The Psychology Book, 1st Edition

  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0756699177
  • ISBN-13: 9780756699178
  • DDC: 150.92
  • Grade Level Range: 4th Grade - 6th Grade
  • 352 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2012 | Published/Released October 2012
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2012

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The Psychology Book explains clearly more than 100 ground-breaking ideas in this fascinating field of science. With the use of easy-to-follow graphics and artworks, succinct quotations, and thoroughly accessible text, this book elucidates the theoretical and experimental foundations-as well as the practical applications-of the subject, making abstract concepts concrete. The book embraces the multifaceted nature of the relatively recent discipline of psychology, incorporating the ideas of the today's psychologists as well those of the ancient philosophers and scientists and key personalities of the 19th and 20th centuries whose work has made significant contributions to our understanding of the human mind and behavior. The Psychology Book is the essential reference for students and for anyone with an interest in how the mind works.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
1: Philosophical Roots: Psychology in the Making.
2: The Four Temperaments of Personality.
3: There is a Reasoning Soul in this Machine.
4: Dormez!.
5: Concepts Become Forces when They Resist One Another.
6: Be that Self which One Truly is.
7: Personality is Composed of Nature and Nurture.
8: The Laws of Hysteria are Universal.
9: A Peculiar Destruction of the Internal Connections of the Psyche.
10: The Beginnings of the Mental Life Date from the Beginnings of Life.
11: We Know the Meaning of “Consciousness” so Long as No One Asks Us to Define It.
12: Adolescence is a New Birth.
13: 24 Hours after Learning Something, We Forget Two-Thirds of It.
14: The Intelligence of an Individual is Not a Fixed Quantity.
15: The Unconscious Sees the Men behind the Curtains.
16: Behaviorism: Responding to Our Environment.
17: The Sight of Tasty Food Makes a Hungry Man's Mouth Water.
18: Profitless Acts are Stamped Out.
19: Anyone Regardless of Their Nature can be Trained to be Anything.
20: That Great God-Given Maze which is Our Human World.
21: Once a Rat has Visited Our Grain Sack We can Plan on Its Return.
22: Nothing is More Natural than for the Cat to “Love” the Rat.
23: Learning is Just Not Possible.
24: Imprinting cannot be Forgotten!.
25: Behavior is Shaped by Positive and Negative Reinforcement.
26: Stop Imagining the Scene and Relax.
27: Psychotherapy: The Unconscious Determines Behavior.
28: The Unconscious is the True Psychical Reality.
29: The Neurotic Carries a Feeling of Inferiority with Him Constantly.
30: The Collective Unconscious is Made up of Archetypes.
31: The Struggle between the Life and Death Instincts Persists throughout Life.
32: The Tyranny of the “Shoulds”.
33: The Superego Becomes Clear Only when It Confronts the Ego with Hostility.
34: Truth can be Tolerated Only if You Discover It Yourself.
35: It is Notoriously Inadequate to Take an Adopted Child into One’s Home and Love Him.
36: The Unconsciousis the Discourse of the Other.
37: Man's Main Task is to Give Birth to Himself.
38: The Good Life is a Process Not a State of Being.
39: What a Man can be, He must be.
40: Suffering Ceases to be Suffering at the Moment It Finds a Meaning.
41: One does not Become Fully Human Painlessly.
42: Rational Beliefs Create Healthy Emotional Consequences.
43: The Family is the “Factory” where People are Made.
44: Turn on, Tune in, Drop Out.
45: Insight may Cause Blindness.
46: Madness Need Not be All Breakdown It may Also be Break-Through.
47: Our History does not Determine Our Destiny.
48: Only Good People Get Depressed.
49: Fathers are Subject to a Rule of Silence.
50: Cognitive Psychology: The Calculating Brain.
51: Instinct is a Dynamic Pattern.
52: Interruption of a Task Greatly Improves Its Chances of Being Remembered.
53: When a Baby Hears Footsteps an Assembly is Excited.
54: Knowing is a Process Not a Product.
55: A Man with Conviction is a Hard Man to Change.
56: The Magical Number 7 Plus or Minus 2.
57: There’s More to the Surface than Meets the Eye.
58: We can Listen to Only One Voice at Once.
59: Time’s Arrow is Bent into a Loop.
60: Perception is Externally Guided Hallucination.
61: We are Constantly on the Lookout for Causal Connections.
62: Events and Emotion are Stored in Memory Together.
63: Emotions are a Runaway Train.
64: Ecstasy is a Step into an Alternative Reality.
65: Happy People are Extremely Social.
66: What We Believe with All Our Hearts is not Necessarily the Truth.
67: The Seven Sins of Memory.
68: One is not One’s Thoughts.
69: The Fear is that Biology will Debunk All that We Hold Sacred.
70: Compulsive Behavior Rituals are Attempts to Control Intrusive Thoughts.
71: Social Psychology: Being in a World of Others.
72: You cannot Understand a System until You Try to Change It.
73: How Strong is the Urge toward Social Conformity?.
74: Life is a Dramatically Enacted Thing.
75: The More You See It the More You Like It.
76: Who Likes Competent Women?.
77: Flashbulb Memories are Fired by Events of High Emotionality.
78: The Goal is not to Advance Knowledge, but to be in the Know.
79: We are by Nature Social Beings.
80: We Believe People Get what They Deserve.
81: People who Do Crazy Things are not Necessarily Crazy.
82: People Do what They are Told to Do.
83: What Happens when You Put Good People in an Evil Place?.
84: Trauma Must be Understood in Terms of the Relationship between the Individual and Society.
85: Developmental Psychology: From Infant to Adult.
86: The Goal of Education is to Create Men and Women who are Capable of Doing New things.
87: We become Ourselves through Others.
88: A Child is not Beholden to Any Particular Parent.
89: Anything that Grows has a Ground Plan.
90: Early Emotional Bonds are an Integral Part of Human Nature.
91: Contact Comfort is Overwhelmingly Important.
92: We Prepare Children for a Life about whose Course We Know Nothing.
93: A Sensitive Mother Creates a Secure Attachment.
94: Who Teaches a Child to Hate and Fear a Member of Another Race?.
95: Girls Get Better Grades than Boys.
96: Most Human Behavior is Learned through Modeling.
97: Morality Develops in Six Stages.
98: The Language Organ Grows Like Any Other Body Organ.
99: Autism is an Extreme Form of the Male Brain.
100: Psychology of Difference: Personality and Intelligence.
101: Name as Many Uses as You can Think of for a Toothpick.
102: Did Robinson Crusoe Lack Personality Traits before the Advent of Friday?.
103: General Intelligence Consists of both Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence.
104: There is an Association between Insanity and Genius.
105: Three Key Motivations Drive Performance.
106: Emotion is an Essentially Unconscious Process.
107: Behavior without Environmental Cues would be Absurdly Chaotic.
108: We cannot Distinguish the Sane from the Insane in Psychiatric Hospitals.
109: The Three Faces of Eve.