NEW

Toxic Chemicals in America: Controversies in Human and Environmental Health, 1st Edition

  • Kelly Tzoumis
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 1440857539
  • ISBN-13: 9781440857539
  • DDC: 613
  • 736 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2020 | Published/Released January 2021
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2020

  • Price:  Sign in for price

About

Overview

Every year, about four billion pounds of toxic chemicals are generated and released by U.S. industries. Do these chemicals pose a potential health threat to American families, including vulnerable groups like children and the elderly? Is their manufacture and use adequately regulated to protect both human and environmental health? Is the Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act, signed in 2016 by former President Obama with bipartisan support, the first major overhaul of toxic chemical regulation in forty years to put human health first, or is it a fatally flawed bill that does the bidding of industry by undermining strong state environmental and public health laws? This two-volume set addresses all of those questions, and presents and examines arguments marshaled by business interests, community leaders, scientists, activists, and lawmakers alike. It provides needed information to accurately assess the impacts industrial chemicals are having in shaping the world in which we live.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
Contents.
Alphabetical List of Entries.
Preface.
Acknowledgments.
Introduction.
1: Abbott Laboratories.
2: Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI).
3: Acute Exposure Guideline Levels (AEGLs).
4: Acute Toxicity versus Chronic Toxicity.
5: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR).
6: Air Contamination.
7: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc..
8: Airplane Emissions.
9: American Chemistry Council (ACC).
10: Ammonia (NH3).
11: Antifreeze (Ethylene Glycol).
12: Arsenic (As).
13: Asbestos.
14: Asthma.
15: Automobile Emissions.
16: Automotive Manufacturing.
17: Basel Action Network (BAN).
18: Benzene (C6H6).
19: Beryllium (Be).
20: Beyond Pesticides.
21: Bhopal Disaster (1984).
22: Bioavailability.
23: Biomarkers.
24: Bioremediation.
25: Bisphenol A (BPA) (C15H16O2).
26: Bleach (NaOCl).
27: Blood Alcohol Toxicity.
28: BlueGreen Alliance.
29: Breast Cancer.
30: Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Program (BCERP).
31: Brockovich, Erin (1960–).
32: Brody, Charlotte (1948–).
33: Bullard, Robert (1946–).
34: Bunker Hill Mining and Manufacturing Compound.
35: Cadmium (Cd).
36: Campaign for Safe Cosmetics.
37: Cancer Alley (Louisiana).
38: Car and Household Batteries.
39: Carbon Disulfide (CS2).
40: Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4).
41: Carson, Rachel (1907–1964).
42: Center for Health, Environment & Justice (CHEJ).
43: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
44: Centers of Excellence on Environmental Health Disparities Research (EHD).
45: Chemical Abstracts Service Registry (CAS).
46: Chemical Data Reporting Rule (CDR).
47: Chemical Footprint Project (CFP).
48: Chemical Manufacturing.
49: Chemical Remediation.
50: Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (2016).
51: Chernobyl Disaster (1986).
52: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company and Chevron Corporation.
53: Child Impacts.
54: Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers.
55: Children's Toys and Playgrounds.
56: Chlorine Gas (Cl2).
57: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
58: Chloroform (CHCl3).
59: Chromium (Cr).
60: Clean Air Act (CAA) (1970).
61: Clean Air Mercury Rule.
62: Clean Water Act (CWA) (1972).
63: Clean Water Action (CWA).
64: Coal and Coal Dust.
65: Coal and Coal-Fired Power Plants.
66: Coalition to Prevent Chemical Disasters.
67: Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) (1980).
68: Confidential Business Information (CBI) and Trade Secrets (TS).
69: Confined Disposal Facilities in the Great Lakes.
70: Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) (1972).
71: Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).
72: Cookstoves (Wood).
73: Copper (Cu).
74: Corrosives.
75: Cosmetics, Environmental and Health Impacts of.
76: Council of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation's Sound Management of Chemicals Agreement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico (1995).
77: Cresol (C7H8O).
78: Cumulative Impacts.
79: Cuyahoga River Fires (Cleveland, Ohio).
80: Davis, Devra (1946–).
81: De Minimis Limitations.
82: Deep South Center for Environmental Justice (DSCEJ).
83: Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (2010).
84: Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB).
85: Delaney Clause.
86: Dermal Exposure.
87: Dermal Toxicity.
88: Developmental Neurotoxicity.
89: Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT).
90: Dioxins.
91: Dow Chemical Company.
92: DowDuPont, Inc..
93: Drain Cleaners.
94: DuPont Chemical Company (E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Company).
95: Eastman Chemical Company.
96: Ecolab Inc..
97: Electronics Recycling (E-Waste).
98: Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) (1986).
99: Encapsulation.
100: Endocrine Disruptors.
101: Environmental Council of the States (ECOS).
102: Environmental Defense Fund (EDF).
103: Environmental Justice/Environmental Racism.
104: Environmental Movement (1970s).
105: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
106: Executive Order 12898 (1994).
107: Executive Order 13148 (2000).
108: Executive Order 13423 (2007).
109: Executive Order 13650 (2013).
110: Executive Order 13693 (2015).
111: Exxon Mobil Corporation.
112: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1989).
113: Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) (1938).
114: Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) (1972).
115: Fertility Impacts.
116: Fertilizers.
117: Fetal Impacts (In Utero Toxicity).
118: Fish Contamination.
119: Flame Retardants in Children's Clothes.
120: Flammables and Combustibles.
121: Flint, Michigan, Drinking Water Contamination (2016).
122: Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
123: Food Quality Protection Act (Fqpa) (1996).
124: Formaldehyde (Ch2o).
125: Fox, Josh (1972–).
126: Fracfocus Chemical Disclosure Registry.
127: Fruits and Vegetables.
128: Gasoline.
129: General Electric Company.
130: Gibbs, Lois (1951–).
131: Global Harmonization System (Ghs).
132: Gore, Al (1948–).
133: Great Lakes Binational Toxics Strategy (1997).
134: Great Lakes Legacy Act of 2002 (Glla) (including Areas of Concern).
135: Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) (1972, 1978, 1987, 2012).
136: Green Products and Services.
137: Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) and Climate Change.
138: Greenpeace.
139: Groundwater Contamination.
140: Halogens.
141: Hamilton, Alice (1869–1970).
142: Hazardous Waste.
143: Health-Care Wastes.
144: Healthy Legacy.
145: Heavy Metals.
146: Herbicides.
147: High-Level Nuclear Waste (HLW).
148: Honeywell International Inc..
149: Household Cleaners.
150: Household Exposure.
151: Household Hazardous Waste, Disposal of.
152: Household Hazardous Waste, Disposal of.
153: Hudson River Superfund Site (1984).
154: Huntsman Corporation and Huntsman International.
155: Hydrofluoric Acid (HF).
156: Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN).
157: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S).