The interest in robotics has grown remarkably in recent years. Novel solutions for complex and very diverse application fields (exploration/intervention in severe environments, assistive, social, personal services, emergency rescue operations, transportation, entertainment, unmanned aerial vehicles, medical, etc.), have been anticipated by means of progress in this area. The amalgamation of original ideas and related innovations, the search for new potential applications and the use of supporting technologies forecast an important step forward and a significant socio-economic impact of advanced robot technology in coming years. Significant research and development effort has yet to be undertaken concerning embedded technologies (for power sources, actuators, sensors, information systems), new design methods, adapted control techniques for highly redundant systems, and operational and decisional autonomy and human/robot co-existence. This book contains the proceedings of the ROBOT 2013: FIRST IBERIAN ROBOTICS CONFERENCE. A growing interest in Assistive Robotics, Agricultural Robotics, Field Robotics, Grasping and Dexterous Manipulation, Humanoid Robots, Intelligent Systems and Robotics, Marine Robotics, was demonstrated by a large number of contributions. Moreover, It incorporates a special session on Legal and Ethical Aspects in Robotics, which is becoming a topic of key relevance. This Conference, held in Madrid (28-29 Nov. 2013), was organised by the Sociedad Española para la Investigación y Desarrollo en Robótica (SEIDROB) and by the Centre for Automation and Robotics - CAR (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)), along with the co-operation of Grupo Temático de Robótica CEA-GTRob, Sociedade Portuguesa de Robotica (SPR), and Asociación Española de Promoción de la Investigación en Agentes Físicos (RedAF).