Phase Equilibrium Engineering, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 044459471X
  • ISBN-13: 9780444594716
  • DDC: 541.392
  • Grade Level Range: College Freshman - College Senior
  • 346 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2014 | Published/Released June 2014
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2014

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Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation, design and optimization is analyzed. The relation between the mixture molecular properties, the selection of the thermodynamic model and the process technology that could be applied are discussed. A classification of mixtures, separation process, thermodynamic models and technologies is presented to guide the engineer in the world of separation processes. The phase condition required for a given reacting system is studied at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The four cardinal points of phase equilibrium engineering are: the chemical plant or process, the laboratory, the modeling of phase equilibria and the simulator. The harmonization of all these components to obtain a better design or operation is the ultimate goal of phase equilibrium engineering.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Other Front Matter.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Phase Equilibrium and Process Development.
2: Intermolecular Forces, Classes of Molecules, and Separation Processes.
3: Phase Equilibrium Diagrams.
4: Physical Properties and Thermodynamic Models.
5: A General Approach to Phase Diagrams for Binary Systems.
6: Phase Equilibrium Engineering Principles.
7: Phase Equilibrium Engineering in Distillation.
8: Separation of Azeotropic Mixtures.
9: Green Processes and High-Pressure Solvents.
10: High-Pressure Fractionation and Extraction of Natural Oils.
11: Phase Equilibrium Engineering Principles in Reactive Systems.
12: Phase Equilibrium Engineering in Conceptual Process Design.