Great Debates in American Environmental History, 1st Edition

  • Brian Black
  • Published By:
  • ISBN-10: 0313086028
  • ISBN-13: 9780313086021
  • Grade Level Range: 9th Grade - College Senior
  • 718 Pages | eBook
  • Original Copyright 2008 | Published/Released September 2008
  • This publication's content originally published in print form: 2008

  • Price:  Sign in for price



Examines the most important and controversial environmental issues in the history of the United States, from the Colonial period to the present. Describes the issues, the stakeholders of various positions, and both the immediate outcome of the debate, and the long-term consequences of the result.

Table of Contents

Front Cover.
Half Title Page.
Title Page.
Copyright Page.
List of Entries.
Guide to Related Topics.
Introduction: What Lay Below the Arctic Ice Cap.
1: Was the Loss of the Roanoke Colony Caused by Environmental Factors?.
2: Cash Crops and Near Disaster at Jamestown.
3: Explorers Search the Resources of the American West.
4: Can the City of Boston be Artificially Grown?.
5: “Broad Arrow” Policy Conserves New England Forests and Foments Revolution.
6: William Penn and Roger Williams Establish a Unique American Model.
7: Alexander Hamilton Envisions an Industrial America.
8: Navigating the Chesapeake Bay During the Early Republic.
9: Internal Improvements in the Early Republic.
10: What is the Importance of America's Natural History?.
11: Modeling Public Works in Philadelphia.
12: Instrumentalizing the Rivers of New England.
13: The Land Ordinance of 1785–1787 Constructs the American Grid for Land “Disposal”.
14: Native Resistance to European Settlement.
15: Indian Expropriation and the Trail of Tears.
16: Was a Whale Worth the Effort to Nantucketeers?.
17: Defining a Unique Southern Style of Agriculture.
18: Jefferson Argues for the Louisiana Purchase and American Expansion.
19: Lewis and Clark Seek to Know the Unknown Continent.
20: Romantics Claim that Nature's Value Derives from Beauty.
21: Bringing America's Nature Aesthetic to Life in Parks.
22: Constructing the Canal Age: Who Should Pay?.
23: American Leaders Create a Culture and System of Expansion.
24: The War of 1812 Steers Americans' Energy Future Toward Coal.
25: Working in a Coal Mine.
26: George Perkins Marsh Spurs Consideration of Industrialization.
27: Making a Future for Freed Slaves.
28: Hitching the Nation's Future to the Railroad.
29: Industrial Ethics and the Lessons of the Disaster in Johnstown.
30: Mormons Create a Model for Interpreting the Aridity of the West.
31: Settlement Systematizes and Simplifies the Ecology of the West.
32: Border Disputes and the Settlement of Texas.
33: Managing Wetlands and the Swampland Acts of the Mid-1800s.
34: Gold Opens Up the West.
35: Positioning for Battle: Gettysburg, July 1863.
36: Managing Resources in the Civil War.
37: Setting the Strategy for the Civil War.
38: Olmsted and Vaux Design a Central Park for New York City.
39: Olmsted Helps to Define the American Movement for Parks.
40: Are Disappearing Species a Problem or an Accomplishment?.
41: Sportsmen Help to Build a Consensus for Conservation.
42: George Bird Grinnell Serves as a Bridge between the Wealthy and Nature.
43: Transforming Whaling into America's Leading Energy Industry.
44: Energy Transition Leaves Whaling Behind.
45: Discovery of Petroleum in Pennsylvania.
46: Pithole, Pennsylvania: Boomtowns Harvest Resources and then Move on.
47: Rockefeller, Standard, and the Construction of “Big Oil”.
48: Social Reformers Set Sights on Urban Problems.
49: Russell Sage Studies Urban Problems in Pittsburgh.
50: Forcing the American Tradition of National Parks.
51: Transforming the Plains with New Agricultural Technology.
52: Powell and Efforts to Explore the Contours of the West.
53: Who Pays for Reclamation as a Federal Policy for the West?.
54: Little Bighorn and Native Policy in the West.
55: Buffalo Extermination Spells Disaster for Native People.
56: White City Redefines the Expectations of Environmental Planning.
57: Working for Workers' Rights.
58: Populism and the Grassroots of the West.
59: Frontier Thesis and American Meaning.
60: The Panama Canal Opens Routes of Trade and Ecological Change.
61: Private Development and the Western National Parks.
62: Mount Rainier as an Exceptional Western Park.
63: Muckrakers Set the Tone for National Reform.
64: Alice Hamilton Connects Social Reform with Human Health.
65: Federal Efforts to Regulate Human Health.
66: Spindletop: Petroleum Supply Creates New Opportunities.
67: The New Niagara and America's New Preservation Ethic.
68: The Lacey Act Creates the First Federal Law for Wildlife Conservation.
69: Boone and Crockett Club Uses Virility to Attract Environmental Support.
70: The Boy Scouts of America Involve Young Men in Outdoors.
71: Progressives Demand Federal Action on Conservation.
72: Pinchot Argues for Conservation as a Development Strategy.
73: Muir Argues for the Soul of Wilderness.
74: Pinchot, Muir, and the Conservation Movement Meet at Hetch Hetchy.
75: Long-Term Implications of Sodbusting and Conversion of the American West for Agriculture.
76: Using Chicago to Make the Great Lakes the Nation's Fifth Coast.
77: Powering Individual Transportation.
78: Establishing the Infrastructure for Coordinated Administration Over America's National Parks.
79: Atomic Technology Defines the American Century, Cold War, and Beyond.
80: Public Learns Gardening and Rationing to Support the Cause.
81: City Beautiful, Urban Renewal, and the Effort to Reform the Modern City.
82: Selling America's Future to the Automobile.
83: Rachel Carson and Changing Americans' View of Chemicals.
Index: Volume 1.