Production of Biofuels and Chemicals with Ionic Liquids, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 9400777116
  • ISBN-13: 9789400777118
  • DDC: 662.88
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 340 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released May 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014

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The application of ionic liquids to biomass for producing biofuels and chemicals will be one of the hot research areas during the next decade due to the fascinating properties of these versatile group of solvents that allow them to dissolve lignocellulosic materials. The present text provides up-to-date fundamentals, state-of-the-art reviews, current assessments and prospects in this area, including aspects of pretreatment, fermentation, biomass dissolution, cellulose transformation, reaction kinetics and physical properties, as well as the subsequent production of biofuels and platform chemicals such as sugars, aldehydes and acids. Auxiliary methods such as catalysis, microwave and enzymatic techniques used in the transformations are covered. Both researchers and practitioners are certain to find a wealth of information in the individual chapters, which were written by experts in the field to provide an essential basis for assessing possible pretreatment and transformation routes of biomass using ionic liquids, and for developing new methods and chemical processes. Dr. Zhen Fang is Professor of Bioenergy, head of the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Biomass Group, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden and is also an Adjunct Professor of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China. Dr. Richard L Smith, Jr. is Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Research Center of Supercritical Fluid Technology, Tohoku University, Japan. Dr. Xinhua Qi is Professor of Environmental Science at Nankai University, China.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Other Frontmatter: Part 1.
Other Frontmatter: Part 2.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Synthesis and Fundamentals of Ionic Liquids for Biomass Conversion.
2: Fundamentals of Ionic Liquids.
3: Solubilization of Biomass Components with Ionic Liquids Toward Biomass Energy Conversions.
4: Choline Chloride-Derived ILs for Activation and Conversion of Biomass.
5: Dissolution and Derivation of Cellulose and Fractionation of Lignocellulosic Materials with Ionic Liquids.
6: Design of Ionic Liquids for Cellulose Dissolution.
7: Ionic Liquids as Solvents for Homogeneous Derivatization of Cellulose: Challenges and Opportunities.
8: Fractionation of Lignocellulosic Materials with Ionic Liquids.
9: Production of Biofuels and Chemicals in Ionic Liquids.
10: Biofuel Production with Ionic Liquids.
11: Catalytic Transformation of Biomass in Ionic Liquids.
12: Production of Versatile Platform Chemical 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural from Biomass in Ionic Liquids.
13: Compatibility of Ionic Liquids with Enzyme in Biomass Treatment.
14: Compatibility of Ionic Liquids with Enzymes.
15: Biocompatibility of Ionic Liquids with Enzymes for Biofuel Production.
16: Ionic Liquids for Absorption and Biodegradation of Organic Pollutant in Multiphase Systems.
17: Absorption of Hydrophobic Volatile Organic Compounds in Ionic Liquids and Their Biodegradation in Multiphase Systems.
Editors’ Biography.