy.
47: Decoding Neuron Transcriptome by Sage.
48: Deep Brain Stimulation.
49: Deep Brain Stimulation and Movement Disorder Treatment.
50: Deep Brain Stimulation and Parkinson’s Disease.
51: Delayed Reinforcement: Economics.
52: Delayed Reinforcement: Neuroscience.
53: Dementia.
54: Dementia and Language.
55: Demyelinating Diseases.
56: Demyelination and Demyelinating Antibodies.
57: Dendrite Development, Synapse Formation and Elimination.
58: Dendrites: Localized Translation.
59: Dendritic Rna Transport: Dynamic Spatio-Temporal Control of Neuronal Gene Expression.
60: Dendritic Signal Integration.
61: Dendritic Spine History.
62: Depression and the Brain.
63: Development of Behavior.
64: Development of Drosophila Neuromuscular Junctions.
65: Developmental Disability and Fragile X Syndrome: Clinical Overview.
66: Developmental Synaptic Plasticity: LTP, LTD, and Synapse Formation and Elimination.
67: Diabetes Type 2 and Stress: Impact on Memory and the Hippocampus.
68: Diabetic Neuropathy.
69: Dichotic Listening Studies of Brain Asymmetry.
70: Differentiation: The Cell Cycle Instead.
71: Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI).
72: Dopamine.
73: Dopamine – CNS Pathways and Neurophysiology.
74: Dopamine Control of Arousal.
75: Dopamine in Perspective.
76: Dopamine Neurons: Reward and Uncertainty.
77: Dopamine Receptors and Antipsychotic Drugs in Health and Disease.
78: Dopamine: Cellular Actions.
79: Dopaminergic Agonists and L-DOPA.
80: Dopaminergic Differentiation.
81: Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons.
82: Double Cortex.
83: Down Syndrome.
84: Down Syndrome: A Disorder of Histogenesis.
85: Dream Function.
86: Dreams and Dreaming: Incorporation of Waking Events.
87: Dreams and Nightmares in PTSD.
88: Dreams, Dreaming Theories and Correlates of Nightmares.
89: Drosophila Apterous Neurons: From Stem Cell to Unique Neuron.
90: Drug Addiction: Behavioral Neurophysiology.
91: Drug Addiction: Behavioral Pharmacology of Drug Addiction in Rats.
92: Drug Addiction: Cellular Mechanisms.
93: Drug Addiction: Neuroimaging.
94: Drugs Addiction: Actions.
95: D-Serine: From Its Synthesis in Glial Cell to Its Action on Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity.
96: Dynamin.
97: Dysautonomia: Familial.
98: Dyslexia: Neurodevelopmental Basis.
99: Dystonia: Classification, Genetics and Therapeutics.
100: Dystonia: Myoclonus–Dystonia.
101: Dystrophin, Associated Proteins, and Muscular Dystrophy.
102: Eating Disorders.
103: Echolocation I: Behavior.
104: Echolocation II: Neurophysiology.
105: Electrical Perception and Communication.
106: Electrical Self-Stimulation.
107: Electrocommunication.
108: Electroencephalography (EEG).
109: Electrolocation.
110: Electromyography (EMG) and Nerve Conduction Studies.
111: Electronic Nose.
112: Electrophysiology: EEG and ERP Analysis.
113: Electroretinography.
114: Emotion and Vigilance.
115: Emotion in Speech.
116: Emotion Systems and the Brain.
117: Emotion: Computational Modeling.
118: Emotion: Neuroimaging.
119: Emotional Control of the Autonomic Nervous System.
120: Emotional Disorders: Treatment.
121: Emotional Hormones and Memory Modulation.
122: Emotional Influences on Memory and Attention.
123: Emotional Learning in Humans.
124: Encephalitis.
125: Endocannabinoid Role in Synaptic Plasticity and Learning.
126: Endocrine Function During Sleep and Sleep Deprivation.
127: Endocrinology of Animal Communication: Behavioral.
128: Endocytic Traffic in Spines.
129: Endocytosis and Presynaptic Scaffolds.
130: Endocytosis: Kiss and Run.
131: Energy Homeostasis: Adiposity Signals.
132: Energy Homeostasis: Endocannabinoid System.
133: Energy Homeostasis: Hypothalamic Development.
134: Energy Homeostasis: Paraventricular Nucleus (PVN) System.
135: Energy Homeostasis: Thermoregulation.
136: Energy Homeostasis: Visceral Control.
137: Engineering Viruses for CNS studies.
138: Enteric Nervous System Development.
139: Enteric Nervous System: Disorders.
140: Enteric Nervous System: Glial Cells and Interstitial Cells of Cajal.
141: Enteric Nervous System: Neural Circuits and Chemical Coding.
142: Enteric Nervous System: Neurotrophic Factors.
143: Enteric Nervous System: Physiology.
144: Enteric Nervous System: Sensory Pathways.
145: Entorhinal Cortex.
146: Entrainment of Circadian Rhythms by Light.
147: Ependymal Cells.
148: Eph Receptor Signaling and Spine Morphology.
149: Epilepsy.
150: Epilepsy: Channelopathies.
151: Epilepsy: Neuronal Death.
152: Episodic Memory.
153: Episodic Memory: Assessment in Animals.
154: Erectile Dysfunction.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Senior Editors.
Associate Editors.
1: Estrus and Menstrual Cycles: Neuroendocrine Control.
2: Event-Related Potentials (ERPs).
3: Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) and Cognitive Processing.
4: Evoked Potentials: Clinical.
5: Evoked Potentials: Recording Methods.
6: Evolution of Sensory Receptor Specializations in the Glabrous Skin.
7: Evolution of the Limbic System.
8: Evolution of Vertebrate Brains.
9: Evolution of Vertebrate Respiratory Control.
10: Excitotoxicity in Neurodegenerative Disease.
11: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Assessment in Animals.
12: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Computational Models.
13: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Definition and Neural Substrates.
14: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: EEG Studies.
15: Executive Function and Higher-Order Cognition: Neuroimaging.
16: Executive Functions: Eye Movements and Neuropsychiatric Disorders.
17: Exercise in Neurodegenerative Disease and Stroke.
18: Exercise: Optimizing Function and Survival at the Cellular Level.
19: Exocytosis: Ca2+-Sensitivity.
20: Extinction: Anatomy.
21: Extracellular Matrix Molecules: Synaptic Plasticity and Learning.
22: Eye and Head Movements.
23: Eye Movement Disorders.
24: Eye Tracking and Mental Illness.
25: Eyeblink Conditioning.
26: Facial Expression in Primate Communication.
27: Fatigue.
28: Fear Conditioning and Synaptic Plasticity.
29: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
30: Finger Movements: Control.
31: Flavor Physiology.
32: Floor Plate Patterning of Ventral Cell Types: Ventral Patterning.
33: Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis: Clinical Disease.
34: Fluorescence Microscopy in the Neurosciences.
35: Fluorescent Biomarkers in Neurons.
36: fMRI: Bold Contrast.
37: Folate Deficiency States.
38: Food and Water Intake: Regulation.
39: Forebrain Development: Holoprosencephaly (HPE).
40: Forebrain Development: Prosomere Model.
41: Forebrain: Early Development.
42: Fovea: Primate.
43: Fragile X Associated Tremor Ataxia Syndrome.
44: Fragile X Syndrome.
45: Free Radicals in Autonomic Functions.
46: Friedreich Ataxia.
47: Frontal Cortex Evolution in Primates.
48: Frontal Eye Fields.
49: Frontal Lobe Syndrome.
50: Functional Amnesia.
51: Functional Connectivity.
52: Functional Electrical Stimulation.
53: Functional Imaging of the Motor System.
54: Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Aging.
55: Fusion Pore.
56: GABA Synthesis and Metabolism.
57: GABAA Receptor Synaptic Functions.
58: GABAA Receptors and Disease.
59: GABAA Receptors: Developmental Roles.
60: GABAA Receptors: Molecular Biology, Cell Biology, and Pharmacology.
61: GABAB Receptor Function.
62: GABAB Receptors: Molecular Biology and Pharmacology.
63: Gain Modulation.
64: Galanin and Receptors.
65: Game Theory and the Economics of Animal Communication.
66: Games in Monkeys: Neurophysiology and Motor Decision-Making.
67: Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA).
68: Gap Junction Abnormalities and Disorders of the Nervous System.
69: Gap Junction Communication.
70: Gap Junctions and Electrical Synapses.
71: Gap Junctions and Hemichannels in Glia.
72: Gap Junctions and Neuronal Oscillations.
73: Gap Junctions: Metabolic Exchanges.
74: Gastrointestinal Signals: Satiety.
75: Gastrointestinal Signals: Stimulation.
76: Gastrointestinal Tract Role in Neural Control of Metabolism, Food Intake and Body Weight: A Summary.
77: Gene Expression Dysregulation in CNS Pathophysiology.
78: Gene Expression in Normal Aging Brain.
79: Gene Expression in the Evolution of the Human Brain.
80: Gene Expression Regulation: Activity-Dependent.
81: Gene Expression Regulation: Chromatin Modification in the CNS.
82: Gene Expression Regulation: Steroid Hormone Effects.
83: Gene Therapy and Protection from Stress-Induced Brain Damage.
84: Gene Therapy: Direct Viral Delivery.
85: Gene Therapy: Genetically Modified Cells.
86: Genetic Influence on CNS Gene Expression: Impact on Behavior.
87: Genetic Regulation of Circadian Rhythms in Drosophila.
88: Genetics of Circadian Disorders in Humans.
89: Genetics of Human Anxiety and Its Disorders.
90: Genomic Disorder and Gene Expression in the Developing Cns.
91: Genomics of Brain Aging: Apolipoprotein E.
92: Genomics of Brain Aging: Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genomes.
93: Genomics of Brain Aging: Twin Studies.
94: GFL Neurotrophic Factors: Physiology and Pharmacology.
95: Glia and Stroke.
96: Glia and Synapse Formation: An Overview.
97: Glia Control of Blood Flow.
98: Glial Cells: Astrocytes and Oligodendrocytes During Normal Brain Aging.
99: Glial Cells: Invertebrate.
100: Glial Cells: Microglia During Normal Brain Aging.
101: Glial Cells: T Cell Interactions.
102: Glial Energy Metabolism: A NMR Spectroscopy Perspective.
103: Glial Energy Metabolism: Overview.
104: Glial Glutamate and Gaba Metabolism.
105: Glial Glutamate Transporters.
106: Glial Glutamate Transporters: Electrophysiology.
107: Glial Glycogen Metabolism.
108: Glial Growth Factors.
109: Glial Influence on Synaptic Transmission.
110: Glial Ion Homeostasis: A Fluorescence Microscopy Approach.
111: Glial Plasticity and Neuroendocrine Regulation.
112: Glial Responses to Injury.
113: Glial Responses to Virus Infection.
114: Glial Steroid Metabolism.
115: Glioma.
116: Glutamate.
117: Glutamate Receptor Clusters: Narp, EphB2 Receptor, Stargazin.
118: Glutamate Receptor Organization: Ultrastructural Insights.
119: Glutamate Regulation of Dendritic Spine Form and Function.
120: Glutamatergic and Gabaergic Systems.
121: Glycine Receptors: Molecular and Cell Biology.
122: Glycogen Metabolism in CNS White Matter.
123: Glycosylation: General Overview.
124: Goal-Directed Behavior Theories.
125: Gonadal Steroid Actions on Brain.
126: Gonadotropin, Neural and Hormonal Control.
127: Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: GnRH-1 System.
128: Gravitational Effects on Brain and Behavior.
129: Growth Cones.
130: Growth Factors: Neuronal Atrophy.
131: Growth Hormone.
132: Hair Cell Differentiation.
133: Hair Cell Regeneration.
134: Hair Cells: Sensory Transduction.
135: Headache.
136: Hearing and Echolocation in Dolphins.
137: Heart Rate Variability: A Neurovisceral Integration Model.
138: Hebbian Plasticity.
139: Helix–Loop–Helix (bHLH) Proteins: Hes Family.
140: Helix–Loop–Helix (bHLH) Proteins: Proneural.
141: Hemiplegic Migraine and Channel Disorders.
142: Hemispheric Specialization and Cognition.
143: Hepatic Encephalopathy.
144: Herbal Products and Gaba Receptors.
145: Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia.
146: Heritable Microgyrias.
147: Hibernation.
148: Hippocampus.
149: Hippocampus and Neural Representations.
150: Hippocampus: Computational Models.
151: Hippocampus: Molecular Anatomy.
152: Histamine Receptors and Their Ligands: Mechanisms and Applications.
153: History of Neuroscience: Early Neuroscience.
154: Hodgkin–Huxley Models.
155: Holoprosencephaly.
156: Homeostasis at Multiple Spatial and Temporal Scales.
157: Homology and Homoplasy.
158: Hormonal Signaling to the Brain for the Control of Feeding/Energy Balance.
159: Hormones and Behavior.
160: Hormones and Memory.
161: Hox Genes Expression.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Senior Editors.
Associate Editors.
1: Human Depth Electrodes.
2: Human Haptics.
3: Human Methods: Psychophysics.
4: Humans.
5: Huntington’s Disease.
6: Huntington’s Disease: Neurodegeneration.
7: Hyperacuity.
8: Hypocretin/Orexin and MCH and Receptors.
9: Hypothalamic Structure–Function Relationships.
10: Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal (HPA) Axis.
11: Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Thyroid Axis: Organization, Neural/Endocrine Control of TRH.
12: Ideal Observer Theory.
13: Imaging Studies Using Reporter-Gene Transgenic Rats.
14: Immune Function During Sleep and Sleep Deprivation.
15: Immune System–Neuroendocrine Interactions.
16: Induced Seizures as Therapy in Man.
17: Infectious Agents in Neurodegenerative Disease.
18: Inflammation in Neurodegenerative Disease and Injury.
19: Information Coding.
20: Inherited Macular Degenerations: Animal Models.
21: Inhibitory Control Over Action and Memory.
22: Insulin-Like Growth Factor Signaling and Actions in Brain.
23: Intermediate Filaments.
24: Interstitial Axon Branching/Collateral Elimination.
25: Intracellular Calcium and Neuronal Death.
26: Invertebrate Models to Study Learning and Memory: Lymnaea.
27: Invertebrate Neurohormone GPCRs.
28: Inwardly Rectifying Potassium Channels.
29: Ion Channel Localization in Cell Bodies and Dendrites.
30: Ion Channel Localization in Axons.
31: Ionic Channels in Glia.
32: Joubert Syndrome.
33: Kainate Receptor Functions.
34: Kainate Receptors: Molecular and Cell Biology.
35: Kinematics and Dynamics.
36: Kinship Signals in Animals.
37: Kisspeptins and Their Receptors.
38: Lamina-Specific Neuronal Connections.
39: Landau Kleffner Syndrome.
40: Language Development.
41: Language Evolution.
42: Language Following Congenital Disorders (not SLI).
43: Language in Aged Persons.
44: Language: Aphasia.
45: Language: Auditory Processes.
46: Language: Cortical Processes.
47: Language: Learning Impairments.
48: Language: Nonhuman Animals.
49: Large Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels.
50: Large Dense Core Vesicles (LDCVs).
51: Latrotoxin.
52: Learned Flavor Aversions and Preferences.
53: Learning and Memory in Invertebrate Models: Tritonia.
54: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Aplysia.
55: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: C. Elegans.
56: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Drosophila.
57: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Hermissenda.
58: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Honey Bee.
59: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Limax.
60: Learning and Memory in Invertebrates: Mollusks.
61: Learning, Action, Inference and Neuromodulation.
62: Lexical Impairments Following Brain Injury.
63: Lim Kinase and Actin Regulation of Spines.
64: Lipids and Membranes in Brain Aging.
65: Lipofuscin and Lipofuscinosis.
66: Liprins, ELKS, and RIM-BP Proteins.
67: Lissencephaly.
68: Lissencephaly Type I and Periventricular Heterotopia.
69: Localizing Signal Sources.
70: Long-Term Depression (LTD): Endocannabinoids and Cerebellar LTD.
71: Long-Term Depression (LTD): Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor (mGLuR) and NMDAR-Dependent Forms.
72: Long-Term Depression: Cerebellum.
73: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP).
74: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP): Mossy Fiber Camp-Dependent Presynaptic LTP.
75: Long-Term Potentiation (LTP): NMDA Receptor Role.
76: Long-Term Potentiation and Long-Term Depression in Experience-Dependent Plasticity.
77: Lysosomal System.
78: Lysosome and Endosome Organization and Transport in Neurons.
79: Machine Haptics.
80: Macroglial Lineages.
81: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
82: Magnetic Sense in Animal Navigation.
83: Magnetoencephalography.
84: Magnocellular Neurosecretory System: Organization, Plasticity, Model Peptidergic Neurons.
85: Mammalian Neuropeptide Families.
86: Mammalian Sleep and Circadian Rhythms: Flies.
87: Map Kinase Signaling in Learning and Memory.
88: Map Plasticity and Recovery from Stroke.
89: Marsupial Neocortex.
90: Mass Spectroscopy of Proteins.
91: Mechanoreceptors.
92: Mechanosensory Transduction.
93: Medulloblastoma.
94: Melanocortins: Brain Effects.
95: Melatonin Regulation of Circadian Rhythmicity in Vert